Solid wood parquet is considered one of the most popular types of flooring. This material has collected all the positive characteristics of wood and modern processing technologies, thanks to which flooring has become inexpensive, safe for human health and universal in interior design. Solid planks come in a wide range of colors and textures, so they go well with any design style.
Parquet board made of wood is produced in standard sizes 2.5 * 0.19 m and has a thickness of 7 to 22 mm. For its manufacture, as a rule, a solid array with a multilayer structure is used. The finishing material consists of three layers: bottom (plywood), middle (softwood) and front (top). Ash, oak, merbau, maple or bamboo are used to decorate the outer surface of the boards. If the thickness of the parquet is thin and is 7 mm, veneer is added to its composition.
Thus, the multilayer board has the following structure:
- solid wood with fibers. It is located along the entire length of the product;
- reiki. Installed across the outer layer;
- fibrous layer.
Parquet goes on sale already in finished form, before that it is preliminarily sanded and opened with a special oil or varnish. Many buyers prefer to purchase only processed boards and apply a protective coating on them themselves. But it is worth noting that the processing of wood using factory technologies is significantly different from home processing. Such raw materials practical and reliable in operation, characterized by a long service life.
Installing solid wood flooring, like any other type of finish, requires a final processing step. To do this, it is necessary not only to thoroughly clean the material, but also to open it with a protective layer, which will act as a barrier to moisture and mechanical stress. In addition, the floor will acquire an aesthetic appearance. By tinting or painting wood, excellent effects can be achieved, ranging from glossy surfaces to artificial aging.
Usually, wax, oil mixtures or varnish are used as a finishing layer. Today there is a huge selection of protective solutions that are characterized by environmental friendliness. They do not contain acidic hardeners and volatile oxidants, so they are completely safe when using the flooring. The most popular in the processing of boards is water-soluble varnish.
In addition, mixtures with anti-slip properties or UV resistance are often used. Such a floor will not only last a long time, but also will not change its color over time.
As for glossy varnishes, they require professional application, since their reflective property in the room will depend on the quality of the painting. Therefore, if the work is performed poorly, all surface defects will become noticeable in the room under lighting. Before applying the protective layer, the boards must be primed. This will provide the wood with good impregnation and reduce the consumption of the dye.
It is recommended to open solid parquet with several protective layers, so the floor will become resistant to abrasion, moisture and scratches. In addition, the coating will acquire a contrasting color and will appear voluminous.Sand and dry between each coat. The quality of the finishing will affect not only the appearance of the floor, but also its ability to accumulate dust indoors. If the work is done correctly, then you do not have to carry out repeated cleaning in the room.
Features of the
Natural wood parquet is the forerunner of traditional plank flooring. The finishing material is made of solid pieces of solid wood. The main advantage of such a coating is its environmental friendliness, since it does not contain glue and other synthetic components. Usually, the wear layer of parquet boards is 7 mmtherefore their surface can be re-grinded and restored up to 6 times.
Recently, the construction market has been represented by a rich selection of textures and colors of natural wood, so this type of coating can be installed in all rooms. In addition, the material is characterized by excellent sound and heat insulation.
Thanks to modern production technologies, solid parquet has a lifetime guarantee for the integrity of the planks.
The only drawback of the product is its increased sensitivity to temperature extremes, therefore, as a result of seasonal fluctuations in winter, small gaps may appear between the boards, which will completely disappear with the onset of summer. To avoid this, it is advisable to maintain constant air and humidity levels in rooms with such a floor.
As for the installation work, they can be performed in rooms at ground level and above. For this, the boards are glued to a wooden base. If the room is large, then staples or self-tapping screws are additionally used to install wide and long slats in it.
Comparison with a conventional parquet board
Solid parquet is widely used in flooring, as it is considered ideal for covering, it is environmentally friendly and warm. At the same time, parquet board is also on sale on the construction market, so many people have a question which of these materials is better. To better understand the difference between these boards, you need to compare their characteristics. The first type of parquet is made of solid wood, it does not include glue and synthetic elements. The thickness of the slats in this material is more than 1.5 cm.
The main positive properties of the coating are:
- Long service life. Under normal indoor conditions, the floor can last up to 70 years, therefore it has positive reviews.
- Possibility of repair and restoration.
- Good thermal conductivity.
- Unique texture.
As for the shortcomings, the slats are made of solid wood are afraid of temperature changes and are subject to deformation… To avoid this in the cold season, it is recommended to additionally humidify rooms with such a coating. Yes, and such a finish is not cheap. The solid floor is laid on the screed. To do this, the surface is initially leveled, then waterproof plywood is laid out, which is fixed with glue. Another type of parquet is a coating glued from three layers, its thickness is 1.5 cm.
The upper part of the boards is made of expensive wood species, it reaches 4 mm; in inexpensive versions, pressed shavings may be present.
The main advantage of this parquet is inexpensive price. In addition, the material is resistant to temperature fluctuations and moisture. Installation of boards is easier than laying solid wood floors. The disadvantage of the laminate is considered to be its short service life, since the outer surface is thin and does not withstand numerous grinding. In case of deep scratches on the surface, you will have to replace the boards.
Unlike solid parquet, this product contains glue, therefore it is not considered completely natural. For a final comparison of the two types of coating, you must also take into account the price. The cost of production, as a rule, directly depends on the brand of boards. The variety of wood species and the manufacturer's brand play an important role. The better the raw material, the more expensive it will cost.
In addition to the cost of the boards, it is necessary to take into account such additional costs as:
- Purchase of a substrate.
- Using plywood sheets or leveling fill. This is necessary if the surface is uneven and has defects.
- Purchase of screws and glue.
- Payment for installation work.
Summing up, we can say that solid wood board will cost much more than parquet. In terms of performance, thick wood floors can withstand repeated sanding, while the outer layer of conventional parquet is thin and beyond repair. But at the same time, the array is unstable to atmospheric fluctuations and is prone to cracking, which cannot be said about the laminate.
Today, solid wood flooring is an item of luxury and prestige. His installation work is not a cheap pleasure, so which type of coverage to choose depends on the financial capabilities of the family. Many people prefer to see chic floors in the interior and do not pay attention to their price, while for others, practicality and economy are important.
Although it is worth noting that both the first and second versions of the material look beautiful in a modern design, and the rich palette of colors allows you to install the coating in rooms with any style.
Solid wood board, like any other wooden material, does not like moisture. This nuance is important to consider when performing wet cleaning of floors. Therefore, upon completion, the surface of the coating should be wiped dry. Since the parquet planks are externally varnished, their protective layer must be periodically renewed, this procedure is carried out at least once a year.
If the parquet is oiled, then it is recommended to open it with polish, and in case of scratches, rub with special mastic. Often such products are processed by polishing, but after the procedure they may not fit the interior of the room. To avoid this, they are given a shine by opening with varnish. But before the new finish, the material must be sanded to a "clean" base and only then varnished.
The best way to decorate a house is to use solid wood flooring. Thanks to its natural appearance, the rooms create a feeling of luxury, wealth and comfort. Parquet has been used in the interior of housing for a long time, and despite the availability of more modern materials, it continues to enjoy immense popularity. without losing the position of leadership.
Today, many people also choose laminate or linoleum as flooring, but they cannot compare with the appearance of wooden boards, which, in addition to a chic texture, also give a feeling of lightness and unity with nature.
Parquet looks great in the interior of the dining room and living room, and oak planks of light shades are chosen to create a romantic atmosphere in the bedroom.
Vintage style is in vogue today. It emphasizes the design of modern houses in a special way. Therefore, for this direction, boards are selected in the color of coffee or kalahari. For lovers of cold minimalism, dark-colored coatings are suitable; a fireplace and animal skins will help fill them with warmth. If the room is decorated in the Art Nouveau style, then the key task in its decor will be a harmonious combination of colors.
You cannot use more than three tones in the decoration of walls, ceilings and floors. Typically, the flooring should be in a medium shade between the walls and furniture.
For children's rooms, it is best to install parquet in natural colors. Thus, it will not stand out too much against the general background of the room and will fill the space with warmth.As for the hallways, walnut solid wood flooring is the right choice for them.
For information on how to lay a solid wood parquet board, see the next video.