A one-story 6x8 frame house is a fairly low-budget solution for people whose incomes are not so great to save up for the construction of a house twice as spacious or take advantage of mortgage conditions.
Features of the
A 6 by 8 frame house, in contrast to a similar frameless one, is chosen by adherents of construction from more traditional materials - brick, cement, sand and crushed stone. For frameless houses, a foam block is mainly used, which cannot be said about frame-monolithic supporting structures.
Frame-monolithic technology gives much more scope for the construction of the most capital country houses. The brick-reinforced concrete foundation and walls allow, instead of a wooden ceiling and attic floor, to put into operation reinforced concrete slabs with voids, used, for example, in the construction of high-rise buildings and low-rise buildings.
A house built using a frame-monolithic supporting structure does not require an armored belt, which cannot be said about frameless buildings. The role of an armored belt (and, moreover, not one, but several, among which there are vertical ones) is performed by a reinforced concrete supporting structure. Reinforcement of at least A3 (A400) class is poured with its concrete, giving the buildings additional stiffening ribs.
The wall corner fittings are welded to the foundation fittings. First, the second, and then the first, is being erected at a time, within one or several months, which makes it possible, practically without interruption from the further process, after completing work on the foundation and frame, to move on to laying brick walls. It is noteworthy that the ceiling (floor slabs), if the margin of safety of the monolithic frame allows, can be formed even before the start of work with the brick laying of the walls.
But most craftsmen still proceed to the installation of attic-ceiling tiles, only after laying out all the walls, completing the debugging of window and door openings (according to the project). The roof is constructed as a pitched or gable roof. Thermal insulation of monolithic frame houses is more costly. The fact is that silicate bricks with a solid structure conduct heat well - in comparison with gas silicate.
Heat leaks are significant, and in the cold season, such walls are also constantly cold. Clay brick conducts heat somewhat less than solid silicate brick.
Hollow facing and masonry bricks reduce thermal conductivity by some more value. Bricks in which solid material is used - even partially - form numerous "cold bridges". As a result, the cost of thermal insulation will be quite significant. The transition to experimental materials, in particular, empty glass bottles are used, although it is an even more heat-efficient solution, it will still not get rid of noticeable heat leakage.
Frame-monolithic buildings can also use foam and gas blocks as bricks. The safety margin of foam blocks is significant - a house with a usable floor area of 6x8 m (48 m2) can withstand a 10-ton roof, as indicated by calculations. But if, say, as a result of an earthquake, the reinforced concrete edge of the outer (supporting frame) bends and cracks, after it (under the influence of the weight of the attic and the roof) the foam block will begin to push into itself.
A typical project of a house with a useful area of 6x8 looks like this.
For a one-story (without a basement and overlying floors), 16 m2 is allocated for the bedroom. Another 16 m2, according to the standard plan, will go to the kitchen with the possibility of installing a dining table with several chairs. 10 m2 - for a bathroom, 4 - for an entrance hall, 2 - for a furnace.
A 6x8 house with a frame-monolithic base can differ significantly from a simple "one-story building". Since the existing 48 m2 is supplemented by 40 square meters in place of the attic (second) floor, the total area reaches 88 m2.
In this case, the following is done: two bedrooms of 20 m2 each are transferred to the second floor, and on the first floor, due to the space allocated for one of the bedrooms, the kitchen and the place where the spiral staircase leading upstairs is installed. It turns out a spacious kitchen-living room with a terrace of 30 m2.
Two "extra" square meters are located in the corridor and are allocated for this staircase: the side of the square of the space for the staircase is approximately 1414 mm. This is enough for an adult to easily climb and descend such a ladder. In the attic, the corridor (hall) is not equipped - the staircase entrance is located on the territory of one of the bedrooms. The second bedroom upstairs is like an adjoining room, and the first is a walk-through for the second.
It should be remembered that a house with an attic is often called a 1.5-storey house. It refers rather to a kind of one-story house, that is, it is a derivative, not a copy.
Single-storey with basement
Allows to bring out the boiler room under the floor of the first (main) floor. There is also a workshop and a garage. Often a house with a plinth is the result of the construction of a frame-monolithic house. The basement floor replaces the outbuildings, and in terms of its usable area, it is equal to the area of the first or attic floor. The layout of the rooms can be supplemented and improved in the conditions of the available free space.
Room layout ideas
A complete kitchen accommodates a complete modern kitchen furniture set. Without it, comfortable, fast and safe food preparation is unthinkable. The owners of the house, accustomed to be content with little, almost completely disappeared with the departure of the older generations who had already lived their lives. The mistress of the XXI century seeks to get hold of all the best that the electronic and technical industry is ready to offer today.
Almost all household appliances - an oven, a microwave oven, a multicooker, except for a kitchen stove, are taken as a built-in option. Even the induction hob and cooker hood that have come to replace the stove are built in above the lower cabinets and under the upper ones. The washing machine, as the noisiest unit, migrated from the kitchen to the bathroom. It is installed next to the toilet or washbasin and connects to the water supply and sewerage system. Next to the bathroom, there can be a combustion room - a technical compartment for a gas heating boiler.
The kitchen-living room is divided into two locations: a recreation area and a place for cooking. In the immediate vicinity of the kitchen furniture - at some distance from it - there is a dining table and chairs. A sofa with a widescreen TV can be installed behind it.
A wardrobe with many departments is installed in the bedroom. Provides for both outerwear storage and bed linen, underwear. In addition to a wardrobe and a full double bed (or sofa bed), they put a coffee table and a couple of chairs, as well as a cabinet. It is possible to hang the widescreen TV on the wall opposite the sofa or bed. In attic houses with one main floor, when equipping the bedrooms upstairs, furnishing and differentiation into specific segments of a single recreation area is repeated in the same way as on the first floor.
In the basement, the garage contains a wide (under the wheelbase of most passenger cars) ramp or continuous ramp. As a tolerance, consider the length and width of the wheelbase of small (for example, "Oka" 15-30 years ago) and large (say, a Jeep "Land Cruiser") cars. The garage is designed so that, while in the car, the driver and passengers would easily open the car doors and get out of it and out of the garage.
The layout of the garage provides shelves on the sides for storing purchased auto parts and automotive tools. The workshop located across the wall from it is equipped with a workbench and a full set of machines (sawing, milling, "welder's station").