Acrylic paints have been one of the main finishing materials for a long time. When repairing, you need to learn more about such dyes and take into account their key features, otherwise it will be very difficult to achieve an ideal result.
Features of the
Acrylic paint has been used for repairs for about half a century, and buyers are increasingly paying attention to it. With the help of such compositions, the consumer will be able to embody all the ideas that he has for the decoration of the premises. In most cases, acrylate paint is applied to walls and ceilings, there are separate options for painting concrete and brick. Its undoubted advantages are:
- high resistance to water action;
- lack of toxic properties;
- lack of unpleasant odor;
- accelerated drying;
- admissibility of wet cleaning and cleaning;
- ease of formation of multi-colored paints.
Speaking about the cons of acrylic compounds, it is important to pay attention to the composition, because some manufacturers use components that are hazardous to health for the sake of maximum savings. Color matching is more difficult than water-based paints, mixing two different colors each time gives a slightly different visual effect.
If you compare acrylic and latex paints, it becomes obvious that the difference between them is due to the chemical composition and basic physical characteristics. Latex increases the strength and elasticity of the applied layer, however, the average consumer will hardly notice the difference.
Where is it used?
The areas of application of acrylic paint are extremely varied and can be applied to a variety of surfaces. These are not only walls and ceilings, but also the facades of buildings. Of course, interior and exterior work requires different formulations. To paint the stove, heating radiator and areas close to them, heat-resistant dye mixtures are used that can easily tolerate high temperatures. Before using paint, you should carefully read the instructions from start to finish.
When choosing paints, you need to pay attention not so much to the type of room as to the purpose of the decorative composition:
- increased durability;
- for interior parts of premises;
- for facades.
As for resistance to the harmful effects of water, almost every high-quality acrylic-based paint is completely hydrophobic. But any manufacturer of interior dyes is reinsured and mentions in the instructions that only relatively dry places can be painted with acrylic mixtures. Water based dyes are preferred for kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms and bedrooms. But even there, it is undesirable to paint segments of premises that can get wet from splashing water. It is more correct to finish such places with tiles.
Most often, finishing with acrylic paints is carried out on cinder block, wood, concrete and brick slabs. The apartment can be economically renovated using relatively budget options for paint and varnish material, such as:
- styrene acrylic;
- vinyl acrylic;
- acryl silicone.
In the process of their manufacture, so-called copolymers are used. There are many other options, each with a well-defined scope. So, not all paint and varnish mixtures are useful for painting.
Acrylic paint can be applied even where the surface is rather uneven. It will not only "lie" on top of 5 mm defects, but also effectively mask them.
UV resistance allows such compounds to be used for wall decoration in a well-lit room.
Colors and textures
The vast majority of acrylic solutions are produced in white, but any customer can easily change the color by applying different types of colors. You can also use initially multi-colored formulations, which are produced by individual manufacturers.
Acrylic has an uneven whiteness. Technologists distinguish three levels:
- super white material;
- milky white;
- regular white.
In order for the colors to fully meet your expectations and the information from the manufacturer is not misleading, it is necessary to check the paint upon purchase, comparing its tone with the color of high-quality white paper.
It should be noted that painting with acrylics creates either a matte or glossy texture. Matt painting is recommended if you need to mask not too significant deformations or cracks in the base.
Gloss is preferable if you plan to create a colored surface that is large enough and even. Experts recommend using this option also for non-residential rooms in the house. Textured decor implies the creation of relief drawings and artistic compositions, but it is not recommended to do it for non-residential space. Still, few people will appreciate such delights.
By painting the wall silver, you can emphasize the stylistic merits of other parts of the room. This tone is compatible with any design solutions and a number of other colors. Importantly, the silver colors visually raise the ceiling, this should be taken into account by the owners of small-sized housing.
The mother-of-pearl paint is designed to add volume to the room, and its modification such as "chameleon" adds a number of interesting overflows. Both options look attractive both on wood and on paintable wallpaper.
You don't have to limit yourself to mother-of-pearl to create a vibrant and eye-catching composition. The paint containing glitter creates an equally interesting interior. But when adding shiny elements, it is worth observing the measure. It is undesirable to paint the wall so brightly that it dazzles at the first glance. You can show originality using different types of gloss and a color different from the main color.
The black wall is the complete opposite of the colored and shiny varieties. This is a drastic, even radical stylistic decision. As with any powerful design tool, this option must be approached with caution, carefully weighing all the positive and negative sides. Professionals quite often combine the black color of one or two walls with white decor or bright surroundings, but for those who do not have special knowledge and skills, such a step is not recommended.
If we are not talking about the palette of paints, but about the ways of visually emphasizing the paintings, it is worth paying attention to the fact that it is advisable to cover compositions based on acrylic paint with a protective transparent varnish. This will help them maintain an attractive appearance and will not impair their external qualities.
If you focus on consumer reviews, then among deep-mat acrylic paints one of the leading positions will definitely take "Sniezka Super Matt"… This coating is very easy to apply, masks minor imperfections and is breathable. Finnish products supplied to Russia under the brand name Joker, perfect for those who suffer from allergies or bronchial asthma. It is also recommended for decorating children's rooms.
Any rating of acrylic paints and varnishes, compiled recently, also necessarily includes Russian brand paint "Tex"… Consumers appreciate it for its affordable cost and excellent resistance to destructive environmental factors. The company uses only the latest equipment that strictly complies with industry standards, and improves the technological process from year to year.
Dulux - Dutch acrylic paint produced by one of the world leaders in the industry. It has been supplied to more than two dozen countries for a long time. Consumers highly appreciate the characteristics of this material.
Farbitex it has high adhesion to a wide variety of surfaces. It is a very hiding and economical paint, in addition, it is distinguished by its visual appeal. Those who happened to use this coloring composition note its affordable cost and the ability to paint the entire surface in one layer, without correction.
Decolor - these are paints that, after drying, become very dense and mechanically resistant. Even a significant temperature difference, significant humidity and direct sunlight do not prevent the dye from retaining its practical properties for a long time. The smell of the paint and varnish material is rather weak, after staining it disappears very quickly. The recipe allows you to create the most original shades by mixing different paint versions.
Interior - also quite decent and high-quality acrylic interior paint, which can withstand many wet cleaning cycles. The products of this concern can be applied to:
- Fiberboard and chipboard;
- previously painted surfaces.
Brand products Sadolin attractive by a wide variety of design options, with their help it is easy to create imitation of sand, marble or silk. For more than a hundred years, the company's facilities have been producing excellent paints and varnishes that can be applied to any surface. And coloring compositions TehnoLux are distinguished by fairly decent practical indicators, despite the relatively low cost.
The use of primer mixtures will not only improve the surface finish, but also reduce the consumption of paint and varnish materials. A smooth base is better covered with any dyes than a rough and uneven base. But at the same time preliminary and finishing lineups should be selected systematically so that they match each other.
On average, to paint 1 sq. m of surface, 150 to 250 ml of acrylic paint will be required. The exact figure depends on how well the surface is prepared and whether the work is done according to all the rules. Washable matt paint is excellent for painting facades.
If you need to finish a metal surface, you should focus on the options for paint and varnish material, which make it possible to do without preliminary anti-corrosion treatment.
Wooden walls not only outside the house, but also inside it are required to be covered with paints containing antiseptics and fungicides. In a country house, it is worth using coloring compositions that contain insecticides.
Plaster paint is selected as carefully as possible, because it must meet a number of stringent requirements. These include:
- low susceptibility to mechanical destruction and abrasion;
- resistance to colonization by microorganisms;
- preservation of qualities under the influence of ultraviolet rays;
- elasticity (so that vibrations and shrinkage do not violate the integrity of the layer);
- antistatic characteristics, since dust is always present in the air;
- optimal covering power.
In certain situations, it will also be necessary to provide protection against the harmful effects of aggressive substances and from fire. If you have complex decoration work, you need to choose an acrylic paint based on an organic solvent.It is also perfect for those cases where the base wall is subject to very heavy wear.
For those surfaces that initially have significant defects, matte paints should be preferred, they mask deformations much more effectively than glossy varieties. When choosing, one should also be interested in drying time, mass fractions of non-volatile substances, frost resistance of the coating being created.
Knowing all these points, it will be much easier to choose a good acrylic paint for any wall and correctly apply it.
How to get an even and beautiful layer of paint can be found in the video below.