Porch For A Private House Made Of Concrete (48 Photos): Projects, We Make Concrete Steps With Our Own Hands. How To Fill A Staircase? Step-by-step Instruction

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Porch For A Private House Made Of Concrete (48 Photos): Projects, We Make Concrete Steps With Our Own Hands. How To Fill A Staircase? Step-by-step Instruction
Porch For A Private House Made Of Concrete (48 Photos): Projects, We Make Concrete Steps With Our Own Hands. How To Fill A Staircase? Step-by-step Instruction
Video: Porch For A Private House Made Of Concrete (48 Photos): Projects, We Make Concrete Steps With Our Own Hands. How To Fill A Staircase? Step-by-step Instruction
Video: Concrete steps #1 2023, February
Anonim

Many private houses have a porch made of concrete. Such designs both look soundly and serve for many years. In this article, we will learn what are the main advantages and disadvantages of concrete structures.

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Advantages and disadvantages

A concrete porch is a solution used by many private home owners. Similar designs can be seen very often. It is enough to look at any street where private buildings or cottages are located - here it is impossible to surprise anyone with a concrete porch.

The popularity of such structures is due to the many positive qualities that they possess.

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Consider what are the main advantages of a concrete porch

  • One of the most important advantages of the structures under consideration is hidden in their aesthetic appearance. With proper implementation, a concrete porch can become a chic addition to a residential building. To do this, it is necessary to pay due attention to the design of the construction.
  • A concrete porch is a reliable and sturdy structure. It is not easily damaged, broken or scratched. Such designs can last for many years, while remaining as strong and attractive as on the first day.
  • If you think carefully about the external design of a concrete porch, it will easily fit into the existing architectural ensemble. Such structures are suitable for almost any residential building, do not have a negative impact on their style and appearance.
  • The constructions in question are safe. It is convenient to both descend and climb along them. At the same time, under the feet of a person there is a reliable and stable base that will not swing, "float" and inspire fear of a sudden collapse. Thanks to this, the concrete porch is also quite comfortable. In operation, these structures show themselves to be very comfortable.
  • If the porch is planned to be sculpted out of concrete, then it can be given any shape. From this material, both the simplest and most intricate structures of complex shapes are obtained.
  • You can build a concrete porch with your own hands. There is nothing prohibitively difficult in carrying out such installation work, therefore many owners of private houses refuse the services of specialists and are engaged in the installation themselves.
  • The concrete porch can be supplemented with a variety of finishing materials. Thanks to this, designs become even more stylish and effective.
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Despite the considerable list of advantages, a concrete porch has its drawbacks

  • Concrete is not the most flawless material, although it is versatile. Sometimes working with concrete is not easy. If the design is planned to be very complex and must be manufactured in not the most simple conditions, then it will definitely not be possible to do without the help of specialists.
  • Poor quality concrete is very common on the market. Often, cheap raw materials are issued for a high-quality and durable product, from which reliable structures cannot be made. This is another major drawback that can make your home construction not as good as expected.
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Design

As in the case of any other outbuildings, for the construction of a concrete porch, it is first necessary to draw up its detailed plan and drawing.

You can do this yourself, or you can use ready-made projects indicating all sizes and nuances of construction.

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Consider some attractive options for concrete steps projects for a private residential building

The entrance area to a private house will look very dignified if equip it with a standard concrete ladder of a direct device… On the steps of the structure, granite paving stones and clinker bricks will look gorgeous. For such a structure, it is necessary to form a very strong monolithic foundation

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A chic solution is a semicircular concrete porch with steps with angular edges. The structure, the plan of which is shown in the diagram, consists of only 3 main levels - from the widest to the smallest, leading directly to a private house

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Concrete steps made in a semicircle are very popular today. In such designs, the steps can be made not only angular, but also smoother, devoid of sharp corners. Together with the correctly selected cladding, the rounded steps look especially expensive and presentable

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There are many more options for how to plan a concrete porch for a private house. It can be either angular or round or more complicated in shape. It is recommended to independently draw up a project for a future structure only if you are familiar with such work.

If this turns out to be a new experiment for you, then it is better not to risk it and use ready-made schemes.

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Preparation for construction

If the installation of a concrete porch is planned, it will not be possible to do without appropriate preparatory measures. They are very important, so they cannot be neglected in any case. Let's take a look at exactly how to prepare the adjoining territory for the further construction of a concrete porch.

  • The first step is to dismantle the old entrance structure, if any.
  • Further, the site will definitely need to be cleaned of absolutely all construction debris, weeds and other waste.
  • It is necessary to calculate the gap from the zero mark to the door threshold at the entrance to the house.
  • It will be necessary to correctly calculate the parameter of the height of the steps. This can be done by dividing the height of the site by the number of steps.
  • You will need to correctly calculate the dimensional parameters of the door platform. To do this, you will need to rely on the width of the doorway.
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Calculating the minimum allowed site sizes, you will need:

  • add about 15-20 cm to the indicator of the width of the doorway;
  • make the indicator of the depth of the structure at least 100 cm.

Even at the time of drawing up drawings and diagrams of a concrete building, the master needs to perform the following manipulations:

  • indicate the corresponding characteristics of the entrance ladder;
  • decide on the design of concrete steps.
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Before proceeding directly to the installation of the already planned and designed stairs leading to the household, it will be necessary to take into account some of the features of the work

  • The parameter of the foundation depth for the front porch must correspond to the distance from the zero mark to the lowest plane of the base of the building.
  • The staircase leading to the residential building must be a single structure with the building. Compliance with this condition can only be ensured by reinforcement with steel rods.
  • The service life of a concrete structure depends on the brand of the solution, as well as on the quality of the waterproofing of the construction.

Also, at the preparatory stage, you need to make the foundation under the porch.

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How to do it yourself?

An extension to a private house in the form of a porch made of concrete mortar may well be made by hand. If a person undertakes these works for the first time in his life, then one cannot do without detailed step-by-step instructions, otherwise many serious mistakes in installation can be made.

Installation of formwork and reinforcement

Having prepared the foundation, you can proceed with the installation of formwork and reinforcement. So, for the installation of panel formwork, you can use the following materials:

  • wood;
  • metal;
  • plywood.
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Formwork production will consist of the following stages

  • First, the side zones of the structure are prepared, making the parameter of their height 300 mm above the porch line. The side flaps are marked taking into account the estimated position and overall parameters of the steps.
  • Absolutely all panelboard components are cut, based on the previously done markup.
  • Cross braces are installed between the formwork flaps. With their help, the rigidity of the structure will be ensured during the concreting process.
  • They assemble the formwork structure, firmly fixing it with pegs driven directly into the ground.
  • Longitudinal details are attached that will reproduce the position of all steps on the span.
  • All cracks in the shield base are sealed, treated with special mastic, so that the structure is easier to disassemble and fill with concrete.
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It will be possible to strengthen the structure by means of steel reinforcement.

After the preparation of the formwork, you can proceed to the installation of the steps:

  • first, the reinforcement is cut into workpieces of the required length;
  • firmly connect the rods with a knitting wire, making a strong frame;
  • stone or brick fragments are laid in layers.
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Fill

Consider how to properly fill the prepared base with a concrete solution.

  • Mix the concrete in the required volumes. For this, it is most convenient to use a concrete mixer.
  • Next, the formwork is filled with the prepared solution. This should be done in stages, starting from the bottom step.
  • Compact the concrete block as thoroughly as possible to remove all air bubbles.
  • Make sure that the concrete is flat. Use a level to keep the level of the surface under control.
  • Try not to mechanically act on the solution that has not yet cooled down for a week.
  • Moisten the concrete surface with water from time to time to avoid cracking.
  • Take care of protecting the concrete from wet fumes by laying a polyethylene film on the surface.
  • Dismantle the formwork frame as carefully as possible when the concrete is completely hardened.
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When the process of reinforcement and concreting is completed, you can proceed to facing the concrete structure.

Step-by-step finishing instructions

Finishing materials with which it is possible to veneer the porch make the concrete base more attractive and aesthetic. Thanks to such additions, the structure can more harmoniously fit into the existing exterior of a residential building.

Finishing work is optional. If you do not want to spend time and money on this, then after pouring the concrete solution, you can do with the following measures:

  • lay out pebbles on the set concrete;
  • form a texture that mimics masonry or tiles.
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In the role of finishing materials for a concrete porch, it is permissible to use the following:

  • clinker tiles are suitable, the top of which is supplemented with an anti-slip coating - such materials are especially in demand in rainy weather and in winter cold;
  • porcelain stoneware with an original texture;
  • natural or artificial stone are the most attractive and popular finishing materials.
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If it is decided to independently decorate the concrete porch with the selected materials, then it is worth acting in accordance with the following scheme

  • First, the concrete surface will need to be thoroughly cleaned. There should be no dirt or dust on it.
  • It is very important to pre-treat concrete with a special compound that increases the adhesion of the base.Do not forget about this stage of work.
  • Now, both the concrete base and the tiles selected for installation will need to be applied with a specialized adhesive.
  • After that, the tile will need to be fixed as tightly and firmly as possible on the base. Try to avoid shifts and displacements.
  • Leave equal gaps between tiles. To comply with a similar rule for finishing work, you can use special inserts-crosses (props).
  • At the end of the finishing work, it is important to carefully grout the formed seam joints. For this, a special composition is involved.
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Facing a brick porch installed on the street next to the entrance area does not cause any particular difficulties or high energy costs. For finishing, you can not only cover the concrete base with tiles, but also paint it. To do this, you will need special paints and varnishes intended for facade work.

Useful Tips

Let's take a look at some helpful tips and tricks for installing a concrete porch

  • To prepare a concrete solution in the required proportions, it is advisable to use a concrete mixer, and a special vibratory plate is ideal for ramming the composition. If such equipment is not in possession, it can be rented.
  • If the door leading to the house is made of wood, then another 2-3 centimeters must be added to the distance from the threshold to the ground surface. This is due to the fact that in rainy weather the wood can swell slightly. If the upper platform of the porch is too close, the door leaf will begin to cling to it and stop opening normally.
  • You should not rigidly tie the foundation of the house and the porch. Because of this, during the period of spring heaving, the structure may crack. Between the plinth and the stairs, it is better to lay out a shield of 2.5 cm boards and soak it with bitumen. The area under the march must be strictly horizontal.
  • Get the right cement for the job. Its brand must be at least M500. It is this indicator that directly depends on what technical characteristics the mixture has and what parameters the structure made of it will have.
  • When assembling the formwork, all parts should fit as tightly as possible to each other. If at least small gaps remain, then the water that is part of the concrete solution will simply flow out through them.
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How to make a concrete porch with your own hands, see the video below.

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