Greenhouse "butterfly" (37 Photos): Do-it-yourself Polycarbonate Structures According To Drawings With Dimensions, Reviews

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Greenhouse "butterfly" (37 Photos): Do-it-yourself Polycarbonate Structures According To Drawings With Dimensions, Reviews
Greenhouse "butterfly" (37 Photos): Do-it-yourself Polycarbonate Structures According To Drawings With Dimensions, Reviews

Video: Greenhouse "butterfly" (37 Photos): Do-it-yourself Polycarbonate Structures According To Drawings With Dimensions, Reviews

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At a summer cottage, it is impossible to do without a greenhouse or greenhouse. Now there are many options for how to make them yourself. With modern greenhouses, growing good seedlings is quick and easy.

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Distinctive features

A greenhouse is a construction made of film, glass or polycarbonate and metal or wood. In it, you can grow seedlings much earlier. This is due to the fact that greenhouses are able to accumulate and retain heat, and their transparent walls allow natural light to penetrate inside. They are especially indispensable if there is no place for a full-fledged greenhouse, and you really want to grow a crop earlier. In such structures, it is easy to create the necessary microclimate for many plants and in any region. One of these convenient greenhouse designs is the "butterfly".

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This greenhouse received an unusual name for the features of its structure, more precisely, the side walls-windows. If necessary, they can be lifted up and ventilated inside. In this form, the greenhouse resembles a beautiful butterfly, which spread its wings. The compact size of this design makes it very convenient. It is pleasant and easy to work in such a place. You don't even need to walk through the beds. At the same time, the interior space can be used with maximum efficiency.

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Another plus is that there is no need to allocate too much space for such a greenhouse. As a rule, the length of the "butterfly" is about 2-2.5 m, the width is 1.5 m, and the height is slightly more than a meter. On average, this structure can be placed on five square meters. As for the greenhouse mass, it is about 30-32 kg. The butterfly greenhouse is sold in specialized stores. However, if you wish, it is easy to make it yourself. When buying such a greenhouse, you must make a choice in favor of a metal frame. The best coating is cellular polycarbonate. If the structure is properly looked after, then it can last ten years or more.

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It is very simple to assemble a greenhouse according to the instructions. It accurately and clearly indicates each of the stages by which the installation is carried out. Ease of assembly allows you to rearrange or even transport the greenhouse wherever you want. It should be noted that the "butterfly" does not need a foundation; any soil is suitable for its installation.

Incredibly, it is recommended to plant seedlings in such a greenhouse even earlier than in conventional greenhouses. And there is an explanation for this - the space inside is smaller, in fact, like the amount of soil, which means that it will be warmed up faster by the sun. As a result, it will take less time to form the required microclimate. Summer residents consider the "butterfly" a reliable greenhouse that can withstand bad weather and allows you to achieve good results faster.

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How is it different from a greenhouse?

Experienced gardeners clearly understand that a greenhouse and a greenhouse are different designs. Of course, they are similar in appearance to each other, but their differences are very significant. First of all, they differ in size. Greenhouses are more compact, their height is less than the height of a person. When working with a greenhouse, the summer resident is outside. Access inside is carried out by sliding or folding walls, a cover.

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The main difference between a greenhouse and a greenhouse is also in the heating itself. In the former, this process occurs only due to the heat from the sun and compost. As for the second, they often use additional heating in the form of various heating systems.The simplicity and lightness of the greenhouse design make it convenient both in installation and placement. Even when installing it in a new place, one, maximum two people can handle it. In addition, there is no need to lay the foundation, which simplifies the work.

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It should be borne in mind that greenhouses are suitable for planting seedlings, as well as stunted plants. For example, in such structures it is convenient to grow onions, garlic, lettuce, strawberries.

Greenhouses do not have any automated systems, for example, irrigation, ventilation, additional heating or lighting. As a result, caring for plants in them becomes a more laborious process. The production of greenhouses allows you to grow many plants earlier and cheaper (compared to greenhouses) due to a special microclimate. The main work in such a structure is done by the greenhouse effect.

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Advantages and disadvantages

Like any structure, the "butterfly" has a number of advantages and disadvantages. Experienced summer residents note among the positive aspects that its interior space can be used very effectively. There are no passages inside the greenhouse, and frames that open easily allow you to get the necessary access to the plants. This is especially appreciated by gardeners, whose plots do not differ in a large area and each meter is very much appreciated.

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The butterfly design is very convenient as it allows you to easily reach any plant inside. At the same time, there is no need to make extra efforts to this. Another advantage is the simple and quick installation of the structure. It doesn't matter whether the building was purchased ready-made or made independently, it is completely easy to install. This task is within the power of any summer resident. No special wisdom or skill is needed here.

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An important advantage of "butterflies" is their low price. If you compare them with other greenhouses, it becomes clear that they are one of the cheapest. At the same time, this does not at all affect the seedlings grown in them.

The strength and durability of these structures is also considered an advantage. If you look at their technical characteristics, you can see that greenhouses can withstand wind up to 20 meters per second and snow cover up to 10 centimeters. Moreover, if necessary, it is possible to strengthen the structure by means of special supports. Another nice thing about such greenhouses is simple maintenance.

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The “butterfly” structure has fewer drawbacks, and, as practice shows, they do not interfere with summer residents at all. Among the shortcomings, most often there are flaws in the edges. However, disturbing irregularities can be easily removed with a regular file. Also quite often there are structures with insufficiently reliable hinges on which the frames are held. Of course, if you wish, you can change them for better and more durable ones.

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When buying a ready-made structure, quite often the paint will quickly peel off and the attractive appearance is lost. A new can of paint, a brush, a little time and skillful hands will help to cope with this. In the event that a film serves as a cover for the greenhouse, then it may sag under the influence of weather conditions or time. To prevent this from happening, it is enough to choose a "butterfly" with frames made of durable polycarbonate.

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Views

Depending on the size, coating material and frameworks, "butterflies" differ slightly from each other. The factories produce two versions of this type of greenhouse, which actually differ only in their length. Before deciding on a choice, it is worth familiarizing yourself with what a "bread box" can be.

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Materials (edit)

The following materials can be used for butterfly frames and sides.

  • Wood. Although it is not a durable material, it is notable for its availability and ease of processing.
  • Metal. This material impresses with its reliability and durability, but at the same time its price is higher. In order for the metal frame to last longer, it needs special care.
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Various materials are also used as a coating for greenhouse structures

  • Film. It is the cheapest material, but its main drawback is its short service life.
  • Glass. It is not difficult to get this material, but it is difficult and unsafe to work with it. Among the disadvantages of a glass coating are fragility and significant weight.
  • Polycarbonate. A good modern material that is durable, durable and easy to use.
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Dimensions (edit)

The size of the butterfly greenhouse is divided into several types.

  • Two-meter. This view is a mini-version. Its width is no more than 1.4 meters, its height is from 90 to 110 centimeters, and its length is 2 m.
  • Four meters high. The width and height of it, like that of a two-meter one. The only difference is the 4 m length.
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How to choose?

When choosing a greenhouse for your site, you should first find out the reviews about this or that option. A clear idea of ​​what it will be used for can help determine the choice. For example, a greenhouse made of film is suitable for cucumbers, and for growing strawberries it is better to choose a polycarbonate construction. If there is time and opportunity, then, of course, it is better to make a greenhouse yourself. Both metal and wood are well suited for the frame itself. However, it must be borne in mind that in order to avoid corrosion, galvanized or painted metal should be chosen. Of course, to work with it, you need special tools and skills. At a minimum, you need to know how to work with welding.

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When there is a desire to make a "butterfly" with their own hands, summer residents recommend choosing wood for the frame. It is simple to work with this material and it is easy to purchase it at an affordable price. However, in order for such a structure to serve longer, it is desirable to process it with paint. Otherwise, the butterfly can quickly rot or be attacked by parasites.

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The coverage should be chosen based on how many seasons the greenhouse will need. If just a couple, then a cheap film is enough. Also, this option will be good if the structure is placed only for the spring season, and then removed. For more durable use, choose polycarbonate or glass. Of course, preference should be given to modern polycarbonate, as it withstands impacts better, is lighter and is easy to process.

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When choosing a greenhouse, special attention should be paid to fasteners, fasteners and various accessories. Both in the purchased and in the self-made building, all these elements must be of high quality. This will allow the structure to be more comfortable and durable.

How to do it?

There is nothing surprising in the fact that summer residents like the simple and convenient butterfly design. As a result, many people want to create it with their own hands. This option avoids many of the drawbacks that are found in purchased models.

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Training

You should start creating a greenhouse with preparation. It’s best to make the blueprints first. Then it is worth taking care of the necessary materials and tools. On hand should be a hacksaw, tape measure, hammer, screwdriver, scissors or a construction knife, as well as nails, screws, metal corners, handles, awnings. When all of the above is ready, you can choose a place and prepare it for the installation of a greenhouse.

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The place where the structure is planned to be located should be well lit by the sun's rays. Therefore, you should not stop your choice on plots in the lowlands. Also, places where groundwater or precipitation accumulates are not suitable. Otherwise, the plants in the greenhouse will rot and rot. It is desirable that the length of the structure is located in the north-south direction. If it is planned to create a buried structure, then it will be necessary to make a pit in the form of a trapezoid. The depth of the pit should be approximately 30-90 cm.The choice of this parameter should be based on the local climate and on what the butterfly will be used for.

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To strengthen the walls, it is best to use boards, and put a mixture of manure, rotten leaves and peat on the bottom. You can also use other mixtures that will be loose and generate heat. On top of the layer lies soil 20-30 cm high. Large logs are laid on it, which are recommended to be knocked down. As a result, a contour should be obtained, which in all its parameters should correspond to the dimensions of the future greenhouse structure.

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Frame

At the end of all the preparatory work, you should proceed to the assembly of the frame structure. The simplest option is an arched frame. For its manufacture, beams with a diameter of 0.5 cm are taken; if the length is insufficient, they are knocked down. As a result, you should get two slats equal to the length of the structure. The coating will be attached to them. Also, the frame can be assembled from metal-plastic pipes, which are easily bent into the desired shape. However, it is more difficult to assemble the frame from them at the stage when it will be necessary to form the opening sashes. According to experts, it is better to choose a tree or a galvanized metal profile for the frame.

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Installing Sheets

When the frame is ready, you can start preparing the coating. The easiest option is to make polycarbonate sashes. To do this, you need to take an ordinary sheet of 210 by 600 cm in size. Then cut it with a slender knife into 4 parts, 3 of which will be of the same size. Now the canvases can be laid out on the frame so that their wide side runs along the bar. Fastening polycarbonate should be carried out with screws. It is best to lay the canvases with an overlap. To glue the top sheet after fastening, it is worth using tape. When stacking sheets, it is important that the sun protection film on the sheets is facing outward.

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Next, the canvases must be bent in the shape of an arch. To fix them, first a bar with a diameter of 0.5 cm and a length of 150 cm is attached to the frame. Then the canvases are fixed to the bar. It should be noted that this procedure must be done from two sides.

Recommendations for use

The butterfly greenhouse, if properly operated, will serve for decades. For this, experienced summer residents recommend carefully closing the sashes, without claps. If the structure is not removed for the winter, then it is better to supplement its internal space with props. This will allow the greenhouse to better withstand snow blockages. It is also necessary to wash the sash made of polycarbonate or glass well.

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To install a butterfly, it is better to choose a flat area. In the fall, it is imperative to disinfect the soil inside the structure using special means. The greenhouse should be painted regularly, and the metal frame should also be treated with an anti-corrosion agent. If damage and chips appear on the painted surface, they must be processed as soon as possible. In order for the structure to last as long as possible, it is better to build a small foundation.

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For information on how to assemble a butterfly greenhouse, see the next video.

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