When a simple and even ceiling in one line does not allow the whole idea to be realized as clearly and competently as possible, they naturally begin to use multi-tiered structures. But these solutions are much more complex and cannot be reduced to simply adding a single surface. Only by deeply studying the problem and understanding the features of the products, you can avoid the occurrence of difficulties and shortcomings during work.
Advantages and disadvantages
First you need to find out what a two-tiered ceiling is in general, how it differs from a single-layer ceiling and why in certain cases it is necessary to use it. The formation of drywall structures is considered one of the most difficult decoration operations, but it is this that allows you to achieve impressive success.
The advantages of gypsum boards are well known even to novice builders:
- the minimum level of fire risks;
- suitability for leveling the base and for giving it a three-dimensional shape;
- the ability to prepare complex intricate shapes and create holes without the slightest scratches and chips;
- it is not difficult to hide the wiring in the frame;
- if you need to replace this hidden wiring in the future, it will be simple and easy.
A double plasterboard ceiling, especially in combination with expressive lighting, will look much better than a single version.
There are a number of attractive design solutions - these are undulating surfaces, and zigzag bends, and three-dimensional wallpapers. It will not be possible to list all the possible options, especially since their number is constantly increasing thanks to the efforts of engineers and designers. In addition, LEDs with colored glow, crystal chandeliers, small mirrors will help to decorate the ceiling space. Fantastic stories will appeal to children and romantically inclined people.
But it is important to understand that competent preparation of non-standard elements is a rather complicated thing. Only an attractive end result justifies the effort.
Types of structures
A two-level suspended ceiling can have a lower level of various geometric shapes. Since the inner layer is less ventilated, you will have to use a moisture resistant material. Above the plastered surface, a border around the perimeter of the walls should be applied. The difference between tiered levels can also be expressed in the arrangement of plasterboard islands, which facilitate the upper distribution of zones in space. In such a scheme, the second level is occupied by built-in lamps or light strips.
If you abandon the cornice for lighting, you need to attach a special profile to the walls, held by nails. This element forms the second horizontal layer. Identical profiles are placed on the ceiling, holding it with anchor wedges that define the configuration (it will not always be a rectangle). The use of illuminated curtain rods implies the placement of an LED strip with a self-adhesive layer inside them. The cornice is a special shelf extending beyond the plane of the second levels, in fact, this is an extension of the horizontal profile by 50-100 mm.
The advantages of using a rough ceiling surface as the first level are:
- simplicity of work;
- saving material;
- minimal absorption of height;
- increased reliability of fastening directly to the main structures.
But there are also difficulties - sometimes you need to remove all the plaster to the very foundation, and this is very difficult. To carry out the wiring, you will need to gouge the ceiling, and often the walls. High-quality application of plaster and putty is much more difficult than placing an initially flat drywall, and much more extraneous sounds will penetrate. That is why the majority of builders and customers give preference to structures, both levels of which are represented by the gypsum board itself. Then all deformations of the base can be safely ignored, all the same, the front surface will look amazingly flat.
The second level can be fixed to the first level, then the frame of the original level is mounted first of all. The guides are made 5 cm below the most "grounded" point of the base. Thanks to this step, it is possible to lower the room by only 5.9 cm. The profiles of the second level are attached to the primary ones. To equip the cornice or not, the owners of the house decide themselves.
Regardless of what type of construction will be created, you will need:
- metal profiles;
- plasterboard sheet;
- self-tapping screws and other fasteners;
- scissors for working with metal;
At the last moment, it is worth paying special attention, because special ladders are much more practical and safer than any tables and other improvised supporting devices. To make the profile curved, it is covered with notches, so it will be easier to get a fold. It is necessary to mark the initial tier using the construction hydraulic level, and strictly at a height of 0.1 m from the draft ceiling.
The choice of fasteners is dictated by the material in which they should be included. The CD key profile is fixed in 600 mm increments, unless there is a reason to change this distance. But the suspensions should not be carried further than 0.5 m. The ends of the mounted suspensions must be bent to obtain a shape like the letter P. Electrical wiring is placed in a corrugated plastic pipe. It is also supposed to be fixed thoroughly with clips.
Where the first and second tiers are connected, there is no need to fasten drywall sheets; leave only allowances of 100-150 mm to mask the unsightly frame. Before starting work, it is required to chamfer, that is, to cut off the edges of the sheets at the corners. Then, with subsequent finishing, it will be easier to process the gap with drywall. The material is fastened, starting from the corner, the sheets are not joined too tightly, a gap of 0.2 cm around the entire perimeter is quite acceptable. To properly fix the screws, you need to make a gap of 200 mm between them, holding the center and the outer edges of the gypsum board.
To make it easier to make individual pieces of drywall curved, it is advisable to slightly moisten them. Moisture impregnation is simplified by pre-perforating the cardboard with needle steel rollers.
Shapes and sizes
Structures with two tiers add volume to the room or change its appearance, add sophistication to the interior. With the help of sharp changes in height, smooth sections, you can achieve an extraordinary appearance.
Bunk plasterboard blocks should be made only in rooms not lower than 250 cm in height. If you break this rule, the room will look uncomfortable.
The round type will help to visually highlight the central part of the space (corresponding, for example, to the dining table placed below). The rectangular format makes it possible to correct unnecessarily narrow rooms.
The size of the structure created directly depends on how large the sheets are used. With a slight (no more than 120 mm) gap between the rough ceiling and drywall, direct hangers can be used. In the case of multilevel structures of great thickness, it is advisable to use spring fasteners with built-in clamps. The second level is usually mounted 50 cm from the wall.When calculating the profiles that go to the first level, you need to take into account those that will hold the lower structure; the calculation of the need for suspensions is carried out according to the same scheme as for single-level ceilings.
Colors and designs
The stylistic options for two-level plasterboard ceilings are very diverse.
With the help of symmetrical vaults, stucco and arched structures, interiors are designed in the spirit of:
- Victorian style;
- soft provence;
- elegant classics.
In a loft and country setting, it is recommended to use beams. The classic type of two-level ceiling is ideally compatible with a light color, clear geometry. Chandeliers of attractive shapes are used as lighting fixtures. But hi-tech is much better for such a solution, since it allows you to use a strict rectangular shape. Metal lamps painted with blue or purple paint help to emphasize the features of the ultra-modern interior.
Two-level structures can be made in the antique key.when bright colors are used for curved, frilly elements. When there is a desire to paint the upper part of the room in complex colors, you need to choose the Art Nouveau style, in which angles and sophisticated forms are unacceptable. This is because either the color or the geometric configuration of the ceiling can be complex, but not both together. In a modern setting, the use of photo printing is permissible.
The radical version of Art Nouveau implies a scrupulous study of the smallest details. There is also a superficially lightweight format, when only the "spirit" of the style and its color canons are reproduced, and in all other respects, designers and builders have a completely free choice. It will be very good to introduce plant motifs into the setting, this solution is best suited to modernist approaches.
Techno format is not just strict lines, but also lamps made in "cosmic" motives. But for lovers of exoticism and variegation, it is better to focus on the ethnic formats of the ceiling.
Japanese style is outwardly laconic and very strict, but that is why it embodies a deep semantic set. The color should be natural and, moreover, not too pretentious, because natural tones are best suited. The spectrum of brown and yellow tones turns out to be almost the best solution in most cases, most accurately embodies the ideals of the Land of the Rising Sun.
The minimalistic setting always includes not just light colors, but also the active use of the play of halftones. Among all possible colors, preference is given to white. Shades of shiny metal or glass work best with this style. It is unacceptable to decorate a minimalistic ceiling with more than one color, this will immediately undermine all design canons.
If you have the slightest difficulty in choosing the right option, you need to seek help from a professional designer. Alterations and new renovations or the need to live in a room that does not take into account the basic canons of style and design - things are very unpleasant. In comparison with them, the additional costs of attracting professionals are fully justified.
Experts know how to take into account the smallest details and flawlessly embody even the most general and seemingly not very specific wishes of customers. It is recommended to make narrow ceilings glossy or mirrored, then the problem of space distortion is solved especially effectively.
Whichever strength is chosen, it is important to consider that there must be no design discrepancies between the ceiling structure and the rest of the room.
Coloring is just as important as geometry or light level. By choosing the wrong color, you can break the whole concept, and vice versa, accurate and competent solutions can work wonders. When the ceiling matches the tone of the walls or is slightly lighter than them, the space is filled with light and spaciousness.Dense dark colors will help to get rid of excessively large, visually pressing height.
In many rooms, daylight is not very bright (because they face west, northwest, or shade outside).
Then it is advisable to use ceilings in warm juicy colors:
The opposite case (with windows facing south) requires the use of blue, green or gray paints. If you wish, you can combine a neutral colored starting level and an expressive second.
Lighting for a two-level ceiling is very important. Almost always, they use LED light sources. Their attractiveness is due to the soft and uniform glow, the ability to visually increase the depth of the ceilings and create a feeling of "floating in the air" for the observer. By varying the luminous intensity and color of the lamps, it is possible to create a truly unique backlight that you will not find anywhere else. You can increase the brightness by introducing lamps or floor lamps. The location of the built-in lighting means is supposed to make the light uniform throughout the room.
To illuminate a two-level ceiling, you need to use LEDs either 12 or 24 V - it is very important not to confuse these numbers with each other, because in terms of external characteristics they can be very similar. It is important to distinguish between moisture-proof and moisture-resistant structures: the former are suitable for periodic contact with humidified air, the latter are able to withstand the action of splashes and drops of water. For neon lights, you need to apply a voltage of 100 V, they are installed in 5 m steps.
For bedrooms, it is recommended to use structures with smooth geometry, painted in pastel colors. The glow should be soft and not overly energetic. Pictures of the starry sky, soaring clouds and other pacifying subjects are suitable for rooms where you need to relax and unwind. To enhance the romance of the environment, dim lights with a flickering effect or a pattern given by fluorescent light sources help. It is better to refuse to decorate with neon ribbons, this solution is better suited for the corridor and hallway.
It is unacceptable to hang heavy and bulky chandeliers and structures of a different kind over the beds, this is not only ugly, but can also be dangerous. Strong contrast or excessive gloom should be avoided.
The ceiling in the children's room has its own characteristics. There it is impossible to visually overload the room - the smaller and lower it is, the calmer the design should be. Adults can easily tolerate the sight of massive figures painted in different colors, but children often perceive such things as a kind of threat. The only justified use of large details is the distribution and emphasis of zones. Soft spring shades are perfect, the light should be milky or slightly yellow.
Returning to the corridors and hallways, it should be emphasized that one-color ceilings of light colors, continuously illuminated along the perimeter, are best manifested in them. Such solutions help to get rid of the unnecessary gloom and heaviness of these rooms, which are almost always remote from the main windows in the house. Light sources are most often point or tape. The choice of vaults and arches helps to increase the attractiveness of the finish.
Beautiful examples in the interior
It is possible to describe for a long time certain subtleties of creating two-level plasterboard ceilings and the techniques that are used in such a process. But it will be much more interesting to analyze a few examples that demonstrate the possibilities of modern design.
A blue ceiling with a central spotlight and perimeter lighting can look enchanting and unusual. To emphasize the specificity and attractiveness of such a solution, to link it with the rest of the room, it is advisable to decorate the walls in the same range.A simple white ceiling can be varied with an arched strip raised above the main plane. It is advisable to build light sources into it. Not a bad design technique is combined with light walls covered with vertical striped wallpaper.
It is not at all necessary that the decorative elements be inseparable: the pink “petals” isolated from each other on an ordinary white base will also look unusually beautiful and elegant. Glossy ceilings, according to some of the designers, are best complemented by a winding colored structure in one of the corners protruding above the plane. The photo shows an example of this design using green.
In the next video, see how to make a two-level plasterboard ceiling in stages.