Townhouse Projects: Layouts For 2, 3, 4 And 6 Families, Interior Design, Houses With And Without Garage, One-story And Two-story Beautiful Modern Townhouses

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Townhouse Projects: Layouts For 2, 3, 4 And 6 Families, Interior Design, Houses With And Without Garage, One-story And Two-story Beautiful Modern Townhouses
Townhouse Projects: Layouts For 2, 3, 4 And 6 Families, Interior Design, Houses With And Without Garage, One-story And Two-story Beautiful Modern Townhouses
Video: Townhouse Projects: Layouts For 2, 3, 4 And 6 Families, Interior Design, Houses With And Without Garage, One-story And Two-story Beautiful Modern Townhouses
Video: 3 Bedroom Townhouse | Small House Design 2023, February
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Townhouses represent a relatively new type of housing for Russia, a kind of compromise between a separate apartment and a private house. Low-rise buildings designed for several families, with adjacent plots of land and outbuildings in the yard, are an intermediate option between urban and rural development. The construction of townhouses has received particular development over the past 30 years in the near Moscow region.

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Advantages and disadvantages

Complexes of low-rise buildings create whole villages. The most popular are two-storey buildings, divided into sections, but there are also buildings up to 3 floors. Townhouses first appeared in England and at the beginning of the 20th century constituted a significant percentage of urban buildings. A distinctive feature of such a development is the presence of its own plots in the territories adjacent to the house. There may also be separate garages, sheds and other utility rooms.

Townhouses are home to an average of 2 to 6 families, and this makes life quieter, as well as socially more cohesive and responsible. The utility bills in such houses are lower, since they do not have elevators, refuse chutes and the cost of maintaining common entrances.

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In the urban planning code, this type of building is classified as a residential building designed for one family, located on a separate plot of land and united with other houses by several adjacent walls. The end sections of a building in a solid building have fewer common walls with neighbors, but their cost somewhat increases from this.

In general, this type of housing will cost the owners less than buying a separate cottage or apartment in a multi-storey building. Townhouses differ from rural private houses by their close location to the city. Many people choose low-rise buildings because of their economy, the presence of a centralized communications system, in contrast to a private house, but on the other hand, equipping each section with a separate heating boiler, which makes it possible to more rationally regulate the heat supply.

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The advantage of a two-story apartment with neighboring buildings on the sides creates a certain degree of isolation. Here, no one will bother with loud gatherings at night or noisy construction work early in the morning. There is a separate place for each family member, since the living room, study / workshop and kitchen are usually located on the first floor, and children's and sleeping rooms on the second. The presence of bathrooms on each floor is also an additional convenience for everyone living in the house.

Each section of low-rise buildings has a separate adjoining farm, where you can plant garden trees and set up a small vegetable garden, arrange gazebos for summer outdoor recreation, equip a children's or sports ground.

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You can also place a garage here, so as not to leave your personal car in open-air parking lots and not to get to your own car by public transport, as is sometimes the case in big cities.

Simple and comfortable townhouses are usually located in areas where there are no large industrial production and congested highways. This contributes to the preservation of a clean ecological atmosphere in the absence of urban stuffiness and air pollution.

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The disadvantages of townhouses include the fact that housing is bought ready-made and future owners do not know how reliable and safe for health the building materials used by the developer. It is also necessary to have a personal car or even two for a family, since the available public transport may not be enough for all the necessary movements.

A psychological barrier also keeps many from buying a mixed-type home. Some cannot give up the usual conveniences of city life, with entertainment and nightlife, large shops and consumer services located nearby.

For others, on the contrary, there are too few rural advantages, which are expressed in the lack of land for planting a large vegetable garden or keeping agricultural animals.

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Townhouses are suitable for those looking for a middle ground between urban and rural life. Before deciding to buy an apartment, you should take a good look at the area where this housing is located, as well as talk with people who have experience living in this type of development.

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Overview of layouts for different numbers of families

Townhouses were conceived in European urban sprawl as low-rise buildings combining several apartments with separate entrances. Each family occupies less space than a private cottage, but more than a standard apartment. For the owners of individual sections, each of which is adjacent to its own plot of land, it is beneficial to have a single system of utilities.

At first, economical housing was intended for several generations of a family to live in different blocks, united by common walls. Gradually, townhouses turned into buildings stretching along the street from separate typical sections, which can number up to 10 under one roof.

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Ready-made housing with the amenities of a city apartment and the advantages of a private rural house is divided into separate zones thanks to convenient and varied layouts. The internal space is usually sufficient to accommodate all the necessary spaces such as the kitchen, dining room, living room, bedrooms and children's rooms. Almost all design options for townhouses provide for the location of the garage on the ground floor. In rare cases, the car is kept in a covered parking lot next to the house.

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Residential complexes consisting of low-rise townhouses, as a rule, occupy ecologically clean areas. It is especially useful to live in such a village when there is a forest, river or lake nearby.

Local self-government forces provide constant protection in such areas.

Traditionally, each section is 2-storey, where active common areas such as a kitchen, bathroom, living room or large dining room are usually located on the ground floor. The second floor is intended for quiet recreation of children and adults. There are many design techniques for unique interior design, created with maximum practicality and comfort.

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On 2

In the low-rise construction of townhouses designed for two families living in the neighborhood, each section turns out to be angular, and only one wall is common, separating two symmetrical apartments. They are both equal in area and have the same layout, with the arrangement of the premises in a mirror order. On 100 m2 there is everything you need for a comfortable stay in a country house.

In a two-story building, the ground floor includes a living room and kitchen, as well as a terrace, bathroom, workshop, garage, laundry room and stairs. On the second floor there are rooms for sleeping, resting and children's activities.

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In more expensive options, there is a division of the dormitory into two rooms and the presence of another bathroom on the second floor.

An adjoining plot usually occupies an area of ​​3 to 5 acres and can adjoin one or all sides of the building. A large two-section house can be occupied by two generations of the same family, who often see each other and spend time together, but are provided with personal space.

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At 3

A townhouse designed for different families is often divided into three sections with a free type of interior layout. Moreover, only the middle one has two adjacent walls with neighbors from different sides. Traditionally, common areas with a garage are located on the first levels of each individual two-story block. All rooms for living and a spare bathroom are located on the second level, and sometimes they also occupy the completed attic.

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For narrow buildings, a widespread planning technique has recently been used, in which the kitchen becomes part of the living room studio, with the zoning of the room using a bar counter. This helps to make the ground floor more spacious for comfortable accommodation of a large family and guests. Each section provides a separate exit to its own small plot of land with trees, where you can arrange a terrace or a gazebo, and some even manage to make their own pool.

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At 4

There are often options for the construction of townhouses in four sections. Moreover, in the plan, they can be located in one row or compactly form a square, in which each of the individual blocks will be angular. Then each individual apartment will have two common walls with neighbors. Often, with this type of building for 4 owners, there may be technical common areas inside, such as a boiler room, a bathhouse or a swimming pool.

The standard area of ​​the first level together with the garage is 60 to 70 square meters. It includes an entrance hall, staircase, living room and a cooking room. The second floor can occupy an area of ​​about 50 meters, which can easily accommodate three bedrooms and a common corridor with a bathroom.

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6

Sectional complexes for 6 or more families are often built on one floor. However, such projects often include large basement floor spaces that can house a wide variety of premises, such as a sauna, home theater or fitness room. The area of ​​each individual block is quite large, reaching 300 square meters. Sometimes on top they are supplemented by an attic floor, where rooms for rest and guests are located, as well as a workshop or dressing room.

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Materials (edit)

When erecting low-rise sectional houses, the same building materials are used as for private cottages. A townhouse is a system of blocks of the same type, during the construction of which rather strict rules are established not only with regard to design techniques, but also fire safety.

Building materials must have good heat-shielding and sound-insulating qualities.

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The most common are brick buildings, in which both external walls and internal partitions are made of ceramic stone. Often, even the foundations of low-rise houses are made of bricks. The best material for a residential building in many respects remains wood, and it is successfully used in the construction of townhouses from a bar.

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Tips for choosing a project

Low-rise buildings from separate modular blocks designed for one family have their own characteristics. When choosing a project for the construction of such housing, one should have an idea of ​​the requirements that professionals place on the site, the type of foundations, building materials and technologies. This will help you avoid common mistakes and save your money.

Each of the sections of the townhouse is an independent house, provided with a separate entrance, plot and parking. It differs from a private cottage by the presence of common walls with neighbors, the cost of which is divided by all homeowners.

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Typical projects are more affordable and are implemented much faster in practice. An individual approach to design implies the embodiment of many personal preferences of customers. Accordingly, its implementation takes time and costs much more. Typically, design costs account for about 20% of the total estimated cost.

The ideal solution for the construction of an apartment building from several separate sections is the private revision of existing design options.

Therefore, if among the finished projects on the real estate market a potential home buyer cannot find an option that fully meets his personal wishes, then it will be cheaper to choose the closest one and make some changes to it.

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Interior Design

A newly built townhouse is just a box, consisting of walls, floors, roof, windows and doors, as well as a separate area. The rest of the interior design depends on the capabilities and preferences of the owners. But doing it over again turns out to be more interesting than redoing the previous options left over from the owners.

It is necessary to start creating an interior with the planning and distribution of premises for various purposes on floors, which are usually from 1 to 3, including the attic. On the ground floor there are rooms that are used by all family members and where guests are allowed. These include the hall, dining room and living room. At the second level, it is more convenient to have a personal space for relaxation and study. If the house has an attic, then it can accommodate a library and an office, a creative workshop or billiards.

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Rooms can be separate or partially zoned. For minimalism or Scandinavian-style decoration, open arches are suitable, connecting different rooms, but opening up more space than a regular door.

Modern design is characterized by the visual division of a large area, which can occupy the entire first floor. For example, the loft style is distinguished by simple forms, the separation of the living room and the kitchen using furniture or translucent partitions made of wooden structures or glass.

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Beautiful examples

A reminder of the origin of the townhouse is expressed in the original design of the facades under the English architecture of the beginning of the last century. This is a classic two-family house with a red brick exterior clad in a different color. Straight lines and a roof, which is lowered in places for the construction of the attic, make the exterior of the building smaller than its actual footage inside. The ground floor is occupied by technical rooms, a bathroom and a spacious dining room combined with a kitchenette. On the second level there are two bedrooms, a dressing room and a hall, and in the attic there is a relaxation room and an office

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Light modern buildings are created from SIP panels with a gable roof, forming the second, attic floor. The peculiarity of construction from new materials is that they leave room for numerous options for partitions inside the building. So it will be much easier for residents to distribute the partitions in the house at their discretion

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To decide on the project of your townhouse, you need to revise at least a hundred options. It is important to pay attention to the layout, the number of floors and other nuances.

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