These days, the term "minimalism" is often used to define a particular lifestyle. When designing housing, those who want to live in the most spacious and functional space turn to this style. The minimalism style not only creates the effect of freedom and spaciousness, it perfectly relaxes and soothes.
Features of the
Minimalism is a great way out if you live in a small studio apartment, where there is very little space, and the desire to fit everything is great. It will help to get rid of crampedness and constraint in an apartment of 30 square meters. m. Remember the sense of proportion, the main thing is to observe restraint and strict proportions. When decorating the interior, you do not need to rush and fuss, give yourself entirely to this business and find harmony with yourself.
Who is it suitable for?
The minimalism style, first of all, is suitable for people who live in a rather closed and cramped space. By following the basic principles, your home will not look overwhelmed and full. The minimalism style is familiar and loved by people, who value cleanliness and order in everything.
Many light and clean surfaces are in harmony with their pedantry and restraint. For people tired of the daily running around, the crowd of office workers and things, a minimalist apartment will become a place of relaxation, where you can abstract from everyday problems and worries.
For a minimalist space, the following details are characteristic:
- Geometric and graphic shapes and lines.
- Ascetic and austere color palette.
- Solid surfaces.
- Natural materials take part in the design.
- Striving to free up as much space as possible.
- An abundance of natural and artificial lighting.
- Combining multiple rooms together.
- The minimalist style is defined by the functionally built-in furniture.
- Rejection of massive and heavy curtains in favor of blinds.
- Minimum or even complete lack of decor.
The first kind of minimalism is the hi-tech style. In this style, the main materials are plastic and metal. Dark shades prevail over light shades. The direction has a pronounced trend towards the use of glossy furniture and glossy surfaces. The basic principle is conciseness and ergonomics.
Eco-minimalism also stands out. Preference is given only to natural materials of natural shades. More greenery and house plants in all parts of the apartment. It is even possible to imitate a reservoir or a small fountain, if the layout of the housing allows. It is necessary to use as many light sources as possible, and windows should always be without curtains.
The original kind of minimalism is Japanese minimalism. It is based on Japanese philosophy. Contemplation, open space and simple forms will help you find enlightenment. Again, the predominance of natural materials, low furniture, light screens, partitions and a lot of light will help you to fulfill your task.
Has its own characteristics scandinavian minimalism. Here you can see an abundance of stone and wood, floral ornaments and a predominance of white-green cold colors. Lots of reflective surfaces and white light add some austerity to an apartment in the spirit of frosty northern Scandinavia.
How to furnish?
To fully convey the essence of the minimalism style, give up partitions and any space delimiters. When choosing furniture, you should give preference to glass or mirror surfaces. This will create the effect of transparency and objects floating in the air.
It is better not to mix matte and glossy materials. Stop at one thing. Interior items should be light, graceful and graceful.
All doors (from the entrance to the cabinet doors) should be sliding, so give preference to a wardrobe. In the kitchen, combine the cooking area with the dining area. Don't forget about built-in appliances and stretched, handleless kitchen sets.
In the bedroom, put a pull-out sofa or bed that stows away into the closet. If you do not want to waste time getting and laying out a bed, then put a low bed without a headboard. The interior can only be supplemented with a wardrobe and a bedside shelf, everything else will be superfluous. In the bathroom, focus on plastic, glass and metal details.
Whenever possible, use natural materials or their imitation. It can be stone, wood, metal. It is better to make the flooring of stone or lay tiles. Give up carpets and rugs, only a single monolithic floor with a glossy surface and a pale shade.
Plaster is suitable for decorating walls, since with its help you can achieve relief and texture. Another option is plain wallpaper of restrained colors, preferably without a pattern. The maximum that can be allowed in this case is wallpaper with vertical stripes or other geometric patterns, such a coating will visually stretch the room. Wall panels made of artificial or natural materials are a good way to diversify the look of a room.
For ceiling decoration, choose wood and cork panels. In modern apartments, the most common ceiling finish is a stretch ceiling.
Minimalism should have as much light as possible in the interior. It is desirable that natural light prevails, so you should not curtain the windows. Limit yourself to installing modest horizontal or vertical blinds to cover your windows in the evening. Fans of eco-minimalism will love bamboo curtains and screens.
Artificial lighting is also necessary in any interior. Do not skimp on using a large number of lighting fixtures. Pay attention to the recessed lights, place them at different levels to zone the space. In the high-tech style, various diode backlights in neutral shades are used.
For tablecloths and kitchen runners, choose linen fabrics in natural shades. For the decor of window openings, weightless tulle and organza curtains are suitable. It is better to choose soft colors for towels, bed linen and bedspreads. Minimalism provides for the addition of decorative pillows, bolsters and blankets to the interior. Geometric and futuristic prints will help to focus attention on these details.
Don't forget about convenience and functionality. In the storage area, use organizers, fabric boxes and hangers. It is better to choose a wall clock made in metal or glossy plastic. The location of several ascetic candlesticks, chrome coasters, original vases and bowls would be appropriate.
Strict minimalism loves monochrome. All shades of white, black and gray will be preferred. But still, the main color of this style is white. There are projects where the whole apartment is made in light shades, including decoration, furniture and decor items.
To dilute the monotony, designers advise adding accent contrasting objects. For example, in a completely white room, put a table in dark brown tones. Combine snow white and light muted shades (beige, light brown and gray). The main rule should be remembered - details are performed in darker colors, and everything else in light and neutral colors.
Small 1-room apartments are decorated in the style of minimalism, in which there is not enough free space. First of all, it is necessary to correctly zone the space, the designers propose to boldly get rid of partitions and unnecessary walls and create one unified free room. In a separate small room, equip the bedroom. In it, you can get by with one low bed, a bedside table and a wardrobe.
Bring three functional areas together - the kitchen, dining room and living room. Install built-in furniture and household appliances in the kitchen, free up all surfaces. You can separate the kitchen from the living room with the help of a bar counter, which will serve as a dining area in a small apartment.
From the furniture, a small sofa, a modest pouf and a glass coffee table will fit into the living room.
Repair of a "kopeck piece" or a three-room apartment in the style of minimalism is not much different from the repair of other premises. Focus on lighting. Install neon and halogen lights in walls and ceilings. In a company with light-colored walls, the space will visually double and be filled with air and light.
In the hallway, focus on mirrors and glossy flooring, a must-have attribute is a wardrobe. For the kitchen, choose elongated laconic furniture that will not have sharp corners, handles and other details. Bedroom furniture should be simple and not clutter up the space. A folding sofa or a low bed without a headboard would be an excellent option.
In the bathroom, use glass and metal finishes. The transparent shower cubicle will be a wonderful solution for the interior. In the living room, leave as much space as possible untouched.
One sofa, several chairs in geometric style and a stylish modern fireplace are the maximum for the guest area. Several abstract paintings and mirrors will complement the decor.
Modern ideas in the interior
New technologies are penetrating all areas of our life. Interior design is no exception. Minimalism is closely intertwined with modern advances and their direct inclusion in interior design. As a rule, we see these inclusions in the details and accents of the interior.
It is extremely popular in a modern panel apartment to decorate the interior using fancy mirrors of complex geometric shapes (octagons, triangles, pentagons). Mirrors are usually convex and flat and have no frames. Tables and shelves seem to have descended from the sketches of the constructivists: a variety of geometric shapes, a play of symmetry and a mess of lines.
A fireplace made of a monolithic piece of stone or metal, simplified to a minimum, will become the most striking detail of any living room. The most expensive options are pendant or panoramic fireplaces, which allow you to see the flame from several sides. In such a space, the effect of being in a fantasy film in the house of the future is created. Minimalists are crazy about abstract painting and graphics. Such canvases not only fit perfectly into the interior, but also help to fully convey the essence and philosophy of this style.
In the next video you can watch an overview of the apartment in the style of "minimalism", as well as find out useful tips from a professional.