The perception of any home begins with the facade and the front door. Not so long ago, the concept of "entrance group" appeared - this is a complex device not only of the door itself, but also of its surroundings, including the vestibule structures, lighting, decoration, landscaping. In the article, we will tell you how they settle down, what they consist of, what material are used to make various entrance groups of private houses.
Features of the
To begin with, let's figure out what an entrance group is for a private house, what elements it consists of. A variety of designs in front of the entrance can delight any homeowner with its choice. The following components are considered the most common:
- Entrance door;
- porch with steps and railings;
In other versions, the entrance group may contain a large flooring in front of the entrance for the entire facade width of the building, a double-glazed vestibule, a terrace or a wooden veranda.
Any buildings on the threshold can be supplemented with lighting, pots and pots with flowers, decor (bell, horseshoe, wrought iron elements, columns, statues).
When building an entrance group, a number of requirements are taken into account
- It must be safe for the residents of the house. The age characteristics of the residents are taken into account: for example, for the elderly and children, the steps are made low, but of sufficient width, necessarily complementing the railings. In regions with frosty climates or frequent precipitation, slip materials are not used.
- An extension looks aesthetically pleasing if it is planned taking into account the dimensions of the house, its number of storeys. For example, a large veranda next to a small building will create an imbalance in the appearance of the entire structure.
- The entrance group should be in harmony with the house and the surrounding space. For its construction, building materials are selected by analogy with the main building. Attention is focused on the paths leading to the entrance, green spaces at the facade of the building. Lanterns and decorative elements are selected in accordance with the style of the estate and landscape design.
When arranging the entrance group at a private house, one should take into account the climatic conditions in which the building is located. In the northern regions, it is wiser to acquire a warm vestibule or veranda. It is enough to attach a porch to a house located in a warm climate, but you can supplement the entrance with an open terrace or a podium, on which it is convenient to arrange a summer recreation area with a bench, swing, sunbed or dining group. In extremely hot conditions, an awning can be installed over the deck.
In wet regions, there should be a deep visor above the entrance to the house - it will allow the owner to stay dry during the rain, even if he happens to hesitate, taking out the keys and unlocking the door. The building material for the entrance group in such conditions is acquired resistant to corrosion and decay.
In windy regions, awnings, awnings, visors are well fixed. The material is selected that does not sail. On the leeward side, you can build a decorative protective wall. Now let's dwell on the types of complex buildings that are classified as entrance groups.
The porch is the most common type of building at the threshold. The design is relevant in any area. In areas with warm climates, this is the easiest way to get into the house. In the northern regions, an open porch is used in buildings with an internal vestibule or is built in front of an insulated veranda. The porch has a number of components.
Area in front of the door
It should be flush with the bottom of the entrance. Its dimensions are calculated taking into account the wishes of the owner. When designing a miniature porch, the need to fully open the door leaf should be taken into account.
Even on a site with minimal dimensions, two people must pass each other - entering and exiting, only in such conditions a compact porch can be considered safe.
If the basement is low, and the doorway is almost next to the ground, steps, in general, may not be needed - one platform is enough. The higher the building foundation and the entrance door are above ground level, the more steps the porch needs. It is necessary to calculate not only the height of the rise, but also the optimal size of each step, so that the person entering can easily climb to the platform at the threshold. The staircase can be straight, square, rhombic, rounded. It is often installed from the front side of the house or from the side. The lifts are presented in different versions:
side and front
from all sides of the site
They are needed not only for the elderly and small children - the railings help out the owners in the winter, when the steps freeze and slide. The material for the railing is selected in accordance with the style of the entire porch and facade of the building: it can be wood, concrete, stone, brick or forging.
An important part of the structure of the entrance group, which protects from the scorching sun and precipitation. The canopy over the door is made taking into account the weight of the material of which it consists, and the possible load of snow cover in the winter season is also calculated. For a quick descent of precipitation, the surface of the visor is made with a slope. The cover material is mounted on a specially made frame fixed to the wall of the building. During the installation of the visor, one should not forget about the installation of the drainage system (gutters, drainpipes, storm sewers). The shape and size of canopies are very diverse, as well as the material of which they are composed. For clarity, here are some examples:
the complex shape of the visor, consisting of several elements
figured polycarbonate canopy on a forged frame
beautiful round structure with tent elements
an elegant semicircular canopy with colored transparent inserts reminiscent of a stained glass window
triangular deep design
Sometimes, instead of a canopy, an elongated edge of the roof of a house or a second-floor balcony is used. The porch is built not only directly in front of the entrance to the house, but also in front of the outer vestibule, the veranda, so we stopped at its description in more detail.
There may be other buildings at the front door.
The construction is especially relevant when the house does not have a warm separate hallway or internal vestibule. In cold climates, a small structure is needed in front of the building to keep cold air out of the house. The easiest way to order such a structure is from a company that manufactures double-glazed windows. But you can use other materials as well:
- an extension made of wood and brick;
- panoramic windows on an aluminum frame.
It is a spacious covered building adjacent to the house. The building has extensive glazing, as it often occupies a large part of the wall of the house, including the window opening leading from the room to the veranda. The design can be completed with furniture, creating a cozy seating area. If the extension is heated, it can be used all year round. Thanks to large-scale glazing on verandas, winter gardens are often equipped. We suggest considering examples of entrance groups with the participation of verandas:
- country style extension with panoramic windows;
- a large structure extending beyond the facade of the house;
- a veranda that follows the shape of the main building.
Covered and open terraces often become favorite extensions of private estates. They represent a spacious area without walls or with partial fencing. They can do without a roof, but it is more comfortable when there is a canopy above the deck covering the entire site or its fragment. The roof reliably protects the building from rain and scorching sun. Beautiful examples of summer terraces:
- a spacious seating area under a transparent roof;
- wooden flooring with columns;
- two-level terrace.
The entrance group includes not only the outbuildings near the building, but also the doors that separate the inside of the house from the outside world. The warmth, safety and appearance of a private cottage depend on their choice. Given the dimensions of the porch, one of the types of entrance doors can be installed in the building.
Classic type of doors swinging open towards the street. If you wish, you can fix the door leaf on the frame so that it opens inward, because today few people adhere to traditions. Swing structures can be double or single.
In addition, the modern type of doors can swing open like a pendulum, that is, in any direction.
They are a group of doors using sliding mechanisms of different types:
traditionally, when opening, the surface goes to the side, being located along the wall (sliding model)
the folding canvas is divided into vertical fragments, which are folded with each other, while moving in a single plane
the telescopic surface is divided into flaps that resemble the assembly of a telescope when moving
the movement of radius doors occurs in a circle and requires a lot of space in the area of the vestibule
Owners of cottages often resort to individual orders for front doors, seeking special beauty and individuality through decoration. An effective design approach to the creation of door structures can be appreciated on the following examples:
- double front swing model;
- single door leading to the vestibule;
- beautiful entrance structure with elements of forging and wood carving.
The material for arranging the entrance group is selected in accordance with the general ensemble of the building and landscape design. The appearance of a country house consists not only of the choice of building material used in the construction of the entrance group (PVC, stone, tile, brick), finishing (painting, plaster, forging, glass) plays an important aesthetic role. So, elements of the entrance group are built from different materials.
Made of plastic
External vestibules and verandas are often mounted from double-glazed windows assembled with the participation of a modern durable polymer. High-quality plastic structures do not allow cold air to pass through, have a convenient system for opening doors and windows, and are endowed with ventilation capabilities.
The group of synthetic materials includes such a popular product as polycarbonate. The incredible strength and light transmittance of the product allowed it to be actively used for the construction of roofs and walls, especially when there is a need for transparency of the structure.
Made of metal
If there is a desire, metal can be actively used in almost all elements of the entrance group. It is heavy, but durable and reliable. And turning to forged products, you can get the threshold of incredible beauty. The work uses aluminum, cast iron, steel and various alloys. Metal is used to arrange the entrance in different elements:
- no one doubts the reliability of the steel door, and modern finishing materials give it an aesthetic look;
- the metal rods used in the construction of the railings are also strong and reliable;
- beautiful and durable forged frame for the visor;
- metal can be used in lighting and decoration of the front entrance and the adjacent territory - it is contained in street lamps, pillars, statues, shop frames.
Solid, presentable entrance lobbies are made of brick and stone, which speak of the high status and good taste of the owner of the house. But they can be applied if brick material is involved in the decoration of the building.
Made of wood
Wood in the environment is less durable than brick or stone. Products made from boards and lumber material need to be treated with compounds that resist decay. But their natural beauty and energetic warmth make the entrance lobby incredibly attractive.
Elements that are skillfully made in the technique of wood carving, artistic processing of a bar add spectacularity.
A well-thought-out project will help to correctly equip the entrance group of a one-story or multi-story cottage, which will include not only the layout of the structure installed at the front entrance, but also the landscape adjacent to the facade of the house.
It is easier to achieve a harmonious fusion of the entrance group with the surrounding space if you adhere to the general stylization of buildings. As examples, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the various design directions present in the arrangement of the entrance territories.
The Provence style vestibule is permeated with coziness and home warmth. What can you expect from the furnishings of the house itself if the area in front of its door is so comfortable?
The Tudor style gives off an English type of building with elements balancing between Gothic and Renaissance architecture
Light, positive, rustic and cozy Scandinavian style allows you to feel at ease in the surrounding environment, without complexes
The chalet also belongs to the country style. Wood, brick and stone in the design of the entrance group make a rough, but solid and reliable impression
The modern high-tech style uses minimalist techniques to decorate the area in front of the front door
The country house entrance area is beautifully decorated on Christmas Eve
The appearance of the entrance group speaks of the taste and material capabilities of the owner of a private house. If he is able to pay for the designer's work, the area in front of the front door will be stunning. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the most successful options for entrance doors, extensions, awnings and other elements that make up the site at the threshold.