The popularity of compartment doors is quite understandable - this solution has a number of advantages. But the need to save money pushes many people to try to install doors on their own. It is important to understand how to do this without mistakes and unnecessary costs.
Features and dimensions
There is nothing extremely difficult in installing interior compartment doors - you just need to understand thoroughly their structure and existing options. When choosing a design, pay attention to both personal taste and the height, width and location of the doorway. In this case, the width of the door leaf is calculated depending on the number of door leaves. The recommended width of each sash should not exceed 90 cm.
Based on this parameter and taking into account the width of the opening, it is possible to determine the optimal number of leaves. When the goal is to isolate two rooms, you can limit yourself to installing 1-2 canvases moving parallel to the partition. Or put a plasterboard structure against the main wall and mount a door "hiding" in the gap between these planes.
It is possible to divide one room into parts with a complex door, one of the doors of which is motionless, and the second is docked; there are other options as well. In any case, there will be two stages: first, a profile is mounted, in which the canvas is already placed. Economy-class models are made of chipboard or MDF, and in structures of a higher price category, natural wood and glass of increased strength are used.
The type of material affects not only the mechanical characteristics and cost of the product, but also its weight. Simple structures (up to 30 kilograms) work fine with two carriages, but the heavier the canvas, the more suspension mechanisms will be needed.
What do you need to install?
Be sure to measure the doorway, a tailor's tape measure is not suitable for this, it is better to buy a tape measure, if you do not already have it - you still use it more than once or twice. Normally, a canvas is used that is 5 centimeters higher and wider than the opening. Pay attention when using a complex door, whether the sashes will converge or move apart, without taking into account this circumstance, it will not work to calculate the necessary parameters.
How certain door blocks are attached can always be found in the instructions and accompanying documents, this is a much more accurate and objective source than the words of sales consultants. Usually those fasteners that come with the kit are enough, and if something suddenly does not appear, you can just look at the nearest hardware store.
If the guide bar is placed on a wall surface, it is recommended to use a block of wood that is 5 centimeters long and twice as wide as the canvas.
For fastening, in addition to the standard components, you will need:
- anchors and screws;
- screwdriver and drill.
It will not be superfluous to check the videos when buying, as well as the completeness of other elements. For fasteners in the bathroom, only stainless steel parts are suitable, otherwise ordinary dowels, self-tapping screws and the like are used.
In most cases, a compartment door installed in a wide opening differs in non-standard dimensions. When calculating its value, you must immediately pay attention to the gaps that are required by technology, take into account the specifics of sliding systems and boxes. To increase the accuracy of measuring the height and width of the opening, it is required to make it in at least three places vertically and horizontally, with a maximum interval of 70 centimeters.
The width is measured for the lower, middle and highest levels of the future door; when installed inside the opening, the minimum indicator is considered the most accurate. If the difference in measurements exceeds 2 cm, you will have to completely abandon the installation of the compartment door.
There is a simple way to find out how many canvases are optimal - they should all be opened so that you can easily walk by yourself and bring in or take out furniture.
How to install correctly: step by step instructions
According to experts, a compartment door should be installed only after finishing finishing; until it is completed, it is allowed to fix only sliding mechanisms. And then on condition that the opening door will go into the plasterboard niche. Before starting the installation work, make sure that the contours of the opening are correct, and if necessary, trim the walls until strict parallelism is achieved.
As in many other cases, manufacturer's instructions should not be disregarded. The nuances of the structure and use of door blocks may differ, but the general principles always remain the same. Whenever possible, look for an assistant for yourself, it is much more convenient to work together than alone.
The installation of the hinged door begins by attaching the canvas, while a straight line is drawn with a marker, indicating the top of the door; exactly seven centimeters above, another straight line is drawn. A bar is applied to it, fixing it with anchors so that half is above the opening, and the other half is in the direction of opening the canvas. Make sure that the block goes horizontally, otherwise it will be inconvenient to use the door.
Next, a metal guide is attached to the underside of the bar with self-tapping screws, holes in the guide must be made in advance, leaving an interval of 15-20 centimeters between them.
At the same time, make sure that the compartment door can be freely extended to the end. The guides are used to secure the roller carriages, the movement of which should take place with minimal effort.
Then the door installation methods differ depending on whether they use only the upper guide, or there is also an auxiliary fixation from the bottom. Two points of support make the structure more reliable, and even the likelihood of damage to the flooring cannot negate this advantage. A U-shaped profile is attached to the lower ends of the canvas, and a groove is made at the end to fix the guides, it is best to use a chisel. The hole should be slightly larger than the floor guide.
When installing the door yourself, secure the metal strip to the floor if you want to create a reliable threshold. The next step is to attach staples to the top of the canvas that will help attach the rollers. Now you can temporarily fix the canvas on the carriages, insert the lower leash into the recess and open the door. Where the leash is on the surface, make a mark, then, after removing the door, mark the correct placement of the floor guide using a plumb line.
A single-leaf door must be put on the track with a groove and fixed on the rollers, and the door leaf must be placed strictly vertically. Attach a special post next to the door frame, which will allow the lockable door to be adjoined, the fasteners must be hidden under the extensions. To assemble the product to the end, place the handles and attach the trims with finishing nails. Alternatively, liquid nails will also come in handy. To attach the handles, use the fasteners from the kit.
We recommend carefully checking the evenness of the installation of all elements at each stage of work.
When installing a pencil case, you need to take into account that such a door should be hidden inside the wall; the use of such solutions is optimal for offices and other official institutions. Think carefully about how many flaps there will be, and what the niche will be like. A single-floor door requires equipping a niche in only one of the walls; you need to mount it either in a load-bearing wall or in a false wall. A special frame made of wood or metal must be added to the main load-bearing walls.
Aluminum fittings are preferred, since it allows you to ensure the minimum noise of opening and closing the sashes. But stainless steel is an extremely "loud" material, do not forget this when preparing the kit. In any case, the doors will need to be purchased in the store, the profile should only be steel.
Installation of radius doors does not differ much from the installation of traditional products. A compartment for a dressing room is mounted if there is:
- saw on metal and wood;
First of all, the upper and lower tracks are installed to move the wheels, we put the upper one at the very edge of the structure. Draw a conditional line down, then mark it and retreat 1.8 cm if they put a one-sided door of an asymmetric profile, or 0.9 cm if you want to install a two-sided compartment. If you do not want to damage the floor, then you can do with double-sided tape at the bottom, but you will need to install a stopper-positioner.
Before installation, the canvas should be supplemented with upper and lower rollers, double-sided horizontal profile, frames. Installation begins by introducing the upper rollers into the track (this is not difficult), then the same operation is done with the lower ones - holding the wheels in the lower frame. You can bring the compartment to the desired state with a screwdriver or a hex wrench by turning the screw in the lower side profile. That's it, the dressing room is completely ready to go!
A sliding door with a mirror is gaining more and more popularity, because it looks original and stylish, it can be used in the most intricate interiors. The hinged version can be installed both on walls and ceilings, the lower guide is not needed. Suspended mirror coupe is mostly single-wing, attached to the opening. Important: such a product does not make it possible to put at least some furniture along the wall. The bottom rail is also not mounted, similar solutions can be used in:
- shower rooms;
- dressing rooms;
- as interroom.
Swing sliding doors have their own characteristics, it is advisable to use them in a very narrow opening when a pair of sliding doors cannot be installed. If the floor and ceiling are level, without grooves or bulges, then the planks do not need to be used. You can choose a pivot mechanism only for a door no wider than 50 centimeters, there are restrictions on the total weight.
When the track is placed on the left, 2.1 cm must be subtracted from the total height of the opening when selecting the canvas, and when it is placed on the right - 2.5 cm.
The swing door-compartment can be placed on the corner opening, reliably closing the niches of this shape. A serious problem may also be associated with this, it will be difficult to calculate the width of the door in advance.
The holes need to be drilled with 7-8 mm drills, then the outer walls of the profiles are drilled with a 10 mm drill so that the bolt head passes freely. The tracks should be screwed on from the edge, on the side where the mechanism is attached. Plastic fasteners are placed below, tightening them slightly to avoid loosening, then bushings are inserted into these connections.
The upper fasteners are inserted into the track, the fasteners are slightly tightened (so that the door is held, but no more), they see if it is necessary to adjust the height of the mechanism. Make sure the tracks are in the same plane, since the slightest difference between them will lead to the spontaneous opening of the door. When the adjustment is over, the stoppers are attached, one magnet and one iron disk each with a secret socket for a self-tapping screw are placed in the upper and lower parts.
If the door is still too heavy, for the sake of greater peace of mind, drive a thirty-gauge yellow self-tapping screw into the plastic surface where there is a free hole. Together with the track, it will press more tightly against the ceiling, and the design will be more reliable.
DIY assembly and disassembly
The instructions for assembling compartment doors are important to consider in any case, but there are points that need to be taken into account, regardless of the design. In most variants, the lower guides are twice the length of the opening width, at one end they are longer than the opening, somewhere between 50-70 millimeters. If you cannot figure out where to attach the upper rail, hang the rollers on the door and install them on the lower one.
At their extreme positions, you can clearly see how to put them on top. When the upper guide is attached to the timber, you yourself will have to connect it with dowels and self-tapping screws, having made marks in advance.
It is recommended to hide the screw heads with decorative buttons. When you're done, explore:
- door travel;
- the action of its retainer;
- tightness to the walls.
The manufacturing scheme can be very original, but the movement along the guides should be completely free, without the slightest hitch.
Examples and variants
Compartment doors allow not only to delimit the space in the house, apartment, office; they make it possible to make the opening more elegant and noble. It doesn't matter if the sidewalls of the opening are made of plasterboard, wood or plastic, they will look equally aesthetically pleasing. But more resistant materials are preferred. Always make sure that the side structures do not deviate from the vertical and from the horizontal, so that they are strong and rigid.
Sliding doors allow you to divide the room into zones, and due to the absence of thresholds, even people with reduced physical capabilities will not experience problems. At the request of the customer, structures are formed from several materials. Glass, and especially mirrored surfaces, help to add a touch of splendor and make it original.
There are models of compartment doors in which the glass is covered with photo printing (the image is taken from catalogs or submit your own sketch). The choice depends on your wishes and personal financial capabilities. In many cases, the box is extended to the corner of the wall, although it can be made strictly to the length of the door, this is an equally elegant solution. The arrangement of boxes along the perimeter of the ceiling is also practiced, when the curtain rod is covered with it. And here it makes no sense to ignore this element, this will only make things worse for the design.
The expanding accordion can be considered the most affordable type of coupe; modern samples should not be confused with low-quality handicrafts that were widely installed several years ago. In a studio-type apartment, a compartment door often separates the kitchen area and the living room, at the same time emphasizing their elusive fusion. Sliding radius structures are perfectly combined with a suspended rounded ceiling. But they can be placed only with the official permission of the supervisory authorities.
For instructions on installing sliding doors, see the following video.