Drywall is widely used. They decorate walls and ceilings, hide flaws, and erect various decorative structures from it. For example, they mount shelves, beating corners, window and doorways.
Consider the features and types of shelf designs.
Features of the
Drywall is a very plastic material. This is a sheet with a base in the form of plastic gypsum, which is pasted over with construction cardboard on both sides. It differs in thickness, it can be wall, ceiling, arched. For shelves, they try to use a material that is more reliable in thickness., although arched are often used (if curly shapes are needed). When heated, the gypsum board is capable of bending.
It is easy to cut and assemble, allowing for a variety of designs. This is especially true if the room does not have the usual rectangular shape.
Outstanding load-bearing columns, ventilation and heating pipes, walls with a step spoil the appearance, cause difficulties with the arrangement of furniture. All this can be hidden under drywall. And so that the useful area is not lost, mount niches or shelves.
Advantages of gypsum plasterboard shelves:
- masking communications;
- backlight compatible with built-in type;
- the cost is lower compared to other materials for the manufacture of shelves;
- long service life;
- resistance to deformation;
- fire resistance;
- environmental friendliness.
There are also disadvantages. Plasterboard shelves cannot withstand severe loads. In this case, two plates are laid at once, or wooden inserts with additional reinforcement are used. It is imperative to erect a frame from a metal profile or wooden slats with their attachment to the wall… Drywall does not have sound insulation.
The presence of shelves around window openings and along walls will not reduce the noise level. GKL structures allow you to save on furniture (shelves, open shelves from other materials, side tables and TV tables). But there is also a drawback to this. To move the structure, dismantling with subsequent repair work will be required.
All drywall shelves can be divided into two main groups: decorative and functional. The former are more often open, have a lightweight frame. They have various decorative elements of the interior (vases, souvenirs, photographs).
Functional shelves are more durable and have sufficient capacity. They are designed for heavy loads, can be closed or open. Often they are erected for a specific purpose, for example, as a stand or a niche for a TV.
The shelves can be subdivided according to their location. Center centers are located in the center of the room. Or the design is a bright accent of the interior, made of an ensemble of various shelves and niches. Products are wall, corner and built-in. The latter are the most convenient… Their placement is especially appropriate in closets, closets, bathroom niches.
Corner shelves are more durable than straight ones. If the wall is strongly curved, has prominent structural elements, you can make a false wall from drywall. So that the usable area does not disappear, you can equip niches with shelves… They can also be decorative or functional.
Looks nice with backlight… The configuration of the shelves can be linear or curly, obeying the general style of the interior of a particular room.
Plasterboard allows you to build structures of various shapes. The shelves themselves can be of any shape (even asymmetrical and inclined).Everything is limited by the space of the room and the designer's imagination. Often, gypsum boards are used to create built-in wardrobes and walls. This allows you to build a structure that will replace the furniture wall.
Such furniture has its advantages:
- The size and number of shelves can be determined independently, taking into account the dimensions of the existing equipment.
- You can bring sockets and lights.
- There is no need to waste time looking for a suitable furniture wall or slide, which can be more expensive than construction materials.
On the other hand, drywall shelves cannot be moved or sold like furniture. In contrast to pedestals, TV structures using gypsum plasterboard shelves are more functional. You can additionally mount wall or spotlights, LED lamps and strips.
The backlight looks nice and is functional:
- additional lighting is created;
- with the help of light, you can zone the space;
- in the absence of main lighting, cozy illuminated islands are formed.
It is not always possible to find a suitable corner rack. This problem is perfectly solved by drywall shelves. In this case, you can adjust their size and shape. Open shelves do not reduce the space of the room, organically blending into the interior. Plasterboard shelves for books require special attention. Printed products weigh a lot, bookshelves must take into account the increased load… Since the gypsum board is not as strong as wood, the shelves themselves should not be large. They are designed for a maximum of 10 books.
If the premises of the house are multifunctional, for example, it is an open plan or a combination of rooms (bedroom and living room, kitchen and dining room), from drywall, you can build zoning partitions with through shelves… This will allow you to delimit the space. The shelves can be used for storage or decorated with decorative vases. This option is also relevant for studio apartments.
You can make shelves from gypsum plasterboard around window and doorways. Near the window, you can organize a podium with a storage niche. When installing, you need to take into account the weight of a person, do not forget about the located batteries… If ventilated grilles are not installed, the room will be poorly heated during the cold period. Shelves can be located from the opening to the wall or in the form of narrow pencil cases to the ceiling. Above the doors, you can organize a mezzanine on which to place voluminous, but light objects.
The shelves do not need to be wide. You can place a lot of useful little things on them. If there is a desktop near the window, the shelves from the gypsum board will replace the rack and cabinet. With them, you can organize a comfortable workplace.
Communications can be hidden in a drywall box. If these are heating pipes, it is necessary to install ventilation grilles.… Several small decorative shelves can be placed on the outside.
If it is a drain pipe in a sanitary room, you can make an interesting pencil case… This is how it will look externally. Inside, it should be spacious enough: you can hide mops and brushes near the pipe, mount several narrow shelves for household chemicals.
A similar technique can be applied to the bathroom, making a box with shelves and niches.
Scope of application
Plasterboard shelves can be installed in any room. However, its moisture content must be taken into account.
GKL does not like water and condensation, therefore, for rooms with high humidity (bathroom or kitchen), it is better to use a moisture-resistant material.
- In the living room most often, central structures are erected to the entire wall. It is convenient to organize niches in them for the TV, which is usually placed in the hall.
- Also, decorative structures are often erected in the children's roomto separate the play, sleeping and study areas. This is especially true if two children share a room.
- In the kitchen usually place open shelves from gypsum plasterboard.They must be reinforced as the dishes are heavy.
- In the bathroom and toilet because of the limited space, it is difficult to find racks and cabinets. It is easier to solve the issue of organizing space with the help of structures made of moisture-resistant gypsum board.
- In the hallway and corridors most often they have closed multifunctional shelves. You can mount mezzanines.
- In the bedroom any solutions are possible. Shelves can be exclusively decorative or functional. Much depends on the area and dimensions of the furniture.
The construction of any structure begins with the creation of a sketch, which is a view of the shelf after installation. It is important to think over the appearance of the shelves, functionality, calculate the size and weight load. The size and type of drywall affects the development of the appearance of the future structure. For instance, for curved execution, a flexible arched gypsum board is used.
If a large load is planned on the shelves, then 2 sheets of material will have to be laid. Additional reinforcing elements may be required. If the thickness of the GLK is more than 12 mm, a reinforced frame will be required, since the sheets weigh a lot.
If the shelves are purely decorative, you can take material with a thickness of 6.5 and 9.5 mm. The standard width of drywall is 1.2 m, the length can vary up to 3-4 m.
If the shelves are planned to be long (more than 1 m), vertical lintels are recommended. Longer shelves may not support the load. If they are exclusively decorative and not wide, you can do without jumpers. The front and side parts of the structure can be finished with arched plasterboard. It's cheaper. It will not affect the strength of the structure, but it will save money. Concave shelves, which are erected from arched gypsum board, look interesting.
For work you will need:
- construction knife;
- square, ruler;
- scissors for metal;
- metal profile;
- frame suspensions;
- self-tapping screws or liquid nails.
For finishing you need:
- starting and finishing putties;
- putty knife;
- fine sandpaper;
- corners or mounting tape for ends.
Installation begins with the construction of a frame made of a metal profile, which is attached to the wall with dowel-nails.
If the design is simple, wooden slats can be used. Where the load is planned, the frame is reinforced.
The next step is to lay the backlight, if it is planned. All wires are hidden in a plastic corrugated box. After that, drywall is attached to self-tapping screws or liquid nails. The structure is ready, you can proceed to finishing.
How to decorate?
Finishing work is quite simple, you can do it yourself. The difficulty lies in finishing the end edges. The material may crack in the future and begin to crumble. To avoid this, the joints and ends of the sheets are trimmed with aluminum and plastic corners.. Semicircular models can be trimmed with mounting tape… It is better not to save on it, you need to close everything up carefully.
The joints can be reinforced with a reinforcing mesh. It is glued in fragments from above. The caps of the self-tapping screws should not stick out, they are sealed with a starting putty. After processing the joints and ends, a finishing putty is applied to the entire structure.
It will take at least a day to dry completely. After that, the material must be sanded, for example, using fine emery paper.
Plasterboard can be decorated with almost any decorative material. It can be wallpaper, plaster, various types of paints. The structure can be finished with the same material as the walls. Then the shelves will look like part of the wall. You can highlight them with material and color to make them a bright accent in the interior, visually divide or adjust the space.
If you plan to paint the structure with colored paint, it is recommended to make the niche lighter… It will be shaded anyway.To do this, you can dilute some of the paint from the white of the same brand. Alternatively, you can decorate individual shelves or structural elements. For decoration, it is worth using stone, mirrors, colored glass or plastic, imitation of stained glass and much more.
Heavy decorative elements must not be used.
The choice of material for decorative finishing can be approached from a practical point of view. A lot depends on the frequency of cleaning. If the shelves are covered with wallpaper, they can quickly deteriorate.… In this case, the outer vertical surfaces can be pasted over with wallpaper to match the walls, and the horizontal shelves can be painted.
If the shelves are exclusively decorative, they will have to be infrequently cleaned with a vacuum cleaner or a special brush, they can be completely pasted over.
If you want to make shelves in the kitchen or in the bathroom, materials for decorative finishes should be chosen more practical, resistant to moisture and dirt.
For example, you can paint them with paint. You can choose a practical color.
For information on how to make drywall shelves in the bathroom, see the next video.
Beautiful examples in the interior
Finally, you can refer to examples showing the harmonious combination of drywall shelves with the general concept of interior stylistics.