Pros And Cons Of Frame Houses: Is It Worth Building A Frame House For Year-round Use? Main Problems And Benefits, Owner Reviews

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Pros And Cons Of Frame Houses: Is It Worth Building A Frame House For Year-round Use? Main Problems And Benefits, Owner Reviews
Pros And Cons Of Frame Houses: Is It Worth Building A Frame House For Year-round Use? Main Problems And Benefits, Owner Reviews

Video: Pros And Cons Of Frame Houses: Is It Worth Building A Frame House For Year-round Use? Main Problems And Benefits, Owner Reviews

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Video: A-Frame House PROS and CONS 🏠 Handmade House TV #72 2023, January
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The pros and cons of frame houses should be known to everyone who decides to equip their own plot. Only then can one understand whether it is worth building a frame house for year-round living. We'll have to analyze the main problems and advantages, study the reviews of the owners.

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Main advantages

Let's start our review with the advantages of low-rise frame construction.

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Construction cost

Frame-based cottages are in demand on the Russian and world private housing market for a reason. They really have a lot of positive properties. But each of these properties must be characterized in detail, and not with reference to various kinds of mythical circumstances and rumors. The appearance of houses on the frame is pleasant, but the properties due to the construction technology are much more important. Reducing construction costs is achieved through the basic production of kits in the factory and their subsequent assembly directly on site.

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But it should be borne in mind that different firms calculate tariffs differently. In some cases, the total cost of implementing a typical project is given. In others - prices for the construction of a square meter. The subtleties of the approach and engineering support play a very important role.

It should be borne in mind that a good house cannot be very cheap; savings on the quality of materials and technology of assembly and installation are unacceptable.

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Erection speed

This circumstance is most often mentioned by manufacturers when it comes to the advantages of frame houses. But "speed" in construction is a relative concept, and one must clearly understand what exactly is meant. Design usually takes 1-3 days for any intelligent architect who already has all the materials and wishes of the customer. This, however, is the same, regardless of the type of construction, and if the architect is not yet busy with work. The lightness of the frame structure allows you to reduce the amount of excavation and foundation work.

In most cases, a lightweight strip foundation is erected in 1-3 days as well. Much depends on the size of the structure and on the involvement of special equipment. Of course, this result is achievable only with the work of experienced professionals. In winter, foundation work, even in the pile version, is greatly complicated.

It is also necessary to consider how long the concrete will harden. Manufacturing and transportation of the frame, its simplest fine-tuning can take from 15 to 30 days.

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The time for assembling the frame on site is determined by the scale of the construction and the complexity of the project organization. If the construction takes place on a damp site or during a wet period, then even the material of the chamber drying quickly damp. This can be dealt with through additional treatments, but they lengthen the construction and make it more expensive. For reasons of economy, slightly dried wood is often used, and the frame dries itself after assembly. In the dry summer months without significant dew, this takes an additional 3-6 days.

As for the roof, an experienced team will make it on an area of ​​70-100 "squares" in 1-2 weeks. This period includes the filing of overhangs, and the organization of gutters. With a larger area, more complex technological solutions will have to be used. Especially if a roof of a complicated configuration is used. By the way, she can sometimes drag out work on a medium-sized dwelling.

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7 to 14 days are spent on external wall cladding.The material type does not affect the duration. The size of the surfaces to be coated plays an important role. Rough and fine finishing must be carried out carefully, with constant control of the moisture content of the frame itself. Summarizing all of the above, it is easy to understand that the total construction time is usually 2.5-3 months.

In a particular case, a lot depends on:

  • the complexity and sophistication of planning solutions;
  • qualifications of specialists;
  • actual weather (even high-level professionals cannot sometimes work because of it).
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Thermal conductivity

This indicator can vary greatly. After all, some frame houses are built for seasonal living, while others are for year-round occupancy. Monolithic buildings with additional insulation of 20 cm or more, of course, are much more warm than summer cottages and temporary huts.

It should be noted that a lot also depends on the professionalism of the builders. Only real specialists can exclude the appearance of cold bridges; the final indicator, of course, also depends on the insulation used.

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Heat capacity

This property of frameworks must also be taken into account. This parameter is most important for houses where they are periodically, on short visits. It shows how long it will take to warm up the structure before it becomes comfortable and cozy inside. But even with permanent residence, energy or fuel savings are never superfluous. And just here, the frame assemblies are all right.

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Aesthetics of interior walls

The wood itself looks attractive. But the main thing is not this, but the suitability of the frame for laying inside various communications. Will no longer spoil the appearance:

  • water pipes;
  • sewerage;
  • electric wires;
  • cables for information transmission;
  • alarm and other wiring.
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Lightweight foundation

Suppliers of frame structures and their designers also dwell on this circumstance. They assume that even a year-round home will be lighter than alternative brick and block designs. But not everything is so simple, and in reality you need to understand even small nuances. And just with this, there are no problems with the construction of "skeletons". Even novice designers can accurately calculate the loads that will go to the base.

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No shrinkage

A completely finished structure, which is only being assembled on a construction site, is believed to be not inclined to sit down. However, it plays a role in what kind of timber was chosen for construction work. In reality, only assemblies made of chamber drying material do not settle and do not change their geometry. And then - only in compliance with the established technology of work. If it is violated, or insufficiently dry wood is used, some shrinkage will still appear; however, it usually does not interfere with the decoration, except for gross violations.

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Environmental Safety

The production of a frame made of wood, in theory, means the naturalness of the composition and the absence of extraneous components. But it is worth considering that the frame can also be made of metal. This solution is even more perfect from an environmental and sanitary point of view. It reduces the impact on the external environment both during construction and during use. Steel is known to be safe, does not leave any odors and harmful substances, does not absorb them.

Only during severe corrosion can oxidized metal enter the respiratory tract. But the same applies to other houses with metal frames and battens. In addition, repairs are usually carried out before the situation deteriorates so much. The wood itself is safe only conditionally - it is readily eaten by insects and fungi, which emit substances toxic to humans.

The porosity facilitates the absorption of foreign odors; various impregnations, insulation and finishing materials can also reduce environmental friendliness.

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Others

But there are a number of other circumstances that make the frame structure quite acceptable for permanent residence. It:

  • savings on transportation and arrangement;
  • suitability for seismically unfavorable areas;
  • almost always no need for powerful lifting equipment;
  • the ability to build in almost any season;
  • small need for water supply during work;
  • erection by medium-sized teams;
  • getting straight and smooth walls at once;
  • excellent opportunities for dismantling and installation from scratch at a new point;
  • no need to maintain thermal conditions continuously.
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Common disadvantages

But apart from the merits, wireframe technology also has serious problems. And not all the disadvantages are the flip side or the nuances of the advantages, as indicated above. Many of them exist on their own. In particular, the frame made of wood burns out easily and quickly in a fire. Even if it is made of metal, the use of such structures again after a severe fire is almost impossible.

True, this circumstance is typical only for frame structures "in their pure form". Almost all real-life buildings are made with a thorough fire retardant treatment. Therefore, such an argument against them generally disappears. The technology for applying fire retardants has been worked out, and it does not even increase the cost of finished buildings too much. In addition, with the current state of the fire alarm and primary extinguishing means, this problem is almost completely irrelevant.

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From time to time there are complaints that it is not necessary to buy a frame house, as it rots. Again, this is due to little professionalism or off-the-shelf economy. Sometimes, with high humidity and significant rainfall, an incorrect dew point calculation leads to unpleasant consequences. Prevention, in addition to sensible calculation, is a competent assembly of the "sandwich" and treatment with antiseptics. By the way, they will scare off gnawing insects for many years.

If it is cold or blowing in some frame house, then this, again, is not a general drawback, but a defect in a particular case. You should always contact qualified professionals.

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Other objections to the framework are more tangible:

  • poor sound insulation (since the walls are thin) - even special materials do not cope well enough with booming steps and vibrations;
  • the probability of gradual destruction from the same vibrations;
  • difficulties with hammering in nails and other simple fasteners (specialized hardware helps out);
  • high cost and comparative rarity of a really dry board;
  • relative fragility of the wall;
  • the need for a complex, carefully calibrated ventilation system.
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Is it worth building?

In the most different countries, "skeletons" are in great demand. In a number of regions of the world, almost all private housing construction has already switched to this technology, and at least one should not reject it out of the box.

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Review overview

In general terms, we can say that frame construction is much more likely to justify itself than upset people. But you need to take it up only after a thorough study of the topic and practical nuances. As it is clear from the above, almost all problems can be solved with a sensible approach.

In addition to general facts and analysis by specialists, it is useful to pay attention to the estimates of the direct owners. According to them, the following picture is formed:

  • lack of special complaints in many cases;
  • optimal warmth;
  • high heat loss with insignificant hidden crevices in floors and walls;
  • no need for air conditioning in the summer;
  • dryness and comfort are ensured;
  • high costs for sound insulation;
  • very serious insulation is needed in Russian conditions;
  • in general, the positives dominate the disadvantages.

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