Before proceeding with the repair, users have many questions. Many people cannot decide which paint to use. The most popular are latex and acrylic compounds. In the construction market, they are often confused, so it can be difficult for an ordinary buyer to make a choice in favor of a particular product.
The latex mixture consists of a concentrated pigment, various dispersions, preservatives, solvent and water. Often, substances are added to the composition of such materials that make the characteristics of the resulting coating much better. As for acrylic paint, as a rule, there are no impurities in it, but there are concentrated elements.
Types of paints
There are many different colors. However, the most common are latex and acrylic options.
Acrylic options were not always popular, as they were expensive. However, today they are in demand. In their operational characteristics and significant parameters, these paints bypassed other compositions. They are very beneficial to use. In addition, they are used for both exterior and interior decoration. Moreover, they are very economical.
There are also special acrylate paints. Hearing this name, many consumers are wondering what is the difference between acrylic and acrylate mixture. There are no big differences between them. The composition of acrylic paint is the same as acrylate paint. It's all about marketing strategies - it is better to sell the material under different names, creating the illusion of variety.
Latex paint is used for interior and exterior decoration. To prevent the appearance of mold, a certain substance is included in it. There are several varieties of popular latex paints. For example, to create a beautiful relief on the bases, texture compositions are used.
Let's take a closer look at the popular varieties of acrylic and latex paints.
Polyvinyl acetate paint is a type of latex compound. In everyday life, it is referred to as "water emulsion" or water dispersion paint. It is based on PVA.
There are no solvents in the composition of such products, but they have a faint odor. Moreover, this type is distinguished by good adhesion qualities. Plus, while still fresh, it can be washed off from tools and skin. An equally important advantage is the relatively low price.
The disadvantage of this paint is its washable even after complete drying. It is not recommended to use it when painting facades. Moreover, it has a chalky effect on its surface, so you cannot lean against it - clothes can get very dirty.
"Vodoemulsionka" is often needed when painting inaccessible places in dry rooms. The disadvantage of such a coating is the lack of frost resistance, so it is not suitable for painting rooms that are not heated in winter. She had better not paint the country house.
Styrene-butadiene paints are otherwise called water-based and latex paints. These compounds are resistant to wear and moisture. It is not so easy to wash off such coatings from the base. However, styrene-butadiene mixtures have their drawbacks - they do not like contact with light. When exposed to ultraviolet rays, such paint loses its original appearance.
This material is suitable for interior decoration, because the sun's rays do not reach all surfaces inside rooms.
It is recommended to use styrene-butadiene paints to decorate hallways, storerooms and corridors. This material is relatively inexpensive.
Acrylosilicate types of paints are light and moisture resistant. In addition, they are characterized by high vapor permeability, which is especially important when painting facades.
Often, acrylosilicate mixtures are purchased instead of silicate and silicone versions. Such finishing materials in many respects are similar to silicate paints, but they are inferior in price.
Acrylic and latex blends are similar in many ways. However, the acrylic composition differs from the mixed latex versions in its content.
- in latex paint, the binder is styrene-butadiene;
- in acrylic - acrylic latex.
They are synthetic resins. It is worth considering one more fact - these paints do not add natural latex derived from the rubber tree.
Very often, such paints and varnishes are not distinguished, because they are similar in operational and physical characteristics. These finishing materials form a protective elastic film when dry. But acrylic has bypassed latex in the strength characteristics of the final coating, because it is more moisture and wear resistant.
How to choose?
To choose a paint, you need to choose the right color and understand all the characteristics that it possesses. Particular attention should be paid to the degree of gloss - there are several of them.
The highest degree is rarely bought, because it affects the specularity of the reflections of the planes. This effect is often detrimental to the overall perception of the interior. Thus, matte paint has a reputation for being the most common.
No less important parameters are moisture resistance and wear resistance. The first is determined by the number of abrasion cycles, which is usually indicated on the packaging. Wet scrub cycles mean the paint is moisture resistant and dry scrubbing means non moisture resistant.
You should also pay attention to characteristics such as thixotropy and hiding power. The first is responsible for the occurrence of smudges. Thixotropy affects how soon the paint thickens.
With a long thickening, stains are revealed. Hiding power indicates the formation of a film without shedding - consumption for a normal coverage.
Latex and acrylics are used on many surfaces such as concrete and wood. The ability to apply them in cold climates has made these paints more popular and versatile. However, it is worth noting that it is recommended to work with acrylic options at temperatures not lower than 10 degrees.
From all of the above, it can be concluded that acrylic and latex coatings are about the same. High-quality solutions are used for both interior and exterior decoration. Moreover, modern acrylic compositions are used for creativity - they are often used in painting. Also, these paints are automotive.
You will learn how to avoid problems when applying paint with a roller in the following video.