The corridor is an important part of the apartment in a decorative and functional sense. This is the first room where the owners and guests enter, and the place where the household gets dressed, undressed, and put on a marafet. This is the room in which outerwear and household items are stored, this is the space that opens the doors to the living rooms of the apartment.
What is a design project?
Corridor interior design begins with a detailed floor plan prior to construction work.
The design project is a drawing of the future furnishings:
- plan of the ceiling, floor, walls with the expected color tint;
- schemes for arranging furniture and the location of lighting sources, decor items;
- a list of finishing works, including a list of necessary building and finishing materials to create a harmonious interior.
The design project gives an idea of how best to equip your home. It includes plans for building structural elements (location of walls, window and door openings) and diagrams of existing electrical wiring, water supply and ventilation chambers, if any on site.
Planning solutions are developed taking into account the functionality of a particular room.
The plan drawing is drawn up in accordance with the design concept. On it, they draw in detail the layout and pattern of the floor covering (indicating specific finishing materials and their quantity), draw a detailed scheme for decorating the walls and ceiling. Make a drawing of the location of electrical appliances with the wiring of electrical cables. In some cases, a plan for the location of heating, water supply and sewerage systems is carried out, indicating the size and number of components. The project includes a plan for the arrangement of furniture and decor items, as well as recommendations for the style and texture of materials.
The estimate includes every moment of the repair, it includes:
- costs for carrying out standard construction and finishing works;
- the price of building and finishing materials, including the cost of lighting fixtures and decor items;
- the costs of special work (electrical wiring, sewerage, connection of gas networks, the creation of climate control systems, the manufacture of stretch ceilings, plastic windows or doors).
The summarized data provide a more detailed understanding of the planned repairs. An estimate is one of the key elements of a design project: funding determines what materials will be used in the decoration, the designer decides how to use them so that the room looks as advantageous as possible.
In the course of work, this project may be subject to adjustment. However, his information is valuable and helps in planning interior furnishings.
A design project is the first step in arranging a corridor, but it is not always possible to invite an architect. Today it can be done independently, especially if there are no complex communications in the room. For most buyers, it will not be difficult to choose the necessary finishing materials, colors of furnishings, decor items in such a way that all the details correspond to one style and make up a harmonious composition.
The key factor in choosing the design style is the functionality of the room.: the corridor can be isolated or combined with the hallway, living room. Let's consider these options in more detail.
In most room layouts, a separate corridor has a series of doors leading to adjacent rooms. Here the main task becomes to preserve the concept of a single separate space. To do this, all existing doors and slopes must be made of the same material with the same pattern and color of wood, glass, plastic.
If arches are designed instead of doors, arched openings are trimmed with the same arcuate slopes from the same materials as the doors. They can be finished from raw wall materials, which visually expands the space of the corridor. Arches can be arched or rectangular. In this case, the upper part of the arch is finished in the materials of the ceiling: this adds lightness to the room of the corridor.
Arches of any design are irreplaceable if the corridor exits into the living room. So the two rooms are arranged in the same style. If the corridor also carries the function of a hallway combined with a living room, you cannot do without zoning with structural elements (arches, columns, wall niches, moldings). In this case, it is appropriate to design multilevel ceilings with separate lighting for each level.
Combinations of different finishes in the flooring (for example, the combination of ceramic tiles and parquet) help to visually divide the room.
You can separate one functional area from another by wall decoration. In the hallway area, the walls are trimmed with natural or artificial stone, all other parts of the walls are taken away for painting or pasted over with wallpaper similar to the material of the living room walls. Functional zoning helps maintain order. When there is no clear distribution, outerwear and shoes from the entrance area can move along the entire corridor, often capturing part of the living room.
Visually, landmarks are needed for certain household items - an important point in the arrangement of the corridor.
Narrow and long
Often, when designing civil engineering objects, not enough attention is paid to the corridor, assigning it the role of an auxiliary utility room. An uncomfortable long and too elongated room can be assigned to him to fit all exits from adjoining rooms. In modern apartments, the corridor can be about 4.8 sq. m. and very small width (about 1.2 m.). It is the central artery of the house, connecting all the premises into a single whole.
Recommendations for organizing such an elongated and narrow space are as follows:
- it is necessary to divide the corridor into zones using a combination of materials for finishing the floor, walls and ceilings;
- it is important to create different levels of lighting on the ceiling and walls;
- it is more expedient to use arches or niches for dividing into the entrance area to public premises (kitchen, dining room, living room) and more chamber (bedrooms, nursery, study, home library).
- it is advisable to use light colors for decoration.
If you need to place a wardrobe in such a corridor, you should give preference to a wardrobe with sliding doors: more space is needed for swing doors. In a narrow corridor, a wardrobe with a width of 45 cm is appropriate, its sliding doors should match in color with the shade of the walls or be mirrored. If a narrow and long corridor ends in a dead end, you cannot place a mirror opposite the entrance: this will visually lengthen the space even more.
In this case, it is better to decorate the far wall with photo wallpaper depicting nature, an artificial waterfall: this technique gives the room a justified depth.
In the form of a square
Arrangement of a spacious square corridor allows more design possibilities. In this case, the corridor can be classified as a common room for guests and family members, that is, use it as a hall. Here it will be appropriate to create a more relaxed atmosphere: this will provide an opportunity for leisure activities.
In finishing, you should strive for:
- uniform style of entrance openings;
- zoning of the corridor passage and recreation area (zoning is possible by combining finishing materials of the floor, walls and ceiling levels, a certain arrangement of furniture, carpets and decorative elements).
In the entrance area, it is important to organize a place for storing outerwear, removable shoes and bags. The main space can be furnished with a sofa, armchairs and a coffee table.
If the corridor in the apartment is very small and does not have natural light, you need to use artificial lighting and light shades of the composition as much as possible. The color of the walls can be beige. In order to avoid abrasion of white walls, it is better to use practical modern materials that are easy to maintain and can be washed if dirty. Of furniture, it is worth stopping at the most necessary so as not to clutter up an already small space.
A hanger for outerwear, a small shoe rack and a bench for changing shoes are enough. It is advisable to hang a large mirror: it will visually enlarge the room. You can replace one or more doors with arches, open doorways to the adjacent kitchen, living room.
A small corridor-hallway does not limit the use of light colors in decoration.
What color to make?
Light bright colors of the interior composition give the corridor originality. You should not be afraid of saturated colors in the decoration, although they must be applied correctly: no more than two or three different colors in the design of one room.
There are color combination tables that help to achieve harmony in the color scheme of the interior. To make the combination of shades correct, you can use this tip.
For example, if the corridor is decorated in a lilac color, it is better to choose white furniture for it. You can use the brown color of the furniture modules in combination with the turquoise wall decoration. Various shades of green must be applied with care. Green color with a large volume of the room gives the space solidity. In a small hallway, trim elements in pistachio color look better.
Painting of walls in soft contrast of two shades is often used. In this case, the lower part and vertical structures are painted or pasted over with wallpaper of a darker color, and the main part of the surfaces is made in light colors. It can be trendy Scandinavian or Japanese style in black and white. Ceiling beams, wall consoles, doorways are finished in wenge color or covered with wood stain until they reach almost black colors, dazzling white walls are framed with black lines (the interior is austere and refined).
Elements painted yellow on a blue background of the walls can give originality to the interior.
Decorating the interior of any space gives it individuality, makes it unlike any other. They walk along the corridor many times during the day. By its arrangement, the owners of the house are judged. It is worth taking care of special additions to the space. Pictures are appropriate here, which will revive the monotony of the walls in a long room, create color accents on the light spots of the space.
Decorating the interior with paintings is subject to certain rules. If the interior is made in a classic style, paintings in traditional frames from an artistic baguette will be appropriate. Gilding is encouraged (especially if there is stucco in the decoration of walls or ceilings). In the modern style of interior design, you can focus on posters decorated in glass with backlighting, which is very convenient for darker rooms.
Mirrors are a special technique, although often the limited space does not allow placing a spacious mirror canvas in the corridor. If there is not enough space, a mirror in the frame, sustained in the general style, is enough. The mirror can be installed in wall niches and have side lighting.
To add expressiveness and home warmth, the corridors are often decorated with flowers. They are placed in pots, hung in the walls, placed on special stands. If the corridor has a row of windows along its entire length, the flowers are arranged symmetrically on the windowsills.
It is important that pots or flowerpots are made in the same style and match the entire interior design. In the absence of natural light, fresh flowers can be replaced with artificial ones.
If there is heavy traffic in the corridor, the installation of flower arrangements is inconvenient. In families with children, it is better to decorate the interior with your own hands. A good solution would be to replace the pots with plants for painting the wall with flowers or other plot sketches to the taste of the owners. The image is usually copied from the drawing you like, enlarged to the desired size and applied to the wall through tracing paper, then the drawing is performed.
This technique is unique in that all household members can take part in decorating the wall, this makes the family friendly, and the painting is special.
To create a complex artistic painting in classically decorated interiors, it is necessary to invite a specialist. Artistic painting is carried out with professional paints, the plot is selected based on the functions of the room. Color solutions depend on the style of the room design. The painting should look like a part of the interior composition. If it is located on the ceiling, it must be decorated in a special way so that the pictorial image stands out through a frame or other boundaries. Framing can be done using moldings and stucco moldings.
Floor and ceiling decoration
Painting and stucco on the ceilings give the interior luxury and solidity. The main conditions for this type of decoration are good lighting and sufficient dimensions of the room. In this case, it is better to decorate the floor with natural parquet or stone. If this option seems costly, you can lay linoleum on the floor under the tiles. Made under parquet, stone or other texture, it looks luxurious, costs less and lasts a long time.
Tiled linoleum is abrasion resistant, equipped with a protective layer and has a wide variety of decorative coating.
A traditional technique is the use of plasterboard suspended ceilings. They can be performed at several levels. If you need to zone the corridor, the illumination of each level is installed with access to a separate switch. In this way, only the currently used area can be illuminated.
Stretch ceilings are an alternative to plasterboard ceilings, with their help you can:
- create any fancy shapes;
- make a different number of levels;
- provide composite backlighting;
- use ready-made ceiling paintings.
The floors in this case are zoned using a combination of different coatings. You can combine ceramic tiles next to the front door and linoleum (laminate) in the rest of the room. In the corridors, it is better to use wear-resistant finishing materials that are easy to maintain, resistant to moisture and dirt, associated with the high traffic of this area.
It is better to exclude impractical floor coverings: even a very beautiful decoration of the corridor looks sloppy if it is damaged by stains or scratches.
Failure to use inappropriate materials can be costly. There are often cases when you have to redo the interior composition, investing additional funds to replace impractical materials or other finishes. This does not mean that the hallway should be painted in dark colors, because this approach makes the entrance area visually even smaller and gives it gloom.
It is preferable to finish the most abraded parts of the walls with light wall panels or artificial stone to match the walls or doors.
You can take note of a few recommendations:
- The doors in the corridor are the main focus of the interior. It is incorrect to install them from different materials, this approach is devoid of the harmony of aesthetic perception.
- You shouldn't force the whole space with furniture. A hall cluttered with wardrobes, dressers and other furniture without a source of natural light will look gloomy and uncomfortable.
- Furniture from different sets looks bad. If it is not possible to buy it in one set, you can play up this nuance with stylish capes or special covers with an elastic texture of the material.
- Insufficient lighting reduces the attractiveness of the entrance area. Doors with stained-glass or white glass inserts can help here: this creates additional lighting.
- Improper organization of space in the hallway or corridor can significantly worsen the appearance of the room. Everything should be strictly delineated.
How to choose the right furniture?
To achieve harmony, you should give preference to modular furniture from one material.
From the functionality in the corridors, they install:
- cabinets for storing outerwear;
- hangers for used clothes;
- stands for removable shoes and umbrellas;
- shelf or separate cabinet for accessories;
- pouf or bench for changing shoes.
In a spacious room, the choice is not limited; other furniture can be added to the basic minimum. It should be compact and functional. It is preferable to choose a built-in wardrobe with sliding doors, a pouf with an inner drawer for the necessary little things. The bench is narrow so as not to clutter up the space. Instead of a wall hanger for clothes, it is better to install a circular hanger on a vertical bar: it is roomy, takes up little space, and has additional hooks for bags and umbrellas. If necessary, it can be easily moved into the interior of the room.
It is more expedient to place a wall mirror above the shoe cabinet, in which a place is allocated for storing shoe polish, clothing and shoe brushes, combs, keys, umbrellas. Furniture should look harmonious and expensive: it is better to choose a set of wood. It is practical, reliable and durable.
Real options in the interior
- The corridor in a panel house is usually narrow, but even in this case, you can pick up suitable furniture by expanding its space.
- In a one-room apartment, be sure to provide a place for storing things: it is important that as much space as possible remains in the living room. It is better to organize a dressing room if space permits.
A feature of the corridor of a three-room apartment is the presence of a large number of doors. It is important that they are made in the same style from the same material
For more information on the design features of the corridor, see the next video.