A house with a usable area of 8X10 is an intermediate solution between 6X8 and 8X12. This is something in between, allowing two families of 3 people to accommodate with relative comfort.
Layout options for 1-storey houses
When building a house, at the first stage, they decide whether a second floor is needed or one is enough. An intermediate option - instead of building a full-fledged second floor, equip basement rooms under the house, or build an attic above the first floor, or prefer both.
Finished projects 8X10 imply that the total usable area is 80 m 2. The following rooms can be placed on them:
- 2 bedrooms - 20 m 2 each;
- 18 m 2 - kitchen with a dining table;
- 4 m 2 - boiler room;
- 8 m 2 - entrance hall;
- 10 m 2 - combined bathroom.
If not 3, but 2 people live in the house, then one of the bedrooms is combined with the kitchen - a kitchen-living room with an area of 38 m 2 is formed. The rest of the premises remain unchanged. In this case, the garage and workshop will not fit here - otherwise the house would remotely resemble a honeycomb due to the possibility of building a dozen small rooms of 8 m 2 each, and this would spoil the whole plan.
A separate capital outbuilding of 30 m 2 is suitable for a garage and a workshop. For the garage (for one car), let's say, 14 m 2 are allocated, and for a full-fledged workshop with space for all types of work - 16 m 2.
The space can be divided on the plan as you like, for example, allocate 12 m 2 for the garage, 18 for the workshop, or vice versa.
House plans for 2 floors
On the second floor, the layout remains the same, given that the corridor expands to the area that is allocated for the boiler room on the first floor. Or the plan remains unchanged, and the same compartment can be used as a small utility room, a small pantry. If the attic acts as the second floor, then its useful area can be reduced from 8X10, say, to 8X8 (from 80 to 64 m 2). It makes sense to arrange the following rooms here:
- 2 additional bedrooms;
- a children's or playroom, a room that replaces a gym;
- second bathroom.
They approach the arrangement of the bathroom with all responsibility. Since the overlap between the first floor and the attic is most likely wooden, according to sanitary and technical standards, high-quality waterproofing will be required, which does not allow dampness, soaking of beams, ceiling and attic insulation and wooden flooring. Places for supplying heating, hot and cold water, sewerage must be carefully insulated from supporting and intermediate structures and coatings that are part of the structure.
Even when the house is built not on the basis of panel-board technologies and foam blocks, but from a frame monolith and bricks - according to old, traditional standards and rules - one cannot do without hydro-vapor barrier. Do not skimp on these components, and your home will last at least 35-50 years without any problems caused by leaks and getting wet.
It is advisable, for example, to lay the vertical of sewerage, water and heat supply in a frame monolith, making it more overall.
The fact is that in the thickness of the reinforced concrete foundation, some especially zealous owners install both water supply and sewerage - more precisely, those of their horizontal sections that need to be hidden under the floor. This is a very reliable way of installing communications: you can be sure that you will not be flooded if one of the pipes suddenly cracks.
The staircase to the second floor of a two-story house can be built both inside (wooden spiral structure) and outside. The latter option allows you to skip the stairs to the second floor (or attic) next to the wall without taking up useful space in the corridor. The staircase is constructed of steel or in the form of a reinforced concrete structure, also with railings. This allows you to make an entrance to the second floor from the outside and even equip a porch on the staircase upstairs.
This approach is not widespread - the overwhelming majority prefer to build two floors with a common entrance and an internal spiral staircase. The option with a separate entrance upstairs will be appreciated by families who prefer to live independently of one another. In this case, the house becomes a semi-detached house, built in a common courtyard - its halves are located not side by side, but one above the other, apart on floors.
Houses with a bay window - the glazed part of the building protruding outward - will add additional volume to the useful cubic capacity. The advantage of the bay window is that it is possible to place flowers, souvenirs or something from consumer electronics on the window sill formed by it, which “looks” not inward, like in classic windows, but outward. For example, a router with a 4G modem can be installed on a bay window sill if the cellular signal inside the building is unstable.
The presence or absence of a bay window does not play a fundamental role in the layout of the rooms. Even if it is possible to profit from part of the inner area of the room by transferring some things and / or small objects to the bay window, this will not give a significant increase in the capacity of the house.
The bay window is basically just a fashion trend for the exterior and interior of a country house in the 21st century.
How to choose a project?
There are criteria for choosing a project
- The number of people (family members) who subsequently live in the built house. Yet the house is being built more for a comfortable life than as an embodiment of luxury.
- The service life of the building. A monolithic frame building with brick and stone walls is guaranteed to stand for a whole century. Gas silicate blocks begin to deteriorate after 35 years, which is associated with the peculiarities of their production technology.
- Plot size. If this is a suburban area with a size of 4 acres, then there will be no problems when choosing a project. You can build 6X6 and 12X12 m, and one or three floors - you will not create significant difficulties for your neighbors. When changing a project in a common yard for several families, it is worth chasing a large building if there is enough space.
If the territory is small, the future building is adjusted to the existing part of the land plot under the old house.
Whether it will be a frame-panel or frame-monolithic house depends on your preferences. Both must be insulated. However, the cost of insulating a built house will be completely different. A house drawing can either be developed by yourself if you have some education in terms of physics and strength of materials, or you can order a finished project. The disadvantage of the finished project is that in the common yard where the rebuilding is being undertaken, with a probability of 95% it will not work.
In this case, the finished project will be significantly adjusted, which is already an independent revision.