A country house is the dream of many city residents. This can be a country cottage or a full-fledged housing in nature. In any case, the building should be warm and beautiful. For this, the type of cladding is selected for a specific design task and the characteristics of the local climate.
How to sheathe the outside?
Finishing a frame house should perform two functions - decorative and protective. So we protect the structure from the elements and give it the desired appearance. There are several popular types of finishing materials.
Each element is stacked on top of the other, preventing moisture from entering. Of the advantages, they distinguish ease of maintenance - the wall can simply be washed with a stream of water, and a neat appearance. The variety of colors allows you to choose siding for any design project.
Completeness often includes additional elements, in addition to the panels themselves: ebbs, drainage systems, filing gables, etc. The artificial material tolerates heat and cold well, but is afraid of strong blows. Over time, bright colors can fade in the sun.
For thermal insulation, you will need an additional layer of insulation.
The easiest way. The prepared walls are plastered over the cladding. You can opt for classic plaster or textured one. It is not recommended to carry out work on your own - if you do not follow the technology, there is a great risk of peeling or cracking. Professionals can create a unique pattern using tools: brick texture, artificial stone, longitudinal or transverse lines.
In addition to the decorative function, this finish increases the strength and stability of the entire structure. You can choose any type of brick: silicate, ceramic, pressed - depending on the desired texture and color. This is one of the most durable methods with high performance of heat and sound insulation. The downside will be the high cost and the impossibility of installation at low temperatures.
A one-storey house can also be sheathed with wood. This is an environmentally friendly material that has been used in construction since ancient times.
The final coat can be painted in any color or left in its original form.
In fact, the technology resembles siding. Boards with a special lock are installed vertically or horizontally, securely fastening to each other. The finished wall can be painted, or you can varnish it and save the wood pattern.
These are semicircular cuts that imitate a frame. An interesting option to create the appearance of a log building. Like any other type of wood sheathing, it needs additional protection from moisture - impregnation, varnish, paint, etc. are used.
Imitation of a bar
Square or rectangular dies that allow to give the frame house the appearance of a construction from a bar. All the advantages of natural wood cladding are present in this method: such a coating retains heat well, retains noise. But it is also prone to drying out, swelling, cracks due to violation of the installation conditions or insufficient preparation of the material.
When working with wood, pay attention to the fasteners. They should be made of stainless steel to prevent rotting of the structure.
Cladding options inside
The finished frame does not look very comfortable from the inside. First, you need to make a rough finish to insulate the walls and prepare them for finishing cosmetics. For this, the following materials are used.
On top of the walls, aluminum profiles are attached, on which sheets of gypsum board are hung. The interlayer between the outer surface and the inner surface additionally isolates the room, and also removes the need to level the walls before final finishing. Inside, you can hide communications so as not to spoil the look of the room.
These are boards made of wood chips, glued under pressure using resins and synthetic wax. Installation repeats the scheme of fastening drywall. The only difference is in the weight of the final structure, so the frame will need to be stronger. The thickness of the slabs allows you to correct even small distortions of the corners, and also protects against extraneous sounds, keeping heat.
With the help of OSB-plates, you can form partitions in rooms, if necessary.
An increasingly popular type of rough wall covering. A special lightweight cement based on magnesium is reinforced on both sides with fiberglass. This mesh is so strong that it allows the slab to bend with a high radius. Ideal for correcting curvature of walls or creating smooth lines in the Art Nouveau style.
The material is environmentally friendly and very durable, does not deteriorate under the influence of temperature or moisture. After rough preparation, you can finish the walls in any way you like.
For country houses, many people choose natural design to take a break from plastic and concrete in cities. Lining is a beautiful and durable material that does not deform, does not fade and does not require renewal over time.
Please note that it is not necessary to mount the lining at the points of contact with open sources of heat, otherwise the tree may "lead", cracks will appear.
Imitation of a bar
This technology is used both outside and inside houses. In fact, this is a kind of lining that has a convex shape. It is mounted in the same way on a wood lock on both sides of the panel. The easiest way to fix the elements is with nails and self-tapping screws. In this case, the caps are buried and masked with a putty.
Correct fastening for interior decoration requires the use of clamps. These are metal parts that fit into a groove. In this case, the next board is hung from above and completely overlaps the adhesion point. You can paint the timber wall in any color or varnish and save the wood pattern as desired. You can also adjust the palette by choosing a shade from wood species.
The most familiar and easy way to finish. Apply the wallpaper you like with glue on the prepared wall. The modern market allows you to choose any product width and base. It can be ordinary paper wallpaper or vinyl, which can be wet cleaned.
The prevalence does not mean that you cannot make the finish original. Textured wallpaper creates an interesting pattern on the wall. Paintable wallpaper allows you to customize the space to your liking.
Wall murals are a way to decorate a space with a unique pattern that will not be repeated by others.
Wall decoration with tiles is one of the noblest types. The interior looks impressive and expensive. Moreover, ceramics are very easy to maintain. The only negative is the severity of the structure. If handled carelessly, cracks may appear on the surface.
You can mix large and small tiles or choose curved panels for decoration. The mosaic looks very elegant. Such repairs will last for many years without additional renovation costs.
Another modern and popular type of finish. You can paint the plaster in any color of your choice. If you have minimal skills, you can do the job yourself. With the help of a spatula, the surface is embossed. Craftsmen will create real paintings like stucco on the wall according to your sketch. Textured plaster with sand looks impressive in addition to mother-of-pearl.
To protect the surface from swelling, coat the plastered wall with an additional coat of paint or varnish.
It is a sandstone coated fiberglass sheet. Allows you to simulate masonry walls. The main advantages are - it is lightweight and flexible, thanks to which it is possible to mount flexible stone in hard-to-reach places with non-standard layout … Ease of maintenance and durability have won not the last place in the top facing materials for country houses. Such a coating is not afraid of temperature and humidity changes.
Recommendations for the selection of materials
When choosing a material, consult with experts. Consider the maximum weight that the structure of your home can support. Sometimes materials are combined to reduce the stress on the frame.
- Pay attention to ventilation. If the supply of fresh air is small, it is better to give preference to artificial vinyl, plastic, acrylic coverings.
- If stove heating is planned in the house, avoid using wood near a heat source … This area can be finished with stone or tiles to prevent the wood paneling from crumbling and cracking.
- It is important when working with wood to pay attention to the quality of the material. Buy only completely dried boards and panels. Raw products will bend and deform over time, drying out right on the wall.
- You can save money during the construction phase by thinking about cladding in advance … Lightweight materials will allow you to choose a simplified foundation option.
If you do not plan to live in a country house year-round, stop at species that do not deform from temperature extremes. On the contrary, when choosing a finish for a permanent residential building, pay attention to the thermal insulation properties. Cold walls are expensive in winter. But the interior decoration can be the simplest, like in a city apartment.