Paint Enamel: What Is It, The Density Of The Primer-enamel For Painting, Modern White Compositions For Wood

Repairs 2023

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Paint Enamel: What Is It, The Density Of The Primer-enamel For Painting, Modern White Compositions For Wood
Paint Enamel: What Is It, The Density Of The Primer-enamel For Painting, Modern White Compositions For Wood

Video: Paint Enamel: What Is It, The Density Of The Primer-enamel For Painting, Modern White Compositions For Wood

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Video: What is ENAMEL PAINT? What does ENAMEL PAINT mean? ENAMEL PAINT meaning & explanation 2023, February
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During each repair work, the owner thinks about the colored flooring, walls and other interior elements. Often the choice falls on enamel paints. They have a number of undeniable advantages that attract buyers. What is enamel paint, what are its pros and cons, the types of these tools, we will tell in this article.

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Features and Benefits

Many people think that enamel and enamel paint are one and the same, but this is completely wrong. Enamel is a glassy coating that contains quartz particles, metallic alkali, color pigment and other components. When a surface is coated with enamel, it is treated with a special thermal treatment, which ensures the strength and durability of the object. Often, dishes, ceramics, bathroom surfaces are covered with enamel.

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Enamel paint was created by chemists who were able to saturate pentaphthalic varnish with special alkyd resins. In contrast to them, ordinary paints are made on the basis of natural drying oil. Manufacturers mark this point on the composition information label. The presence of pentaphthale is marked with the letters PF, oil materials are abbreviated as MA. The first one has a uniform, dense and shiny coating; for many, these factors are decisive when choosing.

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Enamel paints and varnishes are gel-like or watery, where there is an organic solution that forms a film. This process occurs due to the presence of varnish or alkyd resin in the composition. Some manufacturers use different ingredients, but with similar chemical properties.

After the paint dries, a dense film forms on the base, which performs a protective function and increases the wear resistance of the surface. It protects against abrasion, shallow scratches, dirt and water thanks to its repellent properties.

This point is important for many housewives who do not like or cannot spend a lot of time cleaning. It is enough to wipe the enamelled surface with a damp cloth and it will regain its original appearance.

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Another great advantage of enamel paints and varnishes is their incredible gloss, which gives the base a rich and beautiful look. This property depends not so much on the film former as on special additives.

Most professional painters prefer to paint surfaces with enamel products: it is easy to work with them, they are perfectly applied and lay down in an even layer. They can be applied to wood, soil and metal.

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Enamel paints can be painted in one layer. Modern manufacturers offer a wide range of these materials with a varied palette of colors. Any customer will be able to choose their own color depending on the desired shade and their own taste. The democratic price of goods gives enamel paints and varnishes a greater advantage over oil counterparts.

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In addition to so many advantages, enamel paints have nuances that you need to consider when buying. A big disadvantage is a toxic and pungent odor that is absent in ordinary paints. Work with enamel varieties should be done carefully. A respiratory mask must be worn to protect the body from toxic poisoning. The storage of cans must be done in a special way. They should stand exclusively in an upright position (as far away from children as possible).

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The classification of enamel paints is carried out by composition. There are a lot of them, let's highlight the most common ones.

Nitrocellulose

The main component of this composition is cellulose nitrate. In addition to it, the composition contains pigments, special additives, fillers and a solvent. As a rule, metal, concrete and wood surfaces are painted with such compositions. These paints are sold in cans or cylinders. They have a toxic, pungent odor. Nitrocellulose paints cannot be combined with other types.

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In no case should oil paint be applied to the nitrocellulose composition: it can curl. If these two materials come into contact, the base will be covered with small bubbles and may swell.

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Organosilicon

The big plus of this paint and varnish is the ability to apply it to any substrate. These compositions are completely moisture resistant, they have an increased density and are sufficiently wear-resistant.

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If desired, you can apply this material to dried acrylic paint.

Pentaphthalic and glyphthalic

These enamel products are similar to the oil subspecies, since they are made from combined and artificial drying oils after modification with alkyds. These materials can be combined with acrylic and epoxy paints.

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Acrylic

These compositions are made on the basis of latex. They have a watery consistency and can only be combined with water-based paints. When carrying out special training, it is possible to combine it with other types of dye mixtures.

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Urethane and alkyd-urethane

These enamel paints are strong and durable enough that they can be applied over oil, epoxy and pentaphthalic paints and varnishes.

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Alkyd

This type of paint is the most popular and best-selling. Alkyd enamel is highly resistant to weathering, chemicals, mineral oil, gasoline. If it is applied in two layers on a surface prepared with a primer, it will retain its characteristics for 3 to 4 years. The resulting film is resistant to temperature changes down to -50 degrees. It can be used for external and internal work.

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Primer-enamel

This product is a combination of anti-corrosion particles and pigments that dissolve in an alkyd medium. During manufacture, organic substances are added to the composition, as well as target components.

The product hardens quickly enough, forms a uniform and durable coating that is resistant to corrosive processes and atmospheric phenomena. Due to this composition, you can significantly save time for preparatory work before painting.

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Ball

These paints have a special purpose. Despite one possible color, presented in different shades (gray), ball paints are in demand. They paint the sides of warships.

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You will learn about the benefits of different types of enamels by watching the following video.

How to choose?

When buying an enamel paint product, you should pay attention to some details that are important and will help you make your choice.

  • You should carefully examine the bank from all sides. There should be no dents or other damage on it. In the event of a leak, the internal composition may lose its characteristics.
  • You also need to look at the expiration date, since old paint will not give the desired effect.
  • Look for the inscription "GOST" on the bank: this will guarantee the high quality of the product.
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It is recommended to pay attention to the code of the paint and varnish material, it is indicated in large letters and numbers on the front side of the package.

Care must be taken in advance to study the meaning of each symbol. The first are the letters PF, denoting the pentaphthalic base of the paint, followed by three numbers.The first helps to determine what type of work the product is intended for (1 - external, 2 - internal). The next two digits indicate the catalog number of the paint.

One of the best domestic manufacturers is the company "Lacra", producing coatings of any kind. A wide palette is represented by paints of any color (white, red, black, green, yellow, dark blue tones are especially in demand).

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How to use?

Enamel paints and varnishes have their own instructions for use. They should be applied in a special way. Initially, the substrate should be carefully prepared; otherwise, the paint may begin to flake off within a week after painting. To prepare the surface, you need to completely remove the old layer of paint, however, there are small nuances here.

  • Only remove the previous coating if it peels off easily.
  • If it is too dense, you will have to clean it and process it with coarse sandpaper, then you need to remove the dust and wash the base with warm soda water, and then with plain clean.
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After the base has dried, you can start painting. If necessary, dilute the material with a special solvent and stir. Then the enamel paint is applied in three layers, and each layer should be applied after the previous one has set.

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