The visor is a very useful part of the entrance area. This design can be of various shapes and sizes. Often, a beautifully designed visor becomes not only a functional, but also a decorative part of the home. In this article, we will learn more about all types of a porch canopy, as well as deal with the features of its installation.
Features and purpose
The visor is also called a canopy. This design is very important for a private house or summer cottage. Usually it is mounted directly above the front door.
To install such a structure, it is imperative to assemble the most reliable and strong frame, designed for the corresponding loads.
The canopy covers the entrance area. If the dwelling has such a component, households and guests may not worry about rain or snow falling on their heads during bad weather. This is where the main role of the visors lies. They reliably protect the steps and the entrance door leaf from the negative effects of snow and rain.
The visor turns out to be useful not only against the background of unfavorable weather conditions. In the summer and spring seasons, this design is also very useful, since it protects the entrance area from direct sunlight. The latter can negatively affect the condition of the finishing materials, so the need for additional protection is unconditional.
There are many different types of "entrance" visors. Among them there are both compact and larger specimens. The most effective and safe structures are those that completely cover the porch, and not only hang over the door leaf.
The considered entrance structures can look very impressive and attractive. Often, carefully crafted canopies become a very striking detail of the facade of a house / cottage. These designs can focus all attention on themselves, making the appearance of the building more aesthetic, stylish, and rich.
If the building is equipped with a high-quality visor installed above the porch, then the household is reliably protected from too bright light that enters their eyes. If there are sunny days in the yard, annoyingly bright rays can "hit" during the opening of the door to the dwelling. You can prevent such unpleasant consequences by means of a visor. In addition, in the summer heat, awnings create the necessary shade on the porch.
If the building is complemented by a well-mounted canopy over the porch, then the entrance area will not be "full of" accumulated puddles or snowdrifts. Nothing will block the passage. Moreover, dangerous icicles falling from the roof during periods of thaw will also not pose a threat if the entrance area is supplemented with a visor of suitable dimensions.
Different types of awnings over the porch are also attractive because they can be erected by the hands of the homeowners themselves. Of course, all installation work will need to be carried out according to a certain technology and instructions in order to avoid any mistakes. Almost everyone can cope with this task.
The main thing is to act carefully, without unnecessary haste.
What can be made of?
In order for the design of the visor to be as reliable, durable and wear-resistant as possible, only the best materials must be chosen for its assembly. For these purposes, the following are perfect:
- corrugated board;
- metal tile;
- flexible roof.
Very beautiful and reliable structures are obtained with the presence of forged parts. Such options are perfect for both wooden and brick houses.
Hinged structures made of durable metal are among the most common. They supplement the main number of private buildings. Such specimens are characterized by high indicators of reliability, strength, durability. If you provide the metal visor with the correct anti-corrosion treatment, it will last for many years without losing its visual appeal. The types of canopies under consideration are fireproof, since they are not subject to fire, do not support the flame.
Metal structures are prefabricated or welded. From above, metal frames are usually covered with sheet materials. It can be galvanized iron, metal tiles, polycarbonate, and so on.
Manual production provides forged canopies. Because of this, they are quite expensive. Forged structures are characterized by increased reliability, presentable appearance and durability… Often these structures are complemented by all sorts of patterns, monograms, vegetation and other plot motives.
If you want to make the entrance area as original and rich as possible, then you should prefer the forged visor over the porch.
Wood is often used in the manufacture of canopy structures. This natural material is very flexible to work with. The wood is easy to process, looks attractive and neat. However, wooden structures require special treatment.
They must be periodically treated with special antiseptic mixtures. Without them, wood can begin to warp, deform, dry out and deteriorate under the influence of moisture.
If it is planned to manufacture an attractive structure above the bay window, then the wooden version will be the best solution. Also, such visors are very often mounted over gazebos or wickets. As a supplement, this canopy can serve as a base for wild grapes. Most often, reliable and attractive canopies are built from boards and beams. They can be complemented with spectacular carvings.
Other materials are used for cladding metal or wood frames. Nowadays, you can find a lot of entrance areas, complemented by polycarbonate canopies. This material is one of the best for arranging a lightweight, aesthetic and practical canopy. Despite the fact that polycarbonate is lightweight, it demonstrates a very long service life (approximately 15-25 years). Sunlight can pass through this material, but polycarbonate blocks harmful ultraviolet rays.
The honeycomb variety of polycarbonate sheets is flexible. It is a monolithic material with very good thermal insulation properties. In addition, polycarbonate does not burn, it does not rot and does not undergo spontaneous deformation.
A cheap and affordable material is polyvinyl chloride, but awnings from it are not suitable for all environments and facades. Plastic structures can be mounted on almost any frame, pre-glued with a film. The main advantage of plastic is its high light transmittance. Similar elements are presented in a huge assortment of colors and prints. Plastic panels are flexible and can be assembled very easily and quickly.
It is worth considering the shortcomings of the material in question. Unfortunately, the plastic visor will wear out quickly. It will not demonstrate sufficient mechanical reliability. Exposure to harmful UV rays will also contribute to the destruction of PVC, if not supplemented with a special sunscreen film.
Glass canopies are characterized by a high level of durability. From the inside, they are supplemented with a special film that protects against splinters in case of possible mechanical damage. This canopy can be either glossy or matte. Absolutely transparent visors look good.
To prevent the glass structure from getting dirty, quickly losing its external aesthetics, it is recommended to install visors with a coating that repels dust and water. Traces of dirt usually do not linger on such substrates.
This is a sheet material that is made from high quality galvanized steel. On both sides, the metal tile is covered with a special polymer layer. On the material in question, there is usually a special print that imitates the surface of a real tile.
The metal tile is attractive in that it is durable, lightweight. It is very easy to install, can withstand heavy loads, and is suitable for most styles. However, this material heats up quickly in hot weather, and creates a lot of unnecessary noise under the influence of rain or hail.
This type of coating is also very often used when decorating a canopy over a porch. Shingles look neat and aesthetically pleasing. It retains its external attractiveness for many years, without requiring additional care procedures. This material is lightweight, often used in cases where a well-flexible coating is required. Unlike standard metal tiles, the bituminous specimen does not create unnecessary noise during precipitation. Such a tile is produced in a huge number of colors. You can choose the right option for any conditions and facades.
The canopy over the porch can have a different structure and features of its design. Different pieces are suitable for different styles and environments.
Consider the most popular and attractive designs for canopies over the porch
Shed. This option provides only one straight slope. It is a classic design that is functional, reliable and practical. To cover the base, profiled sheet or slate is most often used here. During installation, special attention should be paid to the angle of inclination of the canopy. It must be sufficient so that snow or rain does not accumulate on the surface
Gable or tricycle. Beautiful and practical designs for which tiles are ideal. These awnings are massive and heavy, so it is recommended to make them with strong supports. Brick supports will look especially impressive and attractive
Semicircular. Previously, such designs were supplemented with metal sheets, but today more modern and attractive materials are used. Semicircular visors are light, beautiful. You can build a more massive and larger specimen
Figured. A curly canopy will look very expensive and presentable. It can be arched, round, and so on. In execution, these visors turn out to be complex, requiring special knowledge and skills. Suitable materials with appropriate technical characteristics are selected for them
Angular. Correctly mounted corner canopies look neat and attractive. They are usually installed in the corner areas of buildings. Almost any practical material can be used for the frame and cover
When drawing up a preliminary draft of a future structure, it is very important to choose its optimal shape and structure. Different types of awnings will look harmonious in different conditions.
Ways of attaching the visor
High-quality canopies over the porch are divided into different types according to the method of attachment. Let's consider the most reliable and common options.
Structures that are fastened in accordance with this method are ideal when made from lightweight materials. Suspended mounting will be an excellent solution if the visor is made of polycarbonate, corrugated board or special woven fabric.
There are no less often suspended specimens. Such a canopy must be attached directly to the wall of the building using special supports. In a similar way, it is recommended to attach canopies only to strong and slightly worn facades of buildings.
In these structures, the support bases in the first stages are fixed at the very base of the porch or directly in the ground. This type of fastening is the most reliable, durable and practical. However, fixing on supports usually requires more materials and more labor-intensive work.
Calculation of the amount of materials
Before starting work, you will need to draw up a detailed plan and drawing of the future structure. It should reflect absolutely all sizes of the visor and the features of its structure. Based on the data obtained, it will be possible to calculate the amount of required building materials.
The canopy can completely cover the entire entrance area. Typically, such structures are large, so they will require a lot of materials. You can also build a more compact visor that will only cover the area near the front door. In any case, it is recommended to buy all building materials with a small margin.
It is very convenient to calculate the required materials using special programs or websites. They only need to indicate all the dimensional parameters of the future design. Thus, it will be easy to determine how much materials will be required.
DIY manufacturing steps
Consider how you can build a visor over the porch with your own hands
- Before you mount the visor itself, you will need to prepare a strong frame base for it. The manufacture of this element should be carried out taking into account the mass of the roofing material. For a profiled sheet or polycarbonate, reinforcement will be enough, but for slate or metal tiles, it is advisable to collect more massive structures.
- The frame base is attached to the wall with bolts. At the joints, it will be necessary to provide waterproofing using a special film. If you need to put supports, they will need to be dug into the ground and concreted.
- At the last stages of work, the frame base is supplemented with roofing material. Fastening is carried out depending on the type of this material. To attach polycarbonate, self-tapping screws and thermal washers will be needed. The end roof element is fixed using a special tape.
- It is advisable to attach the corrugated board and metal tiles to self-tapping screws. The best solution for slate is nails.
Installation of a visor over the porch of a cottage or country house turns out to be simple if you have a pre-prepared work plan and high-quality tools at hand. In order to avoid any mistakes, it is recommended to strictly adhere to the prepared diagrams and drawings, to act in stages and without unnecessary haste.
How to repair?
Even the strongest and most reliable visor may require certain repairs. That is why, when choosing materials and type of canopy construction, it is important to provide for its maintainability.
Consider how to properly repair different types of canopies over the porch
- If the canopy is placed on wooden supports, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the natural material. It will need to be treated with antiseptics and other protective compounds. If the structure begins to slightly oblique or deform, it should be corrected as soon as possible, strengthened and aligned all the main nodes.
- It is very important to process structures made using metal sheets and metal profiles with special anti-corrosion compounds. If the first red spots are visible, it is advisable to prime and paint the base immediately. If high quality stainless steel is present in the structure of the visor, then such problems should not arise.
- It is advisable to always monitor the condition of all fasteners and connections of the visor to the rest of the bases. If necessary, they should be tightened and further strengthened. The reliability and safety of the structure will depend on this.
- If the visor is found to be in a very poor condition that is dangerous to users, it is better to dismantle it and replace it with a new structure.
It is recommended to always monitor the quality of the canopy installed above the porch. As soon as the first defects or breakdowns are noticeable, they should be immediately eliminated so as not to endanger people passing under the canopy.
To make the structure more practical and durable, it is recommended to use only the best and highest quality materials for its assembly.
A reliable and attractive canopy mounted above the porch can easily become an effective decorative element of the building facade. Let's look at some compelling examples to prove this.
Against the background of a white or cream facade of the house, a small shed visor made of natural wood of a dark brown shade will look amazing. The structure can be supported by graceful curved side posts. With such a detail, the entrance area will turn out to be very welcoming
A solid log house can be supplemented with a chic semicircular visor made of metal and forged parts, equipped with polycarbonate inserts. Intricate forged patterns will make the entrance area as presentable and aesthetic as possible
Above the porch, you can install a small lean-to canopy with a sturdy black painted metal frame. A professional sheet, aged in the same black or gray color, is suitable as a coating. To make the structure look more original and attractive, it can be supplemented with forged parts and brackets around the entire perimeter. Such a visor will be in harmony with the brick facade of the building
A large gable sample made of dark wood on dark wooden supports will look very attractive and presentable. A similar design can be supplemented with brick-colored metal tiles. The finished structure will turn out to be more functional if you supplement it with low wooden railings on the sides. The resulting entrance area will become a chic component of the house, the facade of which is designed in yellow and red shades
Fastening the visor with dowels and anchors - you can learn about this from the following video.