In modern realities, one-room apartments are very popular, both among young people and among family people of the age. This is due to the low cost of such dwellings, as well as their practicality and functionality. But when acquiring our own, albeit small, living space in a new building, we want to make the layout as comfortable and comfortable for life as possible.
The good thing about the layout of a one-room apartment is that almost all ideas and designs can be realized here in a small amount of time, without resorting to the use of "intricate" projects and expensive services of interior designers. You can do it yourself. Thus, it will be possible to invest part of yourself in the interior of the future nest.
Features of the layout
One-room apartments are really in great demand. This is evidenced by the fact that almost all new buildings have areas of a similar plan. But do not forget about the secondary real estate market. Here are widely represented "Khrushchev" and "Brezhnevka" in panel houses of the Soviet type.
In any case, when purchasing an apartment in a new or in an old house, any space can be altered for yourself.
There are a number of disadvantages of one-room apartments that must be taken into account when planning:
- small living space - on average, it is 32 sq m;
- in most projects, apartments have low ceilings;
- small space reserved for a bathroom and a kitchen;
- narrow corridor;
- lack of mezzanines;
- there is not always a balcony or loggia;
- most often, such apartments are located in multi-storey buildings, and not in five-storey buildings.
However, the undoubted advantage of one-room apartments is that they are located in the inner part of the house, which means that these apartments are much warmer than those in the front half. Here are some golden rules which should be followed when planning a one-room apartment:
- try to show more free space. This will help create a sense of spaciousness and freedom;
- remember to use more light. If there are few natural light sources, then without hesitation install sconces, floor lamps, table lamps;
- play with color combinations. There is no mandatory rule to make the ceiling white, it can be of any color. Use a tricky trick - the ceiling should always be several shades lighter than the walls. This will visually enlarge the room;
- you can add a glossy ceiling and rows of mirrors on the walls to the interior. All this will also significantly increase the space of the dwelling;
- give preference to the minimalism style. It is based on simplicity of forms and brevity;
- try to make the most of the built-in furniture;
- a bookcase or shelving can be used as a partition between rooms. This option is much more practical than a plasterboard or chipboard partition.
To create additional space in a 1-room apartment, use the principle of space zoning. Alteration of a one-room apartment into a two-room apartment with the help of partitions, shelving and the construction of new walls is considered a frequent occurrence. But do not forget that this option is only suitable for apartments with electric stoves.
It is best to reorganize 37, 40 and 42 sq. m.
Why are partitions and walls installed in a one-room apartment? The answer is simple - to create a new private room. What it will be depends on the tenants. It can be for children, if we are talking about a family with a child of middle and older age. Also, additional space can become a dressing room, pantry, office and even a small living room.
The most common redevelopment options are as follows:
the kitchen is often transferred to the living room, then the living room or bedroom becomes a separate closed room, and the kitchen, in turn, fits into the remaining space. Thus, it is possible to combine the cooking area and the eating area. The most convenient thing with this type of placement is that you do not need to transfer communications, but you just need to turn the pipes in the other direction
the working area is usually placed along the walls. A desk, a chair and a bookcase or a tall and shallow bookcase will fit perfectly there. There are examples of interiors with two wardrobes, which looks by no means cluttered, but quite successful and symmetrical. If the apartment is corner, then placing the working area opposite the window would be an excellent option. This will not only be functional, but will also have a beneficial effect on the performance of household members
instead of a kitchen (in the room where it should be located), you can make a nursery or a bedroom. Even with this situation, it is possible to place a double bed in an apartment of 30 sq m. If your apartment is square or rectangular, then by placing a bedroom in a separate room, you can arrange the remaining space for a studio. This technique is very popular in the West, and is increasingly used in modern Russian apartments
When zoning your apartment, use the following guidelines:
- on the plan, designate the zones with different colors, it will look clearer and clearer. For example, the kitchen area is red, the living room is green, the work area is yellow, and the bathroom is blue;
- do not be afraid to change the level of the floor and ceiling. This will make it much easier to work with the allocation of functional areas;
- focus on lighting. The play of light and shadow often changes the appearance of a space beyond recognition;
- select several impressively sized pieces of furniture to mark the functional areas.
It should be remembered that any change in the interior space of your apartment must be brought in accordance with building codes. Each time before starting a major renovation and performing complex construction manipulations, the project must be approved by the residential building maintenance service. Thus, do not neglect the design plan and the project of the future housing. At the moment, there are many ready-made projects for every taste. The most common developments are for apartments with an area of 35 and 36 sq m.
Building changes in the interior space are as follows:
plasterboard partitions and special devices are used that create niches and islands. A balcony, if there is one, is sometimes included in the space of the apartment. But it is worth taking care of hydro and thermal insulation. If you demolish and re-create partitions, then pay attention to ventilation and exhaust
the flooring is different for each area. Carpet in the living room, tiles in the bathroom, and linoleum in the kitchen. The same thing happens with wall decoration. Do not forget that you have control over the floor and ceiling levels. Such a trick can significantly affect the perception of space. After that, you can proceed to the most interesting - interior design, furniture placement, as well as adding touches and accents with the help of accessories
Depending on the shape of the apartment
The planning of the future residence is entirely based on the size and shape of the space. If you arrange everything correctly and take into account the shape of the apartment, then as a result you will get not only a cozy and spacious apartment, but also a cozy place convenient for life.
Your personal preference should also be taken into account. There are ardent fans of studio apartments and quirky lofts. As a rule, these are young people who are engaged in a career and are not burdened with starting a family. For young families with small children and older people, improved Khrushchev houses and small apartments are perfect, where there will certainly be a separate room for another bedroom.
There are three main schemes for one-room apartments:
- This is a corner apartment, which is characterized by 2-3 windows and surrounded by several outer walls;
- there are also two similar shapes - square and rectangular apartments. They differ in their location inside the house and in the circular layout inside the apartment.
Modern housing is now quite diverse, because architects do not skimp on ideas and create intricate house designs. Because of this, apartment layouts sometimes suffer. A large number of complex-shaped living space and corner areas appear, so it is often difficult for people who purchase such apartments to correctly zoning the space.
It is believed that such dwellings have a number of disadvantages - noise, cold wind and a large number of windows, into which someone is constantly looking.
In fact, many shortcomings turn beautifully into advantages. For example, with proper insulation of the apartment, you will not feel discomfort in the cold season. On the contrary, in such a home it will always be warm and comfortable, and insulation is not always needed. Modern building technologies cope with this task even at the construction stage.
The abundance of windows for a small apartment is just a godsend, since a large amount of permeable light will make the space larger and brighter.
In the case of a corner apartment, the best option would be to combine the kitchen with the living room. It is better to allocate a separate room for the bedroom. Built-in kitchen, fits into one straight line. The dining table is behind the sofa.
Thus, the space takes on the correct geometric shape.
To create a project for decorating a rectangular apartment, it is necessary to use special techniques and methods of optical correction of the living space. Most often, rectangular-type apartments - these are studio apartments. They have their own advantages and disadvantages. The negative aspects include a small area, the absence of a loggia or balcony, the lack of sound insulation, the presence of drafts.
The positive qualities of such an apartment are an abundance of light, the absence of partitions and partitions, a single living space, and ease of cleaning.
A feature of the layout of such an apartment is the zoning principle. Since the space is one and not divided by anything, the tenant himself must take care of the delimitation of functional areas, if necessary. The living room should be located in the center of the apartment (closer to the window). Using a shelf or bookcase, you can separate the work area or bedroom from the living room. On the other hand, it is worth putting a bar counter that will separate the kitchen and dining area from the living room.
Planning a square apartment is almost no different from its rectangular predecessor. The only feature of such housing is its very small size. As a rule, such apartments have an area of about 30 sq. M.
The advice that you need to use in this case is to transform the room.
In such a small apartment, it is necessary to arrange all the items so that the space is used as much as possible for its intended purpose. Choose built-in furniture and transformable furniture. It is better to move the working area to the window so that you can work in natural light. If desired, it will be possible to separate it from the main room with a curtain.
If the apartment has high ceilings, then you can safely use a two-tier structure.
How to register?
Interior design plays a huge role in the perception of living space. Especially when it comes to a small apartment. The right style and clever design solutions can expand the space and create the illusion of a larger room.
There are several basic principles that will help you visually expand the room:
- the use of a large number of lighting sources;
- choose light colors of walls, ceiling and floor;
- give preference to built-in and transforming furniture;
- avoid long furniture along the walls;
- decorate the walls with mirrors facing each other;
- do not clutter up the room with unnecessary decor items and accessories.
The interior design completely depends on the preferences of the tenant. There are many ready-made projects for every taste, recreating a particular style in the interior, be it neoclassical or high-tech. But most often, when making standard repairs in a small apartment, residents and designers turn to minimalism. Minimalism combines simplicity and functionality, which perfectly complements the small area of the apartment. Light shades, a minimum of details and compact and functional furniture rule here.
The style of studio apartments is popular today. This is usually completely non-demarcated space, high ceilings, and panoramic windows. The decoration has imitation of wood, brick and concrete. Minimalist furnishings sit alongside antiques. A large number of plants and accessories - decorative pillows, garlands, candlesticks and figurines.
For young families, the original is preferred. colonial style. It combines comfort and convenience. A characteristic feature of this style is the proximity to traditional motives of exotic overseas inclusions. Wicker furniture, metal lighting fixtures, decorative items in the form of paintings, fans, animal horns. All this creates a contrast between east and west, combined in this interior.
If a studio apartment is intended for elderly people or retirees, then an excellent design solution would be interior decoration in a typical style. provence … Wooden furniture in combination with colorful textiles creates an atmosphere of comfort and home. Family photos in beautiful frames will be perfectly placed on the walls, and the main accent of the apartment will be the kitchen and dining area.
The complete opposite of the Provence style is the style high tech … This direction is more often chosen by young people who love and appreciate modern style and new technologies. The combination of white, black and metallic colors creates a structured interior. Bright accents in the form of gloss, shine and translucent furniture add grace and pathos to the room.
As for furniture, the main thing to do is it is to avoid bulky and massive items. In the kitchen, it is better to use built-in appliances, and place the headsets in one line, for example, along the wall in the cooking area. It is better to separate the kitchen from the living room with a bar counter or side tables-islands, and use this place as a dining area.
In the living room, it is better to hang the TV on the wall, and place the sofa opposite and turn it with its back to the kitchen area. The working area can be separated from the living room by a shelving unit or a bookcase. Additional lighting should also be placed there. The sleeping area can be either in a separate room or in the same room. Then it should be separated from the main space with a curtain, and the bed itself should be made folding.
A wardrobe will perfectly fit into the sleeping area.
Beautiful options in the interior
As practice shows, people of different ages, professions and in different numbers can live in a one-room apartment. The right choice of layout, suitable design and well-placed furniture will determine how comfortable life in this apartment will become. Will it become a place where you want to run with joy after a hard day, or will it be a cramped and dark shack, where there is no free space, not a single extra thing?
There are design projects in which it is possible not to combine the kitchen with the living room. In such a functional room, a living room, a bedroom and a work area perfectly coexist. It is better to choose a folding bed, which hides in the wardrobe during the day, and a folding sofa. This helps save space a lot. Optically stretch and expand the space will help mirrors on the walls and cabinets; and vertical striped wallpaper.
Another option for the interior of a studio apartment, where only the bathroom is separated from the common space. Modern innovations help to separate functional areas from each other with interior partitions. The effect of a large space is created using light colors and a large number of lighting fixtures. By the way, in the interior you can use not only wallpaper and decorative paint, but also light wood and warm shades. This will make the ensemble softer and more sophisticated.
Quite rare, but there are interiors with two bedrooms in a one-room apartment. Such a non-standard case is rather difficult to execute. The ideal option would be two full rooms, while leaving enough space for other functional areas. In this case, one bedroom can be made in one part of the apartment using a folding bed.
A podium or other elevation for the second bed will help to visually divide the space, or you should resort to installing an attic bed, where the sleeping place is located on top, and the working area is below.
Next, you can familiarize yourself with one of the successful projects of a one-room apartment.