Projects of houses-chalets from a bar and their features must be known without fail. Such buildings can be made of glued and profiled beams, and any projects of a chalet-type log house are equally embodied in similar ways. When analyzing the options, you need to pay attention to wooden Finnish houses with a bathhouse up to 100 sq. m and more, for buildings with attic floors and for basic design ideas.
Features of the
Chalet houses are becoming more and more in demand both in foreign and domestic practice. The classic version of this solution involves the construction of a high stone foundation and a wooden main part. The option, tested over many centuries in the Alps, also turned out to be quite good in the Russian open spaces.
More modern chalet constructions are slightly different, but their basic style has not changed. Large panoramic windows appeared, which would have been impossible without modern technology.
A typical chalet nowadays is a two-storey building with an attic. The basement contains technical rooms and heating equipment. The decoration will also be emphasized traditional. Difficult to get by with a fireplace. But the chalet style is already divided into several branches, and buildings of the Finnish type are also an attractive option.
Their characteristic feature is the construction of 100% wood. The appearance is laconic and functional. It was in the Scandinavian version that the timber found wide application. The gable roof must be massive. Its large outlets protect from snow and rain, and often buildings are complemented by saunas.
But in order to build a Finnish chalet correctly, you need to decide what type of wooden products you will use. Despite the common name - a log house, in fact there is a significant difference between them. Construction costs directly depend on what will be chosen. So, the minimum cost of a cubic meter can differ by 50 - 70% even for one manufacturer.
The difference between the costs of erecting a building made of glued and profiled material is about 10,000 rubles per 1 cubic meter of the wall, and the glued material is outright losing this competition.
The reason for the difference is obvious and has to do with manufacturing technology. When gluing, much more raw material is required, and this raw material is of high quality. But there is more waste in the production of profiled products, and the costs are borne by the consumer. By the level of shrinkage, houses made of timber obtained by the gluing method also benefit greatly. Moreover, the main part of the shrinkage occurs during the construction of the dwelling, but it will end normally within 2 years after commissioning.
In terms of strength, the profiled one-piece structures are retreating again. During their manufacture, much more frankly weak deformed areas remain. As a result, the durability of the home is in question. The thermal conductivity of the glued material is again somewhat better. However, at the same time, competent insulation and auxiliary finishing play an important role, which can balance the chances, in terms of environmental and sanitary characteristics, one-piece house kits are more attractive.
A chalet house with an attic floor can be built according to this project. A fairly large kitchen and dining area adjoins the guest room. Since a bathroom is also closely adjacent to them, the wiring of pipes is facilitated.A 9-meter bedroom should be enough for an adult. The medium-sized terrace allows you to enjoy your leisure time during the warmer months.
The Finnish architectural approach is hard to imagine without a bath (sauna). It is provided for in this project. Although the area of specific premises is not indicated, this is even for the best: you can take the diagram as a basis and scale it for yourself.
It is immediately evident that the central place in the house is occupied by the guest room. Placing the sauna and shower room far enough from the bedroom is reasonable.
Sometimes it is necessary to build a chalet house of more than 100 sq. m. Such a project may include:
- 7-meter wardrobe;
- 7-meter sauna;
- 5 meter shower room;
- 14-meter main and 2-meter auxiliary bathrooms;
- gym for 19 "squares";
- terrace 50 m2;
- solid hall.
Interior design ideas
The current interpretation of the chalet implies luxurious natural wood and stone. The furniture inside should look emphatically expensive. Built-in illumination is widely used. If textiles are used, then only the premium level. There must be visual consistency and a smooth transition between all rooms.
The parquet floors are in line with the chalet ideology. The impressive beams on the ceiling will also fit into it. Textiles and other decorative items should be in dark colors. In the early 2020s, the following are in great demand:
- midnight blue;
- grape tone;
- shade of cocoa.
The Finnish version implies an emphasis on wood trim. It is better if it is done in light colors. The ceilings are finished with white or cream plaster. The introduction of bright and catchy little things helps to avoid the effect of the hospital.
Furniture is not necessarily made of natural wood, but high quality glass or plastic is allowed.
The furniture products themselves are multifunctional. The Scandinavian approach does not accept the clutter of space. It is very important to pay attention to the fireplace or stove. When modernizing a Finnish chalet, you can also install a biofireplace.
Adherents of the classics will be delighted with a cast iron or steel stove with traditional Scandinavian patterns.
The role of accessories should not be underestimated either. In addition to textiles, decorative mugs and plates are actively used. It is advisable to choose a sofa with natural upholstery. In fairly large rooms, additional ottomans and armchairs are placed; in the kitchens, they have wooden furniture with inclusions of metal or glass. The ceramic apron will also fit into this composition.