When repairing a bathroom or replacing a toilet, the owners often have a question about choosing a toilet seat. This is a special seat that provides comfort when using the toilet. Stools come in a variety of designs, sizes and colors, as well as with or without a set of additional functions. Before choosing products, you need to study the features of each type.
Plumbing stores offer an extensive range of toilet seats. Such products must meet a number of requirements.
- Ease of use - for this, manufacturers offer models with anatomical shapes and a set of additional functions.
- Strength and safety of the material of manufacture.
- High hygiene.
- Resistance to the effects of chemically aggressive cleaning agents.
- Reliability and ease of fastening.
The stool is not only an addition to the toilet. The seat cover is an original interior detail.
Due to the huge choice of design of such products, you can choose an option that will look interesting against the background of finishing materials in the bathroom, furniture and decor.
These are quick-release, hygienic toilet seat covers. They can be made of paper or polyethylene. Designed for single use. These products are indispensable in situations where you need to use a public toilet. Disposable pads will provide psychological comfort and safety for human health, since their use reduces the risk of infection from a common item.
Single-use seats are available in rolls or as individual packages (covers)… For greater convenience, manufacturers offer models with a warm and soft surface. Most of these types come with disposable gloves for installing and cleaning the linings from public toilet bowls. Their advantage lies in their affordable price.
Most of the models in this group are manufactured made of plastic or wood. Hard seats are easy to operate and maintain. They are reliable and practical, not subject to excessive cooling, and can withstand heavy weight loads. Their durability directly depends on the thickness of the material used. Solutions made of thick, heavy-duty and wear-resistant plastic will last at least 5 years.
Most of the rigid structures have classic shapes. Thanks to the lack of unnecessary parts, the seats are comfortable to use. The high demand for such products is due to their low cost. The disadvantage is not too reliable plastic mounts.
To increase the service life, you need to give preference to models with metal fasteners.
Such models are made made of foam rubber, and a wooden frame acts as a rigid base. The top of the toilet seat is most often covered with polyethylene. The soft seats are particularly comfortable. Another advantage is their low cost.
However, there are more disadvantages in soft toilet models than advantages. Due to their weak strength, they quickly deteriorate, requiring replacement.During intensive use, tears quickly form on the surface of the polyethylene, which spoil the appearance of the product, and also cause inconvenience when using the toilet. As many user reviews testify, soft toilet seats have to be changed at least twice a year.
With built-in bidet
The main feature of such products is availability of specialized devices for carrying out hygiene procedures. Models with a built-in bidet require a mandatory connection to the water supply system and the mains.
Having a "hygienic" lid, it is possible to flush immediately after the toilet, without getting up from the toilet. This is especially convenient for people with disabilities. These seats allow you to save money on buying and installing a full-fledged bidet, which also takes up a lot of usable space in the bathroom.
Manufacturers offer a variety of models. On sale there are both inexpensive variations and solutions with different functionality. Additional options include seat heating, antibacterial covers, air drying, and the ability to deodorize the air.
Improved models have a hydromassage function, touch control.
With microlift function
Models are equipped with special closers that ensure smooth and soft closing of the toilet lid. Due to the microlift, you do not have to manually lower the lid - this action will be performed automatically. This system protects the surface of the toilet bowl from mechanical damage. Due to the smooth lowering of the lid, cracks and chips do not form on the sanitary ware, which prolongs its service life.
Models with microlift function are reliable and durable - subject to the rules of operation, they will last at least 3-5 years. In order to avoid premature failure of the automation system, it is necessary to prevent the cover from being closed forcibly, and also to refuse to adjust the microlift with your own hands.
Warm toilet seats provide maximum comfort. Due to the improved performance, models with a heating system are expensive. They are heated to a comfortable temperature for humans, not exceeding 38 degrees.
Products are classified as the most comfortable and expensive.… They appeared on the market relatively recently, but have already won the love of consumers. Electronic automatic models are classified as "smart" - they can recognize the moment a person approaches the toilet and automatically open the lid. When the user leaves the bathroom, it also closes itself.
Most electronic cover plates have additional functions:
- heated toilet seat;
- built-in air drying system;
- nozzles for water supply;
- deodorization option.
Management can be push-button or touch. A similar design can be integrated with the smart home system.
This is a versatile device that will be quite convenient for both adults and children. These models have a double design, including 2 seats of different sizes.… When using the toilet by a child, a child must be inserted into an adult toilet seat. The solution is quite convenient if the family has one or more small children.
In addition, there are children's single toilet seats… They are distinguished by their small size and softness of the surface material. The choice of children's models is huge: manufacturers offer products with supports for the back or legs, with special handles, plastic ladders. As a rule, bright materials are used in the manufacture of seats for children. Most often they are made of plastic, and foam rubber is used for softness.
Various raw materials are used in the production of toilet seats. Comfort, aesthetics, practicality and durability of the product will depend on the type of material used.
The following types of plastic are used in production: polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride or polypropylene. They all share similar characteristics:
- budget price;
- light weight;
- ease of care.
These seats have a rounded top, which makes them comfortable to use.
All types of plastic are classified as fragile - they are easily scratched or cracked if handled roughly.
Due to the rapid loss of external aesthetics, plastic models need to be replaced frequently. However, this disadvantage is offset by a favorable price.
The wooden toilet seat is not popular. The products are produced in a limited model range. Wood structures have good strength and durability. They look luxurious, so they can transform almost any bathroom interior. Most of the models are equipped with rubber pads that prevent the structure from shifting during toilet operation.
A significant minus of a wooden structure is a lot of weight. If you abruptly close the weighty lid, it can damage the surface of the toilet. Compared to plastic models, wooden ones require more delicate care.
Basically, expensive models of toilet seats are made from this material. It is a modern material that looks like ceramics. In terms of technical characteristics and operational properties, it surpasses plastic structures. Duroplast seats are "not afraid" of mechanical stress, they are resistant to cracks and scratches.
In the manufacture of duroplast toilet seats, manufacturers use antibacterial additives that increase the hygienic properties of the finished product.
In the manufacture of toilet seats, plywood, foam or textiles are rarely used. Plywood the seats are bulky, uncomfortable and unaesthetic. They are rarely found in modern apartments. The only advantage they are favored for is budget cost.
Foam toilet seats are soft, lightweight, easy to install and affordable. For their production, foam with a high degree of strength is used. Such options are most often chosen for equipping unheated toilets located on the street or in the country.
Textile materials used as upholstery for soft toilet bowls. Fabrics should be soft to the touch to provide a pleasant tactile sensation. Chairs with a fabric surface have an attractive appearance. However, this material is considered short-lived.
It quickly deteriorates. However, if the recommendations for care are followed, the product is able to maintain its aesthetics for six months.
Shapes and sizes
Most seat models are oval shaped to follow the contours of the toilet seat. Such products are classified as the most convenient and safe to use. There are other solutions on the market, but they are not in such extensive demand. These include toilet seats of the following forms:
- chopped with rounded edges.
Some manufacturers offer seats in the form of hearts, ducks, frogs, musical instruments… These models are often used in the original design of bathrooms.
Most of the models of toilet bowls offered in stores are made according to standard sizes, so there is no difficulty in choosing a toilet seat. Seats are available in different sizes… In order not to be mistaken in the choice, it is necessary to measure the distance between the mounting holes, the width and length of the toilet bowl.
In accordance with the obtained parameters, the dimensions of the toilet seat are selected.
Modern toilet seats have different appearance. On sale there are monophonic models, bright variations, solutions for wood, stone. Some items are decorated with bows, ruffles and rhinestones.In shops you can find seats with drawings of sea animals, images of flora and fauna, with patterns. Children's covers are bright - they can depict characters from cartoon series, cars, ducks.
- black and others.
Most often, buyers give preference to products with white colors - this is a "classic" that will fit into any interior style, successfully harmonizing with the decoration and furniture in the bathroom.
Toilet bowl accessories are offered by many domestic and foreign companies. At the same time, there are products of both well-known brands and less popular brands on the market. Domestic brands offering practical and durable products for the bathroom include:
They offer budget models in classic shapes. In the catalog of the Sanita Luxe company more expensive options are also presented, for example, equipped with a microlift.
Foreign manufacturers offer better and improved toilet seat models. These brands include:
- Jacob Delafon;
- Jika Olimp;
- Gustavsberg Nordic;
- Jika Lyra;
- Ideal Standard;
Products are popular Swedish manufacturer Ifo, Swiss brand Laufen Pro, German brand Am Pm Joy series… The following brands are also known as: Xiaomi, Wirquin, Vega, Ido Trevi, Hatria Marilyn, Era, Hybner, Twyford.
The company BabyBjorn is a popular company in Russia that offers children's models of toilet seats.
Criterias of choice
Going to the store to buy a toilet seat, first of all you need measure the toilet bowl… In order not to be mistaken, it is recommended to outline the contour of the sanitary ware on paper or cardboard with the obligatory marking of the mounting holes. Thanks to this template, you can quickly find a toilet seat cover.
There are several important parameters to look out for when choosing an overlay
- The degree of hardness. The stiffer the toilet seat, the longer it can last. Soft and semi-rigid variations are more comfortable, but you will need to change them much more often.
- Outer surface. A high-quality product has no sagging of plastic, scuffs, roughness, cracks and other external defects. The surface must be perfectly flat and smooth. A defective design is unlikely to last long.
- Cover shape. It should be selected in accordance with the shape of the toilet. It is best to give preference to orthopedic products - they will provide greater comfort during use.
- Equipment. The kit should include: toilet seat and lid, fasteners.
- Functions. It's important to consider your budget here. If it is limited, it is best to look at simple models without additional options. If increased comfort of the bathroom is important for households, they are ready to pay for it, then it is advisable to pay attention to automated models.
The lid design is tailored to personal preference. However, when choosing a color, you need to take into account the interior decoration of the bathroom - the appearance of the purchased product should be in good harmony with the finishing materials and decor.
It is important to properly care for the toilet lid and toilet seat, otherwise they will be covered with a yellow coating and lose their aesthetics. A common cause of yellowness is lime deposits. They linger on rough plastic or low quality plastic.
Before starting work, you need to put on rubber gloves - they will protect the skin of the hands from the negative effects of detergents. First of all, you need to wipe the surfaces of the products with a sponge soaked in warm water - such actions will help soften the dirt.
If the cleaning has been carried out for a long time, therefore, there are old deposits on the toilet seat, it is recommended to use specialized products based on hydrochloric acid:
- Cillit Bang;
- "Dressing Duck".
You can use "Domestos" - a known alkaline agent. To clean the plumbing, the selected substance is applied to a sponge and rubbed over the surface of the product. After 5 minutes, the residues of the product are removed with a soft cloth and warm water. Thoroughly rinse the cover and seat so that chemically aggressive substances do not come into contact with the skin.
It is recommended to disinfect the bathroom at least 1-2 times a week. To keep the toilet seat clean, wipe it daily with a damp sponge and any kind of detergent.
Regular cleaning does not take much time and effort.
How to attach and remove?
Installing a new toilet seat and cover will not require special skills and abilities - you can cope with this task on your own without resorting to the help of professional plumbers.
To fix the purchased lining, you need to use the following algorithm of actions
- Dismantle the old seat. To do this, unscrew the nuts from the long bolts. Wrenches or pliers can be used as needed.
- Clean the mounting holes. It is recommended to wash the toilet and check the reliability of fixing the drain system - this will reduce the likelihood of leaks.
- Prepare a new set, place the seat and lid on the toilet, and then attach the fasteners. The connection must be tightened, while it is not necessary to exert excessive force on the plastic products, otherwise they may burst.
If you need change the old pad for a new automated toilet seat, requiring a plumbing and electrical connection, it is best to seek professional help.
How to change the toilet seat is shown in the following video.