Once upon a time, wood was considered the main material for building houses. Even today, a large number of residential log cabins have survived, which are still in operation. The next popular building material was brick. It is still considered one of the highest quality and most convenient houses for construction. However, it is gradually being replaced by a foam block in the construction market. What is it, why is it better and more useful than the above materials: let's take a closer look at the example of building small houses with an attic made of foam blocks.
Foam blocks are rather large parallelepipeds, consisting of a mixture of sand, water and cement with the addition of a foaming component. The last ingredient adds porosity to the blocks and provides the building material with the first part of the name. The uniqueness of this material lies in its low price, high sound and heat insulation. It is easy to process (it can be sawed, drilled, cut).
The foam blocks themselves, as well as the adhesive for them, need very little compared to similar buildings from other building materials.
Recently, it has become convenient and fashionable to use foam in the construction of private houses with an attic. This is the case when the desire arises to increase the living space without resorting to time-consuming expansion processes.… Once you decide to remodel your attic space into an attic, you will never regret your choice.
Let's consider its main advantages
- This is a great opportunity to get rid of the place of accumulation of unnecessary things left "for later". For apartment owners, such a place is called a balcony. The main thing is not to start hiding all this in the corners and in the garage (if one is available) in the impulses to get rid of unnecessary things.
- The use of foam blocks is a great way to save money on expensive repairs. Foam blocks are a very inexpensive material that has powerful characteristics.
- Saving space in the yard. The family gets a big house without using strawberry beds.
- Reduced heat loss. In order for the attic space to become residential, it is necessary to insulate it. Hence, there is a reduction in heat loss through the roof.
- Comfortable living on the ground floor of the house in the process of completing the attic. A small load on the foundation of the house in comparison with the construction of the second floor.
- The total weight of the foam block house will not be large.
The main feature of the attic houses is the presence of simple projects ready for construction. Some designers and construction firms can offer you the layout of a permanent residential building and a temporary residence of a country house. To get to know better the projects of attic houses made of foam blocks, you should pay close attention to the building material itself and its main characteristics.
Foam block characteristics
Today, praises in favor of this porous building material are heard on every corner. It is convenient to use in order to minimize the time spent on building a house with an attic. Since typical blocks of foam concrete are large (compared to the same brick), they are laid much faster.
Another convenient feature is the use of a special glue to bond the blocks together into a single monolithic structure. This ensures a decrease in heat loss due to the complete absence of cold bridges between the blocks.
The seams are no more than 3-5 mm thick, which makes it possible to fasten the material together easily, efficiently and quickly, requiring a minimum consumption of adhesive solution. The energy-saving characteristics of foam blocks ensure their versatility in the sense that these walls will not need insulation. It is enough just to cover the gray surface with the selected siding.
Fire and moisture resistance of foam blocks is at the highest level. This material is not susceptible to decay, appearance, spread of mold and microorganisms. This also includes the calm attitude of the building material to the temperature drop. A house built from these porous blocks will breathe. In winter, you won't be able to get moldy on the walls indoors, even if you have the ocean in the bathroom.
The perfectly flat surface of all faces of the foam concrete blocks (the maximum error is 3 mm for the defective brick itself) gives perfectly flat walls without additional plastering.
To build even a small mansard-type house from foam blocks as quickly, comfortably and efficiently as possible basic technological rules should be followed.
- Frame construction. Here we are talking more about the roof. It is this element that needs to be given special attention. Missing one slightest detail, you can ruin the whole project and end up with additional expenses in the form of a complete alteration of the roof of a house with an attic.
- Choosing the best insulation and waterproofing for the roof. Mineral wool and basalt insulation are considered the most optimal today.
- Sheathing of the inner part of the roof also plays an important role. Often these are sheets of plywood, less often - drywall.
- Directly cover… Since the foam blocks themselves are quite light, then the attic roof should also have a low rate in this sense.
Of course, it is best to entrust the construction of a roof for a house with an attic made of foam concrete blocks to professionals. To avoid unpleasant consequences caused by basic ignorance of the nuances of this process. The architectural field today offers a large number of projects of this type of house.
You can find free ones and customize them to suit your preferences. But in this case, you risk becoming one of the owners of a typical building with a standard layout. There is a way out: you can make an order for an individual design.
What options are possible for houses with a foam concrete attic will be discussed further.
The design of any building, and even more so a residential one, should begin with finding out highlights, which include:
- area of the site suitable for building;
- the number of people planned to live;
- the nature of the dwelling (year-round or seasonal);
- the total budget allocated for the construction of a house with a foam block attic.
When all the main questions have been clarified, you can start choosing layouts. The most common cottage project today is considered to be a 6x6 m house.… This is not only a budget option for a temporary seasonal shelter, but also a small room for a family of 2-3 people. Projects of this type include a two-room ground floor and a one-room attic.
It is important here to balance the layout of the rooms so that all family members feel comfortable. For example, at the top of the house, you can arrange a wardrobe by dividing the space into a small clothing room and a sleeping area.
When designing such a small house, you can slightly reduce the rooms, but increase their number. The main thing in this process is not to turn comfortable suburban housing into a bee hive. On the ground floor, you can equip a combined kitchen-dining room and living area.
There will be an extension with an open veranda and a garage, if the territory allows. In this case, the attic block is completely reserved for residential use.
The next most popular areas for arranging a house with an attic are ready-made projects 6x8, 6x9, sometimes 6 by 10 m. The latter option is already considered a large house with an attic. The main difference between these options from the previous one is the rectangular shape and several meters plus on each of the two long sides. This size is already able to accommodate a family of four.
For example, such a project conveniently accommodates one living room, a kitchen, a living room and a bathroom on the ground floor. An excellent solution here is the entrance hall, from which the staircase goes into the attic. The top is completely reserved for living rooms. There are two of them, of a pleasant size, separated by a hall with a staircase. Such a separate arrangement of steps is convenient for families with small children. And in general you feel much more comfortable when there is no gaping hole in the floor in front of your eyes.
Another common size of houses with an attic is an area of 7x8 m, 7x9 m. Such a ready-made construction project from foam blocks allows imagination to roam, but within the specified framework. It is also acceptable to arrange a large kitchen-dining room on the ground floor, a guest room, a bedroom and a bathroom. The attic floor quietly lies under the master's lounges, an additional bathroom and even a small dressing room. The photo shows the original project of a 7 by 8 m house with an approximate comfortable layout.
House designs 8x8, 8x9 and 8x10 m instill pleasant stability and space… Having almost 80 squares of area, it is not difficult to draw up an individual project for the construction of a foam block house. Here we get not just a full-fledged second floor of an extraordinary shape. Such a house can easily accommodate not only all members of a large family, but also receive their guests. A cozy outdoor terrace will become a pleasant place for evening gatherings over a cup of hot tea or coffee.
Everything that concerns larger sizes can be qualified as large low-rise structures for permanent residence. It is unlikely that someone wants to have a country house 9x9, 9 by 12 and 10x10 m. Mansions 120 sq. m. from foam blocks with an attic floor allow you to equip the original upper floor. Here, a large living room will smoothly transition into an open attic in the shade of tall trees.
It is much more difficult to equip a nest 4 by 5 m. However, professionals cope with this task with a bang. It is convenient to place in such rooms in the bath areas. Since the foam block is resistant to moisture, this option for the development of the scenario of a suburban area pleases its owners. The convenience of this project lies in the fact that it is possible to stay overnight on the attic floor.
Drawings are drawings, but for inspiration I want to see firsthand houses with an attic made of foam blocks in order to come up with my own project, which is not like anything before.
To see the inspirational photos as accurately and clearly as possible, let's start with large areas.
House with an attic made of foam blocks with an area of more than 100 square meters. Roomy, family friendly. What you need for a suburban permanent residence. Non-standard design, delicate pastel colors of cladding and roofs create coziness and tranquility. A small balcony on the attic floor can be used as a place for relaxation and privacy.
A rather bright and stylish example of another relatively large house with an attic of 7 by 9 m. The owners of such a project can afford one bathroom on each floor, as well as 4 bedrooms. From the outside, the house does not look like a detached house, it is painted in a pleasant light shade.
Additional skylights add natural light and warmth and coziness to this floor.
A small house with an attic made of foam blocks and an open terrace looks unusual and elegant, sheathed with PVC siding with building elements made in white. The green metal roof creates a harmonious picture of unity with nature. Such a house can comfortably accommodate a family of three.
Many modern projects are being created with garage extensions. Of course, it is much more convenient to get straight into the house from the garage than to walk down the street. With this addition, you are not afraid of bad weather. This house is designed for a family of 4 people, it has an area of 8x10 m.
Basically, garage structures fit precisely into large houses with foam block attics. In this case, garages are built from the same material.
Among the abundance of free and paid projects for building houses, focus not on the price, but the end result you want to get. Do not forget about an important point: even if you are confident in your abilities, do not neglect the advice of professionals in your field. This is especially true for the issues of roofing, heat and waterproofing, as well as other important points in the construction of a durable and high-quality house from foam blocks. Purchase quality raw materials: this will contribute to the durability of the structure.
For an overview of a foam block house, not like everyone else's, see the next video.