Finnish building technology does not belong to new ones: shift buildings consisted of such houses back in the middle of the last century. But the real popularity, just a boom in the construction of one-story Finnish houses, happened in the early 2000s. And this is due to the fact that at that time a lot of materials appeared from wood processing waste, as well as a variety of synthetic insulation. It should be noted that the performance characteristics are comparable to those of buildings made of gypsum blocks, cinder blocks, foam blocks, logs, aerated concrete and bricks.
Advantages and disadvantages
Finnish technology is frame houses. Usually these are one-story buildings, but sometimes there are buildings of one and a half floors, that is, a floor plus an attic. The number of storeys is quite understandable: you need to provide a sufficient level of heating to make the house comfortable.
The obvious advantages of Finnish houses:
- since the area of the house is small, it is easier to heat it;
- the roof of the house is gable, in Finland the winters are snowy, which means that the cover should not be allowed to linger on the roof;
- large windows help ensure sufficient light output;
there are many pantries and built-in wardrobes for storing things in such a house;
- houses are easy to build, and their construction time is short;
- the design is considered universal;
- interior decoration is light;
- the level of thermal insulation is high;
- the structure is environmentally friendly and can be used for a long time.
Without listing the shortcomings, the characterization would not be fair.
Cons of Finnish houses:
- wooden structure, and wood requires maintenance;
- professional builders are not cheap;
for those aiming at two full floors, this option will not work.
Everything else is at the subjective level, it is impossible not to note that Finnish-style houses are also personal beliefs, requests, aesthetic ideas and concepts of comfort. But in any case, the choice will be interesting. Finnish houses are frame-panel and frame-panel.
In the first case, the walls are made of ready-made modules, the assembly of such houses is phenomenally fast. In the second, the house is built from small panels, and this resembles the assembly of a constructor.
As already mentioned, there is plenty to choose from. A typical, standard house will not have a garage, terraces are variation projects.
Such a building is classified as a simple solution for Finnish buildings. The total area is 53 squares, of which 46 are residential. The house has a gable roof, an attic and an open terrace. On the ground floor there is a living room, which is combined with a kitchen, there may also be a sauna, shower room, and bathroom. On the attic floor there is a quiet area, that is, a bedroom. Usually these houses have two exits to the street.
The plan of such a structure suggests rather not a full-fledged garage, but a carport. The typical residential building itself occupies a footage of 9.3 x 10.4 m. For a small family, it is quite a suitable option - compact but cozy. The house will have 2 bedrooms, a kitchen-dining room (quite spacious), a large living room, a dressing room and a storage room, a bathroom, a sauna and a technical room. Not a cottage, but there is everything you need for comfort. To protect the car, a canopy is provided in the house, which is made of the same roofing material.
Of two modules
Such a Finnish house is interesting because two modules are under one roof - not a common occurrence. The living module will house the kitchen, which is adjacent, rather simply combined with the living room and dining room. And a great space for a family, where people do not go to their rooms, but together communicate, play, cook, and so on. The house will also have 2 bedrooms, a bathroom, a shower room and a small hallway. The second module is considered auxiliary, and there is a relaxation room, shower room, sauna and technical room. Very convenient and well thought out division of the parts of the house.
This is a rather luxurious Finnish house - 174 squares, angular in shape, which also has a fairly reasonable layout. There is a large living room, a rather large dining room, the hall is simply huge, the kitchen is also functional and ergonomic. There is also a technical room, a dressing room, a bathroom with a comfortable size and a storage room. The house has 3 bedrooms, there is enough space for everyone. From the street, you can get into such a house through 4 doors. In front of the building, by the way, there is a terrace.
Interestingly, the dining room in the house may well become a living room, and the living room will be given over to the fourth bedroom or guest room.
There are other options as well. For example, a large Finnish house with panoramic windows. They help fill the living room with natural light, which is only one of the possible advantages with a beautiful picture outside the window. The house has a built-in sauna. The total area of such a structure is 235 squares. In summer, the glass doors of the living room are combined with the terrace.
Small classic, medium (up to 150 m2), as well as houses of the type described above - all this is Finnish technology, attractive, comfortable, thoughtful.
It is logical that a house built using Finnish technology will have a harmonious style. Not just Scandi (too wide), but Finnish style. This is not a strict rule, but considering this option is the first thing that comes to mind.
Let's take a look at the design features in the Finnish style
Colors… Blue and white, the colors of the flag, are taken as the basis. Any shades of these colors are welcome. White or blue walls most often, as well as decorative elements with turquoise, soft, delicate furniture and decorations in the same color scheme. These are the preferences of the Finnish style. But he does not refuse from the natural color palette, snatching out of it the color of sap-filled greenery, warm wood, a fine sky before a snowfall, and reddish leaves. Everything that the Finns celebrate in the nature of their land, one way or another, is reflected in the interior. And for them this is not just a tribute to their native land, but also organic matter that fills the home with special energy.
Finishing… Solid planks or parquet is the most common option not only in a classic, but also in a modern Finnish house. It is customary to paint or whitewash the walls. Complex, expensive technologies are practically not used.
Features of the decor. Very often these are plants, since the Finns live in harmony with nature and do not want to move away from it even under the roof of the house. It is a special pleasure for them to create a kind of natural oasis in their home. And then indoor flowers come to the rescue, which are grown either in wooden boxes, or in ceramic pots, in tubs and pots. It is not surprising if live plants are found in the bathroom, in the bathroom - this is normal for Scandinavians in general.
Finnish oven. She can be called famous. It is difficult to do without a fireplace in a Finnish interior. Let it be an electric fireplace, even a composition of candles, but still it will be. But if we are not talking about an apartment, but about a house, you need a full-fledged stove. It is installed in the living room and watched in the long winter as wood is burning in the stove. In addition to the functionality of this structure, it is also extremely decorative. In a traditional oven, brickwork may have national patterns.
Stoves are also installed, reminiscent of more modest stoves, but stylized to resemble a modern interior.
Hygge refers to the Danes and their understanding of home furnishings and atmosphere. Swedes prefer lagom, while Finns preach sisu.And this philosophy implies many aspects that affect the design of the house. In the concept, the line of perseverance, determination, preservation of clarity of mind is especially traced. The home, its furnishings and mood should help this.
In particular, one of the rules of sisu is belief in one's own work. Every decision, if it is made with confidence, can and should be defended. On examples of the interior, it may look like this: you want to put an old, unattractive piano in a living room that is completely modern according to the canons of magazines, so you need to put it on. It doesn't even matter if it is played. But it should be akin to space, come up with such tricks to make the background and the thing friends.
And also Finnish philosophy strives for asceticism. Better not bigger and richer, and throwing away what was fashionable yesterday is stupid and wrong. Finns will not buy a bedside table if there is a stool that is quite capable of performing the function of a curbstone. It's not about everyone and everyone, but about the general line of vision of everyday life. The kitchen set, where the dishes are stored, will also not be made in an expensive workshop, it can be as simple as possible, assembled by a craftsman from this village or town.
And in the Finnish house there should be a lot of light, because light is a way to slightly neutralize the lack of sun that the inhabitants of this country experience. And all the northern countries. It is also important to equip a place for privacy in the house.
Personal comfort should be provided to each family member, for everyone there should be a place where he can be completely alone. This is important for the psychological health of the household, and it is definitely worth learning from the Finns.
The Finnish house is not only about footage, color of walls, windows, layout. It is also about the philosophy of the inhabitants of this country, which can be called "happy at home." They do not strive for ostentatious luxury, for competition with neighbors, for demonstrating their earnings through the interior and area. And that is why Finnish houses are often liked by those who are close to such a worldview.
Beautiful examples of projects
In conclusion, about how Finnish houses can look like - the options are different, quite organic for people from the post-Soviet space.
Here are 10 Finnish houses you want to move into right now
Panoramic windows and terrace - this is already captivating. As well as the choice of color and shape, and ease of access (multiple doors).
The huge living room will be literally flooded with light… On the terrace in the warm season you can have breakfast, lunch, dinner, and receive guests.
Nice, not very large, neat house on the 1st floor with a well-equipped playground.
Laconic design for lovers of minimalism and captivating simplicity.
It is worth dreaming how you can use terracehow good it will be in summer.
Modern, conceptual, pleasant graphite color… The pool at such a house looks organic.
Interesting project - from the location of the zones to the design of the terrace fence.
And here well thought out territory, where in warm weather you can gather at the table. This is a big plus for such houses.
Another option, light in which there will be a lot.
Concise, but not simple. That there is only this original roof
Many houses are made with a seam in the roof, which looks attractive, and most importantly, very practical. The presented options are so neat, thought out, without a single search in the design or choice of the color of the facades, that you don't immediately think that there is only one floor in the house. But it can also be enough for a comfortable and happy stay in your home.