The porch is the element of a wooden house that is both decorative and functional. Therefore, there are many nuances that you should pay attention to when building it.
To begin with, it is worth saying that there are several types of such extensions to a wooden house
Classic… This porch looks very simple and minimalistic. The staircase consists of several steps. Railings can complement it. But this is optional. As a rule, there is very little space, and the open space in front of the entrance to the house is not littered with anything.
Terrace… A modern wooden house can be supplemented with a terrace or veranda. The difference between the two is that the terrace porch is complemented only by a canopy on screw piles. The visor is often additionally decorated. But the veranda is a closed, sometimes insulated and glazed porch. There is enough space in both cases to decorate the free space with flowers or put a couple of comfortable chairs there
With a canopy. The small covered space is convenient because the porch area is well protected from rain and snow
And also this building element can be attached or built-in. The latter option is being built along with the house and, as a rule, is made of the same material as the walls. And the attached porch can be completed even after several years.
Wood is combined with different materials, so any porch can be attached to it. When choosing, it is worth considering the features of the main building. For example, if the facade of a house is faced with stone or brick, you can use the same material to build a porch. And also it is worth paying attention to the style of construction. For example, an antique-style house can be decorated with metal-trimmed railings.
More often than not, modern architects opt for several basic materials
A time-tested option - a ring made of quality wood… This material has many advantages. The porch turns out to be comfortable, environmentally friendly and stylish. Moreover, wood is very easy to work with. Therefore, the handrail and canopy made of timber or logs can be designed at your discretion.
The most commonly used conifers are pine or spruce. They are practical and affordable. And you can also pay attention to such material as larch.
A significant disadvantage is that the material is inferior to others in durability… In order to extend its life, it is necessary to use various coatings and additional impregnations.
The best option is acrylic or alkyd solutions. They give the wood a more noble shade and do not spoil it.
This material is usually used to create a solid base of steps. The concrete base can be additionally decorated with beautiful finishes and wrought iron or iron handrails. The advantage of the concrete structure is that it monolithic and reliable.
Brick and stone
A porch decorated with brick or stone looks very nice. Despite the fact that it looks very reliable, the material does not always live up to expectations. It is highly exposed to changes in temperature and high humidity. Over time, cracks may appear on the facade of such a porch. To prevent this from happening, you need to use quality material.Clinker bricks are best suited for building a porch.
The base of the porch will be perfectly complemented by high Gothic railings or some other metal elements. If homeowners want to make their porch warm and cozy, materials such as polycarbonate or durable glass can be used.
Having dealt with the materials, you can proceed to designing the porch. There are several proven options that will appeal to both lovers of luxurious manor-like homes and connoisseurs of minimalism.
If the house is made of beams or is stylized to resemble buildings from the times of tsarist Russia, you can "attach" a porch suitable for the style to it. At the same time, the base can be as simple as possible, but more attention should be paid to the decor of the canopy, railings and supporting piles.
If you have money and opportunities, you can decorate them with beautiful carvings.
Thus, even an ordinary house can be decorated.… To do this, it is enough to make massive steps of stone, decorate everything with beautiful forged railings, and put not small lamps on the sides of the stairs, but full-fledged high lanterns.
This porch looks very good as an extension to a light wood house. Very often, an openwork lattice is used for decoration. When designing a porch in this style, you can trim the base with light natural stone.
The finished porch will look great if decorated with flowers in hanging pots and wicker or light wood furniture.
Such a porch looks neat and restrained, especially in contrast to the previous project. There are no unnecessary details. The entire solid wood is hidden behind an elegant cladding. The open porch is decorated with massive columns. Such a building will look especially impressive if you use light wood.
This is a great option for lovers of minimalism. A porch in a modern style does not need any extra decorative elements. Neat wooden beams, low railings and a minimum of overlap are used.
In addition to wood, light brick and stone can be used during construction.
How to build with your own hands?
To build a porch for your home, you need to decide on what parts it will consist of. After that, you can perform all the work step by step.
In order for the building to be more reliable, it is necessary to select a high-quality foundation for it. The choice of materials must be taken very seriously, because if the base is done poorly, in the cold season, the porch may "float" away from the main building.
When working with the foundation, it is very important to determine the dimensions of the future porch. It should be enough spacious… Even if it is not planned to place any decorative elements or furniture on it.
Making the foundation for the porch with your own hands is quite simple. First you need to dig a foundation pit for it. It should be borne in mind that its depth should be the same as the depth of the foundation of the house. A cushion of sand and gravel is poured at the bottom of the pit. Then the formwork is installed, and concrete is poured from above.
After that, a cement coating is made. It turns out a reliable monolithic foundation on which you can already build the porch of your dreams.
When the foundation is ready, you can move on to building the porch. Its steps can adjoin the porch site from one or both sides. Steps are made from materials such as:
- stone or brick;
In the process of building a staircase, you must adhere to a few simple rules
If the foundation is high, then the stairs may be needed additional supports.
For greater convenience, the steps should be done wide and flat. The height of each of them should be no more than 20 centimeters.If there is one or more small children in the house, it is worth making them slightly lower.
It is advisable to additionally arrange the staircase flashlightsto make it more comfortable to climb into the house at night. According to the rules, there should be one small light source for 3 steps.
The finished steps should harmoniously fit into the overall picture and perfectly combine with other elements of the extension.
When the porch is almost ready, it can be supplemented with a railing. This structural element performs several functions at once:
- is a reliable and comfortable support;
- protects against falling;
- decorates the porch.
The railing can be made of the same material from which the base of the porch is made, or, conversely, you can focus on the handrails. Favorite materials for fencing are ferrous metal, wood and steel. From them you can create a real work of art. The optimal height of the fence is no more than 80 centimeters.
And also, in addition, you can make a visor that will protect the site and everyone who climbs it from any precipitation. It is advisable to make the canopy slightly larger than the porch.
When the construction of the porch is completed, and all fasteners are securely fixed, you can proceed to finishing. It doesn't matter what material was used in the construction, it must be additionally sanded and covered with a protective material. Railings and small decorative details are also recommended to be tinted and varnished.
These substances allow to preserve the beauty of wood and prevent it from fading even over time.
Before getting started, there are several beautifully designed finished buildings to consider.
With wrought iron railing
Using old Russian-style houses as a source of inspiration, you can add a spacious porch-terrace to the main building. In this case, the canopy and the main supporting elements are used the same as when building a house. In this case, the floor should also be made of wood, like the steps. But the railings can already be picked up more sophisticated.
In order for all the elements on the site to be combined with each other, it is worth choosing a railings that are in harmony with the finish of the gate or fence.
When building a house for the village, I want to make it as comfortable as possible. This applies to both interior and exterior decoration. A porch made of darker wood will look beautiful next to the light base of the house.
Here it is worth acting on the principle - the simpler the better. The base of the house can be decorated with natural stone, like the steps. But the porch itself should be hidden under a canopy with simple wooden piles. This design will be perfectly complemented by low wooden railings and an abundance of fresh flowers that adorn the recreation area.
The large two-story dark timber structure can be complemented by a porch with low railings. It is desirable that they be combined with the finishing of the balcony on the second floor. It is advisable to cover the material from which the railings and supports are made with a dark varnish or stain.
A brick foundation of a rich dark shade will be perfectly combined with a wood base. Such a house looks great on the site without any unnecessary decorative details, because in itself it looks luxurious.
It does not matter how long ago and in what style the house was built in the country house or suburban area. It can always be ennobled by simply attaching a cozy porch to it, which can serve not only as a decoration of the site, but also as a place to relax in the warm season.
For information on how to make a wooden porch with your own hands, see the next video.