Parquet board is an excellent substitute for expensive parquet. But before you go to a hardware store to buy this flooring, it is very important to know some of the nuances about the parquet board that you will have to face during its installation and operation.
Parquet board was created as a relatively cheap replacement for parquet and solid board. In the first years of its existence, two-layer copies were produced, and the modern version appeared several years later, and has been produced unchanged for more than half a century. The first layer - the bottom one - is a kind of substrate that protects the base, which, in turn, is made from inexpensive tree species, most often conifers - pine, larch. The front layer is not just a decorative coating, but also a protective one. On it, as a rule, there is a cut of expensive wood species.
By the way, the main layer consists of transversely laid planks, while the upper and lower layers of the boards run parallel.
Thanks to this technical solution the finished product has high strength. This means that the floor will not bend under the weight of large furniture. It will also withstand temperature changes.
Depending on the pattern, the front layer is made from domestic wood or imported. The latter includes exotic breeds, the cost of which, of course, will be higher from this. On the European continent, oak, walnut and birch are often used, less often ash, beech and cherry. For individual orders, special raw materials are imported - wenge, merbau and dussia. All these varieties differ in their physical characteristics - color, hardness, and longitudinal cut.
It is not necessary to use the natural color of the wood; at the production stage, it can be steamed, painted, whitewashed.
The parquet board can be single-lane, two-lane and three-lane. A three-strip board, or rather its top layer, visually resembles parquet laid longitudinally. This type of board is recommended for both residential and non-residential premises. Probably the most lovers of classic parquet will like the three-strip parquet board. After all, they do not have to waste time laying parquet, trimming the dies.
A two-strip parquet board, respectively, has two rows. It is a little more expensive in cost, but it can also have several types of graphic design. A single-strip board is a kind of enlarged laminate, it uses solid lamellas, therefore, the cost is higher. Less commonly, you can find multiband options on sale.
Before getting to the counter, the parquet board is varnished. Thanks to this, the building material does not deteriorate under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, it is not inhabited by fungi and pests. Waterproof parquet flooring perfectly tolerates accidental water spills on the floor.
Moisture resistant parquet lamella is made from hard wood. This is due to the fact that they contain the greatest amount of oils and resins that can withstand temperature and humidity changes. It is made from teak, wenge or balau. Such a building material feels great in bathrooms, kitchens and hallways.
The parquet board has several options for locking joints. The most common are Lock and Click… Advanced lock Uniclic allows you to lay the floor in such a way that no seams are formed between rows and products.
Seamless parquet board looks great in city apartments, country houses and commercial premises. Moreover, it can be laid not only diagonally, but also as a "herringbone". The "French Christmas tree" laying technology has been known since Soviet times.
And some manufacturers, on the contrary, for a better imitation of a wooden floor, release their products with a bevel. From a distance it is very difficult to distinguish it from natural parquet, and given the fact that its installation is easier and the cost of a parquet lamella is lower, then all the advantages are obvious.
The width of the parquet lamella starts from 13 cm. This is its smallest indicator, it can reach up to 20 cm. Based on the width of the product, one can understand which board is easier to install, transport, and which one is easier to care for.
In this case, the thickness can start from 0.7 cm. Such a parquet board will not be a good sound-insulating product, its durability will be lower. The thickness of the building material can be up to 2.5 cm. It will be more difficult to mechanically damage it, extraneous noise will not enter the room, while the floor will always be warm.
Thin parquet board is suitable for those rooms where interior doors have already been replaced, and their trimming is undesirable. Products with a thickness of about 2 cm are perfectly combined with the heating system. But it is better that the "warm floor" was infrared, since an electric one can lead to a fire, and a water one - to flooding.
In commercial or social premises, it is necessary to lay the most durable parquet board, this will increase its service life.
The last indicator is length. The smallest board is 180 cm long, and the maximum is 250 cm.But remember that a long board is more difficult to mount… At the same time, a long parquet board is subjected to less vibrations, does not deform under human weight, and does not creak. And visually, such a product looks better, since it has fewer connecting seams.
Features of the
The main advantage of a parquet board is its cost. Unlike its predecessors - parquet and solid boards, it is cheaper. Its installation is carried out using a lock connection, which can be handled by any adult. A parquet board does not require the same maintenance that untreated wood needs.
This building material is capable of absorbing extraneous noise, does not generate static electricity, and has thermal insulation qualities. And the appearance of the product is beyond praise, the colors can be matched to any interior.
Well, of course, she has disadvantages. First of all, it must be said that most often the parquet board is made of non-moisture resistant wood species. therefore when exposed to moisture, the board can quickly deteriorate. If the protective layer is damaged, then the product will need to be restored.
What is the difference from a solid board?
Solid wood is a solid material. It is made from a piece of wood, so no bonding agents, including glue, are used at the production stage. From this we can conclude that a solid board is an environmentally friendly material, it can last more than fifty years with proper care, it can be easily repaired, thanks to its thickness, it can be scraped up to seven times. Like any tree solid board keeps warm in the winter season.
At the same time, both a plus and a minus can be called non-repeating pattern of a solid board. On the one hand, creative people will like this unusual solution, and on the other, everyone else will have to repaint the floor.
If the tree is not covered with varnish or paint, then under the influence of humidity and temperature changes, it begins to deteriorate. Installation of such a floor is difficult both in terms of work and from a financial point of view.
The thickness of the parquet board, depending on the manufacturer, is usually 1.6 cm.But it is sold at a democratic cost, it is easy to install. Some types of parquet lamellas are also installed in rooms with high humidity.
Compared to a solid board, parquet will last a shorter period, since its thickness is much thinner. In this regard, it will be possible to walk on its surface with a grinder only three times. But in case of failure of one board it can always be replaced.
Remember that it is very important to study the composition of the parquet board. Cheap products may contain adhesives that release formaldehyde that are harmful to human health. If there are allergy sufferers or small children in the family, this must be approached with all responsibility.
The main characteristic of wood in the manufacture of parquet boards is its hardness. Back in the past centuries, a special method for measuring hardness was developed, which is still used today. In order not to delve into this process, we will use the already known data:
Among the trees growing in European countries and in most of the Russian Federation, it stands out in terms of hardness oak… Oak boards are distinguished by their durability. It is not surprising that the top layer of a parquet board is usually made from this particular species. The board is also distinguished by its stability to changes in humidity and temperature, during the operation the floor does not dry out, does not crack
Love for a beautiful pattern beech manufacturers and buyers of parquet boards. But it is less resistant to temperature extremes; at high humidity it can deteriorate. Heat treatment of wood at the production stage is capable of correcting the situation, after which the building material can be laid in technical premises
Maple and ash in terms of hardness at the same level. These light woods look great in rooms dominated by Provence, Art Deco and hi-tech styles
Nut American has a hardness factor of about 3 - this is an average that has stable qualities. Over time, you can notice that under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, it begins to brighten
Cherry furniture and cherry floor are rarely found in stores, but it is worth noting that this wood has good hardness and stability
A specific color may darken over the years, therefore experts recommend protecting the parquet board from direct sunlight.
Natural Pine used to make the base layer. Although it is softer in structure in comparison with the previously described breeds, it costs an order of magnitude less, thanks to which manufacturers can adjust the cost of the final product
Merbau. In comparison with the breeds described above, it is distinguished by high hardness indicators, in some cases one and a half times higher than its competitors. The wood that is imported from Indonesia has a chocolate-golden color. Due to its high oil content, it does not deteriorate when exposed to moisture. But its hardness is also a minus - it is very difficult to process such wood at the production stage
Wenge… The wenge color is well known to the domestic consumer. It looks like black. This dark wood is native to Africa. Its hardness indicator is higher than that of merbau, saturation with essential oils, respectively, is also higher. These indicators directly affect the durability and moisture resistance of a parquet board. It is not hard to guess that the final cost of products made from this type of wood is very high
Kempas. African "relative" wenge. Has a golden orange hue and a high hardness. Mechanical influences are not terrible for it, but, unfortunately, it is not recommended to lay it in rooms with high humidity
It is impossible and unnecessary to describe all types of wood within this section.After all, each manufacturer has the right to use whatever material he sees fit.
Gone are the days when you had to buy the building material that was offered at the hardware store. Competition has done its job. Today, any manufacturer, wishing to please the buyer, releases an unlimited number of collections.
If the room is light, then white parquet or any whitewashed board is suitable for it. With this choice, daylight will reflect off the floor and visually expand the space. White is perfect for loft, provence and retro styles. By the way, the classic floor design is also suitable for the loft style - an aged board or mahogany.
Expensive tree species look great in offices, government offices and country cottages.
Black board and building material in experts recommend using wenge color consciously. Dark shades can darken the room, dark rooms require additional lighting, furniture with chrome or gold accents. A large number of mirrors are also desirable. If you follow these tips, a dark floor will brighten any room, even a closet or closet.
The popularity of the cream board is not inferior to the previously described colors, as well as the lamella resembling chocolate. But the colored parquet board is suitable for both light and dark rooms. But most often it is mounted in children's rooms.
The lamella can be with a pattern. It costs a little more, but looks better from an aesthetic point of view. Patterns, imitation of a "French Christmas tree", longitudinal laying of parquet - this is not all that can be offered by manufacturers to the buyer's judgment. What to choose - classic or exotic golden oak, only the consumer chooses.
What characteristics should you pay attention to?
In most cases, when choosing a parquet board, buyers turn their attention to the price tag and colors. And this is not surprising, because if the product costs more than the amount that the consumer has, then he will not take it. And at the same time, it is impossible to force him to buy the building material he does not like. But these are far from the characteristics to which you need to pay attention.
When choosing a dark lamella, it must be borne in mind that its care must be careful. Sooner or later, the protective layer will be scratched. Defects appear more noticeable on a dark background, in contrast to a light one.
As an alternative to a glossy finish, we recommend matte. Some manufacturers use oil - defects are less noticeable on it. Expensive specimens with two or more patterns go through the brushing stage. Such a lamella is less susceptible to mechanical stress, since brushing is a process of deliberate "damage" to the product. Most often, oak board is exposed to this, it develops grooves, with which scratches are perfectly combined. An uninitiated person will not even figure out right away whether he is facing a factory treatment or accidental mechanical damage.
Small damages practically do not stand out on exotic wood species. At the same time, it is very important that the exotic does not go through the toning stage. In this case, the dust on the exotic lamella will mix with the pattern and will not be reflected. This means that the inconvenience in front of uninvited guests can be avoided.
If the parquet board has passed the stage of heat treatment, then it becomes more resistant to changes in temperature and humidity. But at the same time, some types of wood used under the influence of ultraviolet radiation during the period of operation can change color.
The wear resistance classes of the parquet board depend on the methods of cutting the raw materials used in production. Radial and tangential cutting methods are widely used. The best indicator of wear resistance is possessed by a parquet board made according to the first option.In this case, a building material is obtained from high-quality wood, without the inclusion of "weak" areas. This, in combination with other layers, leads to the manufacture of a durable product that will last more than one year. But the radial cut affects only the color and parallelism, in contrast to the tangential cut. He adds a certain non-repeating pattern to the product.
The wear resistance of products manufactured in this way is lower. But the top layer can correct the situation if the manufacturer uses wood with a good hardness coefficient for its manufacture. By the way, it is the thickness of the face layer that is responsible for the service life.
Rustic sawing is used in the economy segment. Probably, there is no need to describe that such a product is most susceptible to deformation. It includes only cheap wood samples. therefore for "balance" it is advisable to choose a single-strip parquet board.
On sale, basically, there is a three-layer board. In the early years, two-layer dies were produced, but manufacturers quickly realized that they would not be able to stay on the building materials market with such a product. It quickly fell into disrepair. The Swedish company was able to rectify the situation, according to whose technologies this building material is still being produced.
For the installation of any floor, certain tools are required, and the laying of parquet boards is no exception. First of all, you need a jigsaw. For this, an ordinary household jigsaw is quite suitable, but if a professional version is at hand, then the work will be done faster.
Alternatively, you can use a metal hacksaw. Unfortunately, a wood saw will not work for this operation. The thing is that its teeth can damage the product. Remember that the cut should not be made from the side of the face layer, but, on the contrary, from the bottom of the board. With this option, the possibility of removing the protective layer is excluded.
A hammer or mallet may be required depending on the lock connection. If you use a heavy tool, the hand will quickly get tired, and if you hit it carelessly, the lock can even be broken. Remember that it is advisable to use a plastic block for knocking down, with its help unwanted defects will not form - chips, cracks.
A parquet board, like any tree, can expand with changes in temperature and humidity. To prevent the floor from "floating", be sure to make a small indent from the wall. Wedges are used for this procedure. A metal bracket is needed to secure the last lamella.
A measuring tool - a tape measure, a building level and a square must be at hand. Additionally, you may need a pencil and felt-tip pen.
Installation of parquet boards is carried out by floating method, on logs or using glue or nails. In recent years, the first method has been most often used. This is due to the fact that the board can be laid both in small and spacious rooms.
Glue is practically not used during installation. Such work takes a lot of time and effort. Only patient professionals can lay the board correctly.
Fixing with nails or self-tapping screws is most often used when installing a thick board, and even then as an addition to the lock connection. But on the logs, a board is often laid in country houses. Lags play the role of a subfloor; in this case, a concrete screed is not needed. Plywood sheets or cork base are used as a backing.
For information on how to lay a parquet board yourself, see the next video.
Popular brands rating
This section will consider manufacturers whose products are in the greatest demand in the building materials market. The rating is based on the opinions of the installers. After all, it is they who can appreciate this or that building material. The sellers also contributed, because who, if not them, know what kind of parquet board is in demand.
An unconditional victory was awarded to the manufacturer who was the first to present a parquet board to the public in the 40s of the last century - this is Swedish company Kahrs… In the mid-50s, it was this manufacturer who began to cover their product with varnish, and in the 60s, engineers also worked on wear resistance. For more than half a century, Kahrs has been setting the direction for other manufacturers.
And this company was the first to abandon the adhesive method of laying parquet boards when it released a building material with a castle joint at the end of the last century. A parquet board from Kahrs is not afraid of moisture, dust or debris. Thanks to the seamless snap joint, debris does not accumulate as there are no joints.
To this we can add that the products of this company are environmentally friendly. The parquet board does not emit formaldehyde - substances harmful to human health. After all, it is their pairs that can lead to allergic reactions, and in advanced cases, to diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Kahrs is the only company to receive a 10/10 rating… This is due to the fact that the manufacturer offers a huge number of collections made of teak, oak, ash. This list can be supplemented by cherries, iatoba. All wood species cannot be listed. The front layer consists of safe varnishes and oil or wax treatments. Therefore, the laying of parquet boards can be safely carried out in nurseries and kindergartens. The thickness of the boards of the offered products can be from the lowest - 7 mm, to the almost unimaginable 30 mm.
German manufacturer Haro Parquet, although it fell slightly short of the leader - the rating is 9.9 / 10, but rightfully it takes the second place. This company has been known in Germany for over 150 years, it exports its products to almost a hundred countries. It is one of the leaders in the European market.
Their products are of premium class, hence the high price of the product. But for this money, the buyer receives quality products that do not contain harmful impurities and toxic substances. Depending on the color, the face protection layer can consist of varnish, oil or wax.
The collections produced by Haro Parquet include parquet boards in various sizes, patterns and colors. Additionally, at the production stage, the building material is subjected to brushing, heat treatment and bleaching. As a bonus, the parquet board comes with accessories and protective equipment. The operational period, like that of its predecessor, is thirty years.
Shared second place with Haro Parquet Austrian manufacturer Weitzer Parkett. His indicator in the rating is equal to the same 9.9 / 10. In ten years, this company will celebrate its bicentennial anniversary. In addition to excellent parquet boards, the company also produces other wood products.
The products of this manufacturer are environmentally friendly. By the way, Weitzer Parkett cooperates with the environmental protection society. The company was the first on the market who was able to offer the consumer a product that does not allow extraneous noise into the room.
Weitzer Parkett also has special certificates that guarantee the safe use of products in kindergartens. From which we can conclude that these products are perfect for children's rooms.
This is one of the few producers who grows valuable tree species on their own land - oak, walnut, pear. The parquet board can also be installed in rooms with high humidity, since the products are moisture resistant. The installation of this board can be carried out using glue and using lock joints. The product is guaranteed to serve for about three decades.
On the fourth line of the rating was the joint Russian-Swedish enterprise Tarkett with a rating of 9.2 / 10. Perhaps this is the only company in the domestic market that is most popular.
Parquet board under the Tarkett brand is suitable for the premium class, and for the economy segment products are produced under the brand Sinteros. If products for wealthy people are produced in European factories, then the economical option is produced in Russia.
All products have quality certificates and are suitable for both domestic and commercial use. Excellent combination of price and quality. The parquet board is covered with a moisture-repellent compound, has a patented lock connection and will last more than twenty years with proper care.
As for customer reviews, they also add a joint Finnish-Russian production to the rating - Upofloor, known in the domestic market under the brand name "Karelia". Joint production appeared at the beginning of the millennium, during which time many collections were presented on the construction market, both in the premium segment and in the economy class.
Several years ago the company became part of the concern Kahrs Is the undisputed leader of the rating and the founder of this segment. Thanks to this, the products of the joint venture began to be produced according to European standards, and the collection line was expanded.
The parquet board under the Karelia brand has good wear resistance, moisture resistance, and is environmentally friendly. Even a layman in the installation of floors can handle the lock connection.
According to consumer reviews, the parquet board of this company can last up to twenty years. And if you take care of her properly, even more.
Lamels from the company Boen have been known in the domestic market for more than a decade. Buyers appreciate these products for their affordable cost and good quality. The offered line includes dozens of collections, new items appear every year. The Norwegian board will last about 26 years.
Joint Polish-Ukrainian Venture Barlinek affordable for both wealthy and less wealthy people. There are about a dozen collections for every taste and color. The use of not only deciduous and coniferous trees, but also exotic ones - wenge, merbau, jatoba - sets this company apart from the rest. The board produced at the factories of Vinnytsia is perfect for bedrooms and living rooms.
It is impossible not to mention the domestic manufacturer. Amber wood… In a little over ten years, a Russian company from Dalnerechensk has seized, in a good sense of the word, the building materials market.
Using hard woods such as oak and ash, the company from the Primorsky region was able to present a durable product at an attractive price to the public. This is due to the fact that the wood grows in the place where the plant is located, which means that saving on logistics allows the manufacturer to adjust the value of the goods. A board produced from a domestic plant will serve in a city apartment or in a country house for about ten years.
How to choose?
A few years ago, when it was necessary to choose a parquet board for an apartment, buyers paid attention only to the appearance. To buy it for the kitchen or in the bathroom was out of the question, since the first copies did not differ in moisture-resistant indicators.
Today the choice has become easier. Firstly, there are more building stores, and secondly, high-quality products have appeared in them. A large assortment allows you to choose a product in terms of quality, price, and attractiveness.
Today, choosing has become easier. Firstly, there are more building stores, and secondly, high-quality products have appeared in them. A large assortment allows you to choose a product in terms of quality, price, and attractiveness.
Remember that the most durable hardwood flooring comes from exotic wood species. But for domestic use, building materials made from oak or ash are enough.And in the interior, such a board looks no worse than exotic wenge or merbau. The main thing is to pay attention to the manufacturer, composition, as well as the following indicators:
- Moisture resistance. On the packaging of any parquet board, you can always find certain icons. In particular, water protection means that such a product can be installed in kitchens or corridors. Of course, you should not fill the floor, and the slats will endure an accidental spillage without prejudice to the appearance.
- Density. For domestic use, experts recommend buying a board with a thickness of at least 21 cm, then we can say with great confidence that it will withstand the weight of large furniture and will not deform.
- Protective layer. It is a well-known fact that a parquet board is treated with either oil or varnish. Lacquered building materials are advised to be mounted in rooms where the floor may interact with water. For the rest of the premises, building material treated with oil or wax is quite enough.
- Wood species. As noted earlier, the most viable are oak, ash, teak. They can also be laid in the kitchen or in the corridor, since mechanical damage is less "sensitive" for them, in contrast to soft rocks.
- Chamfer. Products with a chamfer lend themselves to easy dismantling, and from this it follows that in case of mechanical damage, they can be replaced painlessly.
- Smoothness. For various styles, either a smooth board or with roughness is selected. Some people specifically choose a parquet board with a relief pattern, since scratches are less noticeable on such a product.
How to care?
Before you take up a rag or vacuum cleaner, you need to find out what material the protective layer consists of. It can be oil-wax or varnish. The first variety is unusual for acrylic film. To restore the "oil" protection, it is enough to treat the damaged lamellae with a grinder and apply a new layer of oil.
Wet cleaning of the oil lamella is carried out using a damp cloth and ordinary soap solution. You can make it yourself from remnants of laundry soap. If the rag is not carefully wrung out, then water can get into the cracks and the product will become unusable. In no case should the wax protection be washed off, only dry rags are used. When using household chemicals, there is a high probability of changing the color of the lamella. The lacquered coating is cleaned with special products. Some are sold ready-made, and some need to be diluted in water.
If there are pets in the apartment, they can ruin the parquet board. In this case, you can use either polish or acrylic varnish. After application, the parquet board will return to its original appearance.
This section contains photographs and examples of the floor where parquet board is used, as well as its placement on the wall in the interior.