Standard Height Of Ceilings In An Apartment (60 Photos): What Is The Standard In Stalinist Houses And In "Brezhnevka", How To Visually Increase The Space, The Minimum Dimensions Of The Living Space

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Standard Height Of Ceilings In An Apartment (60 Photos): What Is The Standard In Stalinist Houses And In "Brezhnevka", How To Visually Increase The Space, The Minimum Dimensions Of The Living Space
Standard Height Of Ceilings In An Apartment (60 Photos): What Is The Standard In Stalinist Houses And In "Brezhnevka", How To Visually Increase The Space, The Minimum Dimensions Of The Living Space

Video: Standard Height Of Ceilings In An Apartment (60 Photos): What Is The Standard In Stalinist Houses And In "Brezhnevka", How To Visually Increase The Space, The Minimum Dimensions Of The Living Space

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Video: Minimum Ceiling Height Standards For Residential House | How to decide ceiling height of the House 2023, January
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The ceiling is considered one of the main decorative items, therefore the design and layout of the room depends on its height. High walls fill the space with a feeling of comfort and spaciousness, while low walls, on the contrary, make it limited and weighted.

When it is necessary to create a new interior in a room, it is important to pay attention to the dimensions of the ceiling, and already starting from its parameters, select the appropriate finish, lighting system and decor. In addition, today there are many ways through which you can visually raise the structure and make the room spacious and comfortable.

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Features of the

The main indicator when buying an apartment is the height of its ceilings, since it is this that opens up great opportunities for decorating rooms and affects the perception of space. Therefore, when choosing a new home, one should take into account the optimal size of this indicator. They must not only correspond to the height of the people living in the apartment, but also the area of ​​the room.

The height is considered normal if at least 30 cm remains from the outstretched arm of a person to the overlap.For large rooms that combine several functional zones, a height of at least 3.5 m will be comfortable, and 2.8 m is enough for dining rooms and kitchens.

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Recently, many apartments have been installing multi-level false ceilings and underfloor heating systems. This type of installation work makes rooms warm and beautiful, but the height of the room in this case is reduced by 20 cm. Therefore, this finishing option is not suitable for low rooms., for them you need to create individual projects and select an interior that will not depend on the height of the ceilings.

It is also worth noting that this indicator is determined by the homeowners' own preferences, since some of them feel comfortable in a room with a height of 3 m, while others, on the contrary, are satisfied with the minimum size of 2.5 m.

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Standards in accordance with GOST

The standard ceiling height in an apartment is considered a relative parameter, since in practice such a concept as the optimal height is most often used. Its indicators are set in accordance with the requirements of SNIP, in accordance with climatic conditions, safety standards and ergonomics of the living quarters.

According to the regulations, the minimum height must be:

  • in living rooms and in the kitchen - more than 2.5 m;
  • in corridors, hallways and front rooms - more than 2.1 m.
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In addition, the standard is separately determined for the upper and attic floors, which have enclosing and inclined structures in their design. In this case, the area of ​​ceilings cannot be less than 50% of the entire area of ​​the room. A comfortable height will allow you to rationally distribute space and properly equip rooms.

If the layout of the apartment provides for the installation of a boiler room, then the average ceiling height norm is also calculated for it, which is usually 2.2 m. There should be a normal height in non-residential areas of the apartment.

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In houses of different types

In apartments, the ceiling height can be different, as it depends on the building project. Today, on the housing market, you can find houses of both old and new layouts.For example, housing in "Stalinka" is characterized by a large area, rooms are often decorated with beautiful platbands and stucco moldings, and the height of the walls in them reaches from 3.2 to 3.5 m.

It is not easy to carry out new decoration in Stalinist houses, since the partitions in the rooms are made of wood and the electrical wiring is located outside. But if you think about the design well, then you can place hanging structures in the rooms and hide everything.

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No less popular are the "Khrushchevs", which are characterized by a small living area, good sound insulation and high-quality ceilings with a height of 2.5 to 3.2 m. With the change of the era, they were replaced by apartments of a new type - "Brezhnevka", their premises became more spacious, and even the addition of hallways appeared in the project.

Thanks to the height of the rooms, reaching 3 m, homeowners in “Brezhnevka” have the opportunity to build sliding wardrobes, mezzanines and other pieces of furniture into the walls.

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Most of the housing stock is made up of panel houses. The first buildings were built in 5 floors, the ceiling height in them did not exceed 2.5 meters.

Today, you can buy an apartment not only in a panel five-story building, but also in a nine-story building. It is difficult to repair housing with such a layout, since you will not only have to visually raise the ceilings, but also dismantle the partitions.

As for the owners of apartments in panel new buildings, they were lucky, since the height of the ceilings of the rooms has become much higher - from 2.7 meters.

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New-type houses deserve special attention; in their monolithic apartments, designers create a variety of types of layouts, thanks to which housing becomes elite and meets all levels of comfortable living.

There are also economy-class apartments in new buildings, in contrast to the business class, which is characterized by a height of 3 m, in which this figure is equal to 2.7 m.

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In an apartment building, some of the rooms can be located on the attic floor, usually there is space for bedrooms or kitchens. In order to organize the upper floor as much as possible and make it residential, the height of the attic cannot be less than 2.1 m.

Of course, this indicator will not allow the installation of suspended structures, but it is considered sufficient for finishing floors with boards or decorative panels.

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How is it measured?

Before carrying out repairs in an apartment and purchasing furniture, you need to know the height of the rooms, since the choice of finishing material and hull structures will depend on its performance.

In order to correctly take measurements, you should prepare a three-meter tape and perform the following steps:

  • Fix the tape measure on the floor. In this case, it is best to measure the height together, one person will pull the tape measure, and the other will hold it. The other end of the tool must be attached to the ceiling in such a way that it is taut and does not hang down. The number indicated on the mark will be the size of the height.
  • If you can't find helpers, you can measure everything yourself. In this case, instead of a tape measure, a long thread is taken, a weight is attached to its end and measurements are taken. You need to stand on a ladder or stool, unwind the thread and as soon as the load touches the floor covering, it should be cut off. After that, the thread is folded into several equal parts and measured using an ordinary meter or ruler.
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How to visually make the above?

Many people think that owning an apartment with a high ceiling is a great success, since you can translate any design ideas into reality and it is convenient to carry out a modern layout of the space. In fact, this is not the case, too high rooms are difficult to heat, they require a large consumption of finishing and decorative material… Low rooms are ergonomic and comfortable, but if their area is too small, then adjustment is required, thanks to which the lack of height is compensated, and the room will become more spacious and brighter.

You can visually enlarge the ceiling in a room using simple design tricks:

  • Use low furniture for the interior… Modular structures "pressed" to the floor will visually raise the ceiling.
  • Remove unnecessary items from windows and hang curtains in a neutral color. In a private house, it is best to use transparent curtains through which you can enjoy the scenery of nature.
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  • Install built-in lamps… For low ceilings, spotlights are considered ideal, as they do not overload the upper space with unnecessary details.
  • Fill your interior with decorconsisting of vertical stripes. The walls will appear taller and the room will be transformed. As a rule, this option is suitable for bathrooms and narrow spaces.
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  • Curtains are best chosen with patterns. and pattern. The original ornament on textiles will attract attention and make you slowly look up, thanks to this trick, the ceiling height will become invisible. At the same time, it is not recommended to make too wide skirting boards on structures.
  • Arrange all items in the room vertically… The illusion of height will help to create collections of photographs and plates, placed on the shelves to the very top. Such a decorative "track" will look stylish and will perfectly fit into any style.
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Complement the interior with lighting… LED strips around the perimeter of the ceiling, wall lamps and floor lamps evenly distribute the lighting in the room and visually tighten the ceiling

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  • Opt for a multi-level design with a glossy surface… At the same time, texture compositions with a semi-gloss effect, which can be decorated with inserts in the form of diagonal lines, will also look original.
  • Finishing the coating with decorative material, it is advisable to use panels with vertical stripes.
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Helpful design tips

If the height of the ceilings in the apartment exceeds the norm and is more than 3 m, then any design idea can be realized in the design of the rooms. Such rooms are characterized by the absence of an enclosed space, an abundance of air and light. Today, projects of apartments with high ceilings from 3.2 to 3.7 m are very popular., they allow you to create a different interior in the room with bright decorative elements.

Most often, an additional floor is made in such rooms, which serves as an excellent place to relax; a library and a bedroom are also placed in the attics.

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The layout of rooms with high ceilings has its own characteristics, namely:

  • The design should contain massive pieces of furniture, they will harmoniously fill the space. At the same time, it is advisable not to overdo it and visually overload the room with unnecessary details, otherwise the opposite effect will turn out.
  • The loft style is well suited for spacious rooms. This direction is characterized by the absence of spatial boundaries and the rational use of space. Therefore, the finish can be made from various materials. The living quarters with high ceilings, decorated in the Art Nouveau style, look original.

To emphasize the height of the room, partitions are removed in the rooms and storage spaces are hidden.

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The interior needs to be supplemented with elements with complex shapes; instead of interior partitions, install arched structures. Multilevel suspension systems become a real decoration of such rooms, their installation will not affect the size of the room in any way, and the design will acquire special notes of chic

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As for the low rooms, they require a visual expansion of the space.… Therefore, in design, it is necessary to pay attention to the arrangement of the space and free it up as much as possible. It is advisable to finish in light shades, giving preference to beige and pastel shades.

In this case, ceiling structures are not recommended to be made large and consist of many tiers, it is best to install stretch fabrics with a glossy surface or choose hanging compositions of simple shapes.

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Examples of furnishings for any layout

A spacious apartment with high ceilings opens up great opportunities for design creativity, but, unfortunately, not everyone has such housing. Owners of small housing should not be upset, as stylish and beautiful rooms can also be made from small rooms. If the ceilings in the apartment are low, then the zoning of the room will be the right solution.

You can visually divide the space in different ways: hang racks, make decorative partitions or use decorative material in decoration that differs in color and texture. In addition, in such an interior it is necessary to use maximum lighting, giving preference not only to ordinary chandeliers, but also to lamps, floor lamps, built-in lamps.

At the same time, you cannot choose chandeliers with pendants and large lampshades, as they will reduce the ceiling.

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For living rooms that combine a resting place and a study, it is recommended to choose directional luminaires, they will make good lighting, favorably emphasize the beauty of furniture and allow you to comfortably work at the table or read books.

In such living rooms, it is recommended to place only the most necessary pieces of furniture and decorate, avoiding bright colors.

Clothes and things should be placed in built-in wardrobes, they take up a minimum of space and harmoniously fit into any design.

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In addition, in the decor you need to provide for all the little things and give the interior an individual touch. Pictures and family photos are good options for this.

If the owners of the house are very fond of music, then you can also hang musical instruments on the walls. We must not forget about flowers, vases with them look good both on shelves and tables, window sills.

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Particular attention should be paid to the design of the bathroom. Although this room is small in area, it should be not only multifunctional and convenient for taking water procedures, but also equipped with the necessary furniture for storing personal hygiene products.

Bathroom finishes should be done in light shades.that would be combined with cabinets and shelves.

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For many, the kitchen is associated only with cooking and eating, but if it is properly decorated, it will also serve as an excellent place for family tea drinking and relaxation, therefore, in addition to the standard set of kitchen furniture, a small sofa should be installed in the room… Thus, the kitchen will have two zones where you can cook food and chat with your loved ones.

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To fill the kitchen with light, it is necessary to choose light shades for decorating its walls, ceiling and flooring. It is best to place the kitchen set around the perimeter of the room, hiding the corners.

For small kitchens, transforming tables are well suited… They take up a minimum of space and are convenient to use, so when guests arrive, they can easily turn into a dining table.

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Apartments of various sizes have a loggia or balcony. Most of the owners do not pay attention to their design, as a result of which small spaces turn into "junk warehouses". To avoid this, a small table with chairs can be installed on the balcony. You will get a mini-restaurant where it will be pleasant to have breakfast or dinner, enjoying the view of the city.

It is a good idea to plant wicker plants - grapes or ivy - under the balcony. You can also combine the balcony with the living room, and it will be a great continuation of the room. In this case, you can equip a recreation area on it by placing a couch and a coffee table.

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The bedroom is considered a special room in the apartment, which allows you not only to retire, but also to fully relax. Its layout should be convenient and comfortable. For small bedrooms, ceilings with a mirrored surface are suitable; they visually expand the boundaries of the room and give the space an atmosphere of romance. The mirrors next to the bed also look good.

It is not recommended to force the bedroom with massive furniture., for its furnishings, it is enough to choose a beautiful bed, arrange closets next to it and hang several shelves for books or decor items. For decoration, you can use various materials, but inserts made of natural stone and wood look special in the room.

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For information on how to visually raise the ceiling, see the next video.

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