Today, many farmers and backyard owners choose to raise broilers rather than regular chickens. These birds are unpretentious, grow very quickly, have a high level of productivity.… An important nuance of broiler rearing is a properly built poultry house. For its construction, you can invite specialists.
However, most farmers build the facility themselves. In order for the building to be of high quality, you need to take into account a number of nuances.
People who first took up growing broilers arrange a chicken coop for them right in the barn. And it is not a fact that this building has undergone preliminary repairs. Even temperature differences inside a building can create big problems.
Therefore, it is necessary to comply with a number of requirements when building chicken coops:
- the broiler house should have natural and artificial lighting;
- the floor should be comfortable, even soft;
- in the broiler chicken coop there should be places for placing cages;
- the inside of the broiler housing should be warm;
- like any other housing, the chicken coop should be ventilated, but drafts should not walk in it.
That is why, before putting broiler chickens into the barn, it is necessary to put it in order, however it is best to build a separate chicken coop. At the same time, take into account all the requirements for its correct functioning. And first of all, we are talking about lighting.
Ideally, you should use LED bulbs. They give out a moderate softened light, which additionally warms the space. With a chicken coop height of 2.5 m, one LED device should be installed for every 5 square meters. It is forbidden to install electroluminescent lamps, in simple terms, energy-saving light bulbs. Although it is imperceptible to the human eye, they flicker very often, and this negatively affects the health of birds.
From such exposure, broilers become irritable, aggressive, their appetite disappears.
The second important requirement for broiler housing is temperature and humidity… A comfortable temperature guarantees maximum weight gain for the birds and contributes to their excellent well-being. It should be noted that at each stage of growing broiler chickens, it is necessary to clearly maintain the required temperature.
- In the first week of life, chicks require maximum warmth. It is necessary that the temperature in their habitat is 30 degrees.
- For two-week-old chicks, the comfortable temperature regime becomes slightly lower, about 26-28 degrees.
- For three-week-old broilers, the acceptable temperature ranges from 21-23 degrees.
- Monthly chicks prefer 20 degrees.
In addition to temperature indicators when growing broilers, it is important to monitor humidity… In the event of disturbances in air exchange in birds, immunity decreases, problems arise with the respiratory organs.
According to generally accepted standards, the ideal air humidity for this breed of birds is 60%.
Is it possible to keep in the same chicken coop with laying hens?
Broilers easily get along in the same poultry house with layers. However, separate living corners with individual feeders should be made for each species.Broiler feed is not suitable for feeding hens and vice versa. Layers are by nature active, while broilers are passive.
Another problem that may arise is bird skirmishes. And if roosters also live in the hen house, then calm coexistence will not work. Any hassle or interference with the life of a broiler chicken leads to stress in the bird, which is reflected in its weight gain. It is recommended to keep the males separately, and a mesh partition between the hens and broilers.
When it comes to building a chicken coop for several thousand broilers, farm owners turn to highly qualified specialists. If the owner of a small plot decides to grow broiler chickens, he builds a chicken coop with his own hands.
When building a bird's house in the country, there is no need to install a complex structure… It is enough to get by with a simple construction with a minimum square.
The main thing is to correctly approach the issue of construction and not violate the construction technology. Otherwise, the chicken coop will be uninhabitable.
Sometimes the initial purchase of broiler chickens is a spontaneous decision. As a temporary shelter, you can purchase a budget portable mini-poultry house that can be kept outside and brought into the house at night. In the meantime, the birds huddle in the hut, you should start building.
When installing a chicken coop at home, you need to pay attention to a few tips from experienced builders
- the chicken coop must be a safe building that guarantees protection from bad weather;
- materials must be fireproof and environmentally friendly;
- the chicken coop must have thermal insulation and ventilation;
- the building should be located at a high point on the site.
In principle, for the summer you can make a temporary pen out of improvised tools and materials, and by the fall, build a high-quality chicken coop.
When looking for a place for a chicken coop, it is important to show special meticulousness. The bird health and growth of each carcass depends on this factor.
- On the north side, the building should be tightly closed from the cold wind blowing out. Trees or other types of buildings on the site can become an obstacle.
- There should be free space on the south side.
- The chicken coop should be placed on a hill. In low places, a high level of dampness from groundwater is visible, and this is a huge threat to broilers, since cold and dampness will be felt even with a good litter arrangement.
- The chicken coop should be erected in a quiet area, away from the road and carriageway. Extraneous noises scare broilers, causing them a stressful state, which makes the bird poorly gaining weight.
Drawings and calculation
Before proceeding with the construction of a chicken coop, it is necessary to make calculations, allowing you to calculate the required size of the structure. First you need to remember that 1 sq. m of area accommodates 3 broilers. Accordingly, a building with a size of 2x2 m is needed for 10 broilers.It is better to build a chicken coop with dimensions of 2.5x3 m for 20 chickens.A building to accommodate 50 chickens will be 4.5x4.5 m.A project for 100 chickens involves the construction of a building with dimensions of 6x6 m.
After the dimensions have been determined, it is required to make a drawing of the future bird housing. It is necessary to write on it the dimensions of the structure, indicate the height and length of the walls, mark the windows and the door.
As it became clear, the size of the chicken coop depends entirely on the number of birds raised.
Now it is necessary draw up a drawing of the internal layout of the chicken coop… Modern poultry farmers are more interested in growing broiler chickens in tiered cages. For ease of use, the cages are placed in 3 tiers. Each has a height of 50 cm. Between the tiers there is always a pallet, where dirt, debris and droppings get.The distance from the pallet of the upper tier to the ceiling must be at least 80 cm. Artificial lighting equipment will be placed in this gap. The distance from the bottom pallet to the floor covering must be 50 cm. This will prevent the occurrence of dampness. In general, the height of the building from floor to ceiling ranges from 2.8-3 m.
Tools and materials
Today, any construction work requires a lot of money. But if you approach the construction of a chicken coop wisely, then in a few months it will be possible to recoup all costs. And before starting construction work, you need to prepare some tools and materials.
First of all, you need to prepare the tools:
- trowel and plumb line;
- knife and nails.
From the materials you will have to purchase:
- crushed stone;
- cinder blocks or bricks;
- roofing material;
- metal profile.
Add to Wishlist polyurethane foam. With its help, it will be possible to close places that can become a hotbed of drafts.
When building walls, they often use plywood, brick or wood… Cement, sand and crushed stone are used to lift the foundation. Roofing material and slate are necessary for arranging the roof. Experts in the field of construction do not recommend using isoplast, drywall and chipboard as facing materials for a chicken coop.… These materials accumulate moisture in themselves, which is why they are quickly destroyed. In addition, they are not environmentally friendly, as they emit toxic substances that can harm the health of the bird.
You can make a chicken coop out of polycarbonate, then the need to make windows disappears by itself. The transparent material lets in the sun's rays, making the hens feel comfortable.
Having chosen a place for the chicken coop and having prepared the necessary tools and materials, you can start construction. The farmer needs to remember that the chicken coop should be erected in the summer season. But the most important thing is to be guided by advice from experienced builders, otherwise mistakes will be made, due to which the constructed housing will be unsuitable for the bird.
Construction always starts with a foundation and raising the walls. First of all, you need to dig a base 20 cm deep, then put together the formwork and pour the cement mortar. After the foundation has solidified, brick laying begins. When lifting a brick wall, one cannot ignore the location of the door and window openings. It is desirable that these elements are located on the south side.
Having raised the walls, you need to proceed to roof erection… Beams should be fixed around the perimeter of the structure. On one side, put small racks that provide a sloping slope. Then, at a distance of about 70-80 cm from each other, transverse bars are laid out. Next, sheathing with wooden boards is made, roofing material is laid out on top, fixed with nails, and slate is laid on top.
Floor covering inside the chicken coop must withstand the weight of the birds sitting in their cages. In most cases, the floor is filled with concrete, on top of which linoleum is laid or wooden boards are laid out. This structure is a winter residence for birds. For the summer period, it is preferable to do additional aviary with mesh walls and ceiling so that the bird can walk in the yard and breathe fresh air.
In this case, the farmer needs to remember that the smaller the size of the aviary, the better. Minimal movement of the bird ensures a stable increase in its weight. Broilers lose weight from activity.
To a question warming a winter chicken coop the farmer needs to be very scrupulous. Distances and gaps between the roof and walls must be foamed.Thus, it will be possible to prevent the ingress of outdoor cold air into the bird house. It is best to use polystyrene as the main insulation. But you need to install it so that the birds cannot get to it. Farmers, realizing how dangerous the foam is, sheathe the chicken coop from the outside of the building. An additional protective layer is applied on top so that the insulation does not collapse.
It is better to entrust electrical work to a professional. Otherwise, an unknowing person can close the wiring and start a fire altogether.
How to arrange inside?
As mentioned earlier, for arranging the internal interior of the chicken coop, it is initially necessary equip the right lighting… Broilers require both natural and artificial light. For natural sunlight to enter, it is enough to make several small windows in the chicken coop. Lighting devices are installed for evening lighting.
Ventilation is an important part of the internal equipment of the chicken coop. Any room should have this system, due to which regular air circulation occurs.
If the farmstead is located in a region with harsh winters, you need to consider additional heating system. For a chicken coop more than 10 sq. m it is worth purchasing a special device - convector… He will heat the room to the required temperature and will maintain it. And in order to minimize the loss of heat leaving through the cracks of the doorway, it is necessary to sheathe the door leaf itself with rubber tape or foam rubber plates.
Interior decoration of the chicken coop involves whitewashing the walls and ceiling… A mesh should be placed on the windows, the same can be placed on the ventilation ducts.
In regions with warm winters, litter keeping of broiler chickens is practiced. Sawdust or straw can be used as bedding. Also in the chicken coop it is necessary to install several drinkers and feeders for food. To create comfortable conditions in the chicken coop, a box with ash, dry clay and sand is placed. Chickens are very happy to clean the feathers in this mixture.
If a farmer decides to use broiler cages, he will need to establish rackson which the mesh structures will stand. Each cage should have its own drinking bowl and feeder. In this case, the drinkers must be united by a single automatic water supply system.
If necessary, you will have to set aside a small area for an incubator, as well as a brooder that will heat the chicks.
For information on how to build a chicken coop for broilers, see the next video.