Brick houses have always been considered capital, durable and practical buildings. After all, brick is a versatile building material that is made from durable and environmentally friendly natural substances.
Advantages and disadvantages
Brickwork can withstand high static loads, which makes it possible to build buildings of various storeys and configurations. Brick houses with a garage have their own advantages and disadvantages. There are many pluses.
- High strength and reliability of bricks in the construction of houses and cottages for a long period of time.
- Brick is a clean and environmentally friendly building material.
- Brick houses have high frost resistance. Brick walls do not freeze in cold weather. They are warm in winter and cool in summer.
- The brick has good soundproofing properties.
- Possesses refractory properties.
- The exterior of the brick houses is presentable and beautiful.
- Mold and parasitic fungi do not appear on the walls of brick houses.
Brick also has negative characteristics
- It has low thermal conductivity, so the walls are made of several layers.
- With high humidity for a brick house, an outside finish is required. She will protect the building from destruction.
- The foundation for a brick house should be made reinforced so that the structure is operated for a long time.
- A brick house is being built rather slowly. Construction work is carried out only at positive temperatures. In winter, the mortar for laying bricks freezes and loses the required strength.
- The cost of brick houses is 2 or even 3 times higher than that of buildings made of other building materials.
Overview of projects of one-story houses
There are a great many projects of private brick one-story and one-and-a-half-story houses. It all depends on how many people will live in the house. Ready-made plans for brick country cottages are typical.
A project with an area less than 100 m 2. If a family consists of 3 people, then an area sufficient for comfort is 70 m 2. Such three-room small buildings are often built in the shape of the letter G. The project includes a living room, a simple kitchen, a combined bathroom and 2 bedrooms
The plan of the cottage, in addition to the attached garage, includes a porch with a terrace. For a visual increase in rooms, panoramic windows are made.
Plans for one-storey houses up to 150 m 2. This cottage can easily accommodate a family of 4. Living and utility rooms, a workshop with a garage, a bathhouse or a sauna, located in a protruding beautiful attached building such as a bay window, fit under one roof
The project of a brick cottage with a size of 150 m 2. This area is suitable for a large family consisting of several generations. Here you can arrange 3 living quarters, a second toilet, large utility rooms
It will be convenient to think over 2 entrances: one from the central gate, and the other from the side of the courtyard.
The useful area of a one-story brick house can be increased by adding some elements
House layout with a plinth. This technical floor is poorly lit and ventilated. Therefore, it usually has a garage for 1 or 2 cars with an underground passage, a boiler room, a laundry room, storage rooms, and workshops
Bedrooms, especially for children, are not placed in the basement.
Cottage with an attic. Due to her, a one-story brick house turns into a one-and-a-half-story building.Additional costs will be required for the construction of the attic. It is necessary to insulate it, make decoration and carry out heating
In the corner room in the attic, a children's bedroom is usually arranged. The rest of the attic space is given as a guest room or office for work.
The flat roof of the one-storey brick cottage with a swimming pool makes it possible to create an extensive relaxation area and a playground. In this case, the project provides for the glazing of the roof over the pool
Attached garages to one-storey cottages. Projects of such houses provide for the arrangement of the garage both symmetrically and arbitrarily
As a rule, the garage has 2 entrances: outside and inside from the side of the residential part of the premises.
Layout of two-story houses
In order to increase the residential area and save land, many people build two-story houses. They are more presentable and less expensive than three-story mansions. In them, you can experiment with the layout of living rooms and technical rooms.
Ground floor plan. The classic version includes: a garage for one car, stairs, technical rooms, a guest bathroom. The living area includes a studio living room, which is divided into a kitchen and a dining room. There is also a guest bedroom. From the living room you can go to the terrace
The layout of the premises on the first floor of a brick house can be done in any way. The most important thing is not to violate fire-prevention measures and safety rules.
Second floor plan. In a two-story brick house, bedrooms are usually located upstairs: a large adult, 2 bedrooms for children and for guests. Also, be sure to plan a combined toilet with a bath. Another option for the layout of the second floor is as follows: 3 bedrooms of different sizes, an extensive bathroom and a spacious corridor or hall
Two-story houses are usually spacious and comfortable. They are considered the most acceptable in terms of size and functionality, as well as the location of living and utility rooms and the use of usable space.
Features of the internal arrangement
At the end of the construction of the walls and roof of a brick house, interior decoration is required. Wherein various building materials are used: mixes, plasters, putties, drywall, tiles, wallpaper, textured paint or decorative plaster.
The most versatile building material is drywall. It has a number of advantages:
- when working with it, few residues remain, there is no dust and dirt;
- walls finished with plasterboard have a flat surface;
- such walls can be painted, tiled or pasted over with wallpaper, decorative plaster or textured paint can be applied to them;
- plasterboard trim can withstand certain loads, for example, household appliances (microwave oven or TV);
- rooms with plasterboard trim are additionally insulated.
Premises in a brick house can be completely sheathed with plasterboard and made niches in it. It is attached to a lathing made of wood or metal profile. Putting mineral wool or polystyrene inside between the wall and the GPL slab, you can additionally insulate the building.
Finishing the attic with plasterboard is considered the right solution for its insulation. False ceilings of various configurations are made from it.
The brick house is also finished with plaster. Dry building mixtures with the addition of gypsum are taken as plaster. The surface must be prepared for plastering as follows: first sand, then apply a liquid primer and then apply a layer of plaster. It needs to be spread starting from the floor. After the first layer of plaster, it is again treated with a primer. This is done to ensure that all layers of plaster create a strong coating and do not flake off.
After the finishing layer of plaster, the walls are either pasted over with wallpaper, or painted, or tiled. One of the brick walls in the room does not have to be finished. The wall must be sanded and accentuated with paint on the seams. This is a new design direction.
Decorating brick walls near a stove, fireplace or near a staircase can be done with decorative stone.
Walls in rooms after plastering can be pasted over with wallpaper. Their assortment is now very wide, and the textures are diverse. There are wallpapers under natural veneer, under cork, under polymers. They can be combined with each other to create a unique interior.
Inside, a brick house can be laid out with ceramic or plastic tiles. This material is most relevant in toilets, bathrooms and kitchens.
The surface of the walls and ceiling can be leveled with adhesive mortar.
Interior decoration of a brick house with a tree or block house will give the interior the atmosphere of a wooden house. Such material is similar to a log cabin. Laminate wood flooring complements the finish.
Projects of brick houses with a garage are distinguished by a variety of options for combined living space and car box. Consider the finished projects of one-story brick houses:
"Carat" - a highly economical two-storey cottage with a shed garage
"Panorama" - compact and ergonomic two-storey house with built-in garage
"Julia" - brick house on 2 floors with a garage under a pitched roof
"Cadet" - a miniature brick house with a combined car box
project "Silver" - a modern economical brick house with a carport
You can make a drawing of a project of a brick house with a garage yourself, but it is better to buy a ready-made project from professional architects.