You have built a bathhouse and are now ready to start finishing. This is the most exciting part of building your own sauna, here you can give free rein to your imagination or embody spectacular examples from practice. The following tasks arise: to select the material so that it is safe for health and aesthetically attractive; find out what techniques are there to create a stylish interior; try to keep within the estimate, and, perhaps, do some of the work with your own hands.
Let's try to find answers to these questions and get acquainted with the recommendations of the professionals.
Features of the
The sauna room has its own characteristics related to temperature and humidity conditions. A modern sauna usually includes several rooms: a steam room, a shower or washroom, a relaxation room or a dressing room with a dressing room. The set of premises can vary: a swimming pool, billiard room, a room for spa treatments are added here … Or decrease depending on the area: the rest room is combined with a shower room; for a home sauna, it is enough to have only one room - a steam room and shower bars in the bathroom.
All rooms differ in the characteristics of the indoor environment and require different finishes. The heart of the sauna is the steam room, where high temperatures and high humidity prevail. A person in this atmosphere completely relaxes, the heat penetrates deep into the pores, and the healing process begins. The cladding must be safe, free from harmful impurities, which can begin to be released under the influence of steam, and ideally, beneficial resins and ester compounds should be released.
The material is selected strong, durable, with a smooth surface, non-slip, not deforming from heat and moisture, resistant to the formation of fungus. It can be natural wood for wall cladding, ceiling, floor and heat-resistant bricks, natural stone or tiles for facing the heater.
The shower or washroom is very humid. Requires a cladding with good moisture resistance and durability, resistant to mold and mildew, with an anti-slip effect and decorative qualities … These qualities are met by tile or ceramic tiles, natural or artificial decorative stone, plastic PVC panels.
The lounge has a typical living environment, so any type of finish can be used here, from wallpaper to natural wood or wall paint. An exception is the combination of a rest room with a shower and a pool, in this case moisture-resistant materials come to the fore.
The main requirement for materials for the interior lining of the sauna is moisture resistance, therefore, at all stages of work, it is necessary to follow the waterproofing technology for a long service life.
The second task is to maintain the required temperature regime, the quality of bath procedures depends on this, therefore, insulation and the use of heat-resistant types of cladding are of particular importance. It is advisable to separate each room from each other with protective partitions, and the steam room is completely insulated to maintain the required heat and humidity.
In the steam room, special requirements are imposed on the door structures, they must have a snug fit, be made of wood or tempered glass, open outward so that a person can quickly and easily get out into the fresh air.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each finishing material, let us consider in more detail. The bathhouse itself can be built of bricks, concrete, logs or beams. In each case, the cladding installation technology has its own differences.
The walls of a sauna made entirely of logs or beams are almost does not require interior decoration if the frame is made of cedar, larch, aspen or linden … These durable wood species have excellent moisture resistance, frost resistance, are distinguished by a pleasant light wood color, essential oils of these species have a healing effect.
The more affordable pine has a beautiful knotty wood relief pattern, but the porous structure of the fibers absorbs moisture, deforms and cracks when it dries, and the resin forms ugly smudges on the walls from heating.
A pine steam room must be sheathed with other types of wood.
The walls of the steam room require cladding for walls made of bricks, foam blocks and aerated concrete. For this, use linden, it retains heat perfectly, does not get very hot and does not burn when touched. Linden releases twice as much nutrients as other trees. Essential compounds of linden have a healing effect and are anti-allergenic. Aspen has similar properties, and due to its softness, it is easy to process. From coniferous finishing species of wood cedar and larch are in the first place.
The most valuable finishing tree is African oak - abash … A beautiful pinkish wood shade, excellent performance, but also a reasonable price. With a limited budget, you can make steaming shelves out of abash, they do not heat up and are very pleasant to the touch.
Lumber for wall cladding comes in the form of a lath, lining, block house, edged board and unedged board. The technology provides for the following stages: a film for waterproofing is attached to the wall using a construction stapler, a crate is made, if necessary, insulation is laid, followed by a layer of foil-clad material, lining is sewn on top.
The scheme of wall cladding with natural wood is quite simple to do it yourself.
Brick or block walls in the shower room after waterproofing and insulation measures are plastered and revetted with tiles or stone on moisture-resistant glue. To save money, lay out with tiles or stone only a small area directly around the shower, and the rest of the walls are sewn up with plastic panels.
For sheathing with PVC panels, you will need to make a crate from a metal profile. Wooden beams are undesirable due to low moisture resistance.
The presence of a pool will require significant costs for hydraulic and finishing work, this will require the consultation of a specialist and the involvement of a master tiler.
Wall tiles are selected according to the aesthetic preferences of the sauna owner. Manufacturers offer a wide range of various decor, it is better to choose a combination of tiles from one collection so that the nuances of the color palette are kept in the same style. It is preferable to use porcelain stoneware on the floor., it is more expensive, but has the strength and durability of natural stone, and due to the polymers in the composition it surpasses in resistance to moisture and mechanical stress.
For flooring, embossed and matte tiles are preferable, they are less slippery. Modern tiles imitate any texture, which is convenient for the implementation of style design solutions.
It is enough to cover the log walls in the rest room with an antiseptic, oil or wax. In concrete or brick structures, the walls are sheathed with natural wood or plastic panels. Decorating the walls with plastic has many advantages: it is durable, decorative, a wide palette of patterns and colors is available for sale, it is hygienic, it is easy to care for plastic and keep it clean.
Facing with imitation of a block house with modern technologies creates a complete illusion of a natural finish.
The walls of the rest room can be simply plastered and painted with moisture-resistant paint.… For year-round use of the sauna, the walls in front of the plaster must be insulated. A putty is applied to the plaster layer and the surface is sanded. The paint is selected for the interior, of a suitable shade.
Another option is wallpapering. Wallpaper is better to choose washable.
The ceilings in the steam room are sheathed with natural wood, in the washroom with plastic ceiling panels. Be sure to lay a layer of vapor barrier. A crate is made of a bar or a metal profile. To organize the lighting, the suspended ceiling is lowered to the height of the base of the lighting fixtures, and the wiring is also placed there.
The floor in the steam room and shower room is made with a slope for water drainage. Larch or oak boards are laid on the rough floor. Tile flooring is a good option. This floor is easy to keep clean. The tiles are selected with an anti-slip coating … And in the steam room, mats made of wooden lattice are arranged, which are lifted and dried after each use.
The break room floors can also be tiled, but wooden planks are preferred.… The rest room has a universal purpose, so linoleum can be used here.
Let us dwell separately on the facing of the furnaces. The stove is made of brick or stone, the chimney is made of the same materials or metal. When purchasing a ready-made metal stove, it must be insulated from the walls with brickwork or facing tiles in order to comply with fire safety … A special stone for facing is selected, which, when heated, will contribute to the creation of a healthy atmosphere in the room.
Experts recommend purchasing an inexpensive serpentine or serpentine, a beautiful greenish stone with marble veins, it helps with headaches, colds, respiratory diseases. Talcochlorite keeps warm for a long time, has a pleasant and attractive texture, it is pleasant to walk on it barefoot. Talcochlorite enhances immunity, improves mood. Does not crack, does not melt. One of the most durable stones.
Jade - an elite semi-precious stone. This is a very effective and expensive finish, compensated by a beneficial effect on the body, absorbs excess radiation, and kills microbes.
Pink, red and black Himalayan salt has become very popular in sauna decoration.… Salt ionizes the air and makes its composition close to the sea, removes toxins from the body. For decoration, blocks or tiles made of salt are used, they have a layered translucent structure, when organizing the backlighting, they create luminous walls that are spectacular in decorativeness.
In a private house or apartment, dry steam saunas are installed in the bathroom. These cabins are fully equipped with detailed assembly instructions. The customer independently carries out the installation and installation or invites the company's specialists.
Style and design
Creating an interior inside a bath is a very exciting process. A sauna decorated with your own hands and to your liking will become a place of attraction for households and guests of the house. Favorite and popular trend of bath design in decoration is Russian style. Log walls decorated with carvings and objects of peasant life will ideally fit into the rural setting … Strong wooden doors with antique-styled hinges will keep the steam room hot, and carved window frames add national flavor.
The stove is the energy center of the sauna. Modern manufacturers offer stoves of various designs for any type of fuel. The design of the stove in the Russian style involves cladding with tiles.… Tiles with tiles will increase fire safety and give the bath a touch of regal antiquity.
Inexpensive and effective unedged boarding is available for DIY. The board is cleaned of bark, sanded and attached to the lathing so that the uneven side edges form wavy lines with natural knot protrusions. The vertical arrangement of the boards will visually raise the ceiling, the horizontal arrangement will visually expand the room.
For decorative purposes, you can burn the boards, this will increase the moisture resistance and add brutality to the interior of the sauna.
However, for a steam room with a lack of natural light, it is better to use light colors of natural wood.
Chalet style is currently at the height of fashion. The squat structure on the shore of the reservoir organically fits into the surrounding landscape. The rest room must have a real fireplace or a decorative portal … Large, often panoramic windows allow you to admire the beautiful landscape. Simple log walls are decorated with hunting trophies or paintings of hunting subjects.
Connoisseurs of bath procedures will equip the sauna in the Japanese style. For individual use, a distinction is made between the furako and ofuro baths.
Sauna furaco is a wooden hot tub divided into two halves, one filled with water and equipped with seating, the other half of the barrel is equipped with a built-in stove that heats the water up to 45 degrees.
Such a water sauna takes up little space, is completely made of natural wood, and has a deep cleansing effect on a person.
Sauna ofuro - these are wooden boxes filled with moistened sawdust with valuable species of wood, which are heated from below by electric heating elements. It is enough for a person to lie in such a container for 20 minutes to deeply cleanse the body of toxins.
It is easy to make a sauna yourself and fill the box with linden and cedar sawdust mixed with medicinal herbs. The interior of the Japanese sauna is characterized by rigor and harmony.
The modern design of the sauna implies simplicity of geometric shapes and manufacturability. Advanced ventilation systems, stove designs, a high level of engineering systems are compensated by laconic design and natural light.
Minimalism in a small space fits everything you need without cluttering the space with accessories and walls.
Fashionable design direction - loft, where the common interior space integrates the steam room into the living environment of the house. The glass partitions of the sauna blur the boundaries between the zones, making it an element of the overall interior of the apartment. Brick walls or concrete walls, muted colors, advanced hardware, glass, metal and the living warmth of natural wood go well together in a loft style.
Shine of metal, gloss of ceramics, stylized decorative stone, chrome surfaces, stylish illuminated ceiling grilles give high-tech interior swiftness and sharpness. Everything here is as convenient as possible and reminds of space technologies, while being aesthetically exquisite and stylish.
The slatted sheathing creates smooth transitions of levels from floor to ceiling, visually makes the sauna volumetric and large.
LED lighting and illuminated Himalayan salt inserts add sophistication to the simple interior of the steam room.
The use of different colors of wood and directions of laying the laths beautifully models the space.
For information on how to finish the sauna, see the next video.