Lining is quite often used in interior decoration. It is inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and has an attractive appearance. But from time to time it may be necessary to paint the lining in different colors. In what cases such a need arises and what materials are best suited for this, we will tell you in this article.
Types of lining
Initially, this material was used to decorate the walls of carriages (hence the name). However, for quite a long time, lining has been used to decorate walls inside houses. Its advantages are widely known - environmental friendliness, aesthetics, affordability, ease of installation.
Manufacturers offer the following types of lining:
- In the "quarter". This type does not have a tongue-and-groove fastening system, but has protrusions in the side parts. It allows you to overlap the boards, which creates a rather interesting effect.
- With tongue and groove. Such lining is usually used for finishing a vertically located surface. It resembles an ordinary grooved board, but smaller. Office premises, reception areas - the scope of this type of lining.
- "Calm", "Peasant", "Russian", "Simple" - the most popular types of lining. Equipped with a tongue-and-groove locking system, an expansion groove and a flat, perfectly smooth surface.
- Double sided type has a classic connection system presented on both sides.
- Euro lining. It resembles an edged board. A characteristic feature of this type is a high quality finish on each side. The elements are interconnected according to the groove-thorn principle. Eurolining is made most often from coniferous trees. The increased junction of this type (up to 8 millimeters) allows you to create a coating without visible seams. In addition, on the rear side of the profile there is a special recess that serves as an air outlet. This prevents condensation, mold and mildew from appearing on the panels.
- "American". It has the shape of an irregular rectangle. A groove is laid along the widest part of it, which makes it possible to create an interesting decorative effect - the boards seem to be overlapped.
- Block house. This type creates a covering that imitates a building from a rounded log. During installation, a crate is used. Creates a heat and sound insulating surface that is not prone to splitting or cracking.
- Finca. This species has an oval or rounded shape.
Each of these types of lining is good in its own way, each is popular. But even the most beautiful coating can get bored and cause a desire, if not to change it, then at least to renew it. For this, various coloring compositions, varnishes, impregnations and so on are used. Wooden lining is often coated with such substances to prolong its service life, to emphasize or, on the contrary, to hide the structure of natural wood.
Choice of paint
For painting the lining, you can use various options for coloring compositions. Of course, if the work is to be carried out inside a dwelling, it is better to dwell on those compositions that do not have a pungent odor.
The modern market offers a wide range of varied paints:
- Oil. It is the recognized leader among all decorative coatings. Thanks to deep penetration into the surface, the result is reliable protection. This type of paint provides a good finish that does not lose its attractiveness for a long time. Among the shortcomings, one can note the presence of a sharp specific odor and the duration of drying. This type of paint is best used outdoors. It is not very suitable for interior decoration.
- Acrylic paints. They dry quickly, do not have a pungent odor, retain their original color for a long time, and are resistant to moisture. Well suited for interior work.
- Acrylic scuba. One of the best ways to decorate the lining. It is an environmentally friendly material that provides a strong and durable finish.
- Alkyd varnish. Dries for a long time, flammable. But on the other hand, it is insensitive to moisture and temperature extremes.
- Glaze. Emphasizes the natural structure of the wood. If you add color to it, you can get a colored coating.
- Opaque enamel. Optimal for suburban buildings. Due to the formation of a dense layer, it provides good protection against mechanical stress, damage, and also hides existing defects.
Often the lining is covered with good old water-based paint. It is odorless, easy to apply, dries quickly. Ideal for interior decoration. The lining covered with it acquires a pleasant white color, while the structure of the tree itself is not completely hidden.
To protect against moisture and mold, the lining is impregnated with oil. The surface treated in this way becomes dull, the structure of the wood stands out more clearly.
Interesting patterns can be obtained by coating with acrylic paint. The indisputable advantages of this material allowed it to gain popularity among other decorative coatings. By itself, such paint retains its original color for a rather long time, but if the surface is additionally treated with varnish, its service life will increase.
When choosing a type of paint, you should pay attention not only to its cost. Much more important are its technical characteristics - durability, color saturation, resistance to fading, moisture, temperature extremes. The presence or absence of a strong odor is important if the work will be carried out indoors.
Paint for outdoor use should be insensitive to climatic and weather conditions, provide a sufficiently dense and reliable coating. In this case, the "aroma" of the paint is of secondary importance.
The choice of color when painting the lining is determined by the style of the interior, its color scheme, as well as the taste of the owners of the house.
Not everyone likes the light and even surface. Someone will want to bring brightness to the interior, someone, on the contrary, will shade it with dark blotches. Someone will emphasize the structure of natural wood, someone will decide to completely hide it. All this is a matter of taste.
Often white is used when painting the lining. Bleached wood, especially oak, creates a special atmosphere in the house. Light shades visually expand the space, "lift" it, add air and space. Therefore, rooms with a small area are most often decorated in light colors.
In combination with the structure of the wood, the effect is really great. Such a surface will fit into any style, it will blend in with almost any environment and color. A translucent paint that does not hide, but emphasizes the wood texture and gives a white tint to the material itself is a good option to slightly refresh, update the interior without fundamental changes.
You can use acrylic or oil paints to create a bold accent color. They offer a fairly wide selection of shades - from subdued subdued to flashy bright.
Another option for giving color to the lining is the use of colors. They can be added to water-based paint, glaze, and get a variety of shades of any degree of saturation. With proper mixing of several tones, you can get a rather interesting complex shade that fits perfectly into this interior. But in order not to spoil the entire base paint (to which colors will be added), it is better to pour a little into a separate container and try there.
In general, painted lining itself creates an interesting effect in the interior, especially when the structure of the tree remains clearly visible. It is not for nothing that such a solution is more and more often found in very different designs, in different colors and in different styles.
Lining is perceived by many as an element of the country interior. However, in city apartments, it can be quite appropriate. Classic or loft, provence or rustic - a properly designed lining will look harmonious in almost any style.
Painted dark, even black with preserved wood structure, it will become a worthy addition to the loft style, somewhat shading its industrialism and adding coziness to it. White lining will also look great in such an interior.
The material of light colors will organically fit into the classic interior with its sophistication and restrained chic.
As for Provence, in its graceful simplicity, the lining simply begs for itself. Simply coated with varnish, light-colored stain, painted white or lavender - it will be a great addition to the interior.
At the same time, it is not at all necessary to decorate all surfaces from floor to ceiling with clapboard, as in the country. In a country house, such a technique will be appropriate, but in a city apartment it is unlikely. And it will be difficult to bring this idea to life.
Designers offer numerous wall decor ideas that will appeal to connoisseurs of a wide variety of styles.
With the help of the lining, you can create a spectacular semi-antique interior. To do this, it can be covered with a stain, simple or craquelure (“aging”, creating a kind of cracked coating) varnish. The clapboard processed in this way can sheathe all or one wall in the room.
Highlighting one wall in a room is a popular zoning technique now. This method is especially good when decorating small areas.
If we are talking about the bedroom, you can highlight the head of the bed and part of the ceiling above it, emphasizing the sleeping area. It is better to choose shades that are calm, relaxing, corresponding to the nature and purpose of the room.
In the office, in this way, you can arrange the work area. For this purpose, a lining of discreet tones that will not distract attention is suitable. Choose a dark or light shade - it depends on the preferences of the owner of the office. The main thing is that it should not distract attention and have a relaxing effect. An office is not a bedroom, here it is important to tune in to a working mood, to concentrate, and everything, including the color scheme, should contribute to this.
The living room provides the greatest scope for imagination. Here you can embody almost any ideas, the main thing is to follow the general rules of composition and make sure that the interior is harmonious, does not constitute "opposition" to the design of all other rooms. In the decoration of the living room, you can use both bright and pastel colors, dark or light shades, emphasized or completely hidden structure of the tree, any finishing materials.
For a loft-style living room, for example, black painted or whitewashed lining is well suited. The main shades of this style direction are precisely black and white, the rest are present only as accents that dilute the monochrome interior, adding zest to it. Therefore, when it comes to decorating the walls in the room, it is better to dwell on these shades. If, however, it is planned to assemble a screen, a panel or some other structure from the lining that is recognized to perform purely decorative functions and is not large in size, you can also use bright colors.
A living room in a classic style will require discreet colors. The natural texture of the wood, emphasized by stain, varnish or bleach, is well suited.
The kitchen decorated with wood looks, of course, status and attractive. But the material itself in this case needs protection from external factors - humidity, high temperatures, possible exposure to chemicals and mechanical damage. The same goes for the bathroom. Here, especially close attention must be paid to moisture protection.
In order for the lining to serve as long as possible, it is covered with special protective compounds.
This could be:
- Fire retardant. The composition is absorbed into the very structure of the wood and increases its fire resistance.
- Bactericidal composition. Prevents the appearance of mold, mildew and the like. It also includes components that repel pests.
- Impregnation. Protects against fungi, pests, parasites. Can change the color of the tree. The most popular example is wood stain.
- Linseed oil. The wood treated with it becomes insensitive to moisture and fungal attack, its structure becomes more pronounced, the material itself becomes dull.
- Drying oil. Once the most popular wood treatment product, it is now losing its relevance. The reason is in the technical characteristics: after a rather short time, it gets dark and becomes sticky.
- Bleach. Most often, such compounds are used in order to remove stains from the surface of a tree. It is applied to a stain (or other defect), kept for a certain time and washed off.
- Primer. Thanks to it, the decorative coating applied on top lasts longer and adheres better to the surface. In addition, it protects the wood from mechanical damage.
- Wax-based formulations. They are a fairly effective protective agent due to the dense layer formed on the surface of the processed material. The tree becomes moisture resistant and insensitive to mechanical influences. To ensure a uniform coating, it is better to prime the surface first.
In order for the coating to last a long time and provide the necessary protection, the tree must be properly prepared for application. The first step here is to clean up the dirt. For this procedure, you will need a little - only water in which soda is diluted (150 grams per 5 liters). If the wood has already been painted, you will need to remove the paint with a special tool.
After cleaning, you can start sanding. Plain pumice stone or sandpaper works well for this. To make it easier to sand, it is better to walk carefully on each plank separately, rather than trying to process the entire surface as a whole.
Next is the primer. After the “production wastes” - fine wood dust, shavings - are removed from the sanded lining, you can start priming.
After that, the turn of the decorative coating is already coming. You can paint the lining with a brush, roller or spray gun. In order for the painting to be done with high quality, without unpainted places, it is better to use brushes of different thickness: small gaps and gaps will be processed with a small one, and the main area with a wide one. Again, it is better to paint in stages, moving from one board to another.
The spray gun will provide a faster working speed, but the paint consumption will also increase. In addition, it will fall not only on the prepared surface, but also on nearby objects.
The lining covered with decorative composition can be varnished. Then it will acquire a beautiful shine, increase its service life and resistance to damage. The varnish coating is not afraid of moisture, so it can be used even in rooms such as a kitchen or bathroom.
To keep the tree attractive for as long as possible, care must be taken to breathe. Modern compositions, despite all the density of the coating, provide him with such an opportunity. This not only increases the attractiveness of the wood, but also extends its service life.
Wood is used in many styles. Somewhere as an element of decor, somewhere - as the main material for decoration and decoration. Therefore, the lining will be appropriate inside a wide variety of interiors.
Painted in different colors - one board in one shade, the other in another, will create a cheerful, cheerful mood at home. This technique can be used in a nursery or living room, where such unusual and bright solutions are appropriate. Such a design is hardly suitable for a bedroom or office - a different atmosphere is needed there, helping either to relax and unwind, or to tune in to a working mood.
In general, painting is a common way of decorating lining and a way to fit it into almost any interior. Dark or categorically white is suitable for a loft, rustic or other restrained and serious interior.
For sophisticated classics, joyful country or delicate Provence, it is good to use a lining covered with light shades of stain, whitewashed, with an emphasized structure of natural wood.
Bright, catchy tones, perhaps even hiding the texture of the wood, can be used in the decoration of the room in the disco style or in the spirit of the 60s and 70s. A wall decorated in this way (or a separate part of it) will become a spectacular accent that attracts attention immediately upon entering the room.
In a country house, in a dacha, clapboard can be used to decorate not only one wall or part of it, but the entire room as a whole. Floor, ceiling, walls made of light wood will create an incredibly cozy and harmonious interior, filled with the natural warmth of this popular material.
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