The unenviable, limited areas of "Khrushchev" and "small families" are pretty boring for modern homeowners. And the new technologies that we bring to the interior of our homes require additional space. That is why, when building private houses, today the choice falls on buildings of a large area.
Selecting the number of floors
The most popular option for a private house for a standard family with two children is a building with dimensions of 10 by 12 meters. It is on such an area that it is possible to place a separate room for parents and each of the children. In addition, it will not be difficult to allocate a full area for a bathroom and a spacious kitchen.
The number of storeys of housing is determined by the following criteria:
- the purpose of the house;
- the area of the land plot allocated for construction;
- the number of family members who will live in it;
- the homeowner's lifestyle;
- the need to equip additional technical areas.
If the building is allowed to be carried out on an area of land in the amount of 6 acres or less, and there are many rooms, then, of course, it will be wrong to occupy the entire plot only for the building, leaving no room for the local area.
Equipping your own garden or resting place near the house is also very important. In this case, you need to choose a two-story option.
If homeowners are combining their home with work or creativity, a two-level space will also work better. So, on one of the floors it is possible to place offices, workshops, sports areas, and on the second - a residential area.
A two-story option is also suitable if the family is large, and each of its members needs their own room. Then on one of the floors you can place bedrooms, and on the other - common areas: dining room, kitchen, living room, library, playroom.
One-story buildings are more suitable if there is enough land, but there is a need to save money.
For such buildings, the wall material can be selected without reinforcement, unlike two-story buildings, and there is no need to fill in a doubly solid foundation. Besides, you do not have to equip a staircase, which, together with the hall, implies additional costs.
Also, do not complicate the design with an additional floor if up to 4 people live in the house, and there are no features of using the space. In this case, it is quite possible to place the whole family on an area of the house measuring 10x12 meters.
Other advantages of one-story houses:
- it is much easier to equip the heating system of a one-story house than a two-story one;
- the cost of heating one floor will be much less than two;
- for the construction and maintenance of a one-story house, you do not need to equip scaffolding;
- in families with elderly people or small children, two-story houses with stairs are dangerous;
- a one-story house is considered more comfortable, because in it households more often see each other, communicate with each other, while in a two-story house, over time, residents begin to lead a more secluded lifestyle.
The disadvantage of a one-story house in comparison with a two-story one can be called the need to arrange a more overall roof, as well as the inability to apply interesting architectural solutions available to a multi-level structure.
It cannot be argued that a private residential building, the size of which is 120 sq.m., is a very spacious building, but it is quite realistic to accommodate all the necessary premises in it, if, of course, the owner of the future house made a choice commensurate with the needs of his family, and correctly determined the number of storeys. An important value is the material from which you plan to build the building. Here it will be appropriate to take into account the fact where the house will be located.
If outside the city, then, perhaps, a one-story log house from a log or a variant of a wooden frame house made of a bar is more suitable for you.
Within the city, buildings made of aerated concrete, foam blocks, aerated concrete blocks, expanded clay concrete material or brick mansions will be more appropriate.
Moving on to drawing up drawings of the future home, you should understand what types of architectural projects exist. They are divided into standard and individual ones.
- Typical projects - these are options for buildings that have already been developed by the design organization and are just waiting for their customer. You just have to decide on the material, dimensions and some nuances of the future structure. The disadvantage of such projects is that, after completing the construction, you can understand that your neighbor or your friend in another city has exactly the same house as yours. Plus - a lower price and minimum time to receive it.
- It's more and more difficult with individual projects, although the ending is brighter. The house built by you on an individual project will not be like others, the architect will take into account all the points that you indicate to him, and you will no longer have anyone to blame. Such orders are much more expensive, but, given the financial opportunity, they justify themselves. The only drawback, apart from the financial component, will be the time it takes to develop the project. On average, this will take several months.
It is better to start designing a future structure with a family council, at which each family member will have the opportunity to express themselves on the essence of their vision of themselves in the proposed home. So you will quickly understand which rooms you need to include in the building plan and how to arrange communications. In addition, this approach will help to avoid quarrels over the "struggle for territory" in the new house.
The scheme of a one-story house with dimensions of 10x12 may well fit in the following premises:
- two or three full bedrooms;
- separate bathroom;
- living room;
- wardrobe or pantry - your choice.
In addition, the area adjacent to the house can be equipped with a terrace, where, in good weather, the family will spend time at the same table or just relax.
The useful area of a two-storey house with a terrace presents additional possibilities. So, a two-story house with a terrace can contain the required number of bedrooms, which are usually located on the second floor, and a balcony can also be placed there. It is better to take the first floor for a living room, a large roomy bathroom, a dining room, a kitchen, a hall, an office, if necessary, and non-residential rooms such as a wardrobe, a pantry, a workshop or a library. The terrace can be equipped at will. The plan of a two-storey cottage can include a spacious, originally designed balcony, where you can also have a cup of tea with your family and admire the beauty of nature in the vicinity of the house.
A country house 10 by 12 can also have a one and a half storey format. This option is achieved by equipment in the attic space of the attic.
This type of cottage will provide additional space above the first floor, which can be used as a bedroom or study.
The use of space can be very different. The difficulties that will have to be faced when operating such a house will be the heating of the upper floor and the equipment of the stairs.
The pluses include everything else:
- you will have a separate, detached space, which may be needed by one of the family members;
- due to the residential heated room at the top of the house it will be warmer;
- it will be possible to equip a balcony from which an overview of the beauty of the surrounding area will become available;
- the attic house can be equipped with a bay window, which will give it a more sophisticated look;
- the architectural decoration of the house will greatly benefit from the attic.
Naturally, you will lose a few meters of attic space, but it will be possible to equip cozy storage rooms on the sides of the attic between the roof and the first floor. In addition, you can make a convenient entrance to them from the side of the stairs to the second floor.
Almost always, the owners of country houses have a car at their disposal, and it would be wrong to consider a project of such a structure without foreseeing a garage in advance. There are two types of buildings such as a garage for a private house:
- detached building;
- adjacent room.
With a detached building, everything is clear, it does not affect the architecture of the main house and is considered according to separate drawings.
A garage combined with a residential building is a building that directly affects the architecture of the house, and the communications in it, and the comfort of residents.
A competent designer will always advise the customer of the project of a dwelling with a garage to make an additional entrance to it from the inside, that is, from the main building itself. Having such a plus, you can, without going out into the street in bad weather, get into the garage to inspect the vehicle, do repairs, or simply pick up an item forgotten in the car from the passenger compartment.
The garage attached to the house can be located according to the following principles:
- in a semi-basement room;
- on the side of the main building;
- occupy part of the first floor.
Such a garage can be connected to the heating system of the house, and even if this is not done, due to the "warm neighborhood" in winter, the temperature in the garage will be slightly higher than it would be in a detached building. By placing the building under the same roof as the house, you save a lot on building materials. Communications such as electricity and even water supply become available at a minimum cost. Yes, the garage will take over some of the space that could be residential, but you can easily compensate for it by equipping an attic, terrace, veranda or bay window.
The main disadvantage of a house with more than one level is the staircase. To design, and even more to equip a lift to the second floor, additional costs are needed. But it should be said that if this does not scare you, then you acquire an excellent opportunity to elegantly decorate your home. A staircase is one of the elements that has a useful and decorative function. Competently and tastefully equipped stairs can become a real highlight of your home. There are two types of stairs to the second floor:
In houses that are used all year round, an internal staircase is always equipped. The outdoor option is suitable for those who use the house seasonally and are very limited in space.
When designing a house with a size of 10x12, the version of the staircase will depend on the availability of space that the future owner will be able to allocate for it. Sometimes, when there is enough space, a large two-flight staircase is installed, under which you can equip a pantry, wardrobe or fireplace. If there is not much space, then a helical or spiral look is more suitable. To enter the attic, a small single-span staircase is usually equipped.
Room layout ideas
The layout of rooms in a house always depends on the lifestyle and composition of its inhabitants. If this is a standard family of two parents and two or three children, then you should provide at least two, and preferably three bedrooms, including a nursery, living room, kitchen, dining room and separate bathroom.
It is better to "settle" the tenants in their rooms right away in order to understand where the windows, doorways, lighting, plumbing communications and so on should be.
Do not forget about the corridors, which often end up with limited space, and the kitchen, where the hostess spends half of her life. The convenience of the location of the rooms is the key to comfort and well-being in the house.
If you plan to build a second floor and place bedrooms on it, then do not forget to equip a bathroom there, so that, waking up at night, your family does not have to go down from the second floor to the first and go up in a half-asleep state. Consider a safe staircase if you have small children in the house. Remember that children of different genders need separate bedrooms.
Considering that the house of 120 square meters is not a small building, provide for a second, additional entrance in it. This will make it possible to move more comfortably and productively inside the building and outside it.
Design organizations will be happy to provide you with comprehensive information about the types and options of houses with an area of 120 sq. m., they will advise a material suitable for construction and even carry out an individual order according to your personal preferences.
In the meantime, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with our photo selection and, perhaps, it is from there that you will take a few ideas