A harmoniously decorated home is the goal of most owners of apartments and private houses. Fortunately, there is now absolutely everything for this: various finishing materials, a chic assortment of various furniture and decor. Today we will talk about how best to form a beautiful design of a Khrushchev apartment.
Features of the
Apartments, which are popularly called "Khrushchevs", are not uncommon today. Such living spaces have a number of distinctive qualities that make them recognizable at a glance. In such spaces, as a rule, there are low ceilings. However, you should not be afraid of this feature, since it can be effectively beaten with suitable finishing materials and lighting. Applying various design techniques, the ceiling height can be visually increased.
The footage of such rooms is not very spacious. Most of the premises in such dwellings are walk-through. For them, you can also choose the appropriate finishing materials and medium-sized pieces of furniture, which will visually make the available space spacious and very attractive. Unfortunately, the problem of a small area did not bypass the attention of the kitchens in such apartments. In these buildings, they are often only 4-5 sq. m, which is extremely small. That is why the design of these important and irreplaceable rooms in such dwellings cannot be called simple and straightforward.
As for the hallways, in such apartments, they are usually very narrow.
For such spaces, it is necessary to carefully and carefully select furniture and lighting devices so that the space does not seem cluttered. In addition, you should be as careful as possible in the choice of paints.
A bathroom in a Khrushchev apartment is most often combined. However, there are also separate layouts, but in them two rooms have a minimum footage in which only medium-sized details of the arrangement can be accommodated.
It is worth noting another characteristic feature of the Khrushchev: in such an apartment, the doors are located like this: if one of them is open, the second cannot be opened. The owners of such apartments refer to this characteristic as a tangible disadvantage. All of the listed characteristics and features of the Khrushchevs are the real assets of Soviet housing construction. They may differ from each other in the materials that make up their main structures (brick and block).
Brick-built structures are more spacious and free. They have a not so small ceiling height, and they look more modern. Therefore, these "Soviet" apartments in brick buildings are more popular and occupy not the last place in the real estate market. But do not think that the arrangement of such an apartment will be simple.
Designing the design of a Khrushchev is not the easiest thing to do. In this matter, it is necessary to take into account the desires and preferences of all household members. This should be done saving living space as much as possible. Similar goals are pursued in the design of an ordinary one-room apartment, the area of which is noticeably limited, but at the same time a family of several people lives in it.
Khrushchev is a small apartment that allows owners to turn to various design experiments. This applies not only to the style of the interior, but also to the layout of the home as a whole. For example, it can be a combination of a hallway, kitchen and living room. In this case, it is worth noting that far not all experts recommend combining a hall with a kitchen.
If you have connected these two rooms, they must be correctly divided according to functionality. In this case, different floor finishes are ideal. For example, in the living area you can lay laminate flooring, and in the kitchen - tiles or linoleum.
This is the most common solution. Currently, they turn to him not only in changing a one-room apartment or a small Khrushchev. A combined living room, kitchen and hallway can be found in a new-fashioned studio apartment. In the process of redevelopment, the smallest room is most often allocated for the bedroom, in which only one free wall remains. It is near her, as a rule, that the bed is placed. Such a space is unlikely to fit other pieces of furniture that are found in bedrooms.
Designers advise placing dressing tables and dressers in other free spaces.
If the bathroom is combined, it can be divided by removing the partition between the toilet and the bathroom. You should not go to ordinary bathrooms, as they take up a lot of space. A shower cabin will be the perfect solution. Especially often glass structures are bought for such small rooms, which can visually make the space more spacious and lighter. In addition, using a booth, you can put a washing machine in the bathroom.
Particular attention should be paid to the location of the bathroom and sewer pipes. Only after drawing up a thoughtful and correct plan can you start chipping off the old tiles and carry out high-quality waterproofing of the space.
Designers recommend making the ceilings in such rooms glossy. All of the above nuances are perfect for decorating Khrushchev apartments.
There is another variant of redevelopment of the "Soviet" apartment. In it, you can enlarge the bedroom with the help of a solid study. To do this, a wall is dismantled between the required spaces and a door is installed. This will create a large area with two windows and plenty of natural light. As a rule, they turn to such a redevelopment option if 1 or 2 people live in the apartment.
Before carrying out repairs and redevelopment of an apartment, it is necessary to carefully study its project. To do this, you should contact specialists, consult with experienced designers. If you hurry up and tackle the change in the layout of the apartment thoughtlessly, as a result, you may get not the most comfortable space. In addition, the risk of subsidence of the walls is not excluded.
Zoning is an important design technique with which you can divide the available space into functional zones. Turning to a qualitative division into different areas, it is possible not only to isolate the zones from each other, but also to do this without visually reducing the square meters, which in such dwellings are already worth their weight in gold. You can make zoning in any apartment, be it a corner or a standard area.
The main thing is to correctly choose the ways of dividing the space. To do this, you can use the following items and design techniques.
Previously, ladies hid behind screens to change clothes or choose a suitable outfit. Today, this detail can be used for zoning a 1 room apartment, a small studio or a small apartment. Designers advise using properly selected screens if you want to divide the space into two main zones.
The main advantages of these products are that they are mobile, do not require complex installation and look great in many interior styles. Today these designs can be bought closed, completely transparent (with vinyl stickers and patterns to decorate the screen).
If you do not want the apartment to show too clear and noticeable division, you should take a closer look at light curtains. Most often they are used for fencing bedrooms. With the help of such accessories, you can create a special intimate atmosphere in the sleeping area, which will contribute to complete relaxation and quick falling asleep of household members. However, it should be borne in mind that the effect largely depends on the material from which the curtains are made. For example, airy and light tulle will separate this or that zone from the rest of the space only visually, making the interior naive.
Dense and heavy canvases will look more reliable, but in small apartments you should be careful with them (you need to choose lighter shades).
Currently, many apartment owners in a panel (and not only) house turn to such a zoning method as a plasterboard partition. Such designs look neat and easy. They lend themselves easily to any finish. They can be pasted over with wallpaper, painted or covered with decorative plaster. Externally, plasterboard walls are difficult to distinguish from standard apartment walls.
Installing such zoning details is pretty quick and easy. It is worth noting the excellent sound insulation of these items. The shape of the plasterboard floor can be any: round, perfectly flat, angular, made in the form of a ladder and even arched. Often, such designs become bright accents in the interior, giving it a complete and more organic appearance.
Shelving and cabinets
The idea of dividing space with cabinets and shelves is most often used in the setting of studio apartments, but sometimes it is quite applicable also for small Khrushchevs. For this, structures with through shelves are ideal. If you have closed furniture, then you can make the back wall in it mirrored. It is also permissible to use it as a slate board by treating it with specialized paint.
The podium is a productive and modern space zoning solution. It is recommended to refer to it only if the height of the ceiling in the room allows it. Often, various furniture is placed on such structures. For example, this could be a dining table with chairs or a seating area in the living area.
If the apartment has a low ceiling, you should be careful with the podium structure. In such spaces, it can only be set aside for a tiny sleeping area.
Such designs are similar to sliding interior doors. They can be easily detached or locked open. Modern open options take up a minimum of free space in the apartment, they look very aesthetically pleasing and fresh.
In addition to a variety of screens and mobile partitions, you can use another zoning method, which consists in dividing the space with the help of different finishing materials. For example, in the hall of a small apartment, you can lay a luxurious parquet board, and in the kitchen or in the corridor - a soft carpet. This way you subtly separate the listed zones from each other. This applies to floors, walls and even ceilings. The differences between them should lie not only in composition and material, but also in color. Surfaces can contrast with each other or differ by a couple of tones.
In the kitchen, the walls can be finished with light tiles, in the hall it is worth making partitions with a material with a shade of pale gray or chocolate tones of artificial stone.
Often, directional lighting is used in the zoning of space. By applying a warm or cool beam of light, you can subtly divide the space and focus on a specific area. Spotlights, tall beautiful floor lamps, track lighting systems and compact wall sconces are ideal for this.
How to visually expand the space?
Many owners of Khrushchev apartments, in which, for some reason, it is impossible to redevelop, are wondering how to visually expand the living space and make it more spacious. To do this, you can turn to the following design techniques:
- It is worth building plasterboard structures. They can be based on beautiful decorative niches or shelves for decor, as well as roomy racks and multi-level storage systems.
- An increase in window and door openings would be a good solution. For example, you can build a beautiful arched structure that can easily increase the area by a quarter.
- Use a wide variety of mirrored surfaces. These can be ordinary mirrors on the walls or partitions made of hardened material.
- The use of light shades of furniture and decoration can be considered a way of visually expanding the space related to the classics. Dark palettes often absorb light in a room, making it overwhelming. Despite the soiled light colors, designers recommend using them in the arrangement of small apartments.
- Get rid of unnecessary things in a small apartment on a regular basis. Excessive details in such spaces will make the atmosphere cramped and untidy.
- Use roomy, but not bulky storage systems (cabinets, cabinets, drawers). In such structures, you can fit a lot of different things without cluttering an already modest area with them.
- Give preference to modern convertible furniture. When folded, such structures take up little space, but it is worth expanding or pushing them apart in a couple of simple movements - enough roomy and comfortable furniture will appear in front of you.
- Use more concise, fresh, modern styles. This description includes minimalism, popular today, high-tech and Scandinavian style.
- When arranging a balcony, you should not turn to dark and large details, otherwise the room will seem very small, devoid of hospitality.
Colors and prints
In the design of a small apartment, it is recommended to use light and pastel colors of the color palette. This is especially true for wall and ceiling decoration. Contrasting coverings in brown or gray shades can also be laid on the floor. Accent walls look interesting in such dwellings. For example, one floor can be pasted over with wallpaper imitating a real stone or brickwork, and the rest of the walls can be left light and monochromatic. Such mixes of textures look organically in living rooms and bedrooms.
In interiors designed in such directions as loft or industrial, it is recommended to use white, black, gray and brown tones. It is not recommended to dilute them with bright prints and colorful compositions. These stylistic directions are distinguished by their rigor and brutality. Decorative wood panels, artificial stone and brick are quite suitable for finishing the floor and walls.
It is not forbidden to use juicy palettes in small Khrushchevs. For example, it can be a glossy and rich surface of a kitchen set, as well as an equally attractive silver or blue refrigerator against a background of solid neutral walls.
Such an ensemble will look interesting and bright, but you should be careful with it so as not to overload the small room.
Adjacent rooms can be made in completely different colors. It can be a combination of light and pastel combinations, diluted with more lively and dynamic colors.
It is better not to use dark paints in small Khrushchev, odnushka or show maximum moderation. These palettes are not suitable for all spaces. They are best used in a spacious three- or four-room apartment with a large area. The fact is that dark colors can visually hide square meters, make the space dark and uncomfortable. In addition, many people find it rather difficult to live in such conditions, since dark scales are considered depressing and insipid, especially if they are used incorrectly.
Positive and bright colors can be used in the design of a children's room. Wallpaper with various funny prints and images of flowers, animals, carriages, cars, princesses and other themes of the picture will look good here. As for the prints in the rest of the rooms, you should be as careful as possible. Avoid wallpapers that are too rich in small print, as this will reduce the space.
The use of these materials is permissible if you trim only one of the walls or part of it with them (for example, when allocating an area with a windowsill or a dining table).
The choice of suitable wallpaper depends on the taste preferences of the owners. Fortunately, modern manufacturers offer interesting novelties of finishing materials, so you can choose the best option for an interior of any style.
Taking into account the advice of designers, the following types of lighting devices can be used in Khrushchev:
- Subdued small lamps around the perimeter of the rooms.
- Spot devices along the perimeter of the ceiling.
- Wall and floor lamps.
These items will help create the visual effect of a more spacious room in a Khrushchev apartment. The same details are perfect for high-quality lighting of a narrow hallway.
It is not recommended to use the following devices in Khrushchev:
- Large central chandeliers. Leave these light sources for a spacious kopeck piece or three-room apartment with a high ceiling.
- Massive floor lamps with large details.
- Wall lights that are too large, as they will attract too much attention to themselves, distorting the image of the interior.
How to arrange furniture?
The Khrushchev area is small, and its environment should be approached as responsibly and deliberately as possible. Try to buy more functional and non-massive designs that are useful but not bulky. In the arrangement of furniture, competent zoning of the space will help a lot. Living areas are not complete without upholstered furniture (sofa and armchairs).
In addition to these items, they have coffee or coffee tables and side tables. Arrange all elements so that they do not block the passage, and access to them is not difficult. If the room is a walk-through, it is better for it to select interior items of the correct shapes that can be placed near the walls: this way you will leave the central part of the room free.
It is recommended to choose a rectangular sofa, but you can also refer to the angular L-shaped model of small dimensions. Such upholstered furniture today is represented by expensive and woven budget models.
A large U-shaped sofa for a Khrushchev should be selected only if there is enough free space in the hall. Do not overload small rooms with a lot of furniture. Try to choose products that are compact but functional and attractive: leave a lot of different objects of impressive dimensions for a more spacious two or three-room apartment. In such conditions, it is quite possible to turn to more pompous interior styles (for example, baroque or empire).
As for the study, it is better to buy a corner computer or writing table for it. Such furniture is located in a free corner of the room, saving square meters. Such structures are not designed for installation in the central part of the room. Bulky beds with huge headboards look heavy in such dwellings. It is better to choose a laconic model with a low or medium back, devoid of heavy decorative details.
It should be placed near a free wall. If the area of the bedroom is too small, it is better to abandon bedside tables in favor of wall shelves or drawers.
As in the case of furniture, the interior of a small apartment should not be overloaded with decor items. It must be in the setting, but there must not be too much of it. Try to observe moderation in his palettes as well. For example, too much colorful décor can visually diminish the space and make it annoying.
Making a Khrushchev is not always an easy job. Here you need to take a responsible approach to the selection and decoration, and furniture, and decor. You should adhere to a number of simple expert advice in order to avoid serious mistakes in drawing up a design for such housing:
- If you plan to carry out redevelopment, in no case should the supporting structures be destroyed. In order not to cause serious damage to the structure, you need to contact the appropriate organization and obtain permission for future changes in the structure of the apartment.
- Do not overload such housing with furniture and decor. Try to choose small but practical and useful designs.
- It is not recommended to change the location of the toilet. This is especially true when there is another apartment below you.
- Do not block access to the risers of gas columns. Any changes to these elements must be made by specialists in this field.
- A small apartment should have enough artificial and natural lighting. Take care of the availability of a sufficient number of lighting fixtures (do not choose too bulky and hinged options), and also do not hang too heavy and thick curtains on the windows.
- Alteration of any room should take place only after a scrupulous drawing up of an action plan, otherwise you run the risk of making a not the most harmonious and attractive interior.
- Be careful with zoning items. Try to choose not too large and deaf structures, as they can visually not only divide, but also reduce the space.
Beautiful examples in the interior
In small Soviet-style apartments, it is recommended to use delicate and light colors. This applies to wall and ceiling finishes. On the floor, you can lay a massive chocolate board, laminate or parquet. In such an environment, pieces of furniture with wooden inserts and glossy pastel surfaces will look harmonious.
As for the accent wall, photo wallpapers depicting flowers will look especially impressive in such a delicate ensemble. They should be applied to the ceiling behind the sofa.
In a small Khrushchev kitchen, you can use a modern set with wave-like shapes. It can be straight and angular. It is better to choose furniture in light and cool colors, for example, mint or pale blue. If it contains wooden inserts, it is worth choosing a table with chairs from similar materials. As for the curtains, they should be selected as light and unobtrusive as possible. In this case, options for coffee shades are suitable.
In cozy apartments, which have converted layouts, plasterboard partitions of unusual shapes are often used. They can be supplemented with built-in lighting, as well as a small niche (or several niches).
The walk-through dining area can be decorated with an accent brick-like wall and a rough contrasting carpet. The rest of the floors in the apartment should be left light. Against a similar background in the loft style, light and delicate furniture will look great: a small square table and 3 cream chairs on a metal frame. Arrange furniture so that it does not interfere with free movement.
In small snow-white kitchens, you can install a headset with beautiful patterned prints of unobtrusive colors. So that the ensemble does not seem boring, a darker table should be selected for such furniture.
For an overview of the design of a small kitchen in Khrushchev, see the next video.