Today, a car is not considered a luxury item, therefore it is available in almost every family. In order to protect the vehicle from the negative effects of the environment and extend its service life, it must be stored in a special building. You can, of course, put a car in a paid parking lot, but this will entail significant financial costs. The correct solution in this situation would be the construction of a personal garage from corrugated board.
Such structures are very popular, since they have many advantages and fit perfectly into the general appearance of the land plot, in addition, it is quite possible to make such structures with your own hands.
Features: pros and cons
A garage made of corrugated board is a structure that is installed from profiled steel sheets. This material can have different wave heights and thicknesses, therefore, depending on the expected load on the structure, they can choose C18 or C21 corrugated board. Moreover, the greater the height of the wave of sheets, the more reliable the building will be. Since the weight of the profiled sheet is small, the installation of such a garage is most often performed on a strip or pipe foundation. To speed up the installation process of the structure, it is recommended to purchase ready-made kits of parts, which will take no more than 3 days to assemble, they usually consist of a frame, roof, walls, gates and cornice.
In addition, a garage from a metal profile can be made according to an individual project, for this construction drawings are prepared and the necessary material is purchased. The main advantage of self-construction is the saving of money and time.
As for the positive qualities of corrugated board, they include:
- frost resistance;
- a light weight;
- durability and reliability in use;
- incombustibility of the material;
- ease of transportation;
- low cost;
- aesthetic appearance;
- high resistance to decay processes;
- does not need additional processing.
Despite the presence of advantages, professional sheets also have their disadvantages:
- The possibility of deformation. In case of metal rusting and strong impact, the protective layer of the material is damaged.
- Ease of hacking. If the robbers want to get inside such a garage, then it will not be difficult for them to do so. Therefore, the building is recommended to be installed only in the courtyard of the house.
- Low thermal conductivity. In summer, the metal heats up a lot, and cools down in winter.
- The structure needs additional support.
Before starting the construction of a garage, it is necessary not only to purchase profiled sheets, but also to choose a place where the future building will be located. It is not recommended to build a garage next to other household facilities, as this may impede the exit and entry of the car. Often, a garage is built in such a way that the line of its gate is located on the fence line. Thanks to this, access to the structure will be easy, and it will additionally play the role of part of the fence.
In addition, the garage can be installed close to one of the buildings located on the land. In this case, you do not have to build one of the walls. But it is worth noting that you cannot attach a structure to the house, since not only the unpleasant smell of gasoline, car oils will penetrate into the premises, but the sound of the engine.
An important point when choosing a place for a garage is also considered to check the level of groundwater and soil. This must be done so that in further operation, the structure does not "move out" under the influence of soil displacement.
Schemes and drawings
Any construction begins with the creation of a plan, and the installation of a garage from profiled sheets is no exception. Before starting the installation work, you need to make an accurate calculation of the dimensions and draw a diagram by which it will be easy to determine the required amount of material. The dimensions of the garage depend on the dimensions of the vehicle and on what is planned to be additionally stored in the building. If the structure is intended only for a car, then it is enough to equip a parking space and place several racks in it. As a rule, the simplest project with a garage size of 4x6 meters is suitable for this.
To make the building not only convenient, but also harmoniously fit into the landscape design of the site, when designing it, it is important to think over every square meter. Therefore, first they draw a diagram of the location of the entire structure, and then carry out the internal layout. When the width and length of the garage is known, you can easily calculate the consumption of building material. When creating a drawing, you should pay attention to the fact that the supporting pipes are solid and long.
This is especially true for the frame of the structure, in the diagrams you should indicate the sketch of the frame and prescribe what elements it will consist of.
In addition, in the garage plan, it is worthwhile to provide a way to connect the pipes. In the event that the metal structure is being built for permanent operation, and it will not be transferred to another place, then it is advisable to use welding for fastening. As for a collapsible garage, it will require special fasteners in the form of nuts, bolts and corners. The garage layout should also include door drawings.
After the design is completed, you can draw up a work plan and start construction.
Installing a garage from profiled sheets is a simple process, but in order for it to go quickly and please with a good result, you should purchase high-quality material and prepare the appropriate tools. For installation work, you need to have at hand:
- construction tape or ruler;
- drill and drills for metal work;
- color marker for drawing markings.
Additionally, you should also worry about safety measures by purchasing personal protective equipment such as gloves, goggles and a mask. They will help to avoid injury to the skin and eyes when working with metal.
As for the material, to install the garage you will need galvanized metal pipes and profiles. Since the construction market sells profiles with a square and rectangular cross-section, it is best to give preference to the former. They are easy to install and quickly assembled. The garage frame must be made of iron, therefore, in order to provide it with good strength, it is recommended to make the main racks from pipes with a diameter of at least 100 mm. Material with a cross section of 60 mm can be laid under the frame of the structure.
Installing a garage is not particularly difficult, so you can do it yourself. To start this, you first need to choose a suitable place to place the structure and pour the foundation, it will serve as both a solid foundation and a floor for the structure. Then a frame is erected, the finished parts of which can be welded or assembled for fasteners. The next stage in the installation is the sheathing of the frame with corrugated board, it usually takes several days.
After the frame, sheathed with profiled sheets, is ready, all that remains is to install the gate. Their frame is made from a metal corner by welding, and then sheathed with corrugated board.For novice craftsmen, such construction may seem difficult, but in reality it is not. The main thing when performing all work is to adhere to one rule: "we build correctly"… Therefore, it is important to do everything slowly, to accurately observe the dimensions indicated in the drawings of the garage, since the slightest mistake can lead to various problems in operation.
The construction of a garage from metal sheets consists of many stages, the first of which is the laying of the foundation. To do this, they dug a hole and fill it with river sand, which will act as a "pillow". Then, metal columns are installed around the entire perimeter of the future structure and poured with concrete. Both round and rectangular pipes can be used as load-bearing fasteners.
In addition, it is possible to make not only the foundation from concrete, but also the floor of the garage. To fill it, first the top layer of the soil is well cleaned of debris and the required level is determined. The concrete floor will be durable if it is additionally reinforced. The covering is often made of wood using floorboards or beams.
Profiled sheets are considered a versatile building material, so they are well suited for wall cladding in the garage. For these purposes, it is recommended to use a professional flooring category "C", it is attached to the crate with self-tapping screws. At the same time, it is recommended to expose the sheets in height, thus, the structure will acquire an attractive appearance. The material panel must be mounted strictly according to the level, and all fastening elements must be "planted" on rubber gaskets.
For a more reliable fastening of sheets, the places of their joints can be closed with special rivets.
The roof, erected for the garage, is done both with insulation and without it. Depending on this, it can be installed in one or two slopes. In the event that the structure is placed close to the walls of other household facilities, then it is advisable to choose one slope with placement in the same plane with the slope of a neighboring building. In addition, a pitched roof is very popular in construction, as it is easier to build.
Profiled sheets for the roof are selected in length, and they should not form many joints during installation, which in the future can serve as a problem and leak. If the sheet was purchased earlier, and its length is not enough, then you can lay the sheets with an overlap, and cover the resulting seams with bitumen or a special sealant. The corrugated board should be leveled before attaching it, taking into account the lines of the cornice.
During the construction of a garage from a profiled sheet, it is important to provide for its temperature inside. The optimal indicator for him in winter is the temperature from + 1C to + 5C. It is worth noting that even in severe frosts, it is not recommended to warm up the garage room, as this can harm the operation of the car's units. Therefore, in order to provide the structure with a constant temperature, it must be insulated. Today there are many types of thermal insulation, among which are:
- liquid polyurethane foam;
- insulation based on mineral fibers;
- expanded polystyrene plates.
Each of the above heat insulators is characterized by its own advantages and disadvantages. So, a garage insulated with expanded polystyrene plates will provide excellent conditions for storing a car, but after laying the insulation, it will be necessary to additionally level the surface of the walls and ceiling. In addition, polystyrene, under the influence of sunlight, heats up very much and can release harmful substances. The result is a warm, but healthy garage.
Basalt fiber slabs have proven themselves well as a reliable insulation material.
They are applied in a small layer of 5 cm and they can even replace brickwork 80 cm thick.This material is environmentally friendly and fireproof, meets all operating standards. The insulation is placed in the spaces between the profiles pre-installed in the wall.
Liquid polyurethane foam is considered the most convenient to use; it is applied to surfaces by spraying. The heat insulator does not form gaps and seams. This material, in addition to insulation, also plays the role of excellent hydro and noise insulation, protects well the metal structure and serves up to 50 years.
As for the insulation of the roof of the garage, then roll materials made of bitumen are mainly used for it. At the same time, roof insulation is best done outside. For this, the coating slabs are thoroughly cleaned and all joints are sealed with mortars. Then, several layers of thermal insulation are laid on the prepared base in a checkerboard pattern and reinforcement with a cement screed with a thickness of no more than 50 mm is performed.
In order for a metal-profile garage to serve reliably for many years, it is important not only to draw up its project correctly, choose high-quality material, but also observe construction technology. For vehicle owners who have decided to build a garage on their own, the following tips from experts can help:
- It is important to accurately calculate the dimensions of the entire structure and especially pay attention to the height of the building. In the event that it is lower than the neighboring buildings, then the roof may sag over time. In addition, it is advisable to make the roof frame with a slight slope towards the back wall. It is recommended to reinforce the roof with wooden slats.
- After pouring the foundation, you should wait a few days and only then proceed with the installation of the garage.
- When choosing professional sheets, you need to pay attention to their brand, and buy material with the designation "C". Such sheets are characterized by increased waviness and strength.
- All fastenings should be carried out using special rivets and self-tapping screws.
- For interior decoration of the garage, you can use a variety of finishing materials. Both wood and panels with imitation of stone look beautiful in the design of the garage. Sheathing with these materials will be cheap and the room inside will take on a cozy look.
- The color of the profiled sheets for the garage is chosen individually, taking into account the style of other buildings that are located next to it.
For information on how to make a garage from a professional sheet with your own hands, see the next video.