Do-it-yourself Scraping Of Parquet (61 Photos): Dust-free Scraping And Varnishing Of Old Parquet, How To Loop Old Parquet, Do-it-yourself Sanding

Floor 2023

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Do-it-yourself Scraping Of Parquet (61 Photos): Dust-free Scraping And Varnishing Of Old Parquet, How To Loop Old Parquet, Do-it-yourself Sanding
Do-it-yourself Scraping Of Parquet (61 Photos): Dust-free Scraping And Varnishing Of Old Parquet, How To Loop Old Parquet, Do-it-yourself Sanding

Video: Do-it-yourself Scraping Of Parquet (61 Photos): Dust-free Scraping And Varnishing Of Old Parquet, How To Loop Old Parquet, Do-it-yourself Sanding

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Video: Parquet Floor Restoration (EPIC TRANSFORMATION) 2023, February
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Parquet is a popular floor covering at all times. The material is associated with the warmth and comfort of a home, a classic noble style.

Despite its wear resistance and durability, the tree needs periodic restoration. The operation is necessary, since any floor covering dulls, scratches, and vysharkivayutsya during operation. For these purposes, a parquet scraping technique has been developed.

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What is parquet scraping?

The process of scraping parquet is the removal of a thin top layer from its surface using special equipment. The operation allows you to restore the smoothness of the floor, eliminate defects in the form of scratches, chips and dents, and eliminate the creak of floorboards.

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Cycle is the name of the grinder, which was used to name the process itself.

Types of scraping

Cycling can be done in several ways.

Manual

The method was widespread before the advent of mechanical devices. It requires a lot of effort and time from the master. The hand scraper is a sharpened metal plate bent at an angle of 45 degrees to the handle. It has different forms. Typically, a tool about 5 cm wide is used.

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Sanding can also be done with coarse sandpaper. But this type of work is so tedious that it is not recommended for large areas.

Semi-automatic

In this case, various attachments for hand tools are used. For example, cycling with a grinder. To do this, sandpaper is glued to its disk. In addition, belt and rotor-orbital grinders are used.

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Mechanical

The method appeared in the 70s with the development of a special machine equipped with knives. With their help, the top layer of the floor covering up to 16 mm thick was cut. In connection with the advent of new grinding equipment, the process has become more gentle, of better quality, and less harmful to the parquet. For dust-free mechanical scraping it is better to use a device with a built-in dust collector.

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Features of work with different types of parquet

Parquet flooring is carried out in the following cases:

  • Re-assembly of tongue-and-groove planks before subsequent design. The sanding of the new parquet flooring is done in two stages. The first is carried out on a slightly damp floor, the second is the final cleaning of the dry surface.
  • Restoration of the old floor. It is worth resorting to the operation if the floor is heavily trampled and scratched, the parquet is stained, the varnish has peeled off and faded, the floorboards began to creak.
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The difference between the process of scraping old and new parquet is that in the first case a minimum layer of wood is removed, since it is not burdened with varnish, stains and scratches.

It is not advisable to perform looping in the presence of the factors highlighted below:

There is no need to close up gaps between the planks larger than 5 mm, it is necessary to completely change the specified area of ​​the floor covering. Otherwise, you will have to return to it in the future. In the presence of severe damage resulting from various factors. These include:

  1. The difference in height, which causes the curvature of the planks. As a result, the floorboards are rubbed against each other.
  2. Damage to wood by woodworms. The defect can be identified using a conventional awl.If it enters the body of the plate without effort at an angle, then the wood is damaged.
  3. Deep scratches and cracks.
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The looping was carried out several times. The thickness of the parquet does not allow for the restoration an infinite number of times. A maximum of 3 times is allowed

Flooding the floor with water, causing mold and mildew. Here you will have to completely change the coating. To check the moisture content of the floor, you need to cover a separate area with polyethylene, fastening it tightly to the floor. The room temperature should be between 20-25 degrees. If, after a day, condensation appears on the film, then the tree is wet. It is better to dismantle it or organize the waterproofing correctly

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Scraping depends on the material of the parquet. Hardwoods will require significant effort, while softwoods are easy to work with.

Subtleties of oak coating processing

Elite oak parquet is characterized by a certain hardness of wood, therefore, during processing, it will provide maximum resistance.

For high-quality grinding, it is better to choose a drum-type scraper with a nozzle made of a special durable material. Leveling oak parquet requires the coarsest coarse abrasive material.

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Remember the following when tinting and varnishing:

  • Oak wood changes color over time, this is called staining. In this regard, the old parquet has an almost black color.
  • The wood has a high density, respectively, has a low degree of absorption of dyes. As a result, it has a faded color.
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The panel parquet, in contrast to the piece parquet, consists of modules in the form of panels, on which the dies are glued. Thanks to this structure, less effort and time is spent on laying the coating.

You can cycle the panel board only 2 times, because the top layer is thin enough.

When working with panelboard parquet, the thickness of the useful layer is determined in advance, that is, the distance from the outer layer to the locking tongue. As a rule, it can vary within 2-6 mm. Accordingly, the greater the thickness, the larger the abrasive granules can be used.

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As a rule, it is recommended to take out all the furniture before scraping. However, the room may contain large, heavy objects that do not move. Therefore, old parquet floors are cycled around their perimeter.

Stages of work

Before starting work, you need to familiarize yourself with the recommendations of specialists, develop instructions for action for yourself, prepare tools and a room.

Tools

You will need a sander or a scraper, it can be manual or automatic. The second option is very expensive, so it is better to rent it to renovate an apartment or a private house. Vibration grinders, which are used for manual processing, are much cheaper than automatic equipment. However, they cannot provide a good degree of smoothness. The hand scraper can be useful for sanding floors in corners of rooms and around large furniture.

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Drum or Belt Grinder significantly increases the speed of restoration work. Professionals note that such equipment is best used for the restoration of large surfaces. The belt sander equipped with a drum is available in two versions: with a single-phase or three-phase drive. Models in most cases are equipped with a dust collector. A disadvantage is noted in the form of uneven grinding, therefore it is recommended to use it only for rough scraping.

Disc surface grinding technology is one of the latest developments, therefore, it is devoid of the disadvantages inherent in its predecessors. The machine with disc nozzles is used for fine leveling of the floor, as well as for sanding layers during varnishing.

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Other tools required:

  • Corner machines of the "boot" type are applicable for processing hard-to-reach places in a room: in corners, under heating devices, around massive furniture or along a plinth. Modern models are equipped with garbage bags.
  • A construction vacuum cleaner is used mainly for industrial purposes; it is impractical to buy it for home use. It is better to rent or use a broom and an ordinary household vacuum cleaner.
  • Nozzles for the scraper.
  • Grinder, drill.
  • Screwdriver.
  • Nails, screws.
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Materials (edit)

You will need:

  • Additional parquet planks to replace damaged ones.
  • Sandpaper of varying grain size. You need a lot of it for scraping, so the margin should be significant.
  • Ready-made wood putty. A composition that is either water-based or nitro-solvent is suitable. Experts sometimes independently mix a solution of wood dust, which remains during grinding.
  • Spatulas for placing putty.
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  • Primer for wood.
  • Primer brushes and rollers.
  • Personal protective equipment: gloves, respirator or gauze bandage, glasses.
  • Floor protectors: wax, oil, anti-fungal compounds.
  • Decorative coatings: toning, stain, varnish.
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Premises preparation

Immediately before work, you need to carry out the removal of furniture from the room. If some objects do not move, then you can leave them in place, but first cover them with covers. Cycling is a very dirty process, dust will fly in all directions.

The skirting board can be removed around the entire perimeter. Sometimes it is left, but only when it is impossible to dismantle it painlessly. The floor should be washed first and then cleaned. As a result, the coating should get rid of dust, dirt and small debris.

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It is recommended to secure the room, for which all lying wires must be hidden in special boxes for communications or using electrical tape to lift them off the floor. If the parquet is in a satisfactory condition, the preparation is almost complete. It is enough to deepen the heads of the nails so as not to damage the sander.

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Otherwise, you will first have to eliminate floor defects in the form of falling strips, deep scratches.

Types of defects and their elimination

Allocate:

  • Failures of individual planks in parquet. It is required to remove the damaged plate, clean the formed recess and put a new die in it, fixing it with glue.
  • Poorly fixed parquet boards should be fixed either with nails or with glue. To deepen the hat into the wood by at least 2 mm. If the strips were attached in a hidden way, then it is more advisable to use glue.
  • The creak of wood floors is caused by drying and aging of wood. In this case, the creaking floorboards are reinforced in the corners with thin nails. Another method can be used: a wooden pin covered with glue is driven in between the parquet plates.
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  • Deep gaps, if there are few of them, can be filled with thin wooden plates smeared with glue on all sides. After the material has dried, the top is trimmed flush with the floor surface with a plane.
  • Separately, it is not advisable to putty large multiple cracks and holes. Better to replace it altogether.

DIY scraping technology

Parquet can be looped manually or using mechanical means.

Manual scraping

The manual cycle should be carried out along the wood grain with slight pressure towards the direction of travel at an angle of 45 degrees. To spend less effort, the wood is moistened in advance, and the tool is periodically sharpened. The main advantage of the method is that it is dust-free.

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Machine process

Technologies have changed significantly, now the restoration of floors at home is a less laborious, fast, and high-quality process. With the help of technical means, the restoration is carried out independently.You need to start looping only after the machine has gained momentum. If you lower the machine to the floor earlier, you will get a dent.

Coarse sanding is completed if the surface has acquired a characteristic woody tint.

Stages of work

First scraping. The main task is to level the parquet and remove the old varnish layer. This step is called “coarse sanding” because the process removes the largest layer of wood to remove bumps and grime. As a result, the parquet floor is brighter. Experts recommend intensive processing depth up to 5 mm. A coarse abrasive (P40) emery element is selected for coarse cleaning.

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As a rule, the first scraping is carried out diagonally, using a drum-type machine or disc surface grinder.

The patterned laying of parquet has its own processing features:

  • Herringbone, the direction of movement is diagonal.
  • "Braid" and "palace", cycling is done crosswise.
  • "Artistic typesetting", movement in a spiral from the center of the room.

When working with the machine, make smooth movements at a constant speed. If the worker stops or lingers in one place, then a depression will appear.

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The second scraping or sanding is carried out after removing the debris that formed during the previous step. Places that are difficult to reach with a scraper, and corners in the room are processed by a manual cycle or with the help of special “boot” type machines. At home, you can use a grinder with a grinding attachment.

The third scraper brings the grinding process to its logical conclusion, eliminating the drawbacks that a conventional sander could not cope with. It is carried out in the direction perpendicular to the movement of the scraper at the first stage.

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At the repair stage, the cracks are treated with putty pastes. To eliminate chips and cracks, correction compositions are selected, individual for each individual case, taking into account the structure and color of the wood. You should proceed to the next stage only after the putty has completely dried. In addition to ready-made compositions, a paste made from wood dust formed during scraping and PVA glue is used.

Finishing scraping is designed to make the parquet even and renew the surface. For this, a thin top layer is removed with a surface grinder to remove excess paste. The operation is performed only along the parquet plates.

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The final stage

After scraping, sweep up large debris and remove small ones with a vacuum cleaner. As a protection, the parquet is covered with an antiseptic or fire-retardant agent.

To give the restored surface a perfect appearance, it is preliminarily tinted or painted… It is not difficult to paint the parquet yourself correctly, but it is better to familiarize yourself with the recommendations of specialists in advance.

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After tinting, the surface is primed in two layers and sanded with fine sandpaper. The primer will correct the remaining flaws. After that, experts recommend taking a technological break of 2-3 days, which will allow the surface to dry completely and polymerize.

Varnishing - the final stage

When choosing a varnish, you should focus on the functional specifics of the room and the type of wood. It is recommended to apply it from the most illuminated place. Covering the parquet with varnish in several layers will significantly increase the service life. To ensure good adhesion between coats, each coat must be sanded.

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Paints and varnishes are classified as follows:

  • With reversible films (drying). The class includes bituminous, nitrocellulose and shellac varnishes. Natural or petroleum bitumen are taken as the basis in bituminous or "asphalt" compositions, since they are highly resistant to moisture. True, their rapid thickening should be noted.Nitro lacquers are produced from cellulose nitrate. They dry quickly, but have low water resistance.
  • With a protective, irreversible hardening film. The group includes alkyd, melaline alkyd, epoxy, polyurethane varnishes.
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The varnish is recommended to be applied to the parquet with a brush, moving along the wood fibers. For the first layer, the composition must be liquid to ensure good absorbency.

Parquet flooring

It is possible to complete the restoration of the floor covering not by varnishing, but by rubbing the parquet with special mastics. Ready-made compositions are sold in hardware stores. On the packaging, manufacturers indicate the composition, method of application and material consumption. When polishing parquet floors, take into account the type of wood. Birch and beech dies swell from moisture, so water-based mastics are contraindicated for them, preferably turpentine.

Most often they use solutions with wax, which are diluted with boiling water before mixing. To apply the mixture to the parquet in a thin layer, use a brush or a wide flat brush. When the first layer dries, the floor is covered with mastic a second time. At the end of the procedure, the parquet is rubbed with a polishing brush or a special machine.

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The modern market offers, in addition to mastics, special mixtures, which include natural resins or beeswax, as well as natural oils. They are great not only for protective, but also for decorative purposes, as they penetrate well into the wood and outline its texture.

Parquet becomes more expressive, more interesting, at the same time it is protected from abrasion. For example, "UV oil" allows you to renew the composition once every several years.

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Mastic is an unreliable material with a low degree of stability. It will wear off in a short time and the operation will have to be repeated again. Therefore, for protective purposes, it is better to use varnish.

Tips and Feedback

Parquet floors should be restored at least every five years. Before scraping, wipe the floor with a damp cloth to soften the wood. The processing procedure is carried out in compliance with the temperature regime. In the cold period, it is recommended to cycle with the heating turned on and the windows closed.

When working with parquet, you should wear soft socks, as even very soft shoes will damage the unprotected surface. When using a looping machine, there should be no long clothes to avoid pulling their parts into the apparatus. You can only cycle the parquet with a respirator and behind closed doors. The work is accompanied by a lot of dust, therefore it is recommended to prevent it from spreading to other rooms and try to avoid entering the respiratory tract.

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If it is possible to renovate the parquet floor without scraping, then it is worth using it.

When using the equipment at home, make sure that the electrical wiring is capable of withstanding the additional stress in advance. The processing procedure should begin from the center of the room. When driving, each next lane must find the previous one.

Do not put too much pressure on the scraper, as it leaves dents that will be difficult to remove. Grinding is carried out along the wood fibers so as not to disturb the structure. The drum unit is suitable for flawless scrapping of hardwood parquet flooring. However, the treatment of softwood with it can cause the appearance of undulating surface defects. Therefore, the primary scraping in the second case is carried out by tape machines.

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When using wood putty, remember that it cannot be combined with hard wood species. Its application can cause stains after varnish is applied to the floor surface. Before proceeding with varnishing the parquet, the varnish must stand at room temperature.The difference between light and dark plates makes the parquet brighter and more interesting, but if you want to make the color more even, then you need to either tint it or mask it with matte varnish.

Alkyd varnish dries quickly, its service life is 10 years. Parquet covered with epoxy lacquer will last up to 30 years, but the coating dries within a week and is toxic. The safest is the acrylic option, it provides a service life of up to 50 years. However, it is very expensive and has the ability to fade in the sun.

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If you also plan to glue wallpaper, then it is better to do the flooring work earlier. In fact, it all depends on the professional level of the specialist and the modernity of technology. If the scraping is done by an experienced person, moreover, using modern high-tech equipment equipped with dust collectors, then the restoration of the parquet will not greatly affect the environment.

At home, when scraping with your own hands, you can get a lot of dust and dirt, which will settle on the repaired walls. As you know, not all types of wallpaper are easy to clean.

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In order to extend the life of the parquet, you need to follow the following rules:

  • Set the optimum humidity level in the room.
  • Eliminate coarse abrasive dirt in the form of sand and gravel that is brought in from the street. To do this, just lay a rug in front of the entrance.
  • Ultrafiltration protection.
  • Installation of felt or rubber soft plugs on furniture legs.
  • Regular manual wet cleaning.
  • Periodic processing with special means - polish, wax or oil.

For information on how to loop parquet, see the next video.

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