Many owners of private households and summer cottages opt for the construction of a bathhouse measuring 3 by 6 meters. As a rule, this is due to the saving of space on a small plot of land.
But even such, it would seem, a very small bathhouse, with the correct layout and competent organization of the internal space, is able to provide a person with everything he needs to carry out hygienic procedures, get physical relief and complete relaxation.
Advantages and disadvantages
The layout of a 6x3 m bathhouse has a number of features that everyone who decides to acquire a compact bathhouse on their territory will have to reckon with.
The main advantages of such a building include the following points:
- such a building will not take up much space - it can be easily placed even on a small area;
- small neat buildings fit much more easily into the general atmosphere of personal plots, without obscuring the beautiful landscape with their appearance;
- small log cabins are several times cheaper (such budget savings in the construction industry in our difficult times is one of the most important parameters), and the saved funds can always be used to improve the quality and internal design of the facility;
- the size of 3x6 m is optimal for the simplicity of maintenance and maintenance of the bath; to heat such a small area, a minimum amount of fuel is required.
The only disadvantage of the 6 by 3 m baths is the small size of the steam room, which will cause significant inconvenience to those who like to steam in a large and noisy company. But for people who value peace and solitude, this disadvantage turns into a big plus.
By the way, insufficient space can be compensated by building a small bathhouse on two floors, having placed on the second level rooms for guests who can unexpectedly come to visit you in the midst of the summer season.
The correct placement of the bathhouse on the site is one of the most important points in the overall layout of this facility.
It should be remembered that it is strictly forbidden to attach a bathhouse to a residential building, despite the fact that many find it very convenient. This strict limitation is due to considerations of the fire safety of the main dwelling.
According to the building rules, the bathhouse should be located at least ten meters from a residential building and five meters from all other structures on the site, including fences at the border of the territory.
So, the total area of a 3x6 m bathhouse inside is approximately 22 m², where the usable area will be about 17 m². In such a bath, no more than four people can be accommodated at the same time. One of the most convenient layouts can be this option.
Considering the presented plan, we see that the room is divided into zones such as:
- steam room;
- utility room.
A utility room under the same roof with a sauna will save you from the need to build an additional building on your site for storing fuel, and, among other things, with this method of storage, firewood will always remain dry, regardless of weather conditions. With this layout, in the recreation room, the area of which is just over 5 m², it will be easy to put a sofa or armchairs for relaxation, a table, all kinds of bath accessories and accessories.
In addition, an additional partition or screen for the changing room can be made in the recreation room. In the steam room, you can install one or more benches, depending on how many people will visit the bath at the same time.
On request, it will be possible to attach a small summer veranda or a shed outside. Such a terrace will be able to additionally protect the main building from excessive snow ingress in winter, and on hot summer evenings it will be a great place to relax for the whole family.
Despite the many trends in the design of modern baths, the most popular is still the traditional decoration in the Russian style with ordinary benches in the steam room and traditional items of bath utensils.
In the classic version, the Russian bath has three main zones:
- dressing room or dressing room;
- washing compartment;
- steam room.
In this case, the washing room and the steam room can be combined, and the dressing room is divided into a rest room and a separate dressing room.
Choosing an antique design for decoration, you can bring wooden utensils (ladles, tubs, tubs) into the interior of your bath, purchase bath furniture with carvings or forging elements, decorate the walls and ceiling with bunches of brooms and fragrant herbs. Textile accessories can be weaving and embroidery.
For those who want to use modern finishing materials such as ceramic tiles or chrome faucets in the design of a Russian bath, remember that all elements must be in harmony with the overall design line. remember, that it is imperative to find the best combination of simplicity and modern design elements to bring a casual touch of tastelessness to the interior.
Lighting is also important: it should be warm and muted, emphasizing the intimacy and tranquility of the atmosphere - first of all, this rule applies to lighting in the steam room. To diffuse bright light, you can use special filters.
Remember that all power supplies, including wiring and switches, must be protected from moisture as much as possible.
The materials with which the interior decoration will be made must meet certain requirements:
- be durable and have a long service life;
- have good resistance to changes in temperature and humidity;
- be environmentally friendly, namely, do not contain toxic substances that can be released when heated;
- be hypoallergenic and safe, unable to burn or injure people;
- easy to treat with detergents;
- have an aesthetic and pleasant appearance.
For all these parameters, natural wood is ideal for interior decoration of a bath - it remains to choose a certain type of wood for each separate zone.
So, for the design of the walls in the steam room, as well as for the manufacture of benches, couches and related bath utensils, it is best to choose deciduous trees … Such wood does not heat up to high temperatures, there are no resins in it, it dries quickly, which prevents the formation of fungus and rot. Linden, alder or aspen are perfect for this purpose.
Linden has a light, delicate texture, pleasant to the touch, it does not darken from time to time, and when heated, it spreads a very delicate aroma around it. Aspen has a special strength: it is least susceptible to crumbling and deformation. Alder has excellent bactericidal properties, it is also pleasant to the touch, resistant to temperature extremes and condensation.
Larch is ideal for flooring in a steam room. Remember that all pieces of furniture and utensils that are supposed to be used in the steam room should not have sharp and protruding corners - it is better if they have rounded and smoothed shapes.
For finishing the dressing room, on the contrary, it is better to use coniferous wood, such as spruce or pine. Since this room usually does not get very hot, the smell of needles emitted under the influence of moderate heat will fill the room with a pleasant aroma, which, among other things, has bactericidal properties and the ability to increase human immunity. This property contributes to the resistance of the human body to infectious diseases.
Pine is quite durable and has a beautiful structure. In addition, the relatively low cost of pine finishing materials makes them the most popular for facing dressing rooms and rest rooms in modern saunas. Spruce or fir finishes will have a lighter shade and a stronger structure that will not crack after the structure has completely dried and shrunk. Wherein fir board, unlike spruce and pine, practically does not emit resin … For those who do not like the coniferous smell, you can advise birch for finishing.
For finishing the sink, the best option would be to use tiles., since it tolerates unlimited contact with water better than wood. In addition, it is completely not subject to decay, it is much easier to care for it. In order not to disturb the harmony in the design, you can choose a tile with a pattern that imitates a tree.
The main rule that should be strictly remembered when designing a bath is that the bath is a place of rest and complete relaxation of the body, therefore, the design should not contain any annoying accessories and dynamic forms in the furnishings.
For information on how to decorate the bath from the inside, see the next video.