Lighting In The Garage (59 Photos): How To Make Light With Spotlights With Your Own Hands, LED Autonomous Lighting In The Inspection Pit

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Lighting In The Garage (59 Photos): How To Make Light With Spotlights With Your Own Hands, LED Autonomous Lighting In The Inspection Pit
Lighting In The Garage (59 Photos): How To Make Light With Spotlights With Your Own Hands, LED Autonomous Lighting In The Inspection Pit

Video: Lighting In The Garage (59 Photos): How To Make Light With Spotlights With Your Own Hands, LED Autonomous Lighting In The Inspection Pit

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Video: Inside an "LED small lamp". 2023, January
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A garage is required not only to store a car in it. In this room, various minor repairs and maintenance are carried out, which require good lighting. Usually, motorists spend a lot of time in the garage, which is why the lighting in this room must be organized correctly. It is important to take into account in this matter the microclimate of the garage and the presence of flammable and explosive materials in it.

Electrical wiring must comply with all safety regulations, and it is worth considering an efficient and economical way to create lighting. In this article, we will look at the existing types and types of lighting, as well as how to organize them.

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Features of the

Your garage must have good lighting. It is not so difficult to make it, so you can cope with this work yourself. All you need is the required knowledge in the field of the correct organization of electrical wiring.

There are various factors that influence the creation of correct and effective lighting in the garage:

  • garage area and ceiling heights;
  • the selected material for finishing the ceiling, walls and floor, including its color;
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  • finding work areas;
  • power per 1 m2;
  • types of lamps used.

It is from the last point that you need to start arranging lighting in the garage. It is necessary not to forget about the outdoor device.

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Types of lamps

One of the main tasks when organizing a lighting system in a "motorhome" is the choice of lamps and their optimal power. Today, lamps are divided into 4 categories. Each of the types presented below is characterized by its certain advantages, however, they also have negative sides, which must be taken into account when choosing equipment for organizing high-quality lighting:

Incandescent lamp differs in rather low cost and easy installation. With this device, you can get a bright light, which is very convenient to work even in technical rooms that are not equipped with windows. As a disadvantage, it is worth highlighting the fact that they have a short service life and consume a large amount of electricity. Despite the low price of the lamp itself, electricity costs will be very high, which overrides its merits

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Luminescent models They are highly efficient, however, as disadvantages, it is worth highlighting their sensitivity to temperature extremes and voltage surges. The negative side of these lamps is the content in their design of hazardous substances that can harm humans if the product is damaged (broken). That is why these types of lamps are impractical to install in small garages that are poorly insulated. If there are power outages, this type of luminaire should not be used - it is dangerous

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Halogen lighting fixtures are also characterized by excellent energy efficiency. It is very convenient to use them to organize local lighting. They are focused on work in power grids with a voltage of 12V, which is why, to connect such lamps, you will need to install another power supply.As a disadvantage, it is worth highlighting the fact that these lamps are not durable and resistant to voltage drops in the electrical network, as well as to moisture and dust. This necessitates the creation of good protection against all sorts of external factors

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LED lamps and LED strips are an economical and practical option for creating lighting. For garages, this is the best solution, since the devices in question are characterized by a long service life. In this situation, with low power consumption, high-quality lighting can be organized. Among the disadvantages, it is necessary to highlight the high cost of these lamps

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In our case, LEDs are the best option because they:

  • can have various shapes and can be installed on a horizontal and vertical surface;
  • provide powerful light output with low consumption;
  • do not heat up, are not afraid of moisture and dust;
  • are resistant to temperature fluctuations;
  • in addition to high-quality lighting, they allow you to create a pleasant atmosphere;
  • are one of the most popular light sources available today at an affordable price.

In this room, diode lighting from electrical wiring or, for example, from a solar battery, can be used.

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Luminaire types

When it comes to arranging lighting in the garage, it is best to opt for a combined option, which involves the use of different types of lamps. The following types of lighting devices used in garage conditions, based on the principle of light propagation, can be distinguished:

  • Direct lighting where downward light is predominantly used. Almost all built-in light sources belong to this group.
  • Reflected, which provides for the direction of light upward, where it should be reflected from the ceiling into space. Various pendant lights fall into this category, where it is worth highlighting chandeliers, wall lights and portable lamps.
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  • Diffusion, which are able to evenly distribute light in all directions. This category includes ball-shaped chandeliers, lamps and some types of lamps.
  • Adjustable devices. They usually provide direct lighting. They are controlled so that the lamps can illuminate a larger area. This category includes spotlights and lighting fixtures with accent lighting.
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According to the method of mounting, the luminaires can be divided into:

  • stationary, which are usually fixed in the ceiling or on the walls;
  • non-stationary, which can be moved around the room.

Modern lighting does not only depend on 220V electricity.

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Lighting calculation

To organize normal lighting in the garage, it is required to take into account that there is 20 watts of power per square meter of area. Remember that if your choice fell on LED lighting devices, then you must take into account that their power is several times lower. Thus, you can replace a conventional 100 watt lamp with a 12 watt LED lamp.

Remember that for the garage it is LED lighting devices are optimal and safe, especially when it comes to the organization of lighting in the basement or in the observation pit. This is because only LEDs are able to cope with high humidity.

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How to conduct?

Creating lighting in a garage should start with developing the right layout, where it is important to consider the following points:

  • planning the wiring and placement of fixtures is best at the planning stage of the garage;
  • all actions are best done before finishing work;
  • if the decision to carry out the wiring was made after finishing work, then punches, boxes, pipes, corrugations or metal hoses can save the situation;
  • ceiling-mounted luminaires are connected to a two-wire or three-wire cable. The cross-section of the cables must be more than 1.5 m2.
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It is possible to create a cascade system where several switches will be used to control the luminaires. With a similar trick, you can control the lighting from different parts of the garage.

If there is a viewing hole in the garage, then you need to approach its lighting in a special way. In no case should high-power luminaires be mounted inside it, since this is unsafe. In this case, the installation of low-voltage lamps, the power supply of which does not exceed 12 volts, will be optimal. Such luminaires will function safely in conditions of high humidity, which is concentrated in an inspection pit or basement. In this situation, the wiring is best done in a niche or pipe.

When painting a car, the lighting should be quite bright.

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Pay your attention to the next point. Gate lighting is also an important element. Organization of proper lighting both outside and inside the garage will reduce the risk of emergencies.

Tips & Tricks

Part of the light is always reflected from objects and various surfaces, continuing to participate in the lighting. You must take this point into account when determining the number of lamps and their location. It should be noted that white or cream surfaces are characterized by the best light reflection. If your garage has light walls, then you can afford to install lower wattage lamps.

Today you can buy 12V LED lamps, which are assembled in the form of a module. By means of several such modules, it is possible to assemble a luminaire of the required brightness and size. At the same time, the modules are characterized by low cost, so the assembly of such a lamp is a very economical option.

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It is recommended to purchase an old battery from the car, which will save you in a situation if the centralized lighting is turned off. You can connect LED strips to this battery, which will shine perfectly when the light is off. Of course, you can think over the wiring diagram for stationary lamps as well. Such a charged battery can provide several hours of illumination.

It is necessary to feed the lighting devices in the inspection pit separately. They must have an individual circuit breaker. This is required so that in the event of a potential surge or short circuit, the electrical network in the rest of the garage continues to function properly.

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Unfortunately, it is impossible to transfer everyone to lighting using LEDs, since the lamps and tapes themselves are characterized by a relatively high cost. It is the high cost of a complete garage refurbishment that is the main reason why people continue to use conventional incandescent bulbs. The situation is different when you are building a garage. In this case, it is simply stupid not to use LED lighting technology as it is the most efficient option.

Don't forget to arrange emergency lighting. And also install motion sensors. To turn them on, you need any slightest movement around the room or near it. Such a free device will help you to guard the premises cheap and cheerful. It is like a mirror of a CCTV camera.

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Autonomous system: secrets of arrangement

Mostly the location of the lamps in the garage depends on the individual preferences of the owner. This is due to the fact that each person has their own ideas about comfort.As a rule, lamps are located on the ceiling or walls, however, an autonomous lighting option using a battery from a car, which was already mentioned earlier, is also very popular.

By connecting such lighting, you can carry out maintenance and repair of cars, regardless of the presence of central electricity. It should be noted that in such buildings, central lighting is often turned off, so this method of arrangement will be relevant.

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If you decide to organize this type of lighting, then you should familiarize yourself with certain features of the system:

  • It is required that the LED strips are located in the shades. It will be optimal if each of them contains up to 300 small bulbs.
  • In this case, the wiring should be laid along the suspended ceiling.
  • It is necessary to bring the switches to the electrical panel.
  • All wires will need to be connected to the battery, while it must be connected to the charger.
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Today, multi-level systems are popular, which provide for the installation of a large lamp on the ceiling, and small lamps are located near the working areas. This method of lighting provides for the delimitation of the room into several levels.

Important! Position lighting fixtures so that the machine does not create shadows during operation

It is best to install the side lamps on brackets so that you can adjust them to suit your specific needs. If you are installing stationary lights, then position them so that the light from them does not hit your eyes. All lamps are best placed in shades, since the glare from the voltage drop will begin to irritate the person's eyes. Experts recommend using lamps with a soft white color in such a room.

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Primary requirements

Today, there are certain rules affecting the location of lighting fixtures, following which will allow you to organize the lighting in the room as comfortably as possible. Pay attention to a few requirements:

  • It is important to arrange for uniform lighting. This can be done by using several luminaires for primary and local importance.
  • It is best to opt for economical lamps that do not require a lot of electricity to function. This is due to the fact that in the garage, the light will turn on relatively often, since there is no natural light in the garage.
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It is possible to combine the main and local lighting by using a modular arrangement of lamps

In addition, it is possible to single out individual requirements that apply to lighting devices. In this situation, each square meter of the room must have a minimum of 15 watts of power. Usually, it is best to set up a tiered system to achieve the desired result. For its implementation, it is worth installing fixed and non-stationary luminaires.

Luminaires located in the garage should be high enough to cover the work area.

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Light in the basement or observation pit

If your "motorhome" has a basement or a viewing pit, then it is also necessary to install lamps there. Surely you have had situations when some tool or part fell into this pit. Agree, looking for it in the dark or with a flashlight is not very convenient. It is better when this area is individually illuminated, but keep in mind that here high humidity acts as a negative factor for lighting devices.

In this situation, only low wattage lamps can be used. Halogen and LED models are suitable here.Low power in this case is required because due to the high humidity concentrated in this area, electric shock can occur. therefore it is important to choose low-power devices that will be placed in bottles and supplemented with a protective metal mesh. They need to be installed on the sides of the pit. It is desirable that the lighting fixtures are installed in pre-prepared recesses.

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It is recommended to install the devices in an additional recess. You should have a design similar to conventional drawers in which the lighting will be concentrated. Thanks to this trick, you can protect the lamp from damage if a tool or car part falls into the pit.

The creation of lighting in the inspection pit requires the fulfillment of several requirements:

  • The voltage of electrical equipment that operates below zero must be less than 42V. This necessitates the purchase of a special transformer through which all lighting devices will be connected.
  • Only low power luminaires can be installed in this area, so halogen lamps or LEDs are the best options.
  • The devices are best placed in recesses, which will save usable space.
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  • The lighting route must be laid secretly, but if this cannot be done, then some protection must be performed.
  • In this situation, it is best to close the lighting fixtures with shades, which will have a protective grill. Thus, you can improve the quality of equipment insulation from moisture, as well as provide protection against mechanical damage.

If we compare the organization of lighting in an apartment and in a garage, then in the latter case, things are much simpler. You can do this with your own hands, without resorting to professionals, but, of course, it is better if specialists are engaged in this. The main thing that needs to be considered in this work is compliance with safety measures.

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Particular attention must be paid to the high-quality performance of electrical wiring. If you do everything right, then it will function properly for up to 30 years. In this situation, you must show your attentiveness, since repairing a failed system will cause you a lot of trouble. If you do not have at least basic knowledge of lighting arrangement, then it is best to contact a specialist. Remember that quality lighting not only increases the comfort in your garage, but also improves safety.

For information on how to conduct lighting in the garage, see below.

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