Houses with an attic are now at the peak of their popularity. This factor is due not only to the external beauty of the structure, but also to the excellent functionality. There is no longer any need to use the attic space for storing unnecessary things; you can turn this place into a cozy recreation area, bedroom or living room, thereby increasing the usable area of the house.
There are many advantages in the construction of small houses: it is much easier and cheaper to build a house with a small area, they are easy to operate and require less effort and time for care and heating.
Features of the
Projects of houses with an attic up to 100 m2 are distinguished by their compactness and convenience. The area of such a house is not too small, but also not large. Thus, it is possible to organize a comfortable layout of a house designed for a small family (for 4-5 people). It will contain all the necessary premises for a comfortable life, but there will be no surplus.
The advantages of building houses with a small area include a high speed of construction work and the ability to erect buildings on various soils.
A house with an attic itself looks attractive and respectable, but in order to enhance these impressions, you can also equip an attic with access to a small terrace or attach a porch with a veranda on the ground floor.
It is worth considering in advance where and how the wiring and other communications on the attic floor will be located. It is necessary to take care of the illumination of the attic. For these purposes, it is advisable to use special windows that are resistant to bad weather. If it is not possible to make a terrace, you can install high windows that will make the room more comfortable and spacious.
The cost of building houses up to 100 m2 is relatively low, which gives a good opportunity for many to have their own home. In addition, there is an opportunity to complete the attic a little later, and first completely build and equip the first floor.
In this case, at the time of the construction of the foundation, it is necessary to take into account that the attic also gives a small load on the base of the house, therefore it is necessary to make the foundation more durable.
House project with an attic, which on average has an area of 80-90 sq. m., you can make it yourself, but without special knowledge, it is still better to use the services of specialists.
There are ready-made standard projects that you can use. They differ in that they have a standard layout that rationally uses square meters and excludes the possibility of the formation of walk-through rooms.
The most popular project is the following arrangement of premises:
- on the ground floor there is an entrance hall, living room, kitchen, dining room, bathroom and two bedrooms;
- in the attic there is a small hall, a bedroom and a study.
The number of bedrooms, bathrooms or other spaces can be added or removed depending on the needs of the family. One of the best projects is also considered to be a layout with a large and well-lit living room in the attic.
Other common project options:
- ground floor: entrance hall, kitchen, dining room, large living room; attic: small hall, two bedrooms and a bathroom;
- ground floor: entrance hall, kitchen, dining room, living room, bedroom, bathroom; attic: small hall, bedroom and bathroom;
- first floor: the same main premises, but with two bedrooms and a bathroom; attic: two bedrooms and a small hall.
To create an individual and unique home design, you can order a project from specialists from scratch, which will take into account all your wishes.
For an interesting use of attic squares, you can place a winter garden on this floor, and for a useful one - equip a spacious children's room.
If possible, you can finish building a terrace. In the summertime, it makes a great resting place, especially if you decorate it with potted flowers or other plants. Undoubtedly, such a terrace will delight with its appearance.
You can also include verandas or balconies in the project. They will also bring their own flavor to the design of the building.
If you need a garage, it can be attached to the house or at a distance. The advantage of the first option is that, due to the connection with the house, such a garage will be warm enough without additional heating, and it will be possible to get into it from the house without going outside.
The most common materials for building houses are:
- brick, natural stone;
- foam blocks (cellular concrete);
- SIP panels;
- gas silicate;
- aerated concrete.
The demand for brick and wooden houses does not change. The quality of buildings made of these materials has been tested for a long time. Houses built of profiled timber have a high level of thermal insulation, and also do not require additional finishing of the front part, since the tree has a beautiful and even surface. But, despite this, it will be necessary to ensure the protection of this material from destruction with the help of antiseptics.
Brick houses differ not only in various design solutions and masonry methods, but also in high strength and durability. The average service life is 100-150 years (no other materials have such indicators). The brick has excellent resistance to adverse weather events, frost-resistant and environmentally friendly. But with these advantages, one drawback follows - a high load on the foundation. These features are also inherent in natural stone.
Foam blocks have a structure that is able to maintain a comfortable indoor climate through good air circulation and heat retention. Building a house from foam blocks does not require the use of special equipment and does not create a high load on the foundation, due to the low weight of the material.
Construction from SIP panels characterized by simplicity and manufactured using Canadian technology. Such houses are erected with the help of frame structures rather quickly and do not create a high load on the foundation, they are strong and stable, do not require a complex heating system, as they retain heat well. But of the minuses, it is worth noting the weak fire resistance and the need for good ventilation.
Houses from gas silicate blocks slightly inferior in characteristics to other materials. The material itself is fragile: because of this, it is undesirable to build more than two floors. Care must be taken to provide good protection against moisture that can destroy this material. At the same time, gas silicate is lightweight, and construction is proceeding quite quickly. There is no need for additional ventilation - the structure of the material maintains an optimal microclimate in the house.
Aerated concrete is an environmentally friendly material that retains heat in the room, so you do not need to additionally insulate the walls. It has a low weight and low cost. Disadvantages of aerated concrete houses:
- complexity in construction and further decoration;
- to mount shelves, TVs, you must use special fasteners, since ordinary fasteners will not hold securely;
- for finishing it is best to use plaster solutions containing gypsum;
- weak level of frost resistance.
A variety of materials can be used to decorate an erected house: facade paints, siding, stone, decorative plaster, sandwich panels, porcelain stoneware.
An example of a simple and laconic house with an attic. The outer side of the ground floor windows is decorated with flowers, with small balconies leading from the attic. The attic is well lit with special windows in the roof.
The design of this house is a bit similar to the previous one, but here from the attic there is an exit to the terrace and the porch of the house is wider.
This example shows a garage attached to a house. There is also a terrace and a landscaped porch.
The design of this house has a solid look, thanks to the interesting shapes in the architecture of the building. There are two columns on the porch that support the terrace. The attic windows are rounded.
This home does not have a terrace, but its design looks stylish, thanks to the interesting landscaping of the porch around the house, green spaces and tall windows that go well with stone and wood finishes.
For the project of an economy-class house, see below.