House projects with an area of 120 sq. m. are very attractive to knowledgeable people. They can be made of laminated veneer lumber, aerated concrete and wood concrete, bricks and other materials. In any case, it is necessary to think over the options for arranging rooms, the location of communications.
Layout of 1-storey houses
One of the options is:
- living-dining room of 25 sq. m. exactly;
- terrace with an area of 10.3 sq. m.;
- kitchen - 9 sq. m.;
- pantry - 5 sq. m.;
- bathroom - almost 8 sq. m.
Another option suggests:
- bedroom 19.5 sq. m.;
- hall 7.4 "squares";
- bedrooms 13.11 and 14.8 "square";
- vestibule 11.8 m2.
Options for projects of two-story houses
Typical cottage layout 120 sq. m. contains:
- combined dining room and living room a little more than 30 sq. m.;
- an entrance hall of 10.6 sq. m.;
- vestibule of the first floor 2.3 sq. m.;
- bedrooms 10.9 and 11.6 "square" on the second floor.
This is also a simple structure. However, it can boast of quite acceptable characteristics. So, the fourteen-meter kitchen-living room located on the ground floor allows even a family of three or four people to sit quietly at a meal. Upstairs there are a pair of bedrooms of the same size - 15.5 sq. m.
The outer walls are made of aerated concrete 400 mm, the inner walls are also made of aerated concrete, but already 300 mm.
Whatever the living quarters, it is necessary to equip the external space as well. One of the best options to do this is to prepare a graceful terrace. There are many ready-made plans for buildings with an area of 120 "squares" supplemented by it, but all of them are available only on a commercial basis. Therefore, those who want to save money can only draw up a diagram with their own hands. As a basis for the design, you can take photographs of already built houses.
Terrace space can be covered with a serious canopy. A low, loose fence is also useful. The facade of the house is sometimes made with a protrusion of emphatically old-fashioned brick. Then the appearance of doors and windows should correspond to this idea. The main part of the building is decorated in light colors.
In this photo, the terrace is shown equally attractive. Its landscaping was skillfully done, visually in harmony with the green group on the balcony of the second floor. The contrast between light yellow and pink-brick inclusions is immediately noticeable. On the terrace itself, the walls are decorated in a moderate chocolate color. Overall, the composition looks very good.
On an area of 120 square meters, of course, an attic can also be used. Its height is sometimes different: in some cases it is equal to the height of the first floor, in others it is noticeably less. The choice of a particular option depends on the desired functionality and other characteristics of the object. Features of the described project:
- organization of 3 bedrooms;
- gable roof covered with metal tiles;
- improving the improvement of the fireplace;
- equipping with panoramic windows;
- main walls made of aerated concrete with plaster finish;
- base from a monolithic foundation tape.
In this house, in addition to a parking space, there are also organized:
- combined guest and dining area of 25 sq. m.;
- pantry 5.7 sq. m.;
- kitchen of 9 sq. m. (one can only dream of such in many apartments);
- boiler room 5.9 sq. m. and other objects necessary for life.
But, in addition to the main types of planning, you will have to pay attention in projects to the features of specific materials. Frame houses are in demand. The main part - the frame - is made of profiles based on metal or wood. Insulation and other protective materials (waterproofing, vapor barriers) are placed inside. Outside, the frame is sheathed with solid wall structures.
You can put such a dwelling on any foundation. But it is still more practical to use strong and stable bases of high rigidity. The assembly takes place according to the system of diagonal braces. This approach provides high resistance to both wind gusts and probable seismic vibrations.
The wooden frame has to be protected from attacks by rodents and various insects, and the steel frame has to be protected from corrosion; galvanized structures are durable, but more expensive and heavier than those made of wood.
Two-storey house with an area of 120 sq. m. you can safely build from a gas block. This is a rather "warm", that is, characterized by low thermal conductivity, material. Its use is very convenient even for self-construction. The material allows steam to pass through easily and provides a natural mode of air circulation. Therefore, there will be no need for special air conditioning, sophisticated forced draft hoods.
The geometry of aerated concrete blocks can vary widely. And the technologies of its flexible adaptation to the needs of customers have already been worked out. The largest deviation in the dimensions of serial production is at the level of 1 mm. The gas block is completely non-combustible. Even when surrounded by flames, the release of toxic substances is excluded.
Building a house can be relatively quick; this is an almost ideal solution for those who receive a plot at their disposal in the spring and wish to move in there even before the beginning of the calendar autumn. Also, aerated concrete cuts off extraneous sounds much more efficiently than a frame structure. It also surpasses frame structures in biological stability.
But even this wonderful material itself has noticeable flaws:
- exposure to water;
- tendency to cracks, even with proper styling;
- the need for finishing with various materials (despite poor adhesion to them);
- insufficient strength when applying bending force;
- difficulties in installing standard fasteners (special hardware is needed).
Buildings made of laminated veneer lumber deserve special attention. This is a relatively good material - only it is impossible to consider it universal, because it is expensive, and the assembly technology must be strictly observed. The strength of laminated veneer lumber is very high; it is crack resistant. Humidity is low compared to other wood products. The shrinkage rate is relatively low.
Other important properties of laminated veneer lumber:
- high decorativeness;
- strict adherence to geometric characteristics;
- low susceptibility to biological influences;
- low likelihood of fire;
- a large number of counterfeit products;
- weakness of thermal insulation (which must be compensated for with additional measures).
Room arrangement options
The correct home design plays a very important role. If it is finished with wooden products, it is recommended to choose a practical European style or a more romantic rustic style. Clapboard can be finished:
- kitchen facilities;
It is allowed to dilute the lining with other materials: first of all, wallpaper or tiles. Since stoves are often used in the traditional interior of a wooden house, it is very important to beat their use. It is recommended to install stoves in the corners of rooms, opposite them are chairs, sofas or other furniture for planting. It is pleasant to add large windows to this furniture and stove group. To decorate the space, it is advised to use:
- Natural flowers;
- paintings with traditional landscapes;
- plates and vases, painted in the styles of traditional Russian crafts.
Bathrooms are usually designed in a minimalist spirit. Usually they are done in one (rarely two) colors. Clarity of geometric lines is welcomed. It is useful to provide a large window that guarantees light and spaciousness in the bath.
Particular attention should be paid to the furnishings of the bedroom, which occupies one of the central places in any private home. Here you can safely combine a variety of ideas: photowall-paper and paintings with traditional landscapes, ornamental plants are good. It is advised to decorate the guest room with a corner fireplace, put soft armchairs and a small table next to it. The attic is "given" as an office or a room for leisure; accordingly, they are designed in an emphatically minimalist way or in muted colors.
We place communications
But no design tricks and design moves will give a result if the room is not equipped with the necessary communications. Places for entering communications are selected and equipped in advance. If this is not done, it is often necessary to violate the integrity of the foundation and supporting structures. Secondary communications can be put into operation in stages. But water supply, power supply, gas supply, and if there is central heating, must be done immediately when the house is put into operation.
All main communication lines can be laid in an open or closed circuit using strobes. Initially, their plant in the premises is negotiated. When using borehole water supply, it is necessary to think over where the well itself will be located. The Abyssinian source can be located directly in the house. Pumps are available for choice:
- in a caisson above the source;
- in the technical room;
- in home;
- in the boiler complex.
The depth of laying water, heating and gas pipes should be determined by the level of freezing. Otherwise, special protective measures are required. The point of entry into the room is also determined in advance. This point will have to be sealed - and be sure to think over how to insure the pipeline against destruction when the foundations move. A good lead-through sleeve is a steel pipe that is sealed with a material that is not prone to moisture damage and rotting.
When pulling any pipes and cables in wooden houses, you should pay attention to the shrinkage of the tree. If a frame dwelling is being arranged, the communication lines are usually hidden behind the decoration. When laying the pipeline through the basement, it will turn up at a right angle. And - immediately go through the ceiling; of course, the fewer trajectory changes, the better.
It is recommended to entrust the pulling of pipelines and the formation of wiring to qualified specialists.
Inside the house, it is strongly recommended to lay water pipes according to the "comb" scheme. It is suitable for both closed and open gaskets. Repair and maintenance of individual sections can be carried out independently from the rest; but at the same time, the costs of purchasing the necessary materials and components will increase significantly. The tee (sequential) system is cheaper, but in the distant sections the pressure will be weaker, and it will not be possible to repair individual zones in isolation. It is recommended to use polymer pipes for plumbing, and metal pipes for the toilet.