During the renovation, when all the dirty, rough work is done, it is worth thinking about finishing the floor, walls and ceiling. Many people stop their eyes on tiled cladding. Tiled, like tiled, is one of the oldest, but no less practical coatings. Today, tiles are made from many different materials, such as ceramics, cement, stone and, in some cases, even glass. Any tile, regardless of the material from which it is made, requires special care.
When tiling walls or floors, it is almost impossible to guess with the dimensions of the covered canvas, therefore, fragmentary laying is in great demand to this day.
The peculiarity of the tile is that in the right hands it will become the best choice in the decoration of any room, be it a kitchen, bathroom, toilet or, for example, a garage.
The tile is a very wear-resistant and durable material, however, with figured cutting, there are often cases of splits and cracks, which leads to the complete unusability of the canvas. Manually, without using any special tool, it is unrealistic to make a tile cut perfectly even. To save your money, time and effort, we will consider all possible options for cutting ceramic products.
For the first, the cheapest and most clumsy method, you will need an ordinary manual glass cutter, which can be bought at any hardware store for 100-250 rubles.
This option is only suitable for thin tiles. This method involves the use of a ruler, a glass cutter and patience, but, despite all your efforts, it is quite difficult to avoid marriage: the tile strives to slip out or slide out from under the hand, thereby making the cut uneven, and in places of strong displacement, a split is possible, which will make the tile unusable.
For a correct cut, a deep scratch is made on the face side, which will then become the point of refraction of the tile. With this method of cutting, it is very easy not to calculate the pressing force: a strong pressure will instantly make a crack on the tile, and a weak one - a curve fracture.
Also, the tile can be cut with a nail according to the same principle, but this method can be used only out of despair, when nothing else, even a banal glass cutter, is at hand.
Manual tile cutter
Among the amateur and professional builders, the most popular is the tile cutting method using a manual or machine tool tile cutter. This method is relatively inexpensive, but no less effective than working with an electric tile cutter.
The tile cutter, depending on the level and quality, costs an average of 300 rubles. You can find it cheaper, but the quality of such a tool is fully consistent with its low price. It is worth noting a number of other advantages of this tool:
- Maximum safety. Even the smallest member of your family cannot be injured by such a tile cutter, unless he drops it on himself.
- Easy to use. Many who have never used such a tool before, note that mastering cutting technology takes on average 10-15 minutes. At the same time, the cut quality does not differ much from the professional level.
The device of a manual tile cutter is considered as simple as possible. It uses a movable handle, at the end of which there is a cutting element and tabs that break the tiles.The main surface of the tool has a shallow groove, with the help of which the fracture is as smooth as possible. It is very easy to cut tiles diagonally using a manual or machine mechanical tile cutter.
The first thing to do is to secure the tiles and prevent them from slipping. Fasten with the front side to the handle. Then, without making great efforts, run the handle along the surface of the tile, forming a risk. The last action is to apply some force with the paws, which will lead to the tile breaking along the cut line.
However, it should be noted that a mechanical tile cutter does not actually cut anything, but only makes a subtle scratch or risk that violates the integrity of the tile face. This makes it possible to break the tile in the required place, without obvious damage in other places.
The main disadvantage of this tool is that it will be extremely difficult to make an incision, and then a hall of the tile edge less than 5-6 cm, which is a determining factor when choosing a cutting method.
Cutting tiles with a grinder and stone circles is no less popular than cutting with a tile cutter.
This method significantly speeds up the work, but at the same time, cutting the tiles, you will get a lot of dust, so this method is suitable for well-ventilated rooms, and for work carried out in the fresh air.
Professionals choose this method for large fronts of work, where smoother cuts can be neglected for the sake of speed of finishing and repairing.
To cut a tile or tile using a grinder, we need:
- diamond blade for cutting stone;
- pencil and ruler.
Before starting work, you should take care of the means of protection of the respiratory system and eyes.
To cut, you need to take measurements, and then walk the grinder along the line without making any extra efforts. The grinder should slide smoothly over the tile, otherwise chips will form. By repeating the same action several times, you will achieve a perfectly straight cut. It should be noted that the grinder should be pressed to the side opposite from the notch. This will help minimize chipping.
Many professionals advise making cuts on the weight, then excess vibration will be damped by hands, and an arbitrary split will not occur. This method is good in that the irregularities obtained during work can be sanded using the same grinder.
Electric tile cutter
The best solution is undoubtedly the use of an electric tile cutter. This is a full-fledged professional equipment that will not only increase the speed and quality of the work done, but also increase your convenience. Such a tool can be considered a full-fledged machine: it is energy-consuming, massive and demanding to maintain.
Despite all this, the electric tile cutter is the leader among builders of all levels - from the amateur beginner to the professional. This method, despite its complexity, is considered the most productive and high quality than its counterparts.
In the device of an electric tile cutter, there is the same device as in a mechanical one. However, instead of a cutting element that looks like a nail or a blade, this machine uses a saw blade similar to that used in a grinder.
When working with a large number of tiles, it is worth considering cooling the working surface of the saw blade with water.
Figured cutting of tiles
Very often, a "g" -shaped incision is required to design protruding corners. Many fall into a stupor, because the tile cutter cuts the tiles strictly in a straight line. The simplest solution is to divide the work surface into two component parts.The first cut is made perpendicular to the long side of the tile, and the second is cut parallel, thus avoiding the terrible seam that is formed when two tiles are folded into the shape of the letter "g".
You can also try cutting with a glass cutter and pliers. With a glass cutter, a sufficiently deep risk is made, along which a break is subsequently made with the help of pliers.
Sawing the tiles at an angle of 45 degrees is no less common practice than the curly cut. If your tile cutter has an inclined mechanism, then such an incision will not be difficult, but if there is no such mechanism, you should not be upset.
The tiles can be washed down using the same grinder "by eye". Sand while keeping the tool slightly tilted. Such a gash is very often needed to hide the external, bulging corners of the walls, but this method is not recommended for rooms with slippery floors. It is safer to use curbs, which will make the angle less sharp, but will not spoil the perception too much.
For information on how to cut tiles at 45 degrees at home, see the next video.
Tile is one of the most popular ways to decorate and decorate buildings, and is considered the most practical option than its counterparts. Initially, the tiles were made of clay and covered with glaze. Now manufacturers are not limited to only one clay, but use stone, ceramics and even glass, although production technologies have not changed much.
The selection of the required size and shape of the tile is achieved by cutting it. For an ordinary person who is not associated with the construction industry, tile cutting is a complex, painstaking and not always successful process. However, in fact, anyone can handle this.
The choice of tool depends on the goals and type of work. For renovating an apartment, a cheap manual tile cutter and a grinder are suitable, while for larger works, an electric tile cutter is indispensable. The tile cutting process is not complicated, however, you shouldn't hope for luck and it is better to get a little more material. This will eliminate the need to run, pick up and buy the missing one.
The appearance of the room and the quality of the work performed depend on the correct and accurate cutting of tiles.