Lining For A Sauna: Which Is Better - Linden Or Canadian Cedar, Finishes, Moisture Between The Insulation And The Lining, How To Sheathe - Vertically Or Horizontally

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Lining For A Sauna: Which Is Better - Linden Or Canadian Cedar, Finishes, Moisture Between The Insulation And The Lining, How To Sheathe - Vertically Or Horizontally
Lining For A Sauna: Which Is Better - Linden Or Canadian Cedar, Finishes, Moisture Between The Insulation And The Lining, How To Sheathe - Vertically Or Horizontally

Video: Lining For A Sauna: Which Is Better - Linden Or Canadian Cedar, Finishes, Moisture Between The Insulation And The Lining, How To Sheathe - Vertically Or Horizontally

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Video: Karava – How to panel a sauna (EN) 2023, January
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When choosing a cladding material for finishing a sauna, many people prefer clapboard. However, the choice of a profile is not so simple, since not all varieties are suitable for this, and in addition, you need to know other nuances so that a feeling of discomfort is not created inside the room.

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Features of the

Lining is a wood profile that can have different shapes and widths. It is characterized by a tongue-and-groove connection and can be made of different types of solid wood. The problem of choice may lie in the selection of the right breed, since not only aesthetic components (texture, shade) are important, but also functionality. The price, of course, can play a decisive role, but it is important to understand that all varieties are different.

Products from some breeds have a healing effect., which manifests itself when the skin interacts with high temperature and steam. One of the features of the material is a high degree of drying. In addition, the lining does not need additional finishing costs, since during the production process it is impregnated with special compounds.

The profile is environmentally friendly. It is made of solid wood and is not supplemented with artificial turf. Therefore, it does not have any harmful substances for human health and can be used in a sauna. Surface finishing with clapboard is performed after the end of construction work. This is a whole list of works for which it is important to choose the right material.

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Today, all varieties are divided into 2 types: ordinary and euro lining. Each type is subject to regulations and application restrictions. At the same time, the lining is diverse in appearance: it can be flat, convex, with or without chamfers. Regardless of the thickness of the board, it lends itself well to cutting, so even a beginner can work with it.

The lining is also convenient in that it allows you to mask communications and unevenness of the base. In addition, it is a good sound insulation, since it is able to absorb sound waves. It is a finishing material that helps to retain heat. He can indicate the chosen idea of ​​stylistics and hint at the status of the owners of the house.

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Surfaces can be sheathed in different ways. Walls can be finished horizontally, vertically, and also by mixing the direction of the profile. For example, vertical stripes of the lining against the background of horizontal ones will allow you to zone the sauna space. However, when choosing, it is worth considering the footage of a particular room, so as not to visually break it up with an abundance of vertical or horizontal lines. Lining can visually reduce the height and width of the walls, so the choice of width is just as important as the breed.

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Profile types

So that the modern buyer can bring any project to life, his attention is offered profiles of different shapes and sizes.

Today they can be divided into 6 types

  • Traditional. This profile is an outwardly flat board, which has a chamfer on the face for joining. It can be straight (angular) or rounded.
  • Calm. Such lining allows you to perform seamless technology and has a thickness of up to 2.5 cm, called "peasant", "Russian", "simple", suitable for design with imitation of a bar.
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  • Landhouse. An elite variety, made using a special technology, and therefore expensive lining in comparison with other analogues. Outwardly differs from others in the presence of a pattern in the form of knots cut along the line.
  • Block house. An analogue of a landhouse, which allows you to create an imitation of a timber by means of cladding, since it has a rounded front side. It is expensive, attractive and durable.
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  • American. This profile differs from previous boards by the presence of a smooth transition between the bevel and the tenon, which allows the sheathing to look like a siding for internal wall cladding.
  • Bilateral. This lining has 2 front sides and a small thickness, which allows it to be used for cladding not only walls, but also partitions, without weighing them down.
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Knowing the type of profile, the buyer must take into account one more important aspect: each type has a classification. These are 4 quality classes: extra, A, B, C. The differences between them are visible externally. For example, top-class lining does not have knots, roughness and irregularities. It is polished flawlessly, while Class C slats are often of poor quality, with a wormhole, rottenness and blueness. These products are not suitable for sauna furnishings.

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Which is better?

Today, the sauna can be sheathed with clapboard of different types of trees. It is important to consider: it is better to buy top-class products for the sauna room. For the dressing room and other premises, you can buy raw materials of the 1st or 2nd class. A poor quality knotted profile can lead to resin build-up. You should not start from the budget price, since in this case it is important that the material meets safety standards and is resistant to decay.

It is worth paying attention to several rules right away

  • You can not use pine lining for cladding. When heated, it releases a gum that can burn users.
  • Cedar, linden and larch have a healing effect. If they are in the store, you should choose between them.
  • It is undesirable to sheathe both the sauna and the dressing room with the same material. This will make the interior boring and heavy.
  • Between the lining and the eurolining, it is worth giving preference to the euro option. They use better quality raw materials with precise geometry and a deeper groove.
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Breed selection

Today, for finishing a sauna, they often buy lining of 6 different types of trees. At the same time, in addition to its advantages, any profile has disadvantages that you need to know when buying a sheathing material for specific operating conditions.

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Linden

This is one of the best types of lining, used for cladding steam rooms for many centuries. This profile is characterized by low thermal conductivity. It heats up, however, it does not burn, even if the room temperature is high. Due to the essential resins, the sauna will be filled with a pleasant aroma.

This lining has a pleasant light shade and healing properties, it soothes the nervous system. However, at a low cost, the profile is prone to rotting. It is possible that the cladding will need to be replaced soon. In addition, linden lining attracts pests, so it will have to be constantly treated with special impregnations.

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Aspen

No less popular profile for sauna cladding. Compared to linden, aspen lining is harder and more resistant to high temperatures inside the sauna. It is not susceptible to cracking and drying out. The material has a pleasant beige tint. This lining has essential oils, which are less than in lime counterparts.

However, the aroma of such a profile, emitted when heated, is quite specific., it tastes bitter, so not everyone likes it. Another disadvantage is the tendency of aspen to rot in conditions of constant dampness. In addition, this is the case when the choice must be especially careful, since the presence of knots or resin pockets will certainly lead to burns when touching the surface of the sheathing. The cost of products is similar to fake options.

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Alder

This upholstery material is called "the king's tree", it is distinguished by a pinkish tint and an interesting small pattern. Due to the antibacterial properties, mold or mildew will never appear on such a lining.It does not rot, which makes it more durable than its linden and aspen counterparts. Thanks to its healing qualities, it has a beneficial effect on the body.

When heated, this profile releases the pleasant aroma of cognac into the air. In addition, it is characterized by low thermal conductivity, therefore, when using such rails, burns from touching them are impossible. Solid wood does not absorb water, which contributes to a longer service life. The disadvantages of the profile are softness and high price.

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Cedar

This type of decoration is made from Canadian, Siberian and Altai mountain cedar. The price of boards depends on the variety of raw materials, while its range is very wide. Cedar lining is resistant to constant dampness. It is durable, has a pleasant pine scent.

The use of such material in a sauna will contribute to a beneficial effect on the body., since this lining is effective against the cardiovascular system. It is bactericidal, has a minimum percentage of resin in the structure compared to spruce or pine, so it will not burn users with resin.

However, with all its advantages, strength and excellent appearance, it costs much more than any analogues. In addition, low grades of this profile, due to the presence of pockets and knots, can emit hot resin when heated.

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Abash

This profile is a product of exotic wood and is distinguished by its porous structure. It is due to the porosity that this lining is characterized by low thermal conductivity, it does not heat up. The material has a pleasant shade, which in different varieties of tropical wood can be light (lemon, milky or even warm white) or dark (chocolate). The color change is achieved through heat treatment.

Due to the high strength, it is possible not only to sheathe the walls and ceiling with such a profile. Abash is good for finishing furniture and sauna benches, it is resistant to deformation and does not shrink. However, unlike other analogues, apache has no smell, which is fundamental for many sheathing materials for finishing saunas. In addition, exotic lining is much more expensive than other analogues.

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Hemlock

This profile is made from an exotic evergreen massif that grows along the Pacific coast, as well as in the mountains of Canada. This lining has a light beige tint, it is durable, because it is highly resistant to moisture. Its service life can be calculated in decades and reaches 100 years.

This board has antibacterial properties. It is durable, so it is difficult to damage it mechanically. Unlike other tree species, it does not emit resin, which excludes burning with resin. Additional advantages are the healing qualities and pleasant aroma: Hemlock esters and oils are used in medicine and perfumery. The disadvantage is the high price of the profile.

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What else to consider?

The lining is fixed to the lathing, which is the basis and is necessary to hold the entire structure. The board should be well dried to reduce resin build-up. However, the softness of the board may cause disassembly. For example, linden trim can leave dents after mechanical shock.

So that moisture does not linger in the grooves, it is better to fix it vertically, filling the space between the crate and the base with insulation. To prevent moisture from showing through, it is necessary to lay a waterproofing film. This is done with an overlap with a construction stapler and aluminum foil.

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You will learn about the installation of the lining in the sauna in the next video.

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