When building a garage for a car, it is worth considering an interesting option for arranging not just a separate garage of a standard shape, but a structure with an attic.
This will allow you to place a car and equip a warehouse there for storing various tools, old things.
Features of the
When building a garage with an attic, the presence of a separate additional area is an undeniable advantage. Here you can make both a living room and a room for household needs. You can consider another good option for a garage with an attic and make a gym out of it.
Many children dream of their own separate room, where their little secrets will be kept, where they can often communicate in the company of their peers. The attic can be the perfect place to set up a room for a little princess or a future astronaut.
For many young families, the attic can become an alternative to living with their parents, which not many newlyweds like. Here you can also arrange a room for meeting guests or other entertainment.
On the top floor, you can build a kitchen that will function all year round. It will be an ideal place for cooking, preserving vegetables and fruits. This will eliminate the spread of odors from workpieces and other products in the house.
The attic does not have to be used only as a living space. It can become a place for storing unnecessary little things, which are usually clogged with all pantries and balconies. Tools and books are kept here. You can even adapt the room to a dressing room.
A weighty argument in support of the idea of building a garage with an attic will be that construction will not cost much more, because a significant amount of money will also have to be spent on the construction of a detached building.
To build a garage with an attic, it will only be necessary to build the walls higher, lay the floors and make a comfortable staircase. Moreover, in such a building, all finishing work can be carried out not immediately, but gradually. In addition, for non-residential premises, it is not necessary to completely finish it.
You should immediately think about whether the attic will be a living space or just a place to store unnecessary things. The need for floor and roof insulation depends on this.
When starting construction, you should take into account all the nuances:
- It is necessary to provide free travel not only for one car. This room is useful if you need space for two or more vehicles.
- The lower part of the building must be fully exploited.
If you don't have a car, you can adapt it for a workshop.
It is important to correctly calculate how much material is required for a given building.
When contemplating the construction of such a garage, one should also take into account its disadvantages:
- a significant amount of money will be required to purchase building materials;
- construction can take a lot of time;
- construction is difficult to carry out only with your own hands;
- for the arrangement of living quarters, it is necessary to carry out communications. Additional costs will be required for water supply, sewerage, heating.
When starting any construction, you must first create a building design. When creating it, it is taken into account whether the attic will be residential or non-residential premises. This stage is important, all the nuances of the construction should be included in the rules.
It is worth deciding how many cars will be in the garage.You can make a project for one or two cars, taking into account the brands of cars, their shape and size. You should also take into account what the height of the garage ceiling will be, the size of the doorway. The project should include the heating scheme, the location of the window, the presence of a balcony.
It will be possible in the future not to build an additional garage for another vehicle, if the project provides for a place in advance where it will be possible to put 2 or 3 cars.
When creating a project for a garage with a staircase, they think over where it will be located, since it should not take up much space in the garage. There should always be free and convenient access to the stairs. It should be borne in mind that there will be one or two cars in the garage.
If there is not enough space in the garage for the ladder, you can replace it with a folding ladder. It does not take up much space, especially when folded. A good option would be to build a room from where you could climb to the attic without going into the garage. You can often find options when the staircase is equipped outside.
When conceiving construction, one cannot do without drawings and sketches. They can be done independently, but after that you should contact the specialists who can correct it.
When designing a room, you must have certain documents:
- 3-dimensional construction of the garage, which takes into account the location of items on the 1st floor and in the attic;
- the design is carried out in several versions in different colors, taking into account the location of the car in the garage;
- a separate plan for each of the floors, where the location of the windows and the doorway is indicated;
- facade drawing;
- drawing of the foundation, basement;
- frame drawing;
- diagram showing the placement of the heating system and gutters.
When composing a project, it should be borne in mind that:
- you cannot build a garage in the lowland, otherwise the room will be flooded;
- the building should not be placed near trees growing nearby, so that the roots do not damage the structure;
- work is not carried out on underground utilities.
When constructing a garage with an attic, it is advisable to consider many different variations. You can build a simple rectangular or square room measuring 6x6 or 6x8. But often such simple 6 by 8 designs no longer satisfy customers.
That is why the architects are developing new original options for buildings with additional outbuildings, a shed, a balcony, and fences. Such additions will be costly, for this you should purchase materials and pay for the work of the masters.
When creating a project, you should take into account the parameters of the upper and lower rooms. If it is planned to place a living room on the second floor, it is made large and spacious. To create an additional summer area, it is advisable to finish building a balcony along the entire length of the room. Here you can place a table and chairs, arrange a place to relax. Such a summer terrace will be an excellent place for evening tea drinking and relaxing on a hot day.
Choosing a place and material for construction
When choosing a place for building a garage with an attic, certain conditions must be met:
- there must be a good driveway to the garage door;
- free space of 5-7 meters should be left for convenient parking;
- take into account landscape conditions; to build a garage, you should choose a flat surface;
- the distance between the house and the garage should be about 5 meters.
After the project is developed, construction can begin. You can do it yourself or hire a team of builders. It should be borne in mind that such a construction is not easy.
To build a garage with an attic, a solid foundation is made. For this, one or more monolithic slabs, which are poured with concrete, may be suitable. Walls can be erected using bricks or other materials. When choosing them, the preferences of the developer, financial capabilities are taken into account.
For construction, you can use materials such as:
- cinder block;
- foam block;
- a metal sheet.
Inside, the room is finished with plasterboard, covered with paint, and the surfaces are plastered.
Different materials are used for this building.
It should be borne in mind that the garage must be strong enough to support the weight of the attic.
If the building is supposed to be made of wood, it should be borne in mind that fuels and lubricants are stored in garages, they can cause a fire. When choosing materials for building a garage, all these factors must be taken into account. The main criterion should be the safety of the premises, its comfort. Particular attention should be paid to the installation of an exhaust system so that exhaust gases cannot leak into the living area.
Construction of foam blocks
If a reinforced foundation is required for brick buildings, then there is no need to make such a foundation to build a garage with an attic made of foam blocks. The sides are lightweight and don't give much stress. The material tolerates moisture well. In such a room it will not be hot in summer and warm in winter.
Reinforcement of the wall structure is carried out with the help of reinforcing wire. After the completion of the construction of the walls, they move to the top of the building. The number of rooms also depends on what size the building will have. This can be one large spacious room or several smaller rooms.
After the frame for the garage has been made and there are rafters to cover the roof, it is time to do all the roofing work. The overlap should be finished as soon as possible, otherwise rain may cause the materials to get wet and deteriorate. After that, they move on to the sheathing of floors and walls, carry out communication systems.
Immediately you should make the wiring and the channel for ventilation. The ventilation duct is necessary so that there are no smells and exhaust gas in the room, and on a hot day it will not be hot in the room, which will prolong the life of the car body. In the event that such ventilation is not provided, ventilation openings should be made.
For floor cladding, you can take OSB chipboard. It will not be difficult to carry out installation work with this material. In addition, this material is inexpensive.
When the work on creating the floor is completed, you should decide whether you need to sheathe the walls. If the attic is intended only for storing things, you do not need to sheathe the walls. But, if a living space is planned, it is better to sheathe the walls.
Drywall is perfect for wall cladding.
The zoning method depends on which layout will be chosen. This could be a separate room with a workshop, where a lot of tool racks will be placed. You can divide the room into separate zones by placing a billiard table in one of them. In the second part, you can put a sofa or allocate a place for a male company to relax.
A dressing room can be a good option for the attic; it can be divided into zones. In one part of such a room there will be wardrobes with things located on hangers, and in the other part you can arrange shelves for other things, shoes, books.
You should focus on the options with a bath. You can make a project in which the room is divided into two parts. In one part there will be a bath or steam room, from which you can go to the shower room. In another part, a recreation area is created where you can put a table with a bench, hang shelves for scrubs, oils and creams that are useful for bath procedures. On the first floor, it is worth making a furnace so that you can use the bathhouse in the cold season.
Tips & Tricks
A garage with an attic is one of the most popular buildings. When planning a garage, it should be borne in mind that you can build not only a garage, but also a full-fledged room for living.
Guided by the advice and recommendations of specialists, you can facilitate many of the planning and construction of the premises:
- The attic design depends on how large the garage is. At the design stage, you can increase the ceiling height in the attic. When choosing a roofing material, one should take into account the fact that during rains, drops can strongly knock on the corrugated board. A slate or soft roof will save you from the annoying knock of drops on the roof.
- When choosing a staircase, preference is given to the spiral version, such a staircase will take up much less space.
- On the ground floor, it is better to fill the floor with concrete.
- The attic floor is made in the form of one spacious room or divided into zones.
- If you plan to place a kitchen or a bathroom, you should carry out water supply, sewerage and heating in advance.
If you follow the advice and do everything as indicated in the project, then a garage with an attic will very soon be able to decorate the site and fulfill its functions.
When designing, it is worth considering in detail the various options:
Brick garage with an attic, where there is nothing superfluous, everything is simple and practical. Such a room may be of interest to the owners of one car
Detached garage for two cars
Garage with living quarters and outbuildings
A project for a two-car garage with a residential attic. This option will not leave anyone indifferent
House with garage, side terrace and attic floor
See the following video for the completed project of a garage for 2 cars with an attic.