For a small family planning to move out of town, the purchase or construction of a house becomes an urgent problem. 8x10 cottages are a great option, they can not only accommodate all the necessary rooms, but also be spacious enough.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of 8x10 houses is their versatility. The buildings are quite compact, but with proper planning they are very ergonomic. The cottages fit perfectly into the suburban area and look great within the city limits. Among the advantages of this choice are not too high construction costs: such a house does not need an expensive strip foundation, the weight of the structure makes it possible to dispense with columnar or pile technology. And:
- the costs of wages for construction workers and the purchase of building materials are minimized;
- the speed of construction increases significantly, which is a weighty argument for families living in rented living space;
- the relatively small size provides lower energy and heating costs.
Of the minuses, the same small dimensions are noted, depriving individual family members of the opportunity to have a spacious room, although the presence of an attic will help solve this problem. Moreover, the area can be increased at the expense of a basement or basement floor, but this will automatically negate such advantages as savings in construction and utility bills.
The decision to build a house should include the following criteria: reliability, quality, comfort for all family members. The fulfillment of these requirements largely depends on the correct layout of the house.
A competent project is a big part of a successful solution. The layout of the house 8 by 10 should provide not only spacious rooms, a kitchen and a wardrobe, but also a bathroom, various outbuildings.
Single-story 8x10 houses will be much more spacious if you equip an attic, whose arrangement will be much cheaper than building a full-fledged second floor. When drawing up a drawing of the interior, the number of future residents, the rooms they need, must be taken into account. A very important factor influencing the planning is a properly organized space:
- division into active and passive zones;
- placement of stairs, if an attic or basement is provided - to save space, they can be placed in the corner or taken out the basement staircase.
A good solution may be the organization of sliding screens, partitions - this allows you to change the purpose of the space. The basement floor relieves the layout of the first floor - you can move a boiler room, a kitchen, a bathroom there.
We decide on the number and placement of bedrooms
Since a one-story house with dimensions of 8x10 does not have a large area, the principle of compactness is important. Nonetheless, despite the limited possibilities, you can get creative with the layout of the interior space and create an interesting design. For example, to combine the kitchen and living room, as it is now fashionable. In this case, a bar counter serving as a table or a wide arch can delimit the zones.
Such a technique visually enlarges the room, creates coziness. The hood above the kitchen panel will rid the room of cooking odors. An area of 10-12 m² is quite enough for this.2 rooms, one of which can serve as a bedroom, and the second as a nursery, it is advisable to place it on the opposite side of the house, away from the active zone.
Between the two zones there should be utility rooms that act as a buffer and soundproofing layer. If you make the bathroom combined, then you can free up another couple of meters. The shower cabin takes up much less space, but the choice depends on the decision of the owner. The remaining meters can be used for storage, boiler room, dressing room and hallway.
Do not forget about the possibilities of the basement floor - its construction will almost completely solve the problem of the shortage of space on the first floor. For example, it is possible to transfer all technical premises there: a heating boiler, a bathroom, which can already be made separate, a storeroom, etc. from many difficulties in building a house.
Starting the construction of a one-story house, most owners have to think about placing all family members in it. If, according to the calculations of future tenants, they will not have enough space, then it would be nice to pay attention to the projects of houses with attics - an attic space equipped for housing. In fact, this is not a full-fledged second floor, and its arrangement will require much less labor and financial investments than it would take to build a two-story mansion.
The ideal and most popular option is to place a restroom, a second bathroom, a dressing room, a bedroom upstairs. This will require additional finishing work, communications, ventilation and heating systems. Also, a lounge area or a study can be freely accommodated in the attic. Thanks to the attic space, the house becomes more functional - in this case, it will be much easier to make the dreams of household members come true.
You can create a project for such a house on your own or contact an architectural bureau, where all the wishes and preferences of the customer will be taken into account.
The main financial costs during construction are in the construction of the box at the house. The choice of building materials must be approached carefully so that in the future you do not have to deal with constant repairs and insulation. What you need to pay attention to when choosing a building material.
- Thermal insulation. Cold walls mean increased heating costs. You can avoid this with insulation.
- Labor costs for the construction of the box - laying brick walls will require much more time and effort than panel or block ones. Walls made of profiled timber can be folded much faster than those made of logs.
- Price. It is possible to reduce the cost of a house not only by the choice of building materials, but also by the technology of laying the foundation.
- Drawings of a house with a boiler room size 10x8 for the first floor should contain a diagram of technical and residential premises, active and passive zones.
To be able to navigate among the many building materials, you need to familiarize yourself with their characteristics at least briefly.
Blocks made of foam concrete blocks and aerated concrete have low thermal conductivity, therefore they keep heat excellently. The blocks owe this to their porous structure. A wall of one layer of blocks 30-40 centimeters thick is similar to a multi-layer brickwork. In addition, they perfectly withstand changes in humidity and temperature, maintain a good microclimate inside the house.
Foam blocks are not capable of rotting and collapsing if they are made in compliance with the technologies. It is convenient to work with the blocks - they can be easily cut with an ordinary hacksaw. Large-sized "bricks" allow you to save on cement for mortar.
Foam concrete is a durable and non-combustible material made from natural ingredients.
A bar is called a log that has undergone special processing and is completely ready for construction, or lamellas glued together. Has a square, rectangular or rounded section. The profiled timber has grooves and projections for connection. Also, oblique cuts are arranged for the drainage of flowing moisture. A house made of glued beams can be built on your own.
The advantages include high environmental friendliness, optimal price, thermal conductivity, wear resistance and an attractive appearance even without finishing. The disadvantages of houses from a bar are long shrinkage, fire hazard, lack of resistance to damage by woodworms, mold. Cracks may form during the drying process. The timber requires processing with protective insecticidal and fire-fighting compounds.
Frame-panel board made of SIP panels
Frame technologies are the leaders in the speed of construction of houses and the cost, which explains the high demand for such houses. Similar buildings are assembled from multilayer SIP panels. The products are so light that the technology allows you to raise a house 2-3 floors without additional reinforcement structures.
The advantages of frame houses are high thermal insulation, low weight, speed of construction, good noise insulation, all-season installation and a simple assembly method that can be handled by two people. The disadvantages include complete tightness - the material does not "breathe", which is why there is a need for forced ventilation, as well as increased flammability of the panels.
Until recently, brick was one of the most popular building materials; it was used to build houses with walls of various thicknesses. Perfectly combined with any roof covering and has many other advantages.
Advantages of brick buildings:
- simplicity of masonry;
- the ability to leave holes for ventilation and communications;
- complete fire safety;
- increased resistance to atmospheric influences in the form of precipitation;
- good sound insulation;
- no additional cladding required.
- needs insulation;
- able to absorb moisture that freezes in winter;
- has a significant weight, which is why a strip foundation is required.
House projects with a terrace
The project of such a dwelling can be drawn up independently, subject to all fire safety standards and communications. In addition, any construction company has ready-made projects and is always ready to make changes to please the client's wishes. Below are examples of similar houses with an interior layout.