Brick Houses (97 Photos): The Pros And Cons Of Brick Cottages, Modern Private Country Houses Made Of Solid And Hollow Bricks, Masonry Styles

Table of contents:

Brick Houses (97 Photos): The Pros And Cons Of Brick Cottages, Modern Private Country Houses Made Of Solid And Hollow Bricks, Masonry Styles
Brick Houses (97 Photos): The Pros And Cons Of Brick Cottages, Modern Private Country Houses Made Of Solid And Hollow Bricks, Masonry Styles

Video: Brick Houses (97 Photos): The Pros And Cons Of Brick Cottages, Modern Private Country Houses Made Of Solid And Hollow Bricks, Masonry Styles

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How to make Amazing House with bricks - Mini Model 2023, February
Anonim

Brick houses are a traditional element of urban and suburban architecture. Using different styles of masonry, taking into account all the features, pros and cons of cottages from this material, you can create truly original buildings and structures of different heights. A detailed review of projects of modern private houses made of solid and hollow bricks, a story about construction technology will help to better study all the subtleties of using this material in the field of individual housing construction.

Image
Image
Image
Image

Advantages and disadvantages

Until recently, a brick house was almost the only alternative to concrete monolith boxes or slabs. Today, the choice of building materials is much wider, but this does not mean that traditional solutions are losing their relevance.

According to many builders, brick is much better than aerated concrete in most of its operational properties, it looks attractive, does not require finishing.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Plus, there are other obvious benefits to keep in mind

  1. High degree of fire resistance. The brick is completely fireproof, since the walls from it are not destroyed by fire. In such a house, you can safely place stoves and fireplaces without additional tweaks to isolate the supporting structures. The fireproof box will provide safe evacuation in case of fire, will allow you to easily and quickly eliminate its consequences.
  2. Durability. The standard service life of brickwork is at least 50 years. On average, the operation of buildings and structures made of this material can last more than a century without the need for additional repairs. Brick easily tolerates repeated thawing and freezing, it has no restrictions on climatic conditions of operation.
  3. Protection from biological and mechanical damage. The material does not attract rodents and insects, it is resistant to fungus and mold. A solid wall is not easy to tear down or break.
  4. Ability to withstand significant bearing loads. Even high-rise multi-storey buildings can be erected from bricks. In individual residential construction, its use makes it possible to abandon the concrete monolith in favor of a more attractive material. The desired wall thickness can be easily extended.
  5. Wind protection. Massive and sturdy walls can withstand not only strong gusts caused by air movement. They are able to withstand hurricane and tornado. In this case, heat loss will be minimal.
  6. Air permeability. It is this property of the material that ensures the formation of a normal microclimate inside the house without additional ventilation. In the heat in such a building it is cool, in the frost it is warm. Excess moisture from the premises evaporates without creating uncomfortable conditions, preventing fogging of windows, accumulation of condensate on the walls.
  7. Aesthetics. A brick building looks attractive in itself. Moreover, facing bricks are now available in a wide range of colors and designs. As a result, each building can be made truly unique.
  8. Soundproofing properties. Natural clay, from which the brick is made, absorbs sounds well. Inside a house made of this material, you can have a good rest, even if the building is located on a busy highway.
  9. Easy combination with other materials. Interior decoration can be made of wood, tiles, stone, wallpaper, paint.
  10. Eco-friendly and hypoallergenic. The material does not emit harmful substances into the atmosphere. Houses made of it are suitable for people with disabilities.
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

There are also disadvantages. These include the significant weight of the finished building. In this, aerated concrete or foam blocks are really better than bricks. The foundation for them can be made lighter and cheaper. The downside is the duration of construction. In addition, houses and foundations gradually shrink - this stage takes from 1 to 5 years; if the production technology is violated, you may encounter distortion of door and window openings.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Overview of material types

Modern builders use a wide variety of types of bricks. Some prefer to build their facilities from "Slavyanskoe", others prefer goods from other brands. But the main classification of artificial stone obtained from clay by firing implies taking into account completely different characteristics.

For example, according to the type of surface, a building brick is distinguished - the one from which walls and other structural elements are formed. For it, the presence of defects in the color of the surface, spots, roughness and chips is allowed.

Image
Image
Image
Image

Facing bricks are also called facade, clinker bricks. It has a decorative surface painted in different shades. Can be 1/2 and 1/4 thick standard bricks. The clinker can be mounted on top of a regular brick facade after insulation. In addition, bricks can be classified according to other criteria. They are worth considering in more detail.

Image
Image
Image
Image

By type of clay

Depending on what kind of raw material is used in the production of bricks, it can be divided into the following types

Ceramic. For its production, red clay is used, which undergoes a firing process under the influence of high temperatures. The material can be both building and facing, it can have a decorative relief on the surface of the front side

Image
Image
Image
Image

Refractory. It is made from special types of clay that can withstand very high temperatures. During firing, the material is heated at a temperature of 1300 degrees Celsius

Refractory bricks are not afraid of multiple changes in operating modes - this is an ideal material for the construction of stoves and fireplaces.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Silicate. With ordinary brick, it is only related to the form. Otherwise, this type of small-format building blocks is markedly different from their clay counterparts. Silicate bricks are made from lime and quartz and are widely used in construction. It is more than clay, vulnerable to the effects of high humidity, aggressive chemical environments, and is not suitable for performing oven masonry

Image
Image

All types of bricks are produced in ordinary - building - and front execution. A suitable option is selected based on the operational requirements for a particular building.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

By design features

The design of the brick can also differ markedly. Depending on the presence of voids in its structure, clarity of geometry, several categories of materials are distinguished. Here are the most common ones.

Corpulent. It is made from clay - in the base its content reaches 91%. High-rise and low-rise buildings are built from solid brick, it is well adapted to loads, strong, durable. There may be stripes and other technological elements of corrugation on the sides

Solid bricks can be hand-molded, as well as produced using automatic lines.

Image
Image
Image
Image

Hollow. In such products, from 10 to 45% of the volume is occupied by cavities of a special shape, precisely calculated to preserve the technological strength of the product. Buildings with a reduced mass of walls are erected from hollow or, as it is also called, effective bricks.The holes can have a round or oblong rectangular shape, they increase the energy efficiency and sound insulation properties of the product, and reduce the load on the foundation

Image
Image
Image
Image

Porized. This type of brick is also called super-efficient for its improved heat-insulating and sound-absorbing properties. Internal and external walls of buildings are constructed from porous artificial stone. In the production of this material, fillers are used in the form of sawdust or expanded polystyrene in balls

Finished products are lightweight, larger than standard options, it is much easier and simpler to form masonry from them.

Image
Image
Image
Image

Standard dimensional characteristics of bricks are defined by established standards. There are single products 250x120x65 mm, one and a half - 250x120x88 mm, double - 250x120x138 mm. The choice of the appropriate option is determined by the exact purposes for which the material is planned to be used. Accurate standardization of dimensions simplifies the calculation of the number of bricks required for construction work.

Image
Image

Projects

For modern cottages and brick country houses, you can find many ready-made architectural and planning solutions. A private residential facility can be built with a flat or pitched roof, in the aesthetics of a loft or minimalism.

Particularly popular are ready-made models of warm houses in the English style - with a gabled roof, compact size and a modest charm of the facade.

Image
Image
Image
Image

Those who plan year-round living in nature prefer to completely build suburban housing from bricks. Cozy one-and-a-half-story estates with a high porch and basement are well suited for families with children. Lush Art Nouveau or Classicism is suitable for old plots of a large area with a garden and seating areas.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

The description of the basic design solutions for simple low-rise buildings and mansions deserves a closer look.

One-piece

The architectural solutions offered for buildings 1 floor high are not very diverse, but practical and functional. The following size range is most often used here.

6x9 m. Rectangular buildings of a small area are surrounded by terraces, decorated with pitched or flat roofs. The most interesting projects are done in minimalism or loft style. Such housing is suitable for one person or a childless couple

Image
Image
Image
Image

9x9 or 8x10 m. With about 80 m2 at his disposal, the architect can approach the layout of the interior space in a more creative way. Such buildings are close to a square in plan, allow the most rational zoning of the interior, highlighting common areas and personal apartments, adding the necessary technical premises to them. This is a good choice for suburban living with children

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

10x10 m. A house of such an area can be built in almost any architectural style, harmoniously fitting it into the most complex landscape. In terms of size, it fully meets the needs of a large family

Image
Image
Image
Image

12x12 m. A large building will allow you to equip verandas and terraces, a swimming pool looks good next to it, and on a flat exploited roof it is quite possible to place a recreation area with a barbecue and a hammock. Such a brick house can easily accommodate friends and relatives who come to visit

Image
Image

Two-story

Most of the typical brick house projects on the market fall into this category. An increase in the area due to an increase in the number of storeys of a building implies a decrease in the size of its perimeter. Compact cottages are divided into personal apartments, located on the 2nd floor, as well as into a common space with a hall, living-dining room, boiler room, laundry room and bathrooms. It is easy to add a covered veranda or garage to a two-story house, add a summer kitchen, a safe patio for children to play. The second floor is most often complemented with balconies, bay windows, where you can not only relax, but also equip a study.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Brick color palette

The standard colors of building bricks are unchanged. Silicate will be white, made of clay - red. Clinker or facing brick is much more diverse in the choice of the range of shades. There are a wide variety of color options here:

Ivory

Image
Image

grey

Image
Image

pink

Image
Image

antique

Image
Image

Gothic

Image
Image

chocolate

Image
Image

arabica

Image
Image

mocha

Image
Image

"Sahara"

Image
Image

The offers on the silicate brick market are no less varied. Modern houses are built of pink, yellow, gray, burgundy artificial stone.

Image
Image

Combination with other materials

Combined brick houses are no longer a rarity. Most often, a foam block is used for a mix - as internal partitions or when building a garage. The combination with laminated veneer lumber allows you to create chalet-style houses in which the ground floor is made of stone, and the upper or attic is made of wood. Combinations with natural stone also look interesting, especially when erecting a high basement. Such combinations are widely used in the construction of Victorian houses.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Facade styles

Brickwork is used to create facades in different architectural styles. This is a great advantage, because the same material can be used for the construction of buildings of different heights and aesthetic appeal. The most popular of these solutions deserve special attention.

Loft. In this case, the natural texture of the walls inside and outside is preserved in the building. To ensure sufficient thermal insulation, the supporting structures are placed in 2 bricks. Loft-style houses look simple, often have a flat roof, basement with contrasting cladding

Image
Image
Image
Image

Modern. Brick houses created in this style are characterized by the presence of French windows or panoramic glazing on the facade, free planning, and terraced framing. The roof is made gable or multi-level, with large overhangs

Image
Image
Image
Image

Classical. Typical for him is the presence of colonnades, balustrades, open balconies. Houses often have 2 wings with a common spacious hallway, features typical of 19th century manors

Image
Image
Image
Image

European. This architectural style is characterized by a square layout of the house or similar architectural forms. The buildings are being erected in 1.5 or 2 floors, have laconic wall decoration without unnecessary decorations. Bay windows, balconies with strict architectural forms, a high base with stone trim, a tiled roof with 2 or 4 slopes will be appropriate

Image
Image
Image
Image

Minimalism. Brick houses in this style have a strict cube or parallelepiped shape, variable number of storeys. They are characterized by a flat roof, architectural illumination of facades, exterior clinker bricks of different shades. Panoramic windows with a simple binding, L-shaped square columns will be appropriate here

Image
Image
Image
Image

Modern. This style allows the use of decorative elements on the surface of the walls, made in rounded shapes, in the form of stucco molding, bas-reliefs. Window openings are made arched, with stained glass inserts, complex bindings. All trim details must be symmetrical

Image
Image
Image
Image

Brick is a unique material, capable of turning into real stone lace in skilled hands. Elegant arches and bay windows, original pediments, austere colonnades. Correctly executed masonry allows you to effortlessly create a house in the Gothic style or give it the appearance of a medieval castle.

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

Construction technology

The construction of brick houses takes place in a strictly defined sequence. Knowing the main stages of the work, you can easily cope with the task. The procedure will be the same in all cases.

Foundation construction. It can be block or monolithic, depending on the design loads. The depth is determined by the level of groundwater and other conditions

Image
Image

Base waterproofing. It is necessary in order to exclude possible destruction of the foundation under the influence of external factors. The lack of waterproofing will lead to the fact that the shrinkage of the house will occur unevenly, cracks will appear in the masonry

Image
Image

Laying of walls and partitions. Their thickness varies based on the purpose of the structure. Outside, masonry of 380-510 mm is usually made, consisting of a base of 1.5-2 bricks, a heat-insulating layer and front facing. Internal partitions are formed with a thickness of 120-250 mm. The type of masonry can be simple, chain or lightweight

Image
Image

Warming and soundproofing. For this purpose, the main wall masonry is supplemented with a crate, on which a layer of mineral wool or foam is attached. In addition to reducing heat loss, this approach also provides additional sound insulation. On top of this layer, decorative plaster or a layer of facing bricks can be applied

Image
Image
Image
Image

Roof installation. It borders on the gables of the building, is equipped with a solid or lattice rafter system. Soft roofing materials are placed on a wood board base. Brick houses look good with metal tiles, cement-sand slate, and other coatings

Image
Image

Laying of engineering communications. The foundation for them is laid even in the foundation. Then, pipes are laid on the basis of the heating, water supply, sewerage project. At the same stage, the wiring of electrical cables inside the building is done

Image
Image

Interior decoration. The walls of a brick house are plastered or covered with putty, then finished with any desired materials. If the external insulation of the facade was not carried out, it is done from the inside, taking into account the individual characteristics of each room

Image
Image

The completed house remains to be put into operation, connected to power supply and sewerage systems.

Beautiful examples

Brick houses are so different that it is difficult even to compare them with each other. The best confirmation of these words can be examples of ready-made objects built from this building material.

An elegant brick cottage in the English style. The small dimensions of the building fit well into the concept of minimalism, which is fashionable today. The house is harmoniously integrated into the picturesque space of the old garden

Image
Image

Stylish brick cottage with a high porch and large windows. The laconicism of the architecture is compensated by the elegance of the metal openwork framing of the porch and courtyard

Image
Image

Manor brick house in the aesthetics of classicism with a high base, bay window, 2 floors and an attic perfectly recreates the picture of the dacha life of the Russian nobility. This property can easily accommodate several generations of the family. White stone columns and balustrades are harmoniously combined with window framing and wall decor, they look spectacular against the background of brickwork

Image
Image

Brick house in the Scandinavian style by the water. Large panoramic windows and elegant lighting accentuate the special charm of the patio with a swimming pool

Popular by topic