Special toilets for disabled people are produced not only for people with disabilities, but also for those who are temporarily immobilized due to injury or illness. A review of the models presented on the market allows us to make sure that modern manufacturers take into account all the hygienic needs of people with limited mobility. It is worth talking in more detail about what is worth paying attention to when we choose toilets with nozzles, special seats and handrails for the disabled, the elderly and people with hip problems.
Features of the
Toilet for the disabled belongs to the category of specialized sanitary fixtures, for which certain GOST requirements are established.
For diseases of the hip joints, low mobility in old age, during recovery in the postoperative period, a toilet chair or wheelchair adapters for ordinary plumbing are most often used, which solve the problem of temporary restrictions in freedom of movement.
Such constructions can withstand the weight of people of different builds, are adjustable in height, have folding or transforming handrails.
Devices for people with disabilities, wheelchair users or those who have difficulty moving around on a permanent basis, installed in the plumbing block of apartments, houses, public places.
Requirements for them are strictly regulated… The toilet must be adapted for independent use by a person with limited mobility. For this, it is equipped with additional supports and other elements. In public places, an additional button for calling for help is installed.
Plumbing fixtures for the disabled, intended for stationary placement, are made of earthenware with sufficient strength and the necessary hygienic characteristics. Overhead parts are made of plastic and other easily washable materials. Handrails and frames - metal, chrome-plated or stainless steel.
Typical sizes of toilets for disabled people are strictly regulated. The height of the product exceeds the standard parameters of plumbing, the indicators vary in the range from 45 to 60 cm.
For wheelchair users, this characteristic is determined by the height of the main vehicle and most often is 50 cm, no more.
For the rest of the parameters, the toilets are quite standard, but the bowl has an elongated shape with an increased projection… The total length can be close to 70 cm, width - up to 38 cm. In this case, the distance to the opposite wall in the amount of 60 cm, established by sanitary standards, must be observed.
In some cases, standard toilet bowls are adapted to the needs of people with disabilities, raised by a pedestal organized under them. Height-adjustable models are also suitable for this purpose.
The most common type. Installed in floor or wall structures. Handrails of this type are made of anodized aluminum - a strong and durable material that can withstand loads of up to 300 kg. They suitable even for obese people, have an average diameter of 40 mm (there are also 30 and 50 mm).
Most often, stationary handrails look like armrests mounted in the floor and walls.Relying on them, a disabled person can transfer from a chair to a toilet, even if its dimensions are lower or higher than the parameters established by the standards.
Suction cups, convenient for temporary use. They are suitable for installation during the period of rehabilitation after an illness, surgery, or injury. It is convenient to install them in the desired position, and then remove. The disadvantage of such accessories is their low resistance to loads. - they are unable to withstand a lot of weight. In addition, worn out rubber and silicone gradually deteriorate adhesion to the surface, and can lead to injury to the person using them.
Swing-out structures are support system for small spaces. They are also chosen if other family members use plumbing along with the disabled person. Additional holders for toilet paper are often made on swivel handrails, and other sanitary and hygienic devices are fixed. Such devices convenient to use when maneuvering on a wheelchair - having driven up, a person simply fixes the support in the desired position.
Toilet for the disabled necessarily equipped with handrails, allowing to ensure a sufficiently comfortable use of plumbing for a person with problems of the musculoskeletal system. This can be a portable stand or extension, as well as a permanently fixed structure. Most often we are talking about constantly used handrails in homes where the disabled person lives independently, as well as in public places.
The choice of toilet nozzles, which will be used by a person with disabilities, also requires an individual approach. The following options are distinguished.
- Seat to increase the height. This pad does not have handrails, it is installed directly on the side of the sanitary ware. It is necessary to adjust the level, replaces the usual seat.
- With handrails. Combined system to be installed above the toilet. It greatly facilitates the care of a person with a disability.
- Adjustable. Such models allow you to vary the level of height, turn any plumbing fixture into a special sanitary fixture. They are well suited for temporary use during the rehabilitation period after hip surgery.
The main purpose of the attachments is to reduce the load on the hips and knees, to provide a more comfortable placement for a person with limited mobility.
The range of toilets for disabled people is not too wide. The main manufacturer is "Armed", which produces adult and children's models of the overhead type with and without handrails. Another manufacturer, Ortonika, offers non-adjustable pads to increase the seat height. Among the popular models are the following.
- "A person". Tall toilet bowl-compact, produced by the Oskol ceramics brand. The eyeliner is lower, this model has an oblique outlet, a white folding handrail is included.
- Jika Olymp 2064.2. This wall-mounted model of a toilet bowl without cistern is made of duroplast. The model has a depth of 70 cm, a width of 36.5 cm. The seat is included, the tank is purchased separately.
- Roca Axess 346237000. Wall hung toilet for disabled people with horizontal outlet and seat included. It is installed by the wall method. Product depth 70 cm, width 36 cm.
- Globo DS026. Bl. Convenient toilet model for wall installation. The bowl provides everything you need to meet the special needs of people with disabilities. The sizes 37 and 56 cm make it possible to adapt the use of the toilet for people of short stature who have problems with movement. The outlet is horizontal, the shape is oval.
- T-Way. Wall hung toilet for disabled people with chrome handrails and backrest included.The model has a comfortable oval edge, is deep enough, easy to clean. The seat is also provided by the manufacturer.
Criterias of choice
Choosing a toilet for the disabled implies the correct delineation of the purpose of sanitary and hygienic devices.
When using nursing care, it is worth considering only special chairs installed in the same room with a person in need of natural needs.
People who use strollers most often prefer the usual visit to the toilet room, which in this case is equipped with a special set of plumbing.
When choosing toilets for the disabled, you need to pay attention to the following criteria
- The degree of limitation in mobility. For a person undergoing rehabilitation, you can pick up pads with height adjustment and other removable devices. In case of chronic impairment of musculoskeletal functions, it is necessary to equip a comfortable toilet room, purchase a sanitary chair for a person's natural needs.
- Complete set. It is optimal if the toilet bowl is immediately equipped with additional accessories: aero lift, a soft seat, armrests, and a supporting backrest. It is worth paying attention to such additional options as a motion sensor, a heating system. They will help a person with the peculiarities of the work of the organs of movement to independently cope with the administration of natural needs.
- Material. It must comply with sanitary and hygienic standards, have an anti-corrosion coating. It can be sanitary faience or porcelain, stainless steel, cast iron.
- Shape and dimensions. It is determined by the nature of the disease that led to limited mobility. It is optimal if it is a rectangular or oval bowl, massive and deep enough. It is important that your feet are at a 90 degree angle to the floor when landing. The thighs should not protrude beyond the bowl.
Following these recommendations, you can choose the appropriate toilet bowls for people with disabilities with different growth parameters and health restrictions.
For an overview of wheelchairs for disabled people, see the following video.