DIY Garage (98 Photos): Construction Features, How To Cheaply Build From Bricks, How To Make A Building Yourself

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DIY Garage (98 Photos): Construction Features, How To Cheaply Build From Bricks, How To Make A Building Yourself
DIY Garage (98 Photos): Construction Features, How To Cheaply Build From Bricks, How To Make A Building Yourself
Video: DIY Garage (98 Photos): Construction Features, How To Cheaply Build From Bricks, How To Make A Building Yourself
Video: How to build a mini garage 2023, February
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In the modern world, every family has its own vehicle, some families can even afford to have several of them. The most common is the car. He becomes a real member of the family, they take care of him, look after him and try to keep him in good conditions. Therefore, many car enthusiasts prefer their own garage to street parking, which serves not only as a home for a car, but also as a storage place for the necessary tools and a station for repairing the "iron horse".

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Important features

Having their own private house or summer cottage, many owners prefer to have a garage nearby for a car. Moreover, you can build it with your own hands, even without having a construction or architectural education.

You just need to study well the materials for creating this simple design, correctly execute the plan-scheme and all preliminary calculations.

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First of all, you need to decide what kind of building you will need to build. The garage can be small, standard sizes for one car, and have a flat shed roof. It can also be transformed from a parking place for a car into a whole complex of useful premises on a personal plot.

So, it can be two-story or with a gable roof, and under it there can be a small cozy attic, which will serve, for example, as a recreation room or a guest room.

It is also possible to equip not just a viewing pit, but a real cellar for storing blanks for the winter, unnecessary things. In such a garage, you can organize a small utility block by installing racks, shelves, a work table and even a sink.

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For owners of two cars or a truck, you just need to increase the parameters of the structure. You can even make separate blocks by building an additional partition. There are many options for building a garage. You just need to decide on the individual needs, desires and material capabilities of the owner.

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Choice of material and design

This issue must be approached with full responsibility. Based on how much funds will be allocated for construction, whether it will be an economy option or a luxurious room, you can start choosing the structure and materials itself.

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In the modern construction market there is a huge variety of different materials, both cheap and expensive. Among them are:

  • brick;
  • sandwich panels;
  • cinder blocks;
  • gas silicate blocks;
  • SIP;
  • concrete slabs;
  • polycarbonate;
  • shield material.
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In the role of auxiliary materials, the following can be used:

  • sleepers;
  • bars;
  • crushed stone;
  • sand;
  • cement.
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Currently, the design of garages can be completely different. The most popular and simple one can be called the usual rectangular structure. Today, the garage of the "pencil case" or "shell" type, popular in Soviet times, is practically a thing of the past. It was possible to install them anywhere, as they were more equated with car awnings.

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These “pencil cases” garages quickly became popular. They had a number of advantages:

  • low price and ease of installation;
  • protection of the car from bad weather and theft;
  • the ability to place next to the house;
  • additional storage space for inventory.

But such a design can hardly be considered a full-fledged home for a car. Therefore, these days, car owners for the most part prefer stronger, more reliable and durable garages.

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Today the following types of garages can be distinguished:

  1. Made of bricks. This is a capital building that will serve for many years. But at the same time, it is the most complex and costly.
  2. From various blocks… It is warm, has less weight than brick, and the material for construction is cheaper.
  3. Made of metal. For its manufacture, professional welding is required. This is a lightweight construction, but such a garage is very cold and must be insulated.
  4. Frame garage… It is easy to build. Any materials available can be used.
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There are even motorists who build an underground garage. It is not visible to others and saves space on the site. It is easy to bring all communications to it directly from home: electricity, heating, water supply, and even sewerage. In addition, it will be possible to get into it directly from home.

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Project

The first and very important stage of construction is the development of the project. Before its approval, it is necessary to determine the place of construction. The garage can be either detached or attached to any building on the site. The main thing is that it is comfortable to use it and it fits into the overall design of the yard.

A detached garage is chosen if, with such an arrangement, it will be more convenient to drive up to it. You can even build it in such a place that the gate will immediately open onto the road.

An attached garage is useful if the main building is close to the outside of the lot. With this arrangement, it even becomes possible to combine communications with the house.

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As for the construction costs, depending on the choice of location, it should be noted that a separate garage will be cheaper, since in the case of an extension, the foundation of an existing building will have to be strengthened, which will inevitably incur additional costs.

When creating a project, it is not necessary to resort to the help of professionals. It is necessary to complete at least the simplest drawing indicating all the dimensions of the planned building. The main thing is that the drawing contains information about:

  • The purpose of the construction. If the garage is designed only for storing a car, its area will be smaller than if it is planned to equip additional places for storing inventory, repairing a car or rest there.
  • The size of the building. They depend primarily on the size and number of cars.
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Having decided on the location, having drawn the project of the capital structure with the planned dimensions, you can begin to calculate the materials and, accordingly, the costs for them.

This stage must be taken extremely responsibly, because errors in calculations can lead to a shortage of materials or, conversely, to unnecessary spending.

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Layout and excavation

In order to transfer the finished project to the area, the following tools will be needed:

  • strong nylon thread;
  • roulette;
  • stakes or parts of reinforcement;
  • big hammer.

With the help of them, you will need to make the same drawing, only on the ground and in full size.

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After that, you can proceed to earthworks. You can dig trenches either manually or with a mini excavator, if available. It is immediately necessary to prepare a place for a viewing hole, if necessary. Its depth should be about two meters, although this figure may vary.

The main thing is to take into account that the optimal depth is 15-20 cm more than a person's height. The width will be enough up to 1 meter. The pit length of about two meters is sufficient for repairing any car.

For the foundation of the future foundation, the optimal trench depth will be from 60 to 100 cm, although it is worth considering the type of soil and climatic conditions. It can be increased if necessary.

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Foundation: options

There is a wide variety of foundations today. But the most common one can be called a monolithic foundation. There are two ways to build it:

  • small stones are laid in a trench, then poured with concrete;
  • reinforcement is installed in the trench and filled with mortar.
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Please note that the foundation must be above ground level. Therefore, formwork is additionally manufactured and installed. Its height will indicate the level of the foundation. Thus, the device of the garage foundation has the following stages:

  1. A stone is laid in a trench in layers, each is poured with concrete.
  2. Formwork is installed around the perimeter. It is made of boards about 10 cm wide, strictly according to the level.
  3. The material for moisture insulation is laid on top. Roofing material is good for this purpose.
  4. Concrete mortar is poured at the level of the formwork and leveled.

It is necessary to wait until the structure is completely dry. This will take about three weeks. Otherwise, the foundation will be short-lived.

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Erection

Quickly, efficiently and for a long time, you can build a garage on your site of brick or expanded clay concrete slabs. The principle of their laying is the same. They differ only in size.

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Walls

After the foundation has dried, you can proceed to laying the walls. Be sure to lay a waterproofing slightly wider than the wall.

Bricks or blocks should be laid according to a scheme in which the elements of the upper row overlap the seams of the lower one. It is better to start construction from the corners. The evenness of the walls is controlled using a level and a plumb line.

It is necessary to take care of the mortar for masonry walls. It must be kneaded at the rate of one bucket of cement for 4.5 buckets of sand. It shouldn't be too liquid. To achieve plasticity of the solution, you can extract half a bucket of clay. This will further prevent delamination.

If there were windows and doors in the project, then an empty space is left under them, respectively, according to the desired dimensions of these structures.

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Roof

There are 2 main types of roofs:

  • single-slope;
  • gable.
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A pitched roof has a simpler design, it is less expensive. But when constructing it, you need to remember that it is necessary to make a slope. Its optimal value is 10-12 degrees. With this value, precipitation does not accumulate and completely disappears from the roof. Probably the only drawback of such a structure is the lack of an attic.

As for the gable roof, it is more complicated in equipment, more expensive due to the need to purchase additional material. On the other hand, you can build an attic or an attic under it.

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If you still build a pitched roof, then you should start from its base. Wooden beams are taken and laid across the structure with an approximate step of one meter. Then they must be sewn up with a wooden bar at least 4 cm thick as tightly as possible.

The next layer is roofing material and insulation. Next, you need to equip and fill the cement screed. As the final topcoat, you can use, for example, aquiazole or rubemax. It is better to build visors on the front and front sides of the roof.

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Gates, windows, doors

It is necessary to install metal-plastic or wooden windows and metal doors into the left openings.

Windows can be made as sash (swing), lifting or deaf at will. Although the latter option is not recommended, as it will not be possible to ventilate the room, and harmful chemicals can accumulate in it. In addition, you can choose the type of glass for modern windows. They can be:

  • patterned;
  • sunscreen;
  • anti-glare;
  • unbreakable;
  • fire-fighting;
  • multi-layered.
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Each type has its own properties, and depending on the needs of the owner, you can choose either an original appearance, or ease of use, or safety. Naturally, the price for such windows will be much higher.

As for the gate, there are also several options here.You can install ordinary double-leaf metal gates, or you can choose a more expensive option and mount roller shutters, which can be manual or electric. The latter option, of course, is the most expensive, and it is better to entrust the installation and configuration of the remote control to professionals. On the other hand, this option is the most prestigious, easy and convenient to operate.

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There are several types of garage doors, depending on their design:

  • Swing. They are inexpensive and consist of two leaves of the canvas, they are easy to make with your own hands.
  • Sectional. They are a sectional sheet, which, when opened, rises to the ceiling using a lifting mechanism.
  • Recoil. Opened by sliding to the side.
  • Roller shutters. They consist of plates that, when opened, fold into a specially made box.
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Also, the gate must meet the following requirements:

  1. to provide unhindered and comfortable check-in and check-out of the car, fully correspond to its dimensions;
  2. be durable and burglar-proof;
  3. provide protection from environmental influences.
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Sealing openings

Openings and crevices must be foamed. This is best done 2/3 of the gap. Once the foam dries, the excess can be trimmed off to give the structure an aesthetic appearance. After that, they can be trimmed with corners made of plastic, metal or wood.

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Parapet

On the roof along the front and side parts, it is recommended to equip a parapet about 20-30 cm in height. It can be made of brick or foam concrete.

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Floor installation and wall insulation

The floor in the garage must be arranged flush or slightly higher than the base. The structure must be strong and durable.

First of all, you need to level the base well. Lay a layer of rubble about 5 cm on it. Then you need to fill the floor with concrete and level it well. The concrete layer will turn out to be impressive, it needs to be allowed to dry well.

The floor in the garage can also be made of concrete slabs, and the space between them can be laid with small stones and cemented.

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Since the garage is used all year round, it is better to immediately insulate its walls. For this, you can use mineral wool or foam. The insulation scheme is simple: a crate is attached to the walls, it is better to apply waterproofing on it. Then blocks of insulation are laid. At the end, sheathing is performed, for example, from drywall, siding or lining.

With such a wall decoration, the garage will turn out to be warm, it will not freeze in the winter. And the car will be in a comfortable environment.

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Roof waterproofing

Waterproofing the roof of the garage is an important stage of construction. How dry the room will turn out will depend on its correct implementation, because the roof will not let moisture through in bad weather or in winter. In the process of waterproofing the roof, every stage is important - from the choice of materials to competent and professional installation.

For its correct implementation, it is necessary to correctly select the materials. They should be:

  • durable - the material must be resistant to stress and environmental influences;
  • elastic - this property should save the waterproofing layer from destruction in case of any deformations;
  • have good water-repellent characteristics - the material should not let through not only the water itself, but also its vapors;
  • heat-resistant - this is important for keeping and maintaining heat in the room.
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There are several types of waterproofing materials on the building materials market:

  1. Membrane systems… The membrane has good properties, it can be used even at strong temperature drops. It is a very durable material. It can last up to 50 years. It can be installed in all weather conditions.
  2. Polymer mastics. They have high strength, reliability and durability.They do not need repair for several decades. Such a coating retains its operational properties even in harsh climates, it is not afraid of either frost or the sun, it does not melt or crack. When applying the mastic, there are no seams, which is an additional protection from external factors.
  3. Film coatings… The special under-roofing film has microperforation. Thanks to micropores, the air is ventilated. The roofing anti-condensation film is made of viscose, which allows it to absorb moisture well. This type of waterproofing is best used when constructing roofs made of metal or corrugated board.
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For waterproofing a pitched roof, liquid rubber and mastic are well suited. It should be noted that waterproofing works are best done in warm sunny weather.

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Finishing work inside and outside

The choice of interior and exterior finishing works is limited only by imagination and finances. Finishing can be minimal, using simple and cheap materials such as cement mix, whitewash or plaster, or it can be spent on it and give the garage a presentable look both outside and inside. Brick walls can be finished with clapboard or siding.

In two-story garages, much attention can be paid to finishing the second floor or attic. It can turn into a full-fledged room if you dream up and give it an original design.

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Finishing the exterior of the garage can be done in various ways:

  • plaster;
  • jointing of seams;
  • finishing with natural stone;
  • facing with sheet materials.
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External wall plastering can be done in different colors. There are various decorative plasters such as terrasite, stone or lime-sand. Stone is the most durable, but when finishing with them, you need to invest a lot of effort and money in the work. They are applied in two to four layers with a total thickness of about 10 cm.

Lime-sand plasters are applied with the addition of a small amount of cement. Mica can be added to terrazzo plaster to give the walls an attractive shine. After the layer of such plaster has dried, it must be wiped off. With the help of jointing, you can give them different shapes and colors.

Layers of stone chips can be applied to the exterior walls of the garage. It must be moistened with water and applied directly to a fresh primer coat.

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The garage can also be decorated by painting it. Before this, the walls must be sanded. After painting with oil paints, varnish can be applied to the walls to give them a shine. The varnish is applied to a dry, clean surface, preferably in two layers.

You can also use nitro paints. They are usually produced ready-made and applied with spray guns. They dry very quickly.

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Interior decoration is also an important element. It not only protects the garage from harmful environmental factors, but also makes it look attractive. It must meet the following requirements:

  • Be non-flammable. Even with a slight ignition, the fire can go to it, this should not be allowed.
  • Be resistant to contact with chemicals.
  • Be unassuming in grooming.
  • Resistant to dirt and damage.
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Plastering the interior walls of the garage today is an economical and simple way of finishing. It is non-flammable, easy to repair and is great for almost any garage design.

Interior decoration can be done using ceramic tiles. It is fireproof, protects against moisture, mechanical damage, chemical attack, easy to clean. With this finish, the garage becomes cozy and presentable. By the way, this type of decoration is best done on walls made of brick or concrete, which are of sufficient thickness.

Another finishing method is plastic sheeting.It is lightweight and economical. PVC panels are fire resistant and water tight. They are easy to install and give the garage a neat look.

The garage ceiling can also be plastered or covered with plastic panels. The material of its cladding may depend on the wishes and preferences of the owner.

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Since there is often not enough light in the garage, you often have to use a power tool or electric heaters, then at the finishing stage it is also necessary to supply electricity to the garage in any convenient way. The garage is usually connected to the electricity supply through a common house automatic machine.

The wiring diagram must necessarily include separate lines for 220 and 380 V. In order to properly equip the building with electricity, it is necessary to draw up a power supply diagram. It takes into account all electrical appliances that will take place in the garage, and their location. These are sockets, lighting fixtures, and heaters.

It is desirable that each line be connected separately, for this it is necessary to use circuit breakers.

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After connecting the power supply, sockets and switches can be installed. Decorative lamps are installed on the walls and ceiling of the garage. If there is a viewing hole, you must not forget about its lighting.

You can install electricity yourself only if you have special knowledge and skills for this, because this is a very difficult and even dangerous task.

It will be easier and safer to entrust this work to qualified professionals. Of course, their work will not be cheap at all, but on the other hand, there will be no need to worry about the result. Experienced electricians will definitely check the quality of all connections after completing the work and give a guarantee for their work.

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Heating selection

But even when the garage is insulated, it is better to additionally equip a heating system in it, especially if it will be used for car repairs. Heating can be of two types - constant and periodic.

Permanent heating is a miniature copy of a home's heating system. It is expensive and troublesome. With this type of heating, it will be necessary to install radiators in the garage and connect them with an additional pipe to the heating system of the house. Gas heating can also be used if there is a gas pipe next to the garage.

Intermittent heating is not difficult to organize. But at the same time, it is not particularly comfortable and convenient. With this type of heating system, garages are equipped with stoves, always with chimneys. You can heat them with any combustible material. But often it is not possible to achieve uniform heating of the room with their help. Such heating devices must be placed as far as possible from combustible objects in order to avoid a fire.

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Therefore, the simplest heating methods are often used in garages - heat flares. They are mobile, do not cause unnecessary trouble and warm up the room well. The heat gun is powered from the mains. They can be placed several in different places if the garage area is impressive.

You can also use the air heating option. It is necessary to build a ventilation duct, select a heat exchanger and a fan. The most efficient way is to direct the hot air from the bottom to the top.

You can also heat the garage using infrared radiation. For this, a heater is bought and connected to the mains. With this method, the heating of the room is achieved within a few minutes. This heating system works even when the garage door is open.

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When choosing heating in a garage, they are most often guided by the following important criteria:

  • ease of maintenance;
  • availability;
  • ease of use;
  • reliability and efficiency.
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Summing up, it should be noted that building a garage is not too difficult, but very responsible.Before starting work, it is necessary to determine the location of the building, because it must be both convenient and safe.

So, for example, it is not recommended to build a garage in the depths of the yard, as this may complicate the unhindered access to it. In addition, it is better to erect it on a flat surface or an elevation, but in no case in a lowland. Groundwater and precipitation can accumulate there, which will lead to a reduction in its life.

It is better to place the building away from the trees in order to avoid their sudden destruction and germination of roots under the foundation.

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You need to think in advance what the design of the garage will be. The choice of building materials, insulation, waterproofing and even finishing, internal and external, will depend on it. It is immediately better to take into account the features of the building, whether it be the presence of a viewing hole or even a cellar, the type of roof.

On a pitched roof, you can build a terrace for relaxation. When choosing a gable, it would be nice to build an attic, an attic or even a full second floor. So you can "kill two birds with one stone" at once: get a reliable home for a personal car and additional living space, for example, to accommodate guests.

It is necessary to correctly draw up a construction project and correctly calculate the required amount of building materials in order to avoid unnecessary expenses.

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When building a garage, you must strictly follow the sequence, norms and rules of construction. Do not neglect constant measurements, control of the level and quality of the materials used.

Depending on the cost of construction, you can choose either a more economical version of the roof, gates and finishes, or, if possible, use innovative technologies when choosing gates, heat and waterproofing, heating and cladding of the building.

It is also possible to partially or completely resort to the help of professionals who can competently mount various elements of the building.

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Particular attention should be paid to the interior and exterior of the garage. They can combine attractive appearance, protection from harmful environmental factors, ease of installation and even safety in operation.

It is imperative to take into account the presence of communications in the room - electricity, water supply and heating. They can both be combined with common buildings and made autonomous.

Thus, building a garage is a slow process, rather laborious and requires a lot of care and responsibility. But if you follow all the standards, rules and regulations, take into account all sorts of factors, then the end result will be of high quality, durable and convenient. Such a garage will not only be a cozy home for a car, comfortable for repair work and storage of all kinds of tools, but will also become a reason for pride and decoration of a personal plot.

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For information on how to build a garage correctly, see the next video.

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