Khrushchev-built houses are panel, brick or block buildings, the construction of which was massive during the Soviet era under the leadership of NS Khrushchev. Hence the popular name - "Khrushchev". The most common series are 1-335 (subsequently upgraded to 1-335 A, 1-335 K, 1-335 AK, 1-335 D), 1-447, 1-464.
Architecture and layout
Their construction began back in 1959, but already in 1966 it was suspended due to the inconsistency of the buildings with climatic conditions. But despite this, later the creation of this type of houses was renewed and continued until the 80s.
Initially, they were considered as temporary housing for the resettlement of residents from villages and villages, but, as you know, nothing is more permanent than temporary. Therefore, even now there are a lot of such houses. In Moscow and St. Petersburg, they are due to be demolished in the near future. And on the periphery, this is not the case. Maximum - they are engaged in major repairs.
"Khrushchevs" are simple, four or five-storey buildings without unnecessary architectural design. An elevator for such a number of storeys is not provided, a garbage chute is a rarity. Basically, this is a panel type of structure. This is explained by the fact that their construction required a short period of time and minimal costs.
In small towns "Khrushchevs" were built of bricks with reinforced concrete ceilings. Sometimes houses were insulated with mineral wool and the facade was finished with ceramic tiles. On the outside, they seemed more attractive, but on the inside they were no different.
Apartments have one or two rooms (then the largest of them is a walk-through), less often three, a small kitchen ranging in size from 5 to 7 m2, a combined bathroom. The height of the ceilings ranges from 2.5 m to 2.6 m. The windows are double-winged, almost square. All communications are central. Sometimes a gas water heater was installed in the kitchen to provide hot water.
The advantage of such houses was the balcony and storage room. There was no balcony for the first floors. Under the window in the kitchen in the Khrushchev buildings there was a small cupboard that served as a refrigerator in winter.
The disadvantages include the following:
- low thermal insulation of the walls;
- thin, soundproofed partitions;
- small kitchen;
- small area of the entire apartment;
- narrow corridors and hallway.
Some of the disadvantages of these premises can be corrected. Therefore, recently, the redevelopment of "Khrushchev" buildings has become widespread. In a one-room apartment they make a studio apartment, in a two-room one they isolate the rooms. More and more apartments are acquiring a kitchen-dining-living room.
Let's consider in more detail one-room options.
Features of the
Basically, "odnushka" has a total area of about 30 m2, of which living - about 18 m2, kitchen - about 6 m2. These figures may vary slightly. Corner apartments have two windows, while simple ones have one. The windows of the kitchen and living area face one side. Often there is a small window between the bathroom and the kitchen.
One-room "Khrushchev" is made like a cube with internal partitions. There are no load-bearing walls inside it. This makes it possible to demolish and move the barriers as you wish.
However, first you need to get permission for this, and later to legalize the innovations.
A fashionable trend nowadays is a studio apartment, which combines the space of the kitchen, room and hallway. The selected space model can be implemented for multi-apartment "Khrushchev" buildings of any series of buildings.
This option is suitable for one person or a young couple without children. In order to legally confirm the layout, it is required to replace the gas stove with an electric one.
You can also leave a separate hallway, behind which there is a small dressing room and a bathroom. The rest of the space will consist of a living area, kitchen surface and bedroom.
Wall decor and furniture installation will help to visually divide the space. It is possible to separate the bedroom from the living room with a rack with a built-in TV, which, if necessary, turns to one side or the other.
To separate the kitchen area, a bar counter or a symbolic round arch is suitable. It does not carry any load other than aesthetic.
The bed can be separated with a screen or curtain to match the furniture. A good location for her will be the gap behind the hallway. Thus, you get an inconspicuous sleeping place that does not weigh down the space.
Suitable for the interior Scandinavian style, the essence of which lies in a light, unloaded room with a minimum of decor. This will visually expand the apartment and add lightness to your home.
The result is free space, not cluttered by any walls. Of the minuses, it can be noted that there are no isolated rooms in the room.
The option under consideration is suitable for "Khrushchevs" with a separate bathroom (series 1-511, 1-515). The essence of the method is to enlarge the bathroom by means of the corridor so that a bath, sink and washing machine can fit there. You can simply combine a bathroom and a bathroom. Then the latter will expand to the desired size and accommodate the listed elements and the toilet.
As such, the hallway disappears, but the space for the kitchen area and recreation area increases.
The barrier between them can be moved several into the room. Then you get a fairly wide kitchen that can accommodate at the table from four people, and a living room in which a sofa bed is placed, above which various kinds of shelves can be placed, and a wardrobe. Seating places can be increased due to small ottomans that compactly fold into a coffee table.
Modern artists and designers produce multifunctional furniture that will help save space in a small apartment. It can be a folding wardrobe bed, a transforming chest of drawers, folding and folding chairs and many other interesting options.
The pluses include a relatively large bathroom and kitchen. The narrow unnecessary corridor also disappears. Such housing is suitable for people who gather guests at home, for lonely residents and for young people. The downside is the lack of a bedroom.
It is assumed that a small bedroom is separated from the main space, in which only a bed and a chest of drawers are placed. The rest of the room is combined with the kitchen. Thus, a kitchen-dining room with a sofa is obtained. In such a room, you can place a bar counter instead of a regular table. It will serve as an extension of the work area and will save space.
The allocation of a bedroom is especially important for corner apartments, where there are two windows per room.
One of the walls of the bedroom can be made diagonal, in which to place the front door. In parallel to it, there will be a bar counter opposite, which will visually divide the space. From the front door to the dining room itself it is advisable to place cabinets along the wall. This will create the necessary storage space for things and accessories.
In some design projects, transparent partitions are used for this type of transformation. This will create additional lightness and freedom to the space.For privacy, glass is equipped with blinds or roller blinds. Furniture in such an interior too must be made of transparent materials, be it glass or plastic. Mirror surfaces will look unusual. They will "push apart" the space, but caring for them will be laborious.
In the bathroom, you can place a shower cabin, and put a washing machine in the vacant space, over which there will be a full-length tabletop. A washbasin is also mounted in it.
The undoubted advantage of this layout is the presence of a full-fledged sleeping place and a recreation area with guests. It is suitable for a small family who prefers to relax at home. Among the shortcomings, one can note the lack of storage areas and the absence of a full-fledged table (in case of replacing it with a bar counter).
Increasing the number of rooms
If a prerequisite for a dwelling is the presence of a second room and an isolated kitchen, you can make a small walk-through living room. This is especially true if there is an additional window (in corner versions). The back room will be a bedroom, in which it is possible to place not only an adult double bed, but also a baby cot. If the area was chosen a little more, the cabinet can also fit in it.
In this variation, it is better to replace the wall between the living room and the corridor leading to the kitchen with folding accordion doors across the entire width. Depending on the circumstances, you can get a separate place for relaxation or combined with a corridor to increase the room.
The advantage of such a redevelopment will be an isolated kitchen and bedroom. It is suitable for young parents with a child and for people who do not often invite friends for dinner. But such a layout assumes small, narrow rooms with little storage space.
Combining a balcony with a living area can be added to any type of redevelopment. There you can make a mini-office, put a high bar table along the balcony window, or even equip a sleeping area.
The layout of "Khrushchevs" in all cities and districts is typical. Therefore, the same furniture was placed in the room in a similar way. Things are different now. Specialists pay great attention to the design of a small apartment. After all, it is in it that it is important to take into account all the nuances for the convenience and beauty of the room.
Space zoning with wallpaper and flooring is very popular. To do this, you should select models that are combined in the same room, but visually dividing the area into parts. It can be wallpaper of the same color, but with a different pattern. You can paint all the walls in one color, and highlight the functional areas with wallpaper with an ornament. The same goes for the flooring.
Arched structures and shelving walls are often used in one-room "Khrushchev" buildings. This does not clutter up the space, but divides it into pieces. It is very important in converted "odnushki" to pay great attention to lighting, especially if the area was reduced by dividing. Best to choose light shades of wallpaper with a small pattern or none at all.
In a space of 30 sq. m, several levels of lamps should be used, starting from the ceiling and ending with LED floor lighting. Chandeliers should not be bulky. It is better to use spotlights on the ceiling. They will attract a lot of light, but will be invisible. The lighter the space is, the more it will visually appear.
Additional light can be a wardrobe with mirrored doors opposite the window or a glossy ceiling. It is believed to be able to increase the amount of light by 20%.
Furniture should also be chosen in non-dark colors. It is better if it is multifunctional. In the modern market, manufacturers present a large number of transforming furniture. It will help conserve a small area of a 1-room apartment.
Based on the foregoing, we can make an unequivocal conclusion that the redevelopment of the one-room "Khrushchev" is necessary for a comfortable stay. To do this, you can attract all the latest developments in the field of interior design.
For even more redevelopment options, see the next video.