The porch is an important element of housing construction. Its appearance can tell a lot about the owners of the cottage. You can understand the aesthetic taste, presentability, wastefulness, or, conversely, the practicality of the people living in it. The design of the porch, the harmonious selection of the facing material and its combination with the facade of the building help to create an impression of the house.
Features of the
The modern construction market offers a large number of finishing products, and choosing the best option for yourself is not an easy task. Considering the future finishing of the vestibule area, many factors are taken into account:
- porch design features;
- the stylistic direction of the design of the entrance group and its combination with the exterior of the house;
- the taste of the owner of the cottage;
- material opportunities;
- climatic conditions.
In addition, a number of requirements are imposed on the porch that affect the choice of facing material
Durability. Even the most beautiful finishes will not want to be renewed every year. There is a large number of materials that can serve permanently for several generations of a family.
Wear resistance and resistance to mechanical stress. Furniture and heavy household appliances are brought in through the porch. At such moments, the rails, steps, the platform must withstand any careless movement of heavy objects.
Security. In frosty or rainy climates, slippery cladding should not be chosen, even if it blends perfectly with the home.
The influence of the external environment. Each building material has a recommended temperature range. Some fade and crack in the sun, others become brittle in the cold or swell with moisture. When choosing a facing for your porch, you should take into account the climate conditions in which the building is located.
Texture. When choosing beautifully ribbed surfaces from tiles, stone or decking, be prepared to clean up any dirt that has accumulated in the structural grooves of the finish.
When choosing a facing material, you must make sure that it is recommended for use in an external environment.
How to veneer the steps and the platform?
Cladding of steps and landings is one of the most important parts of finishing a porch in a private house. Poorly selected material can lead to injury. For instance, smooth tiles, even under a thin layer of water or frost, cause slipping. In regions with high humidity, it is best to avoid using wood flooring.
The variety of finishing materials makes it possible to choose the best option. For facing the porch, you can use different options for such products.
Artificial and natural stone
The stone covering is installed on the concrete surface of the porch using special glue. Granite, marble, sandstone, travertine, slate, and basalt are used from natural materials. Such a porch looks rich and solid, is durable, durable, reacts well to any weather conditions.
The disadvantages include the high cost of the material. Winter sliding can be dealt with by applying a rubberized decorative coating to the steps and platform.
Some types of stone have a porous structure, so not noticed in time stains of drying oil or spilled coffee will remain on the surface forever. Such nuances do not happen with artificial stone. It is very dense and easy to care for, looks as impressive as a natural mineral, and costs much less.
There are different types of finishing bricks. For facing the porch, it is used if the cottage itself was built from this material. A porch with a classic entrance is most often laid out with bricks.
Rough finishes are non-slip and look great.
For outdoor conditions, clinker tiles are well suited. Thin fired clay plates have good strength, frost resistance and serve for many years. They are ideal for staircases and terraces. The appearance of the clinker allows you to achieve an original cozy porch image. A large palette of colors makes it possible to choose options that match the shades of the house cladding. The service life of this material reaches 50 years.
This type of tile was developed taking into account its use in the external environment, therefore the product has excellent characteristics for staying in any climatic conditions. A porch lined with paving slabs often becomes a continuation of the garden path. On sale you can always find a large selection of colors, shapes and textures of this material.
Almost all types are slip resistant. But snow or ice must be knocked down from the steps carefully so as not to damage the decorative layer.
And also do not abuse salt, sprinkling the steps to remove the ice crust - it corrodes the lining and leads to its destruction.
Unlike ceramic tiles, in which the image is applied to the surface, porcelain stoneware contains a pattern deepened into the structure of the product. This means that many years from now it will look the same as when it was installed.
The material is extremely hard, endowed with high strength. But these obvious advantages create difficulty when cutting slabs. Therefore, if you are going to veneer your porch with porcelain stoneware, it is better to immediately purchase special tiles for treads and risers, as well as rounded corners and baseboards. Cutting the slab yourself will be extremely difficult.
Initially, porcelain stoneware got its name for its similarity to natural granite. But production does not stand still, and today, on the basis of these slabs, one can find imitation of various types of stone, and even textured repetition of wood or leather.
Wood is capable of swelling from dampness and cracking from drying out. Similar characteristics apply to soft and porous materials. Not any tree is suitable for facing the porch - you should choose hard, dense rocks. Among the domestic flora, such plants include oak, hornbeam, larch, maple, beech.
To protect wood from fungus and mold, it is treated with special solutions. Paints and varnishes will help to protect the cladding. Wood can be combined with any material.
If the house is a log house, a wooden porch will become its organic continuation.
Wood-polymer composite (WPC) is a modern material that is a mixture of plastic and wood. It is specially designed for outdoor use. WPC is endowed with the beauty of wood and the technical characteristics of plastic - it does not rot, is not susceptible to fungus and mold, it is not afraid of any weather conditions. Decking is used to decorate terraces, steps and porch area. Thanks to the corrugations, it does not slip, has characteristics such as strength and durability.
The interest in concrete is not only in architecture - it is used in interior design. The porch, completely cement, without any decoration, looks attractive and modern.
Most often, the concrete base is lined, fearing gradual destruction. But if a beautiful brutal entrance structure is required for a design idea, special pressed concrete is used, reinforced with reinforcing additives and plasticizers.
In terms of strength, it surpasses marble, it is absolutely resistant to abrasion, is not afraid of frost, and can withstand any temperature fluctuations.
There is another type of porch decoration - graphite printed concrete. The finished concrete porch is covered with several types of screed, which have different shades. The relief is created with a special tool. Using a stencil, you can make drawings of any complexity.
A completely metal porch is not common, although such a design is distinguished by longevity. In cold weather, the metal slides and reacts to the touch of the hands by sticking. The steps are made in the form of a mesh structure, dust and dirt are removed from them through the mesh openings.
But if the steps have a solid surface, the metal is selected with corrugations.
In most cases, the wall cladding of the porch is the same as the materials used for the landing, steps or columns. Interior decoration is part of the facade of the house. Although it is possible to sheathe the outside and inside of the porch with the same material.
In the village or in the country, pillars are often installed, building up the porch wall with a trellis lattice, and then decorated with a hedge, planting with wild grapes or curly flowers. Such a wall inside and outside looks equally attractive.
We offer an overview of building materials with which you can decorate the walls of your porch
Siding cladding is one of the most popular types of outdoor decoration. For porch walls, this is a good choice, especially if the facade of the building is made in the same way. The material is not only decorative, it protects the wall from aggressive climatic conditions, extending its service life. Siding can be of different types - metal, wood, vinyl.
Ease of installation allows you to decorate the porch with your own hands.
The lining has the right to exist independently, although some experts classify it as siding. The external constructive similarity of materials leads to this opinion. The porch can be finished with both wooden and plastic clapboard. The first option is more durable and aesthetically pleasing.
This material has many varieties. It imitates stone, brickwork, wood texture or wood logs. You can work with facade panels using glue. Although it is better to use another method - first install the crate on the work surface, and then mount the cladding on it.
For the porch, you should not choose panels with a large weight, but if it is required by coincidence with the design of the house, the installation should be carried out with reinforced fixation.
Practical, durable, beautiful material of natural origin, which is not afraid of rain, frost, heat, does not fade in the sun and does not deform. Deck board can be sheathed with steps, terrace. It looks great on the porch walls. The cladding has a noble appearance of natural wood and is surprisingly pleasant to the touch.
If the facade of the house is faced with decorative plaster, it is logical to arrange the porch walls in the same way. The material is a mixture of crushed building materials with the addition of pigments. By the nature of the binding ingredients, plaster is divided into the following types: cement, silicate, acrylic, silicone.
The choice of color and texture of the porch walls depends on personal preferences and tastes.
What to choose for the ceiling?
Above the porch, awnings are mounted, and in many cases they need a ceiling decoration from the inside of the structure. For finishing the ceiling, wood, PVC lining, metal are used. Plywood is not the best option, but it is also chosen as a ceiling covering in regions with an arid climate. In addition to the materials listed, you can use other products.
Aluminum slats are not afraid of any weather conditions - frost, heat, moisture, sharp temperature drops. They are not afraid of fire, have a long operating period, and are easy to assemble.
In case of breakage of one of the rails, it can be easily replaced with a new one.
This type of product is a plate made of plastic or metal, somewhat reminiscent of siding. They are produced for the decoration of horizontal surfaces, for example, the lower part of the roof protrusions. In our case, they knock down the ceiling of the porch. Soffits look like beautiful decorative items, with them the surface takes on the correct finished look.
When choosing a material for a porch, preference is given to a cladding that is in harmony with the facade of the building. But this is not the only point worth paying attention to. It is important that the porch is safe, the finish is good for the climatic conditions and has a long service life.