Currently, the design of bathrooms is given no less importance than the design of residential and office premises. Fans of creative solutions in the repair and arrangement of toilets increasingly prefer built-in toilets. Understand what it is, find out all the pros and cons of built-in plumbing will help this article.
Advantages and disadvantages
The modern lifestyle makes special demands on such an important household item as household plumbing. A toilet built into the wall has a number of attractive qualities.
- Aesthetics. All communications are hidden from the eyes of consumers behind the wall, which can be either permanent or decorative, leaving in sight only the bowl itself and the button in the wall for draining water. This allows you to use such plumbing in a room whose interior is furnished in a minimalist style: nothing superfluous, everything is very comfortable and functional.
- Such a toilet "eats up" a minimum of free space inside the bathroom, which is undoubtedly a big plus for a small room. In addition, due to the minimum of unnecessary elements, cleaning such a bathroom is much less of a hassle.
- The design feature of such a toilet provides a few positive points: noiselessness when collecting water (as already mentioned, the tank is located behind the wall, which is an element of noise insulation), its more economical consumption due to two flushing modes - you can choose to completely or partially empty the drain tank. In addition, the engineers have carefully thought out the design of the built-in device, so that it fails much less often than a flush cistern on a conventional toilet.
- Built-in toilet is attached for an installation that theoretically can be placed anywhere, not only against the wall - thus, there is the possibility of realizing the most unexpected fantasies associated with the design of a bathroom or a toilet.
On some models of such an installation, in addition to the toilet, you can also place a bidet and a sink, making the bathroom truly universal.
Of the disadvantages of built-in toilets, a couple of factors must be named
- High cost. The cost of such models exceeds the cost of the usual plumbing several times. Not everyone is willing to pay so much money for the above list of advantages.
- Complex installation and repair in the event of a failure of such a structure, requiring the mandatory participation of a specialist. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase plumbing fixtures only from European and Japanese manufacturers with proven product quality.
The wall-mounted toilet is mounted in two ways: with and without installation. In the first case, there are also two options for installing such plumbing:
- to the standard metal frame with special supports (there is also a corner option, which makes it possible to place the toilet in the corner of the bathroom or toilet room);
- on rail frame, involving the installation of several plumbing fixtures at once, such as a sink, bidet and urinal.
And also there is a special block installation, in which, unlike the frame one, all the necessary communications are already placed, even a drain tank is installed. When installing the built-in toilet on the frame, the cistern is purchased separately.
With the use of a frame installation, it is acquired the ability to install the toilet anywhere bathroom, to which the sewer system is connected, since such a structure is absolutely independent from the wall. Block installation must be mounted on a vertical main wall - no light decorative partitions. But this option is much more budgetary than the previous one. In the event that it is necessary to carry out work on the repair or maintenance of the tank or other elements of such plumbing, which are hidden behind a decorative partition or wall, access to these parts is carried out through a special hatch in the panel behind the toilet.
Another economical option for installing a built-in toilet is without using the installation, at all. With this method, the entire unit is attached directly to the wall, and the drain sleeve is located under the concrete base in the same way as the tank. This base, among other things, serves as a support for the toilet, supporting it from below. Modern flush cisterns are made of plastic and equipped with two buttons, with which you can drain partially (2-4 liters) or completely (6-8 liters) - this achieves an economical water consumption.
In public restrooms built-in toilets are mounted taking into account European standards for the height of the installation frame, which is 118 cm. The bowl of wall-hung toilet bowls is located at least 35 cm from the bottom fixing of the frame. The distance between the installation supports and the wall must be at least 13.5 cm.
Children's toilet bowls have their own dimensions: the height of the bowl of such a device can fluctuate between 33-35 cm. In general, built-in toilets are good because their height and installation depth can be adjusted, which is especially important for owners of premises with a non-standard layout.
The modern sanitary engineering industry is developing at a rapid pace, thanks to which consumers have a very rich selection of built-in toilets with a wide variety of designs. There are both conventional and much more creative models, differing in the shape of the bowl and the materials from which it is made.
Oval - these are traditional toilets in a standard form, which is universal. Such devices can be installed in any bathroom, regardless of the chosen interior style
Square - such plumbing has strict laconic outlines and compactness. Usually complemented by a flat lid and smooth corners, its comfortable volumetric bowl is very convenient for people of different ages and weight categories. Ideal for both minimalist and high-tech rooms
It goes well with furnishings that have equally regular straight lines.
Round - Built-in toilets of this shape often look like decorative objects due to their ideal streamlined shape. Such plumbing is available in different colors, and is additionally decorated with various ornaments, which gives even more elegance and creativity to the bathroom. Round toilets can have both flat and curved lids, made of the same material as the bowl itself, or made of wood, which gives such models a special originality and unique style
Built-in sanitary ware is made of different types of materials with different technical and decorative characteristics. Of course, the better the material, the higher the price of such models.
Faience - toilets made of such material are most widespread due to their relatively low price. However, the disadvantage of models made of earthenware is too high roughness and porosity of the surface, which significantly affects the quality. On an uneven surface, plaque forms more easily, dirt and odors are absorbed, such a unit needs constant cleaning with the use of strong means and physical strength. Modern earthenware models are usually covered with a special glaze, making the surface of the toilet smoother and easier to care for such a product
Porcelain - high-quality, but expensive material from which most modern models of built-in toilets are made. Such plumbing has a flat surface on which some kind of drawing is applied
Steel - recently this material has become more and more popular, truly top-end plumbing is made from it, capable of resisting mechanical damage and easy to clean. Perfect for decorating a high-tech bathroom
Plastic - the cheapest version of toilets, which are often installed in summer cottages. This is due to their availability, ease of installation and ease of use
Glass - the most expensive variant of the material for the manufacture of plumbing, however, gaining more and more popularity. Glass toilets are distinguished by increased fragility and transparency, which not everyone likes
When choosing built-in plumbing, we advise pay attention to the conformity of the toilet design to the style of the interior of your bathroom, and depending on this, stop your choice on a model of one form or another, color, as well as the material from which it is made. Importantly, clearly decide on the design of the toilet, which will meet all your requirements. Whether it will be a pendant or floor model, with or without installation, with one or two flush buttons.
Before buying, be sure to read the instructions, ask the consultant about all the built-in options and modes of your plumbing, because at the present time, many "smart" units are produced, with both the most diverse capabilities and the corresponding price. Buyers are usually guided by their financial capabilities - this factor will primarily determine the choice of a brand that sells built-in plumbing fixtures. The best quality toilets are produced by Japanese, Swiss and German companies, but with Chinese models, you can greatly miscalculate, chasing deceptive cheapness.
According to many users, it is better to pay more, but purchase high-quality plumbing from a trusted manufacturer.
Examples in the interior
Let's look at photos of the interiors of a modern bathroom with a built-in toilet installed in it.… Toilet in the style of minimalism; a creatively designed bathroom with a built-in rectangular black toilet.
Built-in wall-hung toilet in a round shape with a different colored lid and bidet. A wall-hung stainless steel toilet looks very epic in a high-tech bathroom.
For information on how to install a built-in toilet, see the next video.