Porch Tile (55 Photos): Dimensions Of Street Tiles For Steps, Laying It On The Street, Frost-resistant And Other Types For A Private House

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Porch Tile (55 Photos): Dimensions Of Street Tiles For Steps, Laying It On The Street, Frost-resistant And Other Types For A Private House
Porch Tile (55 Photos): Dimensions Of Street Tiles For Steps, Laying It On The Street, Frost-resistant And Other Types For A Private House

Video: Porch Tile (55 Photos): Dimensions Of Street Tiles For Steps, Laying It On The Street, Frost-resistant And Other Types For A Private House

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Video: Ceramic Stairs :: tile of stairs wall 2023, January
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Facing the porch of a private or country house is the final stage of arranging the entrance area. From the material in this article, you will learn how to choose a tile for steps, how to properly lay it with your own hands.

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Features of the

For finishing marches, steps and thresholds, they use universal tiles, presented in the building materials market in a huge assortment. Based on the composition, street tiles for finishing the porch are different. At the same time, it differs:

  • resistance to temperature extremes;
  • resistance to abrasion and weight loads;
  • frost resistance;
  • high slip resistance;
  • resistance to moisture and aggressive substances.

High-quality building material is inert to the effects of fungal organisms. It does not fade or tarnish during long-term use.

In this case, the finish can have a wide variety of sizes. It belongs to the floor type cladding, has a large, in comparison with wall tiles, thickness.

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Material

The modern construction market offers a wide range of porch tiles. For example, you can buy raw materials from limestone, OSB, basalt, concrete, porcelain stoneware, rubber. The performance characteristics of each type are determined by the composition. Let's take a look at the most practical types of raw materials.

Rubber

Rubber tiles are as safe as possible, they are made from production waste. It resembles rubber, has a high anti-slip coefficient and maximum elasticity. It is considered easy to care for and clean. It is supplied to the market in various colors, does not wear off during use. It involves facing steps and a small area near the front door.

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Ceramic

This variety can have a wide variety of sizes, including the minimum. It has a rough surface on the front side and is designed for 25 years of service. Its texture can be different (matte, embossed, structural).

Ceramic tiles are easy to install, durable, and provide many installation schemes. It has a compressive strength of 20 MPa, the level of water absorption is 4-8%.

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Granite

Compared to other analogues, external granite tiles are considered to be more wear-resistant and durable. It has an ideal geometry, it varies in the type of texture (it can be glossy, structural, glazed, embossed). The stone finish is expensive, it gives the entrance area a special status. Can be stacked in one or more shades.

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Clinker

The eco-friendly product contains clay and natural pigments. The material has a water absorption of 3% and a compressive strength of 25MPa. Due to the rough surface, sliding along the steps is excluded. The back of the tile is ribbed, which enhances the adhesion to the adhesive.

Clinker revet steps, baseboards, a porch with a staircase of complex shape.

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Concrete

Concrete tiles are characterized by maximum reliability and durability. She is not afraid of moisture, dampness, high and low temperatures. However, it is quite heavy, moreover, it does not have the most attractive shades. In comparison with other analogs, it looks faded. Has a rough surface, high wear resistance. It is made from a sand-cement mixture with pigmented additives.

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Basalt

Basalt tiles have an enviable durability. It is stronger than granite, does not have a radioactive background, therefore it is completely safe. It is distinguished by its severity of appearance, style, and gives the entrance area a special flavor.

However, it is heavier than granite, which complicates the cladding of work surfaces.

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Tile selection

It's easy to get lost in the richest assortment of tiles. To choose a really practical and reliable material, you have to take into account a number of nuances. You need to take products for exterior decoration.

This is a frost-resistant tile for outdoor installation, inert to negative environmental factors. This cladding is marked with an asterisk. It can have different levels of abrasion protection. It is better to choose the maximum option marked "V".

The cladding has a different degree of slip resistance. The optimal variant is R11-R13. It is safe to use for many years. Cheap tiles do not have adequate anti-slip properties. Such a coating has to be additionally covered with rubber mats.

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You can determine the abrasion of a tile by looking at the sole icon. The term of loss of the presentation of the finished coating depends on this coefficient. There are 5 abrasion classes in total. To decorate the porch, you need an average version (3-4). You should not take a product with lower indicators.

For the coating to be eternal, it is better to buy tiles with a water absorption of no more than 6%. In this case, it is necessary to purchase material with a small margin (10% of the required amount). This will eliminate the likelihood of re-purchase in the event of a chip during transportation or shortage due to marriage during installation.

The frost resistance of a tile is indicated by a snowflake sign. This indicator can vary between 0-300. The choice of building material depends on the region.

The more severe the winter, the higher the number of cycles on the marking should be.

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Tiles have different levels of hardness, which can range from 1-10. It is indicated by a stylized diamond icon. The higher this indicator, the stronger the material and more resistant to mechanical stress.

Products have different levels of flexural strength. The type of design of the steps of the porch depends on this. For example, rubber tiles have a small coefficient. The rubber variety can be used to design a semicircular base.

The thickness of the tiles determines the strength of the finished cladding. You should not buy too thin or, on the contrary, excessively thick material. Average values ​​are optimal, such tiles are resistant to loads for many years.

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One of the defining purchase criteria is the price. Products made from natural raw materials are more expensive, but their cost is justified by the durability of the finished coating. As for the mass of the box and the number of tiles in the container, everything is individual.

The dimensions are determined by the wishes of the buyer and his installation experience. The smaller the dies, the more fit the selected pattern. You should choose products from one batch. It has the same color and geometry.

When buying, you need to take a check - this will be a guarantee of return in case of a defect in the boxes.

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Design

Despite the seeming monotony, the decoration of the porch with tiles can be very diverse. The finish can be one-color, two-color, contrasting, multifaceted. In addition, cladding may involve a combination of different building materials. For example, it can be styling with rubber inserts in the area of ​​the most popular areas.

Laying patterns vary, as does the finishing of the steps. It can be a classic cladding made of tiles alone. In addition, the design may involve the use of special tiled elements (steps, risers, plinths, curbs, corners, thresholds). In this case, the main design can be monochromatic, decorated with a border with a pattern.

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The size

The running dimensions of the tiles for finishing the steps are 300x300x30 mm. Besides, the most demanded material are dies with parameters 300x600 mm. They are purchased to reduce the number of joints and minimize clipping. Some options are 10x10 cm in size, which minimizes material trimming, but increases the number of joint seams.

Finishing elements of steps, risers may vary. Therefore, their sizes are also different. For instance, for facing the porch they sell clinker with parameters 240x115x10, 240x240x10, 294x294x10, 444x294x10 mm. Dies for a notched step have dimensions of 300x240x10, 300x294x10 mm.

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The dimensions of ordinary steps with a Florentine profile are 340x240x12, 340x294x12, 345x345x12 mm. Simple steps can have dimensions of 240x175x10, 294x175x10 mm. The parameters of the skirting tiles can be 240x73x8, 294x73x8 mm.

The most popular material has a thickness of 1 cm. The thickness of an ordinary step with a Florentine profile is 1.2 cm, length - 34 cm, width - 24 and 29 cm. Spanish clinker has a thickness of 18 mm.

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Laying technology

Before facing the porch, it is necessary to prepare the base. Trying to level the base with glue will increase material consumption and result in uneven shrinkage. In addition, the base is prepared with a slope of 2 mm, which will provide the necessary drainage.

If there is no slope, it is built using a special metal mesh, on which tiles will be lined in the future. The chain-link is fastened by means of dowels or mounting brackets. Cement mortar is not laid on concrete - this leads to the detachment of the tiles along with the screed.

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Preparation involves eliminating defects and checking dimensions (width of the march, angle of inclination, size of the tread, height of the riser).

If necessary, remove the old coating, oil stains, paint. All of these can reduce adhesion.

It is necessary to prepare material and glue:

  • buy a special synthetic compound for rubber tiles;
  • for ceramics and stone, they purchase a polymer-cement mortar (street elastic, highly elastic).
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You will also need:

  • working solution;
  • putty knife;
  • "Turtle" (flexible grinding wheel);
  • mallet.
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Step-by-step instruction

To lay the floor tiles on the porch according to all the rules, you must follow the step-by-step cladding technology

  • At the initial stage of the work, a trial installation of the tiles is carried out. All elements are laid out on the work surface, leaving an approximate distance to the seams. The width of the seams may vary. When working with ceramics, it is 0.6 cm. The clinker must be placed taking into account the seams of 1.4 cm. The distance to the seams when laying porcelain stoneware is 0.8 cm. After a trial laying and checking it for symmetry, they begin to fix the elements.
  • Regardless of the shape of the porch, tiles are laid from the corner. After layout and adjustment, the solution is kneaded. Each composition has its own mixing proportions, which are indicated on the product packaging. The selected product is kneaded with a construction mixer.
  • After that, take a notched trowel, apply glue to the base and each tile. Excess glue is removed, the die is slightly pressed into the base and shifted, thereby eliminating voids.
  • The identity of the seams is observed by means of special crosses. In the future, they are removed and filled with grout.
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The elements of the rounded staircase are pressed tightly. In the course of work, the surface is controlled for inclination and solidity. All elements are pressed into the glue so that none of them protrudes above the others. The indentation should be uniform over the entire area of ​​the die.

The grout mixture may differ in composition and color. It is kneaded to a pasty consistency, after which all the seams are filled with the mass. Grout is used only after the working solution has completely set. As a rule, this takes at least a day.

The gaps between the porch and the wall are filled with sealant.

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Recommendations

  • Regardless of the shape of the porch, tiles are laid on a flat base. The leveling layer should not be thick, otherwise it will lead to cracks in the tiles. The surface to be finished must be clean and dry. Do not lay the tiles on a damp base.
  • Do not put tiles for interior decoration on the porch and steps. This material is not suitable for outdoor use.Such tiles do not withstand frost. It will not last long and will crack quickly.
  • For the cladding to be durable, you need to choose the right adhesive. Fake formulations often don't hold the tiles. To avoid this, you need to take mixtures in trusted hardware stores. It is necessary to pay attention to the packaging - there are always differences between the fake and the original.
  • The key when laying is the elimination of voids. To check this, you need to tap on the tile with a rubber mallet. An empty sound indicates an area with no glue. Such a plate must be removed and shifted.
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Beautiful examples

We offer several examples of a successful porch design with outdoor tiles

A variant of combining tiles of different colors and textures for finishing the entrance area of ​​a private house

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A colorful design solution using different layouts for dies of different sizes and thicknesses

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Decorating the porch with slabs of different materials, the choice of raw materials, identical to the decoration of the walls of the house

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A variant of the cladding design using dies of different colors and sizes

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Decorating the porch of a country house, decorated with bright ornaments

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Semicircular porch with square tiles and stylized floral border

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An example of a faceted porch decoration, the use of tiles of different tones of the same color

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Reception of decoration of a stone porch with facing from different materials

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How to lay tiles on the porch, see the video.

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