Each house or apartment has a separate place for a bathroom. A good owner tries to purchase the highest quality plumbing for this area, especially for the toilet. Currently, in plumbing stores, buyers can find a huge number of different models of such equipment. Today we will talk about the main features of toilet cisterns and their varieties.
Features of the
Today in stores you can find separately cisterns for toilet bowls. They can differ from each other in size, shape, type of fittings. The drainage section ensures the hygienic cleanliness of such plumbing fixtures.
Product data provide flush. All of them are equipped with a special button that acts on the gate valve. Water is poured into the container through the valve, and this happens only up to a certain level, upon reaching which the supply stops.
If necessary, a person can press the drain button, after which the water will leave, and the "float" will go down, thus again opening the supply of the required amount of water.
A flush device for toilets can have a different structure and work patterns. Depending on the type of installation and form, the following models of these plumbing devices are distinguished.
Such toilet equipment is a single whole structure with the toilet itself. Sanitary monoblocks are distinguished by the simplest installation technology. In this case, the base is attached to the floor covering, as a rule, this is done using anchor bolts. After that, connect the water supply and sewer drain.
Most often, such models are relatively small in size. The mechanism for the collection and release of water is housed in a special one-piece case.
When installing this type of toilet all nodes will be eliminated, therefore, the likelihood of leaks will be minimal. Separately, it should be noted that the samples are thoroughly worked out in terms of efficiency.
They provide a sufficiently strong drainage with a minimum waste of water resources.
These plumbing structures with a bottom water connection are considered the most common option. In this case, the base and the tank will be installed separately from each other, they will not be connected.
Separate models provide a special valve with a membrane, it is installed at the entrance to the toilet cistern. This mechanism is attached to a lever with a "float" at the end.
When the water reaches the required level, the "float" is in the same place, and the membrane shuts off the supply of resources. The main drain structure is traction with a special pear valve at the bottom.
If you lift the rod by the handle, the person takes out the part and makes the drain hole accessible and open. In more modern models of a new type, you just need to press a button, it is located on top.
Some models have a twin flush button. In this case, one part can wash off half of the water, the second button will allow the complete rinsing.
The bubble valve is most often made of a floating material, since after it is removed by the user, it is kept in the water mass and does not block the opening. After complete flushing, the valve is fully lowered back and remains in this position when the compartment is full.
Separate options are considered the most budgetary, they can be purchased by almost anyone. In addition, they are distinguished by a simple adjustment technology and low cost repairs in cases of breakdowns (you just need to change a separate broken element).
The standard varieties of these toilet cisterns are in the form of a sanitary structure, which is mounted in a special niche. In some cases, a hotel box is created for installation. They are used for toilet bowls.
At the same time, only the flush button is located outside - the equipment itself will be of the wall type with a part of the device built into the wall, the outer part will be tightly pressed against it.
But it's worth remembering that hidden varieties are much more difficult to install compared to other types of such plumbing. In addition, in the event of breakdowns, it is often necessary to disassemble part of the wall covering, which greatly complicates the repair process and makes it more expensive.
If you nevertheless decide to purchase a hidden model, then in this case it is better to install a hinged-type bowl.
These types of toilet cisterns are different from other models. its unusual shape. These products are used for plumbing, which is not installed perpendicular to the wall covering, but diagonally. Corner cisterns save a significant amount of free space in the bathroom. Such models have a trapezoidal shape, but some devices are produced in a triangular shape.
It must be remembered that the installation of such a tank requires alteration of the sewer system. Indeed, according to the standard, toilets are mounted perpendicular to the wall. But these varieties also have advantages. In addition to significant savings in bathroom space, they are also considered the most convenient to use.
Toilet cisterns can also differ from each other depending on the type of flush mechanism. The most common options include the following models.
This type of toilet bowl is designed so that its functioning is due to a special button or other element on the upper surface… At the same time, the mechanisms automatically hold the shut-off valve.
The flush flush type is distinguished by the most convenient setting of the water supply. Two-button samples make it possible to flush partially or completely at once, depending on which part of the button the user presses. Descent models are divided into several separate types: lever, rod, pneumatic, push-button. Let's take a closer look at each of these options.
This mechanism for draining water provides flushing of the liquid during the period during which the valve is held through a small chain. Currently, such systems are supplemented with special siphons, thanks to which the valve is held after the required amount of liquid has been taken.
The lever mechanism features increased water discharge that is almost impossible to control.
In addition, such models will not always be able to fit into the interior of a modern bathroom.
This drain element provides the presence of a stem, it is designed to close the drain hole. In order for the liquid to be able to penetrate, if necessary, into the tank itself, you need to slightly raise such an element up. In this case, the end of the part should go to the top of the plumbing.
This mechanism is often also called exhaust. Rod flush systems were a common option in Soviet models. Currently, they are rarely used for plumbing.
This type of toilet mechanism has a special operating principle, it is a system that flushes the liquid after pressing the button of the pneumatic chamber. It is connected to the outlet valve.
The connection is made using a duct hose.
This type of mechanism works thanks to a small button located on the toilet bowl. It allows, when pressed, to open the drainage compartment through a system of lever elements.
This flushing option is the most modern and convenient… It is used to create cisterns for many new toilet models. Two-button versions can drain the liquid completely or partially.
As a rule, such models are produced with one button, which is divided into two parts, each of which performs the first or second function.
Toilet cisterns can be made from a wide variety of materials. The most popular are the following options.
- Metal. These top position cisterns are rarely used for modern toilets. Previously, they were produced from an enamelled iron base or cast iron. Products are considered impractical as they corrode if the enamel is damaged. Today they are practically not for sale.
- Plastic. Such material is as budgetary as possible, it will be affordable for everyone. But at the same time, plastic models quickly become dirty, have less strength compared to other types, mechanical abrasions often appear on their surface, which spoil the appearance of the structure.
- Faience… It is considered the best option for the production of cisterns. All dirt is easily removed from the material, it is distinguished by its special durability and aesthetics.
- Ceramics… Ceramic specimens are considered to be relatively durable. To create plumbing, such material, as a rule, is supplemented with special impurities and clay, a special coating is applied, which gives it a snow-white color and protects it from the harmful effects of liquids.
There are double-walled cisterns. One layer is made of ceramics, the second is made of plastic. This design does not allow condensation to form due to sudden temperature changes.
Dimensions and weight
Lavatory cisterns in various sizes, depths and weights are now available in stores. Standard options have the following dimensions: length is 300-350 mm, width is 150-200 mm, and the height with the lid is approximately 300-400 mm.
The weight of the container can also vary. More often it is from 10 to 15 kilograms. In this case, the volume of the compartment is in most cases equal to 6 liters.
Today, special small and shorter models of toilet bowls with a small height from the floor are produced. Also, this can be attributed to standard attachment models. They will be the best option for small bathrooms.
The most popular today are the following manufacturers
Bayard-Lux Molinari. The company produces cisterns decorated in unusual designs and colors, so they may not be suitable for every interior. Most often, products are made from earthenware
Roca. This Spanish firm has its own factories in Russia, so its products are relatively cheap. She specializes in ceramic products
Sanita. This manufacturer often produces porcelain cisterns. The products are equipped with a special, most reliable flush system
Keramin. In its assortment you can find both standard tanks and compact models. Products are made from ceramics
Santek… The Russian company manufactures products according to European standards. A ceramic base is used for the production
Cersanit. The manufacturer specializes in the production of plumbing with the most silent operation. Its factories are located in Russia, Poland and Romania
How to choose?
To find the most suitable model for your bathroom, there are some important rules to follow.
- It is necessary to take into account area of the room. For rooms of minimum size, compact models or side structures can be the best option.
- You also need to consider material of which the item is made… Plastic samples will become the cheapest option, but their service life and level of quality, strength are much lower compared to ceramic or earthenware types.
- Before buying, please note the availability of additional options. So, some models are equipped with an anti-vacuum breather function. Many versions include an outlet filter element.
How to assemble and install the toilet cistern is shown in the following video.